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assimilated to each other, which are name of Jesus? The opening doors now spread over Africa ; and though of Providence are every where prethe Berber language might once, senting themselves even in the perhaps, have extended over the depths of Africa ; and is it not the northern regions of Lybia, yet it is duty of our Missionary Society, or doubtful, from its resemblance to rather its high privilege, to adopt the oriental tongues, whether it was some immediate measure for the acof African origin, or merely intro- quisition of the Arabic and other duced by Asiatic or European colo. languages, “ that our oil and our nies; but this we do know, that it was wine may increase ?” With this never adopted by the Negro nations. view, I gladly hail the Wesleyan In
Mr. Bowdich, and other travel- stitution, so worthy of its name, as lers, fully prove that the Negro dia- by its establishment our exertions lects are almost as numerous as must be greatly increased, and the their towns and villages ; and clearly talents of the Connexion brought to testify that the curse directed against bear on the intellectual vices of the the Cushite Babylonians was entailed age. It will furnish the Missionary upon their posterity, and is still an field with well-qualified instruments. existing proof of the divine judgment, It is therefore the earnest hope of and the truth of Revelation, plainly the writer, that the Directors of the showing that idolatry and confusion Institution may speedily be able to were indeed the birth-right of the add to the Hebrew, Greek, and Hamitic nations.
Latin, the important and greatlyWhat are we to learn from all needed oriental and occidental Arabthese facts ? That it seems evidently ic; making it binding on all Misthe design of Deity that the Gospel sionaries, intended for India, Ceylon, of our Lord Jesus Christ is to be Persia, Arabia, Syria, Palestine, propagated in Central Africa by Asia Minor, Egypt, Barca, Tripoli, means of the Arabic language. Shall Tunis, Algiers, Morocco, Fezzan, Methodisin, then, which has been Central and Eastern Africa, &c., &c., one of the most efficient instruments to learn the grammatical construcin extending the consolations of tion and accent of those dialects Christianity to heathen lands, neg- which will the more speedily qualify lect this plain intimation, or refuse them for their respective stations.to enter those dark avenues of delu- (Authorities : Dr. Clarke's Bible ; sion, “ while her lights are burn. Dr. Pritchard's Physical History of ing,” and when the facilities of such Mankind ; Malte-Brun's Asia; Shaw's a tongue, the most unmixed of all Barbary ; Bowdich's Ashantee ; Helanguages, so pure and so copious, brew, Chaldee, and Ethiopic Bibles.) demand her most serious attention?
A. H. Can we refuse to run the race set Bridlington-Quay, before us, when the prize is in view, Dec. 9th, 1834. and the victory is certain, in the
JERUSALEM IN 1834. To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. This unhappy city has been under are only noticed by the traveller, and the avenging hand of God for nearly the philanthropist, who have been two thousand years. It has been accustomed to scenes of order and sacked, pillaged, or destroyed, innu- of justice. merable times, by invaders of ma- The visitation which befel Jerusany different nations. “Yet for all lem and the surrounding country, this, bis anger is not turned away, during the last year, seems scarcely but his hand is stretched out still.” to bave been heard of by Europeans; In fact, such instances of desolation and was falsely exhibited by the aubave become so common, that they thorities of Egypt, as a matter of seem to attract little interest amongst very trifling importance. The Pasha the surrounding people ; and they wished to take the young men of Syria as soldiers for his army, and afterwards. Ibrahim raged with also to monopolize some parts of the fury; but at length be passed the trade of the country. General dis- defiles, with the loss of some of his content prevailed among the people; men, and reached Jerusalem. It is and whilst the inhabitants of the ci- said that a considerable body of ties feared the rage of the tyrant, troops was sacrificed on that occasion, and were waiting for some favourable that the rest might pass by a strataopportunity of throwing off the yoke, gem. the peasants who dwelt in the fast- Although this report was universal nesses of the “ mountains around in Syria, no authentic information Jerusalem” prepared to assert their of the matter could be obtained. independence by force. The Pasha's The dreaded name of Ibrahim spread officers were overwhelmed at a vil. consternation among the insurgents, lage in one of the defiles near Naza- who retired from Jerusalem, which reth, by the women and children, was now taken possession of by the armed with stones and other missiles. Pasha, whose soldiers committed Vengeance was taken upon the ham- more outrages than even the mounlet, which was totally destroyed. The taineers. However, when the small. mountaineers flew to arms, and cut ness of the Governor's forces was off the straggling parties of the sol. discovered, the panic-struck peasan. diers. The detiles between Jaffa and try returned, and several skirmishes Jerusalem were seized ; and all com- between them and the troops took munication between the city and the place. The Pasha pushed forwards, coast was thus intercepted.
but was repulsed near the Dead Sea. Ibrahim hastened to the place Finding himself now hemmed in on of tumult from the south of Arabia, all sides, and perceiving that his si. where he was then extending the tuation was exceedingly perilous, he Egyptian conquests. An earthquak3 made peace with the insurgents on first shook Jerusalem to its centre, their own terms; consenting to re; overthrowing or damaging many linquish his present oppressive and houses; so that the inhabitants re- tyrannical measures. tired to their gardens, or other places Ibrahim returned to Jaffa, where of resuge. Before they had reco- Mehemet Ali had already arrived vered from the terrors of this un- with the Egyptian fleet, and with a expected shock, the mountaineers small reinforcement of men and poured down by tens of thousands stores. Meheinet will never fail for into the plains, and sacked the city. want of schemes and stratagems. The garrison was feeble ; and, after All Syria was in commotion; and the a short resistance, retired to the ci- guards in the streets of Damastadel. The city was then broken cus were doubled, and kept under up, and pillaged for several days; arms all night; for the inhabitants wbilst roving parties of maraud- of this and other large cities were ers, from without, cut off all the only waiting to see which way the supplies of provisions that it was balance would turn, before they de. attempted to bring into the town. clared themselves. Mehemet, thereMeanwhile the plague made its ap- fore, sent messengers to the various pearance, and several fell victims to Governors, announcing a peace, and This awful scourge. Famine also ordering the guns to be fired in honow stalked abroad, with its dreadful nour of Ibrahim's victories ! The peoattendants of rapine and plunder. ple, ignorant of the true state of The citadel was attacked, and the affairs, were struck with terror, and soldiers fired upon the town. Updid not dare to rise.
Whilst the wards of three thousand troops, wily Pasha at Jaffa pretended to be which were sent from Damascus tó indignant at the treaty which his son relieve Jerusalem, were cut off on had inade, he declared that he himn. their journey, near the ancient town self had never been consulted in its of Sychar about three hundred ratification, and refused to abide by only escaped by flight. I saw one of its stipulations. Dispatching, there. these, a Frank'surgeon, a few days fore, his reinforced troops to the
country about Nazareth, these fell and Jerusalem. They attract but upon the inhabitants, who were now little sympathy, because they are disjoined and unsuspicious of such unknown. For, although the Pasha's perfidy; and despoiling them of government was placed in the most their arms, he reduced them to obe- precarious circumstances during the dience. A noted robber was taken events of 1834, he afterwards prefrom the galleys at Acre, and ap- tended to treat them in the most pointed Governor of Jerusalem! contemptuous manner; nor did any He soon fulfilled the duties of his foreigners know the actual state of high office to the heart's content of affairs, except those who had perthe Pasha.
sonal information from Syria, Jeru. Such is a specimen of the evils salem, and the army itself. which are constantly befalling Judea
R. Maxwell MacBRAIR.
EGYPT IN 1935. To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. DURING the preceding year we them by night in the streets, that had many alarms as to the entrance of the officers might carry them away. the plague into Alexandria; several Some were thus exposed in a frightpersons having died in the lazaret fully mutilated form, that it might at different times of very suspicious not be known who they were, or in diseases. But there were two par- what house they had died. The 'Turkties amongst the medical men, (so ish merchants, and even the Pasha's called,) and the truth could not be officers, began to complain, “ It was ascertained. At length it indeed from God, and how did man dare to made its appearance; and the Euro- stop it ? ” Meanwhile the pestilence peans shut up their houses, perform- also broke out in the upper country, ing a voluntary quarantine. For especially at Kené, a small town some time only a few cases were re- where the Mahometan pilgrims asported daily; but towards the spring semble to cross the desert to the they began to increase. Apprehen- Red Sea. sive of being shut up in the city, No person fears plague or cholera and being fearful of consequent fa- more than Mehemet Ali. He was mine, many of the poorer inhabitants flying from Cairo, where the dreadful fled from Alexandria, and dispersed disease had begun to appear, to the themselves throughout the country. upper parts of Egypt. When he found The most decisive measures were that the pestilence had anticipated adopted by the Pasha to stop the him, he returned, and shut himself course of the pestilence. Wherever up in a country palace, near the meit appeared, the poor inhabitants tropolis. It was then that I first were taken out of their houses, and reached this large city, which consent to the lazaret, whilst all their tained about two hundred and eighty effects were destroyed. Or, if suf- thousand inhabitants. The Euro ferers were in better circumstances, peans were laying in stores of provia guard was stationed at the door sions, and shutting up their dwell. for sorty days. This guard they ings, anticipating the most fearful were obliged to pay. Alexandria events; nor were they deceived. was subsequently surrounded by a Having no home nor place of resimilitary cordon ; nor could any per- dence, and more apprehensive of sons go out of the city, without first being shut up alone in such a place performing quarantine. Provisions than of encountering the worst forms were now more scarce, trade was of pestilence, I returned to Alexan. almost at an end, and the people dria. Some of the villages through began to murmur. To escape the which we passed were already visited effects of having the pestilence in by the desolating scourge. It was imtheir houses, many of the poorer possible, either by threats or promises, classes concealed the sick, and buried to restrain the recklessness of my the dead in their houses, or exposed Arab crew and servants; and so I had to commit myseif to the guardian care heing influenced, no doubt, by the of divine Providence. When I passed complaints of the Mussulmans, and the guard which was stationed around the seeming desperation of the case ; Alexandria, and entered the city, I as well as for the purpose of saving the could not help exclaiming, “How city from famine. The warm wea. has the joyous city ceased !” Biers ther was just beginning to set in, and met my eyes, and the death-howl the plague now burst forth with irstruck my ears. The streets were resistible fury. In Alexandria nearly comparatively empty. Most of the three hundred are stated to have shops were closed ; and those which been the daily mortality at one time remained open were barricaded, and of the awful visitation. Whilst in their provisions were sold at the Cairo, two thousand are reported to doors. Silence pervaded the streets. have perished in a day; desolating No busy persons were to be seen the city, and emptying whole streets bustling in different directions, nor of their inhabitants at a stroke. idlers loitering at the corners. Each It is thus that the population of European was armed with a long these Mahometan countries is rå. stick, with which to keep off any pidly decreasing. War, famine, pes. that might come Having tilence, and oppression unite to erlooked about me, I took up my abode tinguish the religion of the false (for want of a better) in a small prophet. A fifth of the inhabitants store, where I had deposited my of Egypt are said to have perished baggage. The plague raged around, by, cholera ; and the plague must and many who dwelt in the same pile have taken away a considerable num. of buildings were hurried into eter. ber of the survivors. “ The Lord nity. But I did not see the worst. shall smite Egypt, and he will heal
After I had embarked, the Pasha it." abandoned his preventive measures,
R. Maxwell MACBRAIR.
LETTERS TO A BEREAVED MISSIONARY.
To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. The subjoined letters were ad- would fain hope that the danger is dressed to me by Mr. Ayliff, one of passed for the present. God grant my Missionary brethren, whilst I that it may. was on the Buntingville station, in The church generally, and each South Africa, when my heart was member of it in particular, has to bleeding on account of the loss of wrestle against spiritual wickedness my dear wife, and the Amapondo in high places; for it is against the were expecting an attack from the prince of the power of the air, the Amazulu. As these epistles have spirit that now worketh in the chilbeen a means of great good to me, dren of disobedience,” that the be: it has been suggested to my mind liever has declared eternal war; and that if they were made public, they hence he labours, believes, and would probably afford comfort to prays, that the kingdoms of this others who may be placed, by a be. world may become the kingdoms of reaving Providence, in similar cir. our Lord and of his Christ." Can we cumstances.
wonder, then, that Satan should rage, WILLIAM SATCHELL.
“And call forth all his hosts to war ?" Bungay, Nov. 5th, 1833.
Rather let us wonder that our lives Butterworth, May 10th, 1835.
and health have been preserved, con
sidering that we have taken posses. My Dear Brother,-Yours of sion of the enemy's country: We the 4th instant we duly received, have erected the banners of Emma. and can assure you that we felt nuel in this land, where Satan's seat much for you ; but as several days is; and we believe and have now passed without our hearing Christ may here, even here," deany thing further from you, we stroy the works of the devil."
We prove that what Satan said Saviour will comfort us in death ; to the Lord, in reference to Job, can andour dear departed friends will bid be said of us, “ Doth Job fear God us welcome to the skies, where all for nought? Hast not thou made an the ship's company meet! O what a hedge about him, and about his blessed meeting! No pain, no sickhouse, and about all that he hath on ness, no suffering, will be there! every side? Thou hast blessed the No sorrow ; for God shall wipe all work of his hand, and his substance tears from our eyes ! is increased in the land.” (Job i.
“ For me my elder brethren stay, 9, 10.) Direct your mind upwards, And angels beckon me away, my dear brother, to the Rock from
And Jesus bids me come.' whence your help cometh; and he will continue to be, for your soul,
We often talk about you, and feel a “refuge and strength, a very pre
for you, in your present state of
trial; and it may comfort you a litsent help in trouble."
tle to know, that we so far share in I find your heart still bleeds at the remembrance of your late dear wife,
your sufferings, as to shed tears of who rests with Jesus. We continue
sympathy on your account. May
that God who hath laid this “ light to feel for you; we sympathize with
affliction” upon you, support you you in your affliction; and could I offer a word of consolation to your bear it with perfect resignation and
by his almighty grace, that you may mind, I would most gladly do it. Your soul rests, we know, in the
Perhaps you will say, “Why do wisdom and goodness of God. You believe that what he has done, he you call mine a light affliction ?»
I know that, in itself, it is heavy; has done well. ( then let this faith
and that be your stay! He often hides the
can only be considered reasons of his working, in deep and light, when weighed against an eterunfathomable mines “of never-fail
nal“ weight of glory. ing skill;” and we must be content
I hope that before this, those with that word, “ Thou shalt know ceased, and that you again begin to
troubles from war's alarms have hereafter." O yes, we shall then wonder, and adore his wisdom and enjoy quiet and peace. O that those goodness to all eternity; and de- be converted by the Gospel, or
people who delight in war may clare that he did all things well.
“ scattered” by the power of God's Then, let us look up. After only a
arm ! few more days, and we also shall be with Jesus in glory!
Butterworth, June 15th, 1833. Butterworth, May 31st, 1833.
MY DEAR BROTHER,— Yours of MY DEAR BROTHER,—I write to the 11th instant I have just received; say, that we were most happy to and as the men wish to return immehear from Mr. Warner, on bis way diately, I sit down to write a few to Clarkebury, that your dear child lines, if by any means I might comis quite well. Thus the Lord is fort your heart; for be assured your pleased to mingle some sweets with letter has occasioned much concern. your bitter draughts. I did not
That you should suffer dejection think that he would live. I thought at any time, would excite my symthe Lord would call him to an early pathy; but for you to be a subject of rest with his mother. But it seems dejection in your present circumto be the design of our heavenly stances, is trying indeed. Father to spare hiin, to be a support It is well that you refer to the and comfort to his parent in the de- case of Jacob, and behold the opencline of life; perhaps to comforting of day upon him ; for, rememhim with the consolations of the her, my dear brother, that “the heGospel, when mortality is about to ritage of Jacoh” is yours. It is said, be swallowed up of life. What a “ I will cause thee to ride upon the blessed thought! Our children will high places of the earth, and feed comfort us at death ; our God and thee with the heritage of Jacob thy