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pointed of coming down abont my oloth at the taylor's, I hear he has gone from there and I am fearful he haB taken iny cloth, unless he has left it with you." It must have been a pretty serious undertaking to have a coat made in those days when a man had to travel from Sheshequin, 80 miles distant, to Wilkes- Barre to find a competent tailor, and then, what a disappointment to have him runaway with the cloth and trimmings, and a military coat at that, probably, as further on he directs his "soard and appoletts" to be sent by Isaac Shepherd, or the post.

Luther Goddard writes in January, 1807, from Burlington to Mr. Butler, stating that "Different to my expectations and greatly to my damage I have never received those stills that I purchased of you." Probably the old Butler still-house on Coal Brook, near the piesent Conyngham shaft, was just then in good running order, and the people of WilKes-Barre were in great need of whisky, so the stills could not be spared.

There is an original warrant issued by Lord Butler, county treasurer, dated Dec. 13, 1801, for the collection of S172.39X tax assessed against Roger Searl of Fittston township, who had oaid a portion, leaving a balance of $69.48X still due. < )n the back of the warrant is the endorsement, "Levied the within warrant on two cows, two oxen and two horses as the properly of said Searl—so answers Jonathan Hancock, subsheriff, for Benjamin Dorrauce, sheriff."

There is also a blank petition to the Right Worshipful Grand Master Masons of Pennsylvania, in the usual form of a Master Mason, asking privilege to be allowed to pass the master's chair by dispensation.

A. list of "vendue notes." probably at the sale of the Butler personul property after his death (1810), includes the names of the principal citizens of Wilkes-Barre of that day; such as Archippus Parrish, Wm. Ross, Harris Oolt, John P. Arndt, Samuel Maffet, Cbas. Catlin, Garrick Mallery, Jacob Babb, C. Courtright 2d, Parley Lyons, S. VanLoon, Job Barton, Seth Wilson, Samuel Bowman. The names of Hezekiah Parsons, Harris Jenkins and Thomas, Daniel and John Davenport appear among those who paid their bills and did not give notes for the amounts of purchase.

A bill against the Butler estate in favor of Brown & Lyon shows that the price of farm produce, especially oats, was well up at that day (1816), as there is a charge for fifty bnshelBof seed on s,837.50,while the price of horse hire was rjnito the reverse: a charge for two horses and wagon, 28 days' hauling hay and harvesting, is put down at $28 only.

It would appear that "going to mill" was one of the ordinary items of expense in housekeeping in those days, as there are several charges of Enos going to Wright's

mill, 50 cents eaoh. This same establishment comes down to our own day, venerable with the historic associations of nearly a ctntury—having been established in 1796— but has for many decades been known by the present name of the be rough in whion it stands—Miner's Mills.

Trouble about election matters seems to have vexed politi. iacs even as early as 1807. In a letter to Isaac Cash from Capt. Butler, he says, in speaking of an approaching election, "I am confident that people in that quarter have an idea of holding back to take advantage of our splitting, but there is no probability of there being more than three or four candidates." What the office to be tilled was we are not informed.

A letter dated Jan. 18, 1811, says he had expected his brother Steuben to go into business with him, but that Steuben had concluded to remain in the printing trade. The latte- took charge of the Luzerne Federalist and was identified with Wilkes-Barre journalism many years after, he surviving his half brother Zebulon a period of 67 > ears, his death being qnite recent.

A Pennsylvania Historical Novel. Hon. William Bross, ex-Lieutenant Governor of Illinois, has recently completed a historical novel, the scene of which is located on the Wallenpaupaok, among the mountains and forests of Pike County, Gov. Brots was born and grew to yonng manhood at Milford, Pike County. The Presbyterians of that place have erected a fine brick ohurch upon the site of the wooden struoture in which his father was for so long a deacon that he was through the after years of his life known as "Deaoon Bross." The spire ot the new building is not yet finished, but when it is it will have in it a 1,200 pound bell and a tower clock which have bean presented to the society by "the Governor." Mr. Bross is intensely interested in Wyoming history and came here from his Chicago home in 1878 to attend the centennial of the messaore. He is a most genipl sentleman and is identified as a director, trustee or other offloer with many of the educational, historical and religions societies of Chicago. He is also president of the Chicago Tribune Publishing Co., and as such he has rendered many a favor to young newspaper men struggling for position.

Mr. C. F. Hill, of Hazleton, contemplates wiiting a history of that region of the Susquehanna ly ing between Berwick and Sunbury. He has accumulated a fund of valuable information as to early times in that region, a region intimately associated with pioneer life in old Wyoming.


Twantj-ntnth Annual Meeting-InterestIns Keaume of Pro{reu Hade—Two Valuable fapers Head.

The Wyoming Historical and Geological Society held tbeir annual meeting Feb. 11,at noon at the society rooms, Judge Dana presiding. There were present, Judge Dana, Dr. Ingham, 8. Reynolds, Edward Welles, Rev. H. E. Hayden.W. F. Miner, C. Parsons, J.W. Hollenback, G. B. Knlp, H. H. Harvey

G. M. Reynolds, Adj. Wright. The annoal election of officers resulted as follows:

President—Hou. E. L. Dana.

Vice Presidents—Dr. C. F. Ingham, Rev.

H. L. Jones, Capt. Calvin Parsons, Hon. Eckley B. Coxe

Recording Secretary—S. C. Struthers. Corresponding Secretary—Sheldon Reynolds.

Librarian—Hon. J. R. Wright.

Assistant Librarian—G. Mortimer Lewis.

Treasurer—A. H. MoClintock.

Curators—Dr. C. F. Ingham, Conchology and Mineralogy; S. Reynoldx, Archaeology; Rev. H. E. Hayden, Numismatics, R. D. Laooe. Palaeontology.

Meteorologist—Hon. E. L Dana.

Historiographer —George B. Rulp.

Trustees—Dr. Charles F. Ingham, Edward P. Darling, Ralph D. Lacoe, Edward Welles, Hon. Charles A. Miner.

Report was made by Mr. Knlp of the death of five members, all occurring within three mouths: Dr. Hodge, Martin Coryell, John Wrotb, Isaac Lea, J. K Bogert.

Judge Dana submitted weather report for last two months, which we condense as follows:

December — Lowest temperature, 17th, two below zero, only date below zero, average temperature for month, 21^ degrees; total rain fall, 1.68 inches; snow fall, 9 inohes.

January—Lowest temperature, 8th, five degrees below zero; mercury below zero, 3d, 4th, 8th and 27th; average temperature for month, 22 degrees; rained 8 days: snowed 7 days; total rainfall, 3.03 inohes; depth of snow, 9 inohes.

A balance of 8247 was reported in the treasury.

The following reports were made:

Archeology—The cabinet has been increased during the year by the addition of 387 arrow and spear points. 3 stone axes, 8 oelts, 7 drills, 6 pestles, 2 tomahawks, as also a flaying knife, a double pitted stone, a pipe, hammerstone ana gouge. The larger part were pre-ented by Henry C. Wilson, they having been found near his home, Mt. Vernon, O. Mr. Lung, and James Crookett also contributed valuable specimens.

Library—During the year there have been

added 432 bound volumes, 517 pamphlets, 24 broadside sheets, 4 manuscripts and a large number of ourrent newspapers and files. The library now contains 4,010 bound and about 300 unbound volumes,exclusive of duplicates, of which there are 2000. The library has been open each week day from 9 am. to 5:30 pm.

Conchology—Two specimens donated, and 363 received through exchange.

Mineralogy—Ninety-nine specimens donated.

The following members were elected: Miss Carrie M. Alexander, Reuben Jay Flick, Ambrose Reese, Warren Jay Flick, Liddon Flick.

Adjournment was had until 8 pm., at which time the society reassembled, with a large audience present, the room being filled.

Acknowledgment was made of contributions from the following donors:

Library—Hon. J. A. Scranton, Newport Historical Pub. Co., Telephone., R. Baur <fe Son, Express, News-Denier, Wyoming Bank, R. B. Brundage, Y. M. C. A., Geo. Sheldon, Middlebury ■ Vt.) His. Soc, Bureau of Education, American Philosophical Soc, Dr. D. G.Brinton, Library Co. of Phil.. His. 4 Phil. Soc. of Ohio, Dr. W. H. Egle, Coi. Reynolds, Sheldon Reynolds, Dr. Henry Phillips, Jr., Cayuga Co. His. Soc, American Geographical Soc, Hon. J. R. Wright, Lackawanna Institute of History and Science, B. Reynolds, American Congregational A«B'n, Minnesota Hi*. Soc, Dr. H. Hakes, Georgia His. Soc, H. G. Merrill, F. C. Johnson.U. 8. Geological Survey, Iowa His. Soc, H. R. Doitrick, G. B. Kulo, E. L. Dana, Gen. C. W. Darling. Reoobd. T. H. Atherton, S. C. Struthers, People's Bank, A. Hunlook, I. A. Stearns.

Aboriginal implements — S. Reynolds, James Crockett.

Geological specim«ns—Edward Welles, F. Mercur, K. H. Peterson.

Miscellaneous—Capt. O. A. Parsons, Adam Behee.

A neatly framed pen drawing was presented, which is described by its title: ''A partial map of the towns of Pitts ton, Plains and Wilkes-Barre, showing the names of nearly all the settlers in 1837. Drafted from the memory of R. W. Hinokley, a teacher and merchant in the valley from 1837 to 1843. Drawn by R. P. Hinckley, Bridgeport, Ct. Presented by R. W. Hinckley, publisher, 165 Chambe's Street, New York City."

Samuel W. tVimy packer was elected a corresponding member.

A portrait of Timothy Pickering was presented by Miss Mary Bowman.

Judge Dana read an interesting annual report as president, showing the progress made and making numerous suggestions as to the

future. He recommended branching oat into the natural sciences.

Capt. James P. Dennis read a capital paper on tbe list of buildings in the borough in 1819 as he remembered them. Only a portion of the paper was read, Capt. Dennis being invited to present another installment later. .

Dr. Ingham read an account of the New Brunswick mineral called albertite, believed to be an altered petroleum. The paper was interesting, but rather technical for the average lay mind.

The lecture room of the society is so ill adapted for lectures, having wretched aoouistic properties and absolutely no ventilation, that few persons could have sat through the session with much physical comfort. Such a room would kill any but a phenomenally robust organization,

Mr. Knlp presented biographical sketches of members deceased during the year, mentioned above.

The committee appointed to confer with tbe directors of the Osterhont Free Library, relative to quarters in tbe propose l building, reported to the effect that the Osterhout directors had decided to utilize the Presbyterian Church building for from 5 to 10 years, and would be willing that the Historical Society have the Sunday school addition for their purposes, should it be suitable. It is of brick, 35x46 feet, two stories high, the ground floor seating 200 persons, the second having two rooms, esoh 22x34 feet in size. The building has light on three sideB and is comparatively safe as to fire. The commit the favored the acceptance of the offer and were continued with discretionary powers.

The Harrisburg Telegraph for Jan. 29, contains an interesting sketch on the ''Underground Railway," and of William Rutherford, a notable abolitionist who lived in the Paxtang Valley. A tribute is also paid to William (or ''Pap") Jones, of Harrisburg. The writer, "W. F. R.," thus sneaks of him:

"Pap Jones" was a large; well built man, of pure African descent, and possessed in a large measure that quality known among colored men as "Coon sense," which being interpreted. means genius, with a large share of cunning superseded. For many years Mr. Jones was one of the most efficient men connected with the "Underground Railroad" in thi* locality. He bad acquired a thorough knowledge of the routes leading northward and was always prepared to furnish competent guides. His large covered wagon, drawn by two horses and driven by himself in the capacity of rag merchant, was frequently to be met with on the roads leading towards Wilkes-Barre or Potts ville.

The Pennsylvania Germans.

A treatise whioh will be of great interest and value to the Pennsylvania Germans of Lancaster, York, Lebanon, Berks, Dauphin, Lehigh and other German counties of Pennsylvania, has just been completed by Dr. W. J. Hoffman, member of the United States Ethnological Bnreau for scientific publication.

It is an ethnological and philological history of the Pennsylvania Germans. The work embraces a dictionary and grammar of the language, the customs, supersti, tions, folk-lore, medioal practices, pow. wowing, etc., of those people. A valuable linguistic comparison of the Pennsylvania German dialect of to-day, and the Pfalz dialect, particularly the Bavarian, is introduced, which shows that the language now spoken by tbe Pennsylvania Germans is identical with the Bavarian dialect a century and a quarter ago, but somewhat different from the modern dialect. This is explained by the fact that the Pennsylania German has preserved its Bavarian identity as against English in Pennsylvania, while tbe Bavarian dialect has been materially modified by con tact with other Teutonic dinleots and the German proper. The work is of greater scope than has yet been undertaken in establishing the ethnologic and linguistic identity of that numeronB and influential body of the people of Pennsylvania from the time of the Crefeld settlers at Germantown, under Daniel Francis Pastorins in 1682, down through the enormous tide of emigration from the Pfalz provinces whioh crowded into the Province of Pennsylvania nntil the time of the Revolution. The present diilect of the descendants of these early fathers of the Teutonic people of Pennsylvania shows its Bavarian origin with an admixture of the dialects of Baden and Wurtemberg and words from the Welsh and Irish settlers of the German counties of the State. Dr. Hoffman during his service as surgeon in the Franco-Prussian war in the Seventh army corps, nnder the famous old warrior, Steiumetz, and afterwards at the headquarters of Prince Frederick Charles, of Bavaria, at Verney, three miles below Metz, had ample opportunities to make in vestigations, whioh he has since followed up, and which have oulminated in his present work. Special interest will attach to this work, in view of the rapidity with which, in later years, Pennsylvania Dutch has disappeared from popular use.—Harrisburg Telegraph.


Who wu a Prisoner Amooc the Indians two Tears—His Services Recognized by the i egislature a Quarter of a Century Later.

Kditob Recobd: Allow me to present the following as a memorial of a brave and true soldier of tbe Revolutionary War, Capt. Joseph Solomon or (Salmon), of Col. James Murray's Regiment of No.-thuinberland Connty Militia. It is not known whether Capt. Solomon was related to John Solomon, a Boldier in the French and Indian War, or not. Of his parentage little seems to be known. However his memory richly deBerver this hnmble notice. The following Utter from Gen. James Potter to President Reed bearing date Sunbury, April 12th, 1781, will bear publishing.

Sir: I Arived at My house on Sunday last and on Monday I cam to this place and since I have maid a Yisite to difrent parts of the f runteere who I find in great distreess. Numbers of them flying for there lives at this early Seasone of the year. The enemy has Maid five different Strookes on our frunteers since the 22d of March. On the Sixth instant they flerred on an old Man, his Son and daughter, the Boy woe shott ded and the Indians Imedatly Maid a prisnr of the Young woman The old Min Had a stick in Hand with whioh he nobley defended himself against one of tbe Indians who had a tomhaok and Maid the fellow drope his Wapon. Col Eelley with a few of his Nigbbours wos in a house at a little distance. On hearing the enemy guns go off they Run to the pleace and obledged the enemy to Retreat leving the Yonng VVomon there prisnr and our brave old Irishman and his stick behind them and all there Blankets. They outrun Col Kelly and his party and got off as Usile

On Sabathday last the eight instant, in tbe evening they come to the House of one Durmes about five miles from this pleace Immedatly on there entring the house they Shott Daun and Tooke one Captain Solomon a prisnr. there wos four Weemin and an number of Children in the House They plundered the House of everything that wor Yalibel. But whot is surprising, they went off with Captain Solomon and there plunder leving behind the Weemin and Children. This hapned leat in the evening the next day they were pursued but not come np with. Captain Robinson has got forty men enlisted for the war, but many of them are so naked for wont of all kinds of Clothing that they cannot do Duty. They have not a blanket among them all. I know it is not in the power of Council to provide for them at present, but I hope they will as soon as poable. There is no appeerance of

Cumberlond Militia Coming to this County as \ et. on my Coming to this County I sent off to hasten there March. I most sincerely wished for Assembly to have been with me in my disagreeable visit along the much disstressed Frunteers. 1 have not Language to express there distressess and therefore will not atemt it.

I have the Honour to be with the greatest esteem Your Excellency's Most Humble sevont

Jab. Potteb. Capt. Robinson's destitute company referred to in the above letter is the same company of which Moses Van Campen was a first lieutenant. This is the brief history of how Capt. Solomon was taken prisoner by the Indians on tbe 8th day of April, 1781, at the house of one Dormer on a quiet Sunday evening near Sunbury. He was taken to York State or Canada and was gone for two years. Tbe history of his oaptivity and return would no doubt make au interesting chapter in the history of the Revolutionary War. It is hoped that such a history may yet be produced and published as a tribute of respect to the memory of this one of the heroes whose memories should never die out

It is a relief to notice that the Legislature of the State of Pennsylvania did itself the honor to pass the following:

Where's, It appears that Joseph Salmon, late a captain in (Jolonel James Munay's Regiment, of Northumberland County militia, while in the servioe of his country during the Revolutionary War. was taken prisoner by the Indians and detained in captivity upwards of two years, during which time his then infant family solely dependent on his labor for support, was lett destitute, and himself treated with all the rigour incident to savage warfare, and it also appearing that he hath not received from his country any compensation for his services and sufferings.

Therefore, be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, that there is granted to the same Joseph Salmon a tract of donation land to contain three hundred acres, for which a patent shall be made to him, his heirs or assigns in the usual manner.

Simon Snydek.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Approved the fourth day of March, one thousand eight hundred and seven.

Thomas Mokean.

The sturdy old captain was married to a Miss Ann Wheeler, after whose family name Fort Wheeler, a fort on the Fishing Creek, just above the town of Light Street, in Columbia County, Pa., named Fort Wheeler, was built by Mooes Van Campen, in the month of April, 1778. Near this place Captain Solomon lived and died on what is known as the William Warden farm, between the towns of Espy and Light Street, and he and his wife lie buried near the place. The Captain left nine children, Isaiah, John, George, William 1st, William 2d, Jane, Margarette, Sarah and Phebe. These sons and daughters are scattered far and wide.

Isaiah, one of the sons, married Sarah McMnrtrie and settled in Briar Creek Township, near Berwick, and reared a family of thirteen children: James M., Isaiah Wheeler, Clark, William, Abram M., Joseph P., John S., George Ellis, Elizabeth Ann, Maria Charlotte, Phebe and Sarah Jane.

Isaiah Salmon was widely and favorably known as an intelligent and influential citizen, and died honored and lamented by the community in which he lived.

Two of his sons, James M., and Clark are ministers of the gospel and are known as men of eminence in their calling.

Joseph P. Salmon, a namesake of his illustrious grandfather, Captain Solomon, lives in Hazleton, Pa., where be is well and favorably known. He came to Hazleton in his boyhood, and since his advent here has earned and received the confidence of the community, and has filled many positions of trust and honor. o. r. H.

Hazleton, Pa., Feb. 3, 1887.

prevented from practicing his profession.—

Wilkes Barre Correspondent of Scranton Republican.


Pioneer Physicians of Wyoming.

The Luzerne County Medical Society held its annual meeting and banquet Jan. 5, at the Wyoming Valley Hotel. Dr. Howell, vice-president, presided at the meeting.

After the transaction of routine business. Dr. Fred. C. Johnson, of the Recoiid, read a paper upon the Pioneers of Medicine in this Valley. It was a very interesting sketch, though the reader claimed that his paper was really but a bundle of fragments of biographical gleanings, he having had no time to compile the same into such sequential form as he might have done and would have done, had he been given mere time. The morsels of personal reminiscences in the lives of the early doctors were more thn. interesting. He touched upon none of the doctors later than 1825. Dr. Johnson gave Dr. Hollister, of Providence, credit for much of the material that he presented last evening, and paid that antiquarian and genial medical philosopher a warm tribute of praises and urged the purchase of his valuable collection of aboriginal and other curiosities as the Duclens of a museum; this as a recognition of Dr. Hollister's zeal in its collection and as a financial help to him now that he is

Price Per Hundred in Philadelphia from 1785 to 1828. The following table of tne price of flour per hundred in Philadelphia is the average for each year, and now taken from an old Salem paper in possession of Salem County Historical Society dated March, 18, 1829:

1785 8 5 87 1807 8 7 17

1786 5 05 1808 5 69

1787 5 35 1809 8 91

1788 4 81 1810 9 37

1789 5 20 1811 9 95

1790 5 50 1812 9 83

1791 5 22 1813 8 92

1792 5 25 1814 8 80

1793 5 90 1815 H 71

1794 0 90 1816 9 78

1795 10 60 1817 11 69

1798 12 50 1818 9 90

1797 8 91 1819 7 11

1798 8 20 1820 4 72

1799 0 60 1821 5 72

1800 9 86 1822 5 58

1801 1040 1823 6 82

1802 6 90 J 824 5 62

1803 0 73 1825 5 10

1804 8 22 1826 4 65

1805 9 70 1827 5 23

1806 7 30 1828 BOO

Aggregate average for forty-four years $17.42. The circumstnnces which have produced the principal fluctuations are given as follows: From 1794 to 1796 scarcity in France and England: from 1798 to 1800, export to England; 1800 to 2801, scarcity in England; 1804-5 scarcity in Spain; 18089, long embargo; 1809-10-11, Peninsular war: 1812-13 14, war with England; 131617, scarcity in **England. To this we might add the cause of an advance during the latter part of 1828, viz., scarcity in Europe, particularly in England. The state ot the currency in 1814-15 had an effect on prices. The highest > early average was that of 1796, viz., 812.50, and the lowest price that of 1826, viz., 84.65 The lowest price was in March, 1821, 83.37. The highest price was in March, 1796, 815.—Salem South Jerseyman.

Indian Relics. James Crockett, of Ross Township, has sent the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society some valuable aboriginal specimens. They comprise two grooved axe, plowed up on the farm of Miner Goss, in Paramount Township, white arrow and drill; grooved tomahawk, from Crockett farm; a stone gouge from George Hess' farm, Fishing Creek, and a lot of flint chips.

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