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“One day be was surprised by in his legal character, were soon a gentleman of Lincoln's son, who laid atide, by his having been early could take the liberry of entering employed in bufiness of serious imhis rooms without the ceremonious portance, which fully engaged not introduction of a servant, in the only his attention, but alfo his af. fingular act of pracusing the graces fe&tions, since human pature rould of a 'peaker at a glass, while Pope have revolted at the trials in which dat hy in the character of a friendiy he pericvered early in life, if he preceptor. Mr. Murray on this oc- had not really loved his profcffion. cafion paid him the handsome com. “In 1732, we find our tyro in pliment of, "Tu es mihi Mæcenas.? the law associated with the two

" The great benefit resulting shining lights in the court of chan. from an early friendship between cery, as they were emphatically Murray and Pope, was, that the styled, lord Talbot and lord Hardyoung and graceful jurisprudent wicke, then his majesty's attorney could not be more fedulous to ac. and folicitor general, in a caufe of quire éclat in his profession than appeal heard at the bar of the house the poet was to proclaim in be- of lords, on the 12th of March, witching verse the reputation of 1732-3, relating to the purchase of his friend.

some fouth-sea stock in the memo66 Bishop Warburton, in his an- rable year 1720. notations on Pope's imitation of the “The counsel) pv Sixth Epistle of the First Book of for the appel->

| Will. Hamilton. Horace, addressed to Mr. Murray, lant were ) elegantly defines the friendship " For the re.) C. Talbot, sublifting between them in a fingle spondent, ] W. Murray. sentence : Mr. Pope had all the " A fine and fertile field this for "warmth of affection for this great our tyro to travel over, to explore, • lawyer, and indeed no man ever and, by exploring, to exercise bis

more deserved to have a poet for dawning genius and opening ta. , • his friend; in the obtaining of lents. A year pregnant with cre(which, as neither vanity, party, dulity, circumvention, and fraud, inor fear, had a share, so he sup. could not fail, under the auspices of

ported his title to it by all the a Talbot to be fingularly fortunate offices of a generous and true and favourable to his young friend friendtlip.'

and colleague. “ Young and gay, and seduced "A respite of four days only in. as he was, by feeing how detpoti tervened before Mr. Murray ap. cally Pope reigned in the regions peared again at the fame bai, and of literature, is it matter of wonder, · was clafied with the same great that several of the friends of Mr. collengues as counsel for the young Murray, on his entrance into lite, marquis of Aopandale. From fo Thould be not a little apprehensive splendid and so early an introducof his having manifested too great tion into business; from his being an attention to the belles lettres associated in his maiden causes with and to the regions of pleasure ?” the two greatest luminaries of the

“ The fears, however, of Mr. Jaw, we may conclude with HoMurray's friends, that the gaiety of race, Noscitur ex fociis,' May his heart would militate against that we not expect to find him frequently patient affiduity so absolutely ne. in the same good company? eessary to improvement and success « Accordingly, in the following


year, 1733, we find him engaged into full business. Mr. Dunning as counsel in three appeals; and in (afterwards lord Ashburton) had 1734 in a Itill greater number.” persevered in going the Western

“ The natural and acquired ad- circuit fix or seven years, without vantages, which characterised the any great emolument, until one of eloquence of Mr. Murray, were to the leading counsel on the circuit, conspicuous, even on the spur of who was afflicted with the gout, occafion, and his perception was so and who having discovered abili. quick, as to enable him to Niine, ties in, had engaged, our tyro to upon any emergency. A circum- read and make obfervations on his stance of this kind occurred, in the briefs; on briefs which Mr. Ser. year 1737, in the celebrated cause jeant Glynn's freble hands could between Theophilus Cibber and not support. He handed them over Mr. Sloper, wherein Mr. Murray to his young friend, who thone so was the junior counsel for the de- much in his new sphere, as from fendant. The leading counsel be- that day, and from the business of ing suddenly seized with a fit in the general warrants, which trod on the court, the duty of the senior de heels of it, his fame like another volved on the junior counsel, who Murray's was recorded.” at first modestly declined it, for "On the 20th of November, want of time to study the case. 1738, he married lady Elizabeth The court, to indulge him, post. Finch, one of the six daughters of poned the cause for about an hour; Daniel eari of Winchelsea; a marand only with this preparation, he riage, which added fortune and made so abie and eloquent a de- splendid family connexions to the fence, as not only to reduce the dee advantages of noble birth, and fendant's damages to a mere trifle, great fame, which Mr. Murray but to gain for himlelf the reputa. previously possessed. tion, which he highly deserved, of “ With this lady he lived in a most prompt, perspicuous, and great harmony and domestic hap. eloquent pleader."

piness almost half a century. Lady " The familiar friends of lord Mansfield, who was exemplary Mansfield have frequently heard through life in 'diligent, uniform, him recur with fingular pleasure to and unremitted attention to the his success in this cause, and the discharge of her domestic concerns, consequences which flowed from it. and of every religious duty, died His own perfpicuous manner of in the roth of April, 1784. troducing it cannot fail to please, « In the same year, 1738, there and raise emulation in young men were fifteen or fixteen appeals of genius,

heard and determined in the house From this trivial incident, he of lords, and in no less than eleven was accustomed to say: • Business of that number was Mr. Murray 4 poured in upon me 'on all fides; empioyed as countel, either for the "and, from a few hundred pounds appellants or respondents." . • a year, I fortunately found myself, In the years 1739 and 1940, • in every subiequent year, in pof- we find Mr. Murray engaged in . • seffion of thousands.'

thirty cases of appeal to the houso “It may be deemed somewhat of lords; a greater nunber, we precurious to observe that a similar sume, than in the courle of the preaccident, however trivial, brought sent century has, in any two luce another great luminary in the law ceeding years, fallen to the lot of


any one of the most eminent coun- cellor of the university of Camfel at the bar, tbore great lumina. bridge, on the appointment of a fucries. Talbot aud Yorke not excepto ceslor; and lamented that at Oxford ed; so rapid, fo extensive, and so the civil-law lectures, and the opunparalleled was the success of Mr. portunities of gaining legal know. Murray! and when it is confider: jedge by that channel, were, when ed, that ten years only intervened contrasted with those of the fifter between the commencement of his university, in the most degraded practice at the chancery bar in 1732, and unworthy situation. He then and his appointment to the othce exprefled an anxiou's wish, that of solicitor-general in 1742, a very an able profeffor of civil law fiattering and fair conclution may might be sought for and invited to be drawn, that his legal fame and fill the vacant feat. Dr. Jenner his extensive practice were not con- was the person thought of by the fined ro the house of lords."

. duke of Newcastle ; yet he paid “Mr. Murray, having previously Mr. Murray the compliment of and prudently determined to esta alking him, if he could recommend blish his fame in the line of his any gentleman who would fill it profession, before he commenced with greater ability. Antecedent his political career, did not take to the establishment of the Vinerian his feat in parliainent as member profefforship, the late Mr. Justice for Boroughbridge till the year Blackstone, who was then at the 1742, soon after he had been ap- bar, and had given proofs that he pointed his majesty's solicitor-ge- pofTefled those qualifications which neral. The reason he afligned for early pointed him out as the most relifting the solicitation of his worthy to be promoted on this ocfriends to fit in parliament, some casion, was by Mr. Murray introyears antecedent to that period, duced and warnily recommended to was, that he found many very re- the duke of Newcastle, who con. spectable friends on both sides of fidered it as part of his duty to the house. His own forcible and probe a little the political principles favourite question could not easily of the new capdidate, by addressing be adtwered: Why should he be Mr. Blackstone, Sir, I can rely on halty in forming his attachment to your friend Mr. Murray's judge one party, while he enjoyed the nientas to your giving law.lectures patronage of all parties ?"

in a good style, to as to benefit the " In the year 1747, a fair occa- ' fudents; and I dare fay, that I sion offered for Mr. Murray to ma. may fafely rely on you, whenever nifeit his love of his profession, and any thing in the political hemi. an ardent dofire to lay a better osphere is agitated in that univerfoundation in one of our univerfi. lity, you will, fir, exert yourself ties for initiating and training ftu- ' in our behalf.' The answer was, dents in legal knowledge by the "Your grace may be assured that I fostering hand of an able law-pro- will discharge my duty in giving feflor. The first duke of Newcaftie « law-lectures to the best of my poor was the warm friend and patron of abilities.' Ay! ay!' replied his Mr. Murray. The civil law pro- grace hastily, and your duty in fuffortlip in the university of Ox. the other branch too. Unfor. ford being then vacant, Mr. Mur: tunately for the new candidate, he ray took the liberty of expoftulating only bowed aflent; and a few days with his grace, who was then chan- afterwards he had the mortification

to hear that Dr. Jenner was ap- folicitor-general, Mr. Murray, was pointed the civil-law professor. promoted to fill the high station of Nothing less than the love of sci- the king's attorney-general. This ence could, under these circum- promotion did not .alienate him Atances, have induced Mr. Murray from the honourable fociety of Linand some other friends of Mr. coln's Ion, whose chief ornament he Blackstone strongly to recommend had many years been; but the interand persuade him to sit down at val was not long before he ceased Oxford, and to read law-lectures to to be a member of that fociety. such Rudents as were disposed to “In 1956, the death of lord attend him. The plan was not only chief justice Ryder gave rise to a attended with profit and peature second fucceflion, and the king's in the first initance, but soon after- attorney-general was appointed to wards happily suggested the idea to that high office. the mind of Mr. Viner to establish " Previous to his taking his seat a real law-professorship in the uni- as lord chief justice, the usual cereversity of Oxford, and who fo pro- mony of taking leave of alma maper to fill it with éclat, and add lustre ter, or the law-fociety of which he to the institution, as Mr. Blackstone, was a member, was to be respectwhole Commentaries on the Laws fully obierved. Whether the origin of England, on their first appear of this laudable custom is to be aoce in the world, drew this high classed among those good old fostertribute of respect and approbation fathers who have contributed to from lord Mansfield? On a brother- raise emulation in the students of peer's having asked him, as a friend, the fociety, or whether it was dewhat books he would advise his son signed to manifest the gratitude of to read, who was determined to be the latter, for the honour which a lawyer, the chief justice replied, every high character confers on the

My good lord, till of late I could society; whatever laudable motive "never, with any satisfaction to introduced the ceremony, .no man

myself, answer that question; but, of sensibility could be present in 6 fince the publication of Mr. Lincoln's Inn Hall, when the bo: • Blackstone's Commentaries, I can nourable Mr. Yorke, on whom de

never be at a loss. There your volved the honour of making the son will find analytical reasoning complimentary speech to the new diffused in a pleasing and perfpi- lord chief justice, and of presenting 6 cuous Ityle. There he may im. him with a votive offering of a 6 bibe imperceptibly the first prin- purse of gold, in the name of $ ciples on which our excellent laws the society, without being forcibly 6 are founded, and there he may struck with the favourable imprela

become acquainted with an in- fion, that he was the worthy son of * couth crabbed author, Coke upon the great lord Hardwicke. A fair · Littleton, who has disappointed occafion this for Mr. Murray to cand disheartened many a tyro, retaliate, who elegantly admitted .but who cannot fail to please in a and avowed, that Laudatusà laudaro modern dress.”

viro made unmerited praile itself “In 1754, Sir Dudley Ryder, his pleasing.” majesty's attorney-general, was ad- . “ Thursday, November 11, vanced to the dignity of lord chief 1756, lord Mansfield took his place juftice of the court of king's bench; as lord chief justice.” and on that occasion his majesty's “Before lord Mansfield had been fix months in the possession of the risprudence to the growth of our dignity of lord chief justice, he commerce and of our empire." was, on the oth of April, 1757, ap. “In private life, it may truly pointed, pro 'tempore, chancellor of be said, that lord Mansfield had the the exchequer; and in this office, facility and happy art of embellishprincipally through his mediation, ing the most trivial circumstances the coalition between Mr. Fox, af. with elegance, of enlivening conterwards lord Holland, and Mr. verfation with ease and pleasantry, Pitt, afterwards earl of Chatham, and of supporting every narration was brought about, the former with strict attention to truth. having been made paymaster of the "In his convivial conversation forces, and the latter principal se he was particularly excellent. His cretary of state; a coalition which general and almost univerfal knowwas of the moft fingular service to ledige of men and things presented the country, by uniting all the a constant and copious fupply of great leaders of the different par. familiar dialogue and discourse. ties, and thereby giving an energy His fallies of pleasantry were innoto the war we were then engaged cent, and wounded no man ; his in, and which terininated fo g'ori. sentences of observation were ju. ously and successful.y to the Bricina dicious and folid. His particular arms."

friends could eatily illustrate this 46 Lord Mansfield deemed it to part of his character by a thousand be an important part of his duty as familiar jpstances; the few which a juigeto disentangle abstruse the author begs leave to select occaies, which came before him from calionally, as they serve to illufthe mazes and great intricacy which trate his character for ease and were frequently introduced by the pleasantry, were impromptu's, deli. elabe rate arguments of counfel, vered on the spur of the occasion, He leemed to have a parricular and some of them are well known pleasure in discriminating between to his lurviving friends. ingenious, clear, and convincing “ One of the right reverend argument, and fubtle metaphysical bench having very charitably efta distinctions tending to bewilder and blished an alıns boufe, at his own millead the tyros or Atudents in the expence, for twenty five poor wolaw. As to their making any im. men; Mr. Murray, in his juvenile pression on the minds of the judges, days, was applied to for an infcripif the allusion may be pardoned, tion to be placed over the portal of we might as soon expect to see the the house ; upon which he took up hawk, in its passage through the his pencil, and immediately wrote. regions of air, leave a print of his the following: wild and circuitous flight behind him.

• Under this roof " His ideas went to the growing the Lord Bihop of melioration of the law, by making its liberalizy keep pace with the no less than 25 women.' demands of justice, and the actual concerns of the world'; not restrict. This witticism probably had ing the infinitely-diversified occa. its rise from a theo recent fact which fions of men, and the rules of natu. reflected great honour on the late ral justice, within artificial circum- Sir Walter Blackett, baronet, who fcriptions, but conforming our ju. was at that time the fast friend of,



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