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in darkness. I love the Good Spirit fall. I am glad to see the Preachers, with all my heart. Jesus shall be my who come to tell us about the words trust as long as I live. This is all I have of the Great Spirit. I always pray for to say."

them." William Snake.-“ My brothers and Chief Naningeshkung.--"I am also sisters, it is about six years since I first glad to see this love-feast, and I am glad set out in the service of Jesus; and I feel to feast with my brethren once more. I glad that I am not yet tired of this good follow after my brothers and sisters in way. Several of my brothers and sisters the good way. I was once very wicked have lately died out of my class : they and very poor; but the Great Spirit found are gone to the Great Spirit in heaven, me, and had mercy upon me. I am glad where they are now praising him. I to see our Ministers. I will always trust am left alone to weep over their bones; in Jesus.” but I hope by and by to meet them in Big Wing.-"My brothers and sisters, heaven. "I will trust in Jesus. This is I am glad that my life has been spared all I have to say."

to see this love-feast, while many of my James York.-“ It is now seven win- brethren have died. I feel glad in hearters since I first found the Lord Jesus in ing the good word once more. I owe my heart. Before I found him I was much to the Great Spirit for what he has very poor, wicked, and drunken, and done for me ; and I have nothing to pay wandered about in the woods without any with. My hope is in Jesus. I hate the knowledge of the Great Spirit. I feel fire-water, which I once loved, and happy in serving him, and will try to be which some still love. I am glad to see our faithful. My trust is in Jesus, who died Preachers, who tell us the way to heaven. for me."

I will strive to be faithful, and always John Isaacs._" Brothers and sisters, trust in Jesus. This is all I have to say." I will tell you what the Great Spirit has Several others expressed themselves in done for me. Before I found him my a similar manner. The path was very crooked, and I was fast was full of Indians, and it was a truly walking down to the bad place. I am delightful and profitable meeting. How now trying to walk straight, that I may delightful to see these poor people, who, get to heaven.”

a few years ago, were sinking under the Chief Yellow Head's wife. _“I am influence of every vice which degrades glad to say that I feel happy every human nature into a premature grave, day in my heart. My desire is to get raised, by the power of the Gospel, to to heaven, that I may see Jesus and the dignity of men and Christians! Of all the good people who have gone to them it may be truly said, what the heaven. I will try to be faithful, and eloquent Watson said, with reference to the trust in Jesus."

West India colonies, “Your Missionaries Sally Snake. “I will tell what the have dived into that mine from which Great Spirit has done for me. I feel we were often told no valuable ore or that the Great Spirit always sees my precious stone could be extracted, and heart, and that he knows how poor and they have brought up the gem of an weak I am. I feel very poor this day immortal spirit, flashing with the light in my heart. I try to watch and look of intellect, and glowing with the hues around me every day, that sin may not of Christian graces.”_Canada Christian get into my heart, and so cause me to Guardian.


AMERICAN TEMPERANCE SOCIETY. THE Eighth Report of the American America ; and the following is the sumTemperance Society, presented in May, mary given to us upon this delightful 1835, like its predecessors, is a document subject. More than two millions of perreplete with invaluable information. It sons have ceased to use ardent spirits. is chiefly occupied by a discussion of the More than eight thousand Temperance physical and moral effects of the alco. Societies have been formed, embracing, holic poison,-its history, the way in it is believed, more than one million five which it causes death,-its effects upon hundred thousand members. Twentyinfant children,-its influence upon the three of these are State Societies; and soul,--its production of pauperism and there is now one in every State, with one crime,- its consequences in counteracting exception, throughout the Union. More the effects of the Gospel,-and its pol- than four thousand distilleries have been lating and hardening influence upon the stopped ; and more than eight thousand heart. The Report describes the present merchants have ceased to sell ardent spi. state of the Temperance reformation in rits, and many of them have ceased to

sell any intoxicating liquor. More than The cessation of the cause will necessatwelve hundred vessels sail in which it is rily be followed by the cessation of its not used ; and more than twelve thousand effects; and their cessation will be the persons who were drunkards, and it is cessation, and to an untold extent, of supposed more than two hundred thou- innumerable other evils, and the producsand other persons, have ceased to use tion of good, pure, unmixed, immeasurany intoxicating drink.

ble good, under the influences of the The most distinguishing feature of this means of grace, and of the Holy Spirit, Report is its recommendation to the to an extent which can hardly be coo. members of l'emperance Societies through. ceived, and to multitudes which no man out America, to adopt the principle of can number.” total abstinence. The number of those who are, in practice, adopting this prin

TIIE HISTORY OF ALCOHOL. ciple is constantly and rapidly increas- « The art of distillation has been said, ing. In the pledge of many Societies, by some, to have been known in China, the words “ erdene spirit" have been at a period much earlier than we have changed for “ intoxicating liquor;" and any authentic evidence of its haring most of the Societies which have been been known in other parts of the world. formed during the past year, especially But there is no proof that alcohol was among young men, have been formed ever extracted from fermented liquor till upon the plan of abstinence from the use, about eight or nine hundred years ago as a beverage, of all intoxicating liquor. When this was first done in Arabia, no

The Report having quoted largely from person knew what this product of distilthe statements made at the annual meet. lation was ; Dor was there any language ings of the Preston Temperance Society, that had for it even a name. They, hoxconcludes by a reference to the moral ever, made a name. They called it alco good which is likely to be permanently hol; and that is the chemical name in accomplished by the beneficent agency of every country to this day. Alcohol, in Temperance Societies. “Such," it says, the language of that country, was a fine “ has been the change of mental and impalpable powder, with which the womoral habits, where abstinence from the men used to paint their faces, for the puruse of intoxicating liquor has prevailed, pose of increasing their beauty, and is that not only has drunkenness ceased, order to appear to be what they really but health, virtu?, and happiness have were not. And if any, under the irbeen greatly promotei ; and all means fluence of this intoxicating poison, really for the promotion of the good of man thought that they were more beautiful have been crowncd with augmented suc- than they were when sober, and under cess. It has been like the purifying of the influence of that only which God the pestilential atmosphere of a great made as a beverage for man, they were country, on the health of the population. deceived. The old plan of operating on this subject, “ It was, however, soon ascertained to while men continued to make, to sell, and be a poison; and it does not appear that to use the cause of intoxication, and la- any one, who understood its nature, even boured only to remove its effects, was as thought that the time would ever come unphilosophical and as absurd, as it when any people would think of using it would be to manufacture, sell, and use as a drink. Arnoldus de Villa, a Phy: poisonous miasma, and bend all our ef sician in the south of Europe, who lived forts, not to prevent the cholera, but only, in the thirteenth century, is, so far as is if possible, to cure it, after it had, by known, the first writer whose opinion is the wickedness of men, occurred; or foron record, who recommends in any case the Government to license the dissemina- the use of it even as a medicine. i'nder tion of the cause, and then to employ his influence, however, and that of his Physicians to try to remove the effects. disciple, Raymond Lully, who was born But the present plan, which has burst at Majorca, in 1234, its medicinal use like a new sun up in the world, is not to extended northward, and spread over 12generate the cause. Instead of making rious parts of Europe. Judging from it the great object to remove the evil af. its immediate effects, it was thought to ter it has been committed, or while con- increase life ; and was denominated aq tha tinuing the cause, to prevent only its vitæ, 'water of life.' This was what is effects, the plan is, not to commit the friends pretended it to be; and what, while evil, but to let mischief alone before it under its influence, and deluded by its is meddled with : then its effects will effects, multitudes down to this day I av? have no existence. Let this become uni- thought it to be. Whereas, if named accord. versal, and drunkenness and all its abo- ing to its nature and consequences, it should minations will, of course, for ever cease. have been, aqua mortis et damnationis,

water of death and damnation.' Yet, which is now suspended over our country, so powerful was its influence to deceive and which is pouring its fiery stream men, and to make them call evil good, through all the currents of public and and good evil, that Theoricus, as stated domestic intercourse.' The people of in Holinshed's Chronicles, published in that country have since drunk forty mil. the sixteenth century, wrote a treatise lions of gallons of distilled spirit, besides upon its wonderful sanative power; in vast quantities of fermented spirit, in a which he says, It sloweth age, it year. And although it did not become strengtheneth youth, it helpeth digestion, a common drink with the people of the it cutteth flegme, it abandoneth melan United States, till within less than one cholie, it relisheth the heart, it lighteneth hundred years, they have since drunk in the mind, it quickeneth the spirits, it a year more than sixty millions of galcureth the hydropsia, it healeth the stran lons ; and the people of some other coungurie, it pounceth the stone, it ex pelleth tries have drunk, in proportion to their gravell, it puffeth away ventositie, it numbers, more than twice that quantity." keepeth and preserveth the head from whirling, the eyes from dazzling, the


SPIRIT. tongue from lisping, the mouth from spaffling, the teeth from chattering, and “It sometimes also appears to remove the throat from rattling; it keepeth the trouble ; and this is another motive to weasan from stiffling, the stomach from take it. A man's wife, in the state of Newwambling, and the heart from swelling; York, was seized with the cholera, and it keepetă the hands from shivering, the he was in trouble. She died; and he sinews from shrinking, the veins from drank alcohol. Under its influence he crumbling, the bones from aching, and took her by the hair of her head, and, the marrow from soaking.' Such were in high glee, dragged her body across the supposed to be its wonderful virtues ; floor, and tumbled it into the coffin. It and many began to think that they could seemed to remove trouble, and, even unnot live without it.

der the most trying circumstances, to oc“ Ulstadius, another writer, ascribes casion mirth. But the mirth of the to it this most singular praise : he says, wicked is short ; and the end of that " It will burn, being kindled. And this mirth is heaviness. Yet, as the mirth is he considers as demonstration of its pe real, and is occasioned by alcohol, it preculiar excellence.

sents a motive to drink it. And thou« It was not therefore strange, with sands do drink it on this account. such views of its power as a medicine, " It sometimes also seems to remove that men should begin to conclude that even poverty; and to increase riches, and it must also do good in health, especially other desirable things. A poor man in when they were peculiarly exposed, and Massachusetts, who was not a drunkard, under severe labour ; nor that they should but was in the habit of daily using spiintroduce the use of it for the purpose of rit, greatly to his own injury and that preventing, as well as curing, diseases. of his family, was entreated by a rich This was the case particularly in the neighbour to renounce the practice. He mines in Hungary ; and afterwards, in had done it himself, and found great be1581, it was introduced, by the English, netit, and he wished his neighbour to do as a kind of cordial for their soldiers it. But the poor man gave this as a reawhile engaged in war in the Netherlands. son why they did not think alike on this

“ It was also introduced as a drink subject : You,' said he, are a rich into Ireland and various other places. man, and of course have no need of takWhat was the consequence of this ? The ing it. You are rich enough, and you same which ever has been, and, while the feel rich enough without it. But I am a world stands, ever must be, the conse poor man, and nobody likes always to quence in every country, of thus using feel poor; and when a man has taken a it, delusion, delusion,' as to its nature little, he feels five hundred dollars richer and effects. Men cannot come under the than he did before.' But is he any richer ? power of this mocker, and not be mocked. Is his family any richer ? Or is it all Another effect was, and, while it is used, delusion ? Delusion ; but no more real ever must be, it created a tendency to than the men experience in other cases, perpetuate that use of it; and also to in who, because it gives them present pleacrease the quantity used. Hence,' says sure, think it does them real good. It a British writer, speaking of their intro. gave to this man for a moment the pleaducing it into the army in 1581, from sure of feeling that he was rich when he this little cloud, no bigger than a man's was not rich,—the pleasure of being dehand, has been evolved that mighty mass ceived ; and this is its nature. It gives Vol XIV. Third Series. DECEMBER, 1835.

3 R

to men the pleasure and profit of decep- children, if they live, often have an aption. For this reason it has often been petite for spirit, and are so much more furnished at public sales of property, for likely than other children to become the purpose of leading those who might drunkards. This is a reason, also, why, attend, and would partake of it, to feel when the parents have been in the habit more rich than they really were, and to of freely taking it, their children are so give more for property than it was much smaller and less healthy than otha worth.”

children ; have less keenness and strength ARDENT SPIRIT THE CAUSE OF of eye-sight, firmness of nerve or ability DEATH.

of body and mind to withstand the at« Alcohol is a substance which is, in

tacks of disease, and the vicissitudes of its nature, unfit for the purposes of nutri

climates and seasons; and, also, a reason tion. It is not in the power of the ani.

why they have less inclination and less mal economy to decompose it, and change

talent for great bodily and mentalachieve. it into blood, or flesh, or bones, or any

ments. By the operation of laws which thing by which the human body is or

no man can repeal or withstand, the inican be nourished, strengthened, and sup

quities of the fathers are thus naturally ported. When taken into the stomach,

visited upon the children from generation it is sucked up by absorbent vessels, and

to generation." carried into the blood ; and with that is ARDENT SPIRIT AND CRIME. circulated through the whole system, “ Alcohol so affects the understandand, to a certain extent, is then thrown off ing, that moral considerations are less again. But it is alcohol when taken ; it is clearly perceived : and it so affects the alcohol in the stomach; it is alcohol in heart, that moral obligation is less power. the arteries, and veins, and heart, and fully felt. It causes the conscience to lungs, and brain, and among all the lie more dormant, and the imagination to nerves, and tissues, and fibres of the be more extensively and deeply polluted, whole body; and it is alcohol when, af and polluting. It corrupts the very source ter having pervaded and passed through and springs of moral action, and brings a the whole system, it is thrown off again. man peculiarly in all respects under the Give it even to a dog, and take the power of the devil. Mental iniquity, blood from his foot, and distil it, and you from which the mind, when not poisoned, have alcohol, the same which the dog instinctively recoils, becomes, when it is, drank. No, not the same which he drank, the element of its delicious revel; and for a dog knows too much to drink it: crimes, from the thought of which it bethe same which, in opposition to his fore started back with abhorrence, it non knowledge of good and evil, or the in. commits with greediness. And so per. stinctive sense which God gave him, fectly is this known, that, by the accots and drunkenness had not perverted, you of him who was from the beginning forced upon him. Not even the sense of a murderer,' it is furnished for this ray a dog will permit him to take it ; nor can purpose. the powerful stomach of a dog digest it: “ A young man in Ireland committed much less can that of a man. Take the a murder, in March, 1833. He was afterblood from the arm, the foot, or the head, .wards tried at Kilkenny, and pronounced of the man who drinks it and distil that by the Jury to be guilty. Yes, try blood, and you have alcohol. You may Lord,' said the prisoner. I am guilty take it from the brain strong enough, on and, pointing to his mother, a woman the application of fire, in an instant to more than eighty years of age, who stood blaze. Not a biood-vessel, however mi. by, he said, "She was the cause of it." nute, not a thread of the smallest nerve She had agreed beforehand for the price in the whole animal machinery, escapes of the blood of Mr. Lennard, the man, its influence. It enters the organs of who, according to that agreemert, was to the nursing mother, which prepare the be murdered by her son. She watched delicate food for the sustenance and for the coming of the unfortunate and growth of her child. It is taken into unsuspecting man ; and when she sam the circulation, and passes through the him approaching, she hand-d her son the whole system of the child; having, pistol, with which to take his life. But through its whole course produced, not there was not enough wickedness and only on the mother, but also on the hardness in the young man to commit the child, the appropriate effects of the drunk deed. IIe instinctively shrunk back, ard's poison. This is a reason why, after saying, How can I murder the poor the mother has taken it, the babe, although gentleman ?' His mother handed him before restless, sleeps all night like a the whisky. bottle, which she had got for drunkard ; and a reason also why such the occasion, and said, 'Take that." He

took it, shot the man, and was hanged. “A young man, who but just escaped (Br. Par. Rep., p. 292.) It increases the death, from the outrage and brutality of wickedness of the soul; and prepares it a number of persons who were under its to be led captive by the adversary of all influence, who was indeed supposed to good at his pleasure. The men, there. be killed, and was left by them for dead, fore, who manufacture, import, sell, or in in giving his deposition, after his recoany way furnish it, to be used as a drink, very, was asked by the Magistrates wheare assisting the old murderer in the work ther they were drunk. He answered, of human destruction.

No. They were well able to do their “ Another young man, who had come business. He was then asked whether mitted a crime so horrid that it was they had been drinking. He answered, thought to be incredible, was asked by "I wonder that your Honour, a gentleman the Magistrate, in his examination, how of your knowledge, should ask such a it was possible he could commit such a simple question : sure you do not think crime, He answered, “With the help that they would come without preparing of whisky I could commit twenty such themselves.' So universally is it now crimes.' (Ibid., p. 299.) It tends to re- understood to be a needful preparation move all difficulties, arising from moral for all deeds of darkness, that he won. considerations, in the way to hell; and to dered any one should think that they keep its victim, till his probation closes, would attempt such mischief without it.” from turning his eye toward the path of _Temperance Advocate. life.


To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.

City-Road Chapel, into society, all of them having a clear

Nov. 5th, 1835. testimony of the pardon of their sins, It will give pleasure to all good men

and many of them the enjoyment of perto learn, that there are evidences more

fect love. From this number I except clear and striking than ever before ap

those who are only awakened, those who peared, of a revival of the work of God have fallen away, and some who, on acin France. This is the case in the de

count of particular circumstances, could partment of Saône-et-Loire. At Mâcon,

not attend, but who, nevertheless, enjoy Chalons, Louhans, Givry, and many places, you will feel an interest in see

the favour of God. As you know the other parts, places of worship have re

At St. Verant, four; cently been opened, by the Wesleyan ing them in detail. Missionaries, which are crowded with Tonguillarde, four; Cerrieux, 'eight; attentive hearers. In many of the vil. Vors, seven; La Grâne, five; Pallon, lages, even the Roman Catholics earnestly eight; Plan, two; Violins, thirteen request evangelical Preachers to teach Mansals, sixteen ; Dourmillouse, thirty. them the way of salvation. From Condé,

There are but twenty-eight families in in Normandy, we learn by Mr. Jean Le this last-named place, of which there are Lièvre, that a gracious work has begun to

in society twenty women and ten men, manifest itself; and, as an effect of this

who follow the voice of the good Shep

herd. The women's class is the most ingood work, thirty-seven persons have recently joined the society.

teresting I ever saw. Christian affection, the writer of the letter, " we had another simplicity, and liberty, prevail and reign Preacher, who might be stationed at

among them in all their beauty. The Caen, I believe this barren wilderness confidence that the members have in their would soon become a fruitful field. We beloved Leader is pleasing in the highest have one family of eight persons joined degree. God has made her faithful, and with us in church fellowship."

able to fulfil worthily the duties of her I beg especially to lay before you

charge. She talks to them as a mother translations of letters lately reccived from

would to her beloved children. She bears our Assistant-Missionary, T. L. Rostan,

them on her heart; and she has a very who is stationed with Mr. Cook in the

correct judgment. One might appeal to South of France. Yours very truly,

most of our congregations, and say, W. Toase.

“ Come to Dourmillouse, and see what is, and what ought to be, a class-meeting.'

These beloved children of God, not being Hautes Alpes, 16th Oct., 1834.

able to give a sous per week, because of My very dear Brother,—You will join their poverty, give and collect a little with me in praising the Lord, when I tell hemp, rye, barley, oats, and eggs ; all of you, that I have admitted ninety persons which will be sold, they say, to support

“ If,” says

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