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THE

HISTORY

OF

PORTUGAL

AND

SPAIN.

BY WILLIAM MAVOR, LL.D.

VICAR OP HURLEY IN BERKSHIRE, CHAPLAIN TO THE

EARL OF DUMFRIES,
AUTHOR OF THE BRITISH NEPOS, &c. &c.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR RICHARD PHILLIPS, 71, ST. PAUL'S

CHURCH-YARD;

AND SOLD BY ALL BOOKSELLERS.

1803.

Price 55. in Boards, or 5s, 6d. half-bound.

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TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

THE

EARL OF WARWICK,

&c. &c. &c.

THIS VOLUME

OF

MODERN UNIVERSAL HISTORY

15,

WITH EVERY SENTIMENT OF CONSIDERATION AND ESTEEM,

INSCRIBED,

BY

HIS LORDSHIP's

MOST FAITHFUL

AND DEVOTED HUMBLE SERVANT,

THE EDITOR

MODERN HISTORY.

HISTORY OF PORTUGAL.

CHAP. I. General Description of Portugal, and its History

under its Counts.

WHIS the most westerly kingdom of Eu

rope, being bounded on the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the east and north by Spain. Its extreme length is about three hundred miles, and its greatest breadth one hundred and fifty.

Lusitania is the Latin name constantly appropriated to this country by modern writers; yet it is evident that the limits of the ancient Lusitania by no means corresponded with the present Portugal, of whose etymology various origins are given: one, which at least possesses the semblance of probability, is, that a number of Gauls having landed at Porto, it received the appellation of Portus Gallorum, and in process of time, the name being softened, was gradually extended to the whole country; but when this event happened, or what occasioned the migration of the Gauls, are particulars buried in oblivion. Another etymology which has more certain foundations in history, is as follows: on an emi." Vol. XV.

B

nence

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