Abbildungen der Seite

THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON. The Capitol is situated in latitode 380 534 2001.4 north and longitude 770 004 35/1.7 west from Greenwich. It fronts east, and stands on a plateau eighty eight feet above the level of the Potomac.

The entire length of the building from north to south is seven handred and bfty-one feet four inches, and lis greatest dimension from east to west three hundred and fifty feel the area covered by the building is 153, 112 square feet.

The dome of the original central building was constructed of wood, covered with copper. This was replaced in 1856 by the present structure of cast iron. It was completed in 1865. The entire weight of iron used is 8,909,200 pounds.

The dome is crowned by a bronze statue of Freedom, which is nineteen feet six inches high and weighs 14,985 pounds. It was modelled by Crawford. The height of the dome above the base lineof the east front is two hundred and eighty-seven feet fire inches. The height from the top of the balostrarle of the building is two hundred and seventeen feet eleven inches. The greatest diameter at the base is one hundred and thirty-five feet five inches.

The rotanda is ninety-seven feet six inches in diameter, and its height from the floor to the top of the canopy is one hundred and eighty feet three inches.

The Senate Chamber is one hundred and thirteen feet three inches in length, by eighty feet three Inches in width, and thirty-six feet in height. The galleries will accommodate one thousand persons.

The Representatives' Hall is one hundred and thirty-nine feet in length, by ninety-three feet in width, and thirty-six feet in height.

The southeast corner-stone of the original building was laid September 18. 1793, by President Washington with Masonic ceremonies. The corner-stone of the extensions was laid July 4, 1851, by President Fillmore.

The room now occupied by the Supreme Court was, until 1859, occupied as the Senate Chamber. Previous to that time the court occupied the room immediately beneath, now used as a law library.


LINCOLN'S CETTYSBURG SPEECH. (Address at the Dedication of Gettysburg Cemetery, November 19, 1863.) FOURSCORE and seven years ago our father's brought forth upon this continent & new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation 80 concelved and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We are met to dedicate a portion of it as the final resting-place of those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But in a larger sense we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here have consecrated it far above our power to add or detract. The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work that they have thus far so nobly carried on. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us; that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to the cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion; that we here highly resolve that the dead shall not have died in vain; that the nation shall, under God, have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth,

UNITED STATES COAST AND CEODETIC SURVEY. THE Coast and Geodetic Survey of the Department of Commerce is charged with the survey of the coasts of the United States and coasts under the jurisdiction thereof, and the publication of charts covering said coasts. This includes base measure, triangulation, topography, and hydrography along said coasts; the survey of rivers to the head of tide water or ship navigation, deep sca soundings, temperature and current observatlons along said coasts and throughout the Gulf and Japan streams, magnetic observations and researches and the publication of maps showing the variations of terrestrial magnetism; gravity research, determination of heights, the determination of geographic positions by astronomic observations for latitude. longitude and azimuth, and by triangulation to furnish reference points for State surveys and to co-ordinate Governmental Burveys.

The results ohtained are published in annual reports and in special publications: charts upon varlons scales. Including salung charts. general charts of the coast and harbor charts: tide tables t3gned annually in advance: coast pilots with salling directions covering the navigable waters; potices to mariners lesued weekly as a joint publication of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and the Bureau of Lighthonses and containing current Information necessary for sale navigation: catalogues of charts and publications, and such other publications as may be required to carry out the organic law governing the survey.

Constitution of the United States.


We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defense, promote the gen eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this CONSTITUTION for the United States of America.

ARTICLE I. Legislative SECTION 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which

powers. shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. House of Repre SECTION 11. 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members choden erery second rear by the sentatives. people of the several States, and the electors in each Slate shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the

inost numerous branch of the State Legislature. Qualifications of 2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, wbien elected, be an inhabitant of that Siste in tives.

which he shall be chosen. Apportiooment 3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included with.

of Represen-in this Union according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole nainber of tatives. free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excludmg Indians pot taxed, three-fifths of all

other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose 8: Massachusetts, 8: Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, !: Connecticut, 5: New York, 6; New Jersey, 4;

Pennsylvania, s; Delaware, 1; Mary land, 6; Virginia, 10; North Carolina, 6; South Carolina, 5, and Georgia, s. Vacancies, how 4. When vacancies happen in the representation froin auy State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue tilled.

wries of election to fill such vacancies. Officers, how

3. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other officers, and shall have the sole power of sppointed. i mperchinent Senate.

SECTION III. (See Article XVII, Amendments.] 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of

two Senators from each Btate, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vole. Classification of %. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as Senators. egually as may be into three classes. The seals of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration

of the second year, of the second class at the exptration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third inay be chosen every second year; and it vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the Legislature of any state, the Executive thereof may make temporary appoint.

ment until the next meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies. Qualifications of 3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years Bonators. citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be

chosen. President of the 4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote unless they Senate. be equally divided.

3. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also President pro tempore, in the absence o the Vice

President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States. Senata A court 6. The densie shall have the sole power to try a impeachinents. When sitting for that purpore, they shall be

for trial of Im-on oath or atbrmation, When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside; aad no

peachments. person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present Judgment in 7. Judginent in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification

ense of convic- to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust, or profit under the L'nited States; but the party con vieted shall nevertion.

theless be liable and subject to indictinent, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. Llectionsofsen SECTION IV. 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives shall be

stors and Rep prescribed in ench Slate by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such resentativer, regulations, except as to places of choosing Senators. Meeting of Con 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in

December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. Organization of SECTION V. 1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, retaras, and qualifications of its own members, Coogress, and a majority of each shall constitule a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to

day, and inay be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members in such manner and under such penalties

As each House may provide. Rale of Pro 2. Each House may dotor mine the rules of its proceedings, punish Ita members for disorderly behavior, and with

ceeding the concurrence of two-thirds expel a member. Journals of 3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time pablish the same, excepting such each House. parts u inay in their judgment require secrecy ; and the yeas and nays of the meinbera of either House on any

question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. Adjournment of 4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more

Congress. than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
Pay and privi. SECTION VÍ. 1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascer-

leges of inen- tained by law, and paid ont of the Treasury of the United Slates. They shall in all cases, except treason, felony, bere

and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House they shall not be ques

ti oned in any other place. Other ofticon 9. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office prohibited. under the suthority of the United States which shall have been created, or the einoluments whereof shall have been

I nereased during such time; and no person holding any office under the United Slates shall be a member of either

House during his continuance in office. Revenne bille. SECTION VH. 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives, but the Senate

may propose or coneur with amendments, as on other bills. How bills bo 3. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate shall, before it become a corne laws. law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approve, he shall sign it, but if not, he shall return it,

with his objections, to that House in which it shall have originaled, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered ; and if approved by two-thirds of that House it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yens and says, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Bandays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed It, unless the Congress by their adjourninent prevent its return; in which case it shall not be a law.

See Article XIV., Amendmente.


pproval and 8. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may ve to powers be necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and of the Presi- before the same shall take effect shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repressed by twodant. thirds of the Senate and the House of Representatives, accordiug to the rules and limitations prescribed in the

case of a bill. rowers vented SECTION VIII. 1. The Congress shall have power: in Congress. To lay and collect taxes, duties, nnposts, and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defence and

general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniformn throughout the Volled

%. To borrow money on the credit of the United States.
8. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian tribes,

4. To establish au uniformu rule of naturalization and uniforın laws on the subject of bau kruptcies throughout the Uuited States.

5. To coiu money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and
6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States.
7. To establish post-offices and post-roads.

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the ezelusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries.

9. To constitute tribubals inferior to the Supreme Court.

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offences against the law of nations.

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water..

12. To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of inoney to that use shall be for a longer terin than two years.

is. To provide and maintain a navy,
14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces.

15. To provide for calling forth the inilitia to execute the laws of the Vuiou, suppress Insurrections, and repel fuvasions.

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively the appoinimeal of tbe officers, and the authority of training the militia accerding to the discipline prescribed by Congress.

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over such districe (not exceedlag ten miles sqnare) as may, by cession of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of Government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legislature of the State la which the same shall be, for the erection of forta, nagazines, arsenals, dry-docks, and other needful buildings.

18. To chake all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into cxeention the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the Governinent of the United States, or in auy departineat or

officer thereof. Immigrante, Section IX. 1. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the States now existing shall think how admitted, proper to admit shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight liuudred aud eight, but

& tax or daty may be iinposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. Habeas corpus.

%. The privilege of the writ of babeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or

invasion the public safety may require it. Attainder.

3. No bull of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. Direct LXES 4. No expilation or other direct lax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before

directed to be taken. Regulations re 5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State.

garding cus 6. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one State over those of

toins duties, another, nor shall vessels bound to or from one State be obliged to enter, clear, or my duties in another. Moneys, how 7. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in consequence of appropitations inade by law; and s regdrawn. ular stateinent and account of the receipts and expenditures all public inouey shall be published from time to

tinie. Titles of nobil 8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States. And no person holding any office of profit or ity prohibited. trust under thein shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any preseul, emolumeut, ottice, or title of

suy kind whatever from any king, prince, eign state. Powers of SECTION X. 1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, grant letters of marque and reStates defined. prisal, coin monex, emit bills of credit, make anything but gold and silver com a tender in payment of debts, pass

any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligatiou of contracts, or grant'aliy title of nobility.

2. No State shall, without the cousent of the Congress, lay any impost or duties on imports or exports, except what inay be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws, anil the net produce of all duties and imposts, laid by at State on inports or exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States, and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress.

3. No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or with a foreign power, or eupage in war, goless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.

ARTICLE II. Executive pow. SECTION 1. 1. The Executive power shall be vesteil in a President of the United States of America. He shall er, in whom hold in ottice during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice-President, chosen for the salue term, be

veeteil. elected as follows: Electors.

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States shall be appointed as

elector. Proceedings of 3. [The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least electora. shall not be an inhabitant of the same Slate with theinselves. And they shall make a list of all the persons voted

for, and of the number of votes for each, which list they shall sign and certify and tranunit, sealed, to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, n the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the roles shall then be

counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such unber be x inajority of Proceedings of the whole number of electors appointed, and if there be more than one who have such majority, and have an equal

the House of nunter of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President ; Representa and if no person have a inajority, then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in like manner choose tives,

the President. But in choosing the President, the vote shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vole. A quorum, for this purpose, shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the Ststrs, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the person having the greatest nuinber of votes of the electors shall be the Vice-President. But it there should reinain iwo or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from thein by ballot the Vice-Preal

dent.) Time of choon

t. The Congress may determine the time of chorsing the electors and the day on which they shall give thek ing electors, votes, which day shall be the same throughout the United States.

• This clause is superseded by Article XII., Amendments.

may be

Gaalifications of

3. No persod except a natnral born citizen, or citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of the President this Constitution, shall be eligible to the otfice of President ; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who

shall not have attained to the age of thirty-five years and been fourteen years a resident within the United States. Provision la 6. In case of the reinoval of the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the

case of his dis powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice-President, and the Congress may by law ability. provide for the case of reinoval, death, resignation, or inability, both of the President

and Vice-President, declaring what otficer shall then act as President, and such officer shall act accordingly until the disability be reinoved or

President shall be elected. Salary of the 7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation which shall deither be increased President. por dhuinished during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that period

any other emnolament from the United States, or any of them. Onth of the 8. Before he enter on the execution of his otfice he shall take the following onth or affirmation : President. "I do solennly swear (or affirin) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States,

and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States." Duties of the SECTION II. 1. The President shall be Commander-to-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and President. of the militin of the several Bentes when called into the actual service of the United States ; he may require the

opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the

Uuited States except in cases of Impeachment. May make tres 3. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treatles, provided two

Lies, appoint thirds of the Senators present concer; and he shall nominate, and by and with the avice and consent of the a in bassadors, Senate shall appoint ain bassadors, other public ministers and consule, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other judges, etc. officers of the United States whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be es

fablished by law; but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of snch Inferior officers as they think proper

ta the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments. May All vacan 3. The Presulent shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senato eies.

by granting cornuissions, which shall expire at the end of their next session. May make rec SECTION III. He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the Union, and oininendations recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordi

and con- nary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to vene Congress, the time of adjournment, he inay adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors

and other public ininisters; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the

otficers of the United States. How odicen SECTION IV. The President, Vice-President, and all civil officers of the United States shall be removed from

re office on inpeachment for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors, moved.

ARTICLE III. Judicial power, SECTION 1. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such Interior how favested. courts as the Congress may froin time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the Supreme and Interior

courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall at stated tiines receive for their services a compensa

tion which shall not be dininished during their continuance in office. To what cason it Section 11. 1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and equity arising under this Constitution, extends. the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under iheir authority; to all cases atfecting

ain bassadors, other public ministers, and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party: to controversies between two or more States, between a State and citizens of another State, between citizens of different States, between oitizens of the same State claiming lands

under grants of different Slates, and between a State, or the citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects. Jurisdiction of 9. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other publie ministers, and consuls, and those in which a State shall be

the Supreme party, the Supreme Courts have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before-mentioned the Supreme Court. Court shall have appellate jurisdiction both as to law and fact, with such exceptioas and under such regulations as

the Congress shall inake. Rules respecting 3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the trials. State where the said crines shall have been committed; but when not committed within any Stale the trial shall be at

such place or places as the Congress may by law have directed. Trenson defned. 8ECTION II. 1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them, or in

adhering to their enemies, giving them ard and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the

testimony of two witnesses to the esme overt act, or on confession in open court. How punished. 9. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture except during the life of the person attained.

ARTICLE IV. Bights of States SECTION 1. Full falth and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedand records. ings of every other State. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records,

and proceedings shall be proved, and the eftect thereof. Privileges SECTION fi. 1. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and Immunities of citizens in

citizens. the several States. Executive requis 3. A person charged in any state with treason, folony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be fonnd sitions. In another State, shait, on demand of the Executive authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be

repoved to the State having jurisdiction of the crime. Laws regulating 3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into another shall, in con

service or In- sequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from suoh service or labor, but shall be delivered up on bor.

claiin of the party to whom such service or labor may be due. New States, how SECTION III. 1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be

formed and formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State de formed by the junction of two or more

admitted. Slates, or parts of States, without the consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the Congress. Power of Con 2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the terrigress

over tory or other property belonging to the United States: and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to pablic lands. prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any particular State. Republican gov.

SECTION IV. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of government, ernment guar- and shall protect each of them against Invasion, and, on application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when anteed. the Legislature cannot be convened), against domestic violence.

ARTICLE V. Consilta tion, The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Hmises shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this how amended. Constitution, or, on the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several Slates, shall call a convention for

proposing anendments, which, in ekther case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three-fourths of the several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, na the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress: provided that no amendment which may be inade prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth elsuses in the Ninth Section of the First Article; and that no State, without its consent, shall be deprired of its

equal suffrage in the Senate. Validity of

ARTICLE VI. dobus ricos 1. All debts contracted and engagements entered into before the adoption of this Constitution shall be a valid alaod against the United States under this Constitution as under the Confederation.



of peace.

Supreme law of 2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof and all

the land de- treaties inade, or which shall be inade, under the authority of the United Staths, shall be the supreme Inw of tbe fined. 1 and, and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State

to the contrary potwithstanding. Oath; of whom 3. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several State Legislatares, and

required and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by onth or for what, affirmation to support this Constitution ; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any ofice or public trust under the United States.

ARTICLE VII. Ratification of The ratification of the Conventions of uine States shall be safflolent for the establishment of this Constitation

the Constitu- between the States so ratifying the same. tion.


ARTICLE I. keligion

Congress shall make po law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exereise thereof; free speech.

or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to arsemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

ARTICLE II. Right to bear A well-regulated milita being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.

ARTICLE III. Soldiers in time No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

ARTICLE IV. Right of search. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches

and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

ARTICLE V. Capital crimes

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or other infamous crime unless on a presentment or indietment and arrest of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service, in therefor. time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to ise twice put in jeopardy of

life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without jasi compensation

ARTICLE VI. Right to speedy In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and pablic trial, by an impartial trial.

ury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been conmittel, which district shall have been preriods. ly ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the sasistance of counsel for his defence.

ARTICLE VII. Tral by jury. In saits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury

shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States than According to the rules of the common law.

ARTICLE VIII. Kroessive bail, Excessive ball shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments indicted.

ARTICLE IX. Enumeration of The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others re. rights. talned by the people.

ARTICLE X. Reserved rights The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, por prohibited by it to the States, are re. of States. served to the States respectively, or to the people.

ARTICLE XI. Judicial power.

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suft in law or equity, como mencert or prosecuted against one of the United Status, by citizens of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreigu Slate.

ARTICLE XII. Electors in The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of

Presidential whoin at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves, they shall game in their ballots the elections. person voted for as President, and in distinct bailots the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall make

distinct lines of all persons voted for as President, and of all persous voted for as Vice-President, and of the nom ber of votes for each, which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Benate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the voles shall then be counted; the person har ing the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest 'num. bers, not exceeding thres, on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose im. mediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the roles shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; & quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Rep resentatives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth

day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other Vloe-President, constitutional disability of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall

be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds or the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the otfice of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States,

ARTICLE XIII. Slavery pro 1. Neither slavery por involuntary servitude, except A8 punishment for crime whereof the party shall bibited. have been duly convicted, shall exist within the Unitrd States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction,

2. 'Congress shall have power to enforce this artiele by appropriate legislatívn.

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