Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: Neolithic Violence in a European Perspective
Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: Neolithic Violence in a European Perspective presents an up-to-date overview of the evidence for violent injuries on human skeletons of the Neolithic period in Europe, ranging from 6700 to 2000 BC. Unlike other lines of evidence - weapons, fortifications, and imagery - the human skeleton preserves the actual marks of past violent encounters. The papers in this volume are written by the experts undertaking the archaeological analysis, and present evidence from eleven European countries which provide, for the first time, the basis for a comparative approach between different regions and periods. Difficulties and ambiguities in interpreting the evidence are also discussed, although many of the cases are clearly the outcome of conflict. Injuries often show healing, but others can be seen as the cause of death. In many parts of Europe, women and children appear to have been the victims of violence as often as adult men. The volume not only presents an excellent starting point for a new consideration of the prevalence and significance of violence in Neolithic Europe, but provides an invaluable baseline for comparisons with both earlier and later periods.
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violence among Subboreal foragers from Gotland central Baltic Sea
3 Violence in the Stone Age from an eastern Baltic perspective
evidence from Neolithic settlements of the Lengyel Culture in Kuyavia northcentral Poland
a pivotal find in conflict archaeology
anthropological evidence of interpersonal violence
7 Violence against the living violence against the dead on the human remains from Herxheim Germany Evidence of a crisis and mass cannibalism?
8 Violence in the Single Grave Culture of northern Germany?
11 Interpersonal violence in the Late Mesolithic and Middle Neolithic in the Netherlands
beyond mortuary monuments in southern Britain
14 Evidence of trauma in Neolithic Greece
San Juan ante Portam Latinam
16 Evidence of traumatic skeletal injuries in the collective burial caves of the Nabão Valley central Portugal
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Altendorf analysis Ansião archaeological arrowhead Asparn/Schletz assemblage axes Bronze Age Brześć Kujawski cal bc caused caves Chapter collective burial conflict context Corded Ware Culture cranial injuries cranial trauma cranium cut marks D-population defects deposited dolmen Early Neolithic evidence excavated female Figure fragments frontal bone funerary Healed depressed fracture Herxheim human bones human remains impact interpersonal violence interpretation Late Neolithic left parietal bone Lengyel Culture Lidke Linear Pottery Culture located mass grave megalithic Mesolithic Middle Neolithic minimum number number of individuals observed occipital Oosterbeek Orschiedt Osłonki Papathanasiou parietal bone period Photo Pitted Ware Culture population postcranial present probably projectile radiocarbon dates region result right parietal bone Saalekreis sample Schletz settlement signs of healing Single Grave Culture SJAPL skeletons skull vault Smits stone subadult suture Table Talheim traumatic lesions trepanation unhealed unknown sex vertebra Wahl and König Zvejnieki grave