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say unto them, “ Thus saith the d God, Are ye come to enquire of
? as I live, saith the Lord God, I riel not be enquired of by you. 4. Wilt za judge (b) them, son of man, wilt bez u judge them ? cause them to know
abominations of their fathers : And say unto them, Thus saith the Ted GodIn the day when I chose cel, and lifted up mine hand (i) unto
I seed of the house of Jacob, and made mself known unto them in the land of
ipt, when I lifted up mine hand unto m, saying, “I am the LORD your God;
In the day that I lifted up (i)mine hand h 0 them to bring them forth of the
d of Egypt, into a land that I had ied for them, flowing with milk and ney, which is the glory of all lands ::
Then said I unto them, Cast ye away comery man the abominations of his Les (k), and defile not yourselves with e idols of Egypt: I am the LORD your od. 8. But they rebelled against me, id would not hearken unto me; they Inot every man cast away the abomistions (k) of their eyes, neither did they sake the idols of Egypt: then I said, will pour out my fury upon them, to Icomplish my anger against them in the lidst of the land of Egypt. 9. But I rought for my name's sake, that it hould not be polluted (1) before the eathen, among whom they were, in hose sight I made myself known unto iem, in bringing them forth out of the nd of Egypt. 10. Wherefore I caused hem to go forth out of the land of
“ Egypt, and brought them into the wil. “ derness. 11. And I gave them my sta< tutes, and shewed them my judgments, “ which if a man do, he shall even live in “ them (m). 12. Moreover also, I gave “ them my sabbaths, to be a sign between “ me and them, that they might know that “ I am the LORD that sanctify them.
13. But the house of Israel rebelled “ against me in the wilderness: they walked “ not in my statutes, and they despised my
judgments, which if a man do, he shall “ even live in them (m); and my
sabbaths “ they greatly polluted: then I said, I would
pour out my fury upon them in the wil“ derness, to consume them. 14. But I “ wrought for my name's sake, that it “ should not be polluted before the heathen, “ in whose sight I brought them out.
15. Yet also I lifted up (i) my hand unto " them in the wilderness, that I would not “ bring them (n) into the land which I “ had given them, flowing with milk and “ honey, which is the glory of all lands : “ 16. Because they despised my judg“ ments, and walked not in my statutes, “ but polluted my sabbaths : 'for their “ heart went after their idols. 17. Never“ theless, mine eye spared them from de“ stroying them, neither did I make an end " of them in the wilderness. 18. But I " said unto their children in the wilder. “ ness, Walk ye not in the statutes of
your fathers, neither observe their judg“ ments, nor defile yourselves with their “ idols; 19. I am the LORD your God; - walk in my statutes, and keep my judg« ments and do them : 20. And hallow
5) v. 4. “ Judge," or “ plead for." Dr. mm. note on Rom. iii. 4:-or read “ judge he son of man, judge them.” The same ression o curs, Ezek. xxii. 2. and xxiii. 36. i) v. 5. 6. 15. &c. “ Lifted up my hand," * sware." See Gen. xiv. 22.Exod. vi. 8. Deut. xxxii. 40.-Rev. x. 5.6. It was part the Jewish form of swearing to lift up
the d to heaven. k) 0.7.8." The abominations of his eyes,” “ images," visible objects of worship.
v. 9. " Polluted," i. e. “ lightly spoken F." The argument Moses used with God, nb. xiv. 15. 16. was this, “ If thou shalt ill all this people as one man, then the naons which have heard the fame of thee
“ will speak, saying, “ Because the Lord (Je“ hovah) was not able to bring this people into “ the land which he sware unto them, there66 fore he hath slain thein in the wilderness." And see Exod. xxxii. 12.-Deut. ix. 28.-and Ezek. xxxvi. 21. 22. (m) v. 11. 13
“ Live in them,” i. e. “ ob“ tain life thereby." The same expression, as Levit. xviii. 5. " ye shall therefore keep my
statutes and my judgments : which if a man “ do, he shall live in them: I am the Lord."
(n) v. 15.“ Would not bring them, &c." Agreeably to Ps. xcv. 11. “ Unto whom I
sware in my wrath, that they should not “ enter into my rest.” See ante, p.3. note on, Ps. xcv. 8.
“ my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign “ between me and you, that ye may know " that I am the LORD your God. 21. Not« withstanding the children rebelled against “ me: they walked not in my statutes, “ neither kept my judgments to do them, " which if a man do, he shall even live in " them; they polluted my sabbaths : then " I said, I would pour out my fury upon " them to accomplish my anger against " them in the wilderness. 22. Never" theless, I withdrew mine hand, and " wrought for my name's sake, that it « should not be polluted in the sight of the “ heathen, in whose sight I brought them « forth. 23. I lifted up mine hand unto " them also in the wilderness, that I would “ scatter them (6) among the heathen, and -« disperse them through the countries; “ 24. Because they had not executed my “ judgments, but had despised my statutes, -- and had polluted my sabbaths, and their
eyes were after their fathers idols. < 25. Wherefore I gave them (p) also sta*«* tutes that were not good (g), and judg6 ments whereby they should not live ; « 26. And I polluted them in their own 6 gifts (r), in that they caused to pass “ through the fire all 'that openeth the “ womb, that I might make them desolate, “ to the end that they might know that I
“ am the LORD. 27. Therefore, son of man, speak unto the house of Israel
, and say unto them, Thus saith the Land « God, Yet (s) in this your fathers here “ blasphemed me, in that they have con“ mitted a trespass against me. 28. Es « when I had brought them into the land, “ for the which I lifted up mine hand “ give it to them, then they saw every high “ hill, and all the thick trees, and the o offered there their sacrifices, and there “ they presented the provocation of “ offering: there also they made de “ sweet savour, and poured out there “ drink offerings. 29. Then I said to " them, What
is the high place (t) where “ unto ye go? and (u) the name thereof is " called Bamah unto this day, 30. Whero “ fore say unto the house of Israel
, Thas " saith the Lord God, Are ye polluted “ after the manner of your fathers? and « commit (x) ye whoredom after their abo« “ minations ?' 31. For when ye offer your “ gifts, when ye make your sons to pass “ through the fire, ye pollute perete “ with all your idols even unto this day “ and shall I be enquired of by you
, o “ house of Israel ? As I live, saith the Land “ GOD, I will not be enquired of by you
32. And that which cometh into your “ mind, shall not be at all ()), that ye sy,
(o) v. 23.
“ Scatter them.” See Deuter. xxviii. 25. 41. 64. 65. Severe denunciations of dispersion in case of future disobedience.
() v. 25. “ Gave them,” or rather “ “ them up to," “ left them to," “ let them « follow.' (9) v. 25.
“ Statutes that were not good, “ &c." i.e. probably, “the rites and pollutions “ of the heathen." The meaning probably is, when they despised my statutes, &c. I left them to follow their own imaginations, and they chose for themseives the worship and religious institutions of the heathen, statutes which were not good, and judgments which never could give life. See 3 Shuckf. Connect. 159. The Hebrew seems to be, “ I permitted to " them (or left them to) impressions which were not good, and discernments, &c."
v, 26. « Polluted them in their own “ gifts," i.e. (probably) “left them to make “offerings which disgraced and reduced them." (s) v. 27
“ Yet, &c.” or “ unto this day “ have your fathers blasphemed me, in the
trespasses which they committed again " me. The meaning perhaps is this, the “ the reproach upon me from the idolatry d
your fathers still continues, for o look with reverence and respect to the high
places where they worshipped."
, &c. i. e. probably, “pointing it out as an “ nation, taking pains to explain the sin of it!
(u). * And,” or “ and yet," "ga withstanding my remonstrances
, it stilles rs ists, and is still called “ Bamah," a canto respect, unto this day."
“Commit, &c." " by idol was (y) v. 32. “ Shall not be at all, &c.". s of being mixed with them and sharing their
your expectation, of being as the heathen, " fate shall be disappointed, for God, who la
chosen you to be bis people, and taught you
better, shall search you out from amongst “ them, and shall visit you with his indigcation “ if you fall into their ways."
(x) v. 30. « ship."
We will be as the heathen, as the families of the countries, to serve wood and stone. 33. As I live, saith the Lord God, surely with a mighty hand and with a stretched out arm, and with fury poured out, will I rule (2) over you. 34. And I will bring you out from the people, and will gather you out of the countries wherein ye are scattered, with a mighty hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with fury poured out. 35. And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead with you face to face. 36. Like as I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I plead with you, saith the Lord God. 37. And I will cause you to pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant; 38. And I will purge out from among you the rebels (a) and them that transgress against me : I will : bring them forth out of the country
where they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land of Israel, and ye shall know that I am the LORD. 39. As for
you, O house of Israel, thus saith the « Lord God, Go ye (6), serve ye every "one his idols, and hereafter (c) also if ye * will not hearken unto me: but pollute
ye my holy name' no more with your
gifts, and with your idols. 40. For in i mine holy mountain, in the mountain of • the height of Israel (d), saith the Lord
« God, there shall all the house of Israel, 66 all of them in the land, serve me: there “ will I accept them, and there will I re“quire your offerings, and the first fruits
of your oblations, with all your holy " things. 41. I will accept you with your
sweet savour, when I bring you out “ from the people, and gather you out of “ the countries wherein ye have been “ scattered ; and I will be sanctified (e) in
you before the heathen. 42. And ye « shall know that I am the LORD, when I « shall bring you into the land of Israel, “ into the country for the which I lifted “ up mine hand to give it to your fathers. 43. And there shall
ye remember your “ ways, and all your doings, wherein ye “ have been defiled, and ye shall loath “ yourselves in your own sight, for all “ your evils that ye have committed.
44. And ye shall know that I am the " LORD, when I have wrought with you for “ my name's sake, not according to your “ wicked ways, nor according to your
corrupt doings, ye house of Israel, " saith the Lord God."
45. Moreover, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 46. “Son of man, set thy face to“ ward the south (f), and drop thy word “ toward the south, and prophesy against “ the forest of the south field(); 47. And
say to the forest of the south, Hear the “ word of the LORD, thus saith the Lord “ God, Behold, I will kindle a fire(g) in thee,
(2) v. 33;
“ Rule,” “ continue my dominion," " I will not suffer you to put your. selves under any other ruler.” (a) v.38. “ The rebels,” “ those who wish to cast me off, and to be as the heathen, according to verse 32." (b) v. 39. “ Go ye, &c." sarcastically, persist in your abominations, carry them to the utmost: only disavow me altogether, offer me no worship : worship them alone.” (c) v. 39. “ Hereafter also," or “ them only." (d) v.40. “ All the house of Israel," i.e. robably, “ all whom I shall suffer to remain :
for whoever shall dare to persist in idolatry, 'shall previously be cut off.” (c) 0.41.
“ Sanctified," j. e. “ honoured." () 0.46. “ The south," and " the forest of the south field," i. e. “ Judea and the people of Jerusalem," which lay south of Chaldea, where Ezekiel was.
(8) v.47.“ A fire, &c." In little more than two years after this time Nebuchadnezzar and all his host besieged Jerusalem, the siege continued about a year and a half, and at the end of that time there was such a famine in Jerusalem, that all the men of war fled from it by night: the king was taken, his eyes put out, and his sons slain : the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house was burnt with fire; the wall of Jerusalem was broken down ; the young men were slain with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and no compassion was shewn to young man or maiden, or to him that stooped for age. 2 Kings xxv. I to 4. 8. 9.—2 Chron. xxxvi. 17. 19.Jer. xxxix. I to 4. 8.-Jer. lii. 4 to 6. 12. 13. For other distinct predictions of this judgment, see Jer. xxi. 3 to 14.- Jer. xxiv. 8 to 10.Jer. xxv. 9.-- Jer. xxix, 16 to 19. and see ante 656, Ezek. xiv. 21. and Ezek. xxi.
« and it shall devour every green tree in “ thee, and every dry tree (b): the flam“ ing flame shall not be quenched, and “ all faces from the south (i) to the north " shall be burnt therein.
48. And all o flesh shall see that I the LORD have « kindled it: it shall not be quenched.” 49. Then said I, “ Ah Lord God, they say " of me, “Doth he not speak parables(k)?”
tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 2. “Son of man, write thee “ the name of the day, even of this same “ day: the king of Babylon set himself “ against Jerusalem (n) this same day.
3. And utter a parable unto the rebel“ lious house (6), and say unto them, “ Thus saith the Lord God, Set on a pot (P), " set it on, and also pour water into it.
4. Gather the pieces thereof into it, even “ every good piece, the thigh and the shoul
« der, fill it with the choice bones. 5. Take " the choice of the flock, and burn also the « bones under it, and make it boil well
, and « let them seethe the bones of it therein. « 6. Wherefore thus saith the Lord God, • Woe to the bloody city (9), to the pot « whose scum (r) is therein, and whose “ scum is not gone out of it; bring it out
piece by piece (s), let no lot fall upon « it (t). 7. For her blood (u) is in the “ midst of her, she set it upon the top of “ a rock (x), she poured it not () upe “ the ground to cover it with dust: « 8. That it might cause fury to come up « to take vengeance: I have set (z) ber “ blood upon the top of a rock, that it " should not be covered.
Therefore " thus saith the Lord God, “Woe to the “ bloody city, I will even make the pile “ for fare (a) great.
10. Heap on wood, o kindle the fire, consume the flesh, and “ spice it well, and let the bones be « burned. 11. Then set it (b) empty upon “ the coals thereof, that the brass of it may “ be hot, and may burn, and that the filedi.
(b) v. 47. “ Every green tree, and every “ dry tree," i. e. “ young and old, rich and “ poor, all ranks and ages.”
(i) v. 47. “ From the south, &c." “ the de6 struction shall be general : from one end of or the land to the other.” (k) 9.49.
“ Parables," i.e. “ what they do “ not understand :” and accordingly in the next chapter God proceeds to tell more distinctly the judgment he was bringing upon Judea and Jerusalem.
(1) A prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem in Zedekiah's time. The prophecy was about 590 years before Christ, the destruction in about 18 months afterwards.
.(m) v. I. 9th year,” i. e. of Zedekiah's reign.
(n) v. 2: Against Jerusalem this same “ day ;" the same day is stated as the commencement of the siege by Jeremiah, who was in Jerusalem at the time, Jer. lii. 4. (and see Jer. xxxix. 1.) and in 2 Kings xxv. 1. Ezekiel was then in the land of Babylon, and could not know the day therefore but by divine communication. (6) v. 3.
“ The rebellious house," i.e. " the 66 Jews."
(p) v. 3. " A pot," the pot typified Jeru. salem, the pieces and bones the inhabitants
thereof, the good pieces and the choice of the flock the chief men and rulers.
(9) v. 6. “The bloody city," i.e. "Jerue 6 salem."
6. “ Whose scum is therein," i.e. " Which is full of impurity.'
(s) v. 6. “ Piece by piece," so as to include every one.
(i) v. 6. “Let no lot fall upon it," that none may escape: It was usual to cast lots
, when there were many captives, to decide which of them should be spared; this therefore was an intimation of more than common vengeance. In the instance here prophetically referred to
, “ the king of Babylon slew all the nobles of “ Judah. Jer. xxxix. 6." (u) v. 7. “ Her blood,” i.e. “ her sins."
“She set it up upon a rock i.e. daringly and presumptuously," " shemauk
no pains to conceal her sins or cruelties."
(v) v. 7. “ Poured it not, &c.” alluding to the Levitical injunction as to beasts and fowls that might be eaten ; they were to pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust. Levit
. (z) v. 8. “ I have set, &c." so that her sisi shall not be unnoticed or unpunished.
(a) v.9. “ For fire," “ to consume the city."
( v. 11. " It,” 1. e. " the pot” mentioned in v. 3. Jerusalem.
“ ness of it may be molten in it, that the scum “ of it may be consumed. 12. She hath « wearied herself with lies (c), and her great
scum went not forth (d) out of her: her « scum shall be in the fire (e). 13. In thy " filthiness is lewdness : because I have “ purged (f) thee, and thou wast " purged, thou shalt not be purged from “ thy filthiness any more, till I have caused
my fury to rest upon thee. 14. I the “ LORD have spoken it: it shall come to
pass, and I will do it : I will not go back, “ neither will I spare, neither will I repent; “ according to thy ways, and according to “ thy doings, shall they judge thee (8), “ saith the Lord God.”
15. Also the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, “ 16. Son of man, Behold, I take away « from thee the desire of thine eyes (5) « with a stroke ; yet neither shalt thou “ mourn nor weep, neither shall thy tears
run down. 17. Forbear to cry, make “ no mourning for the dead, bind (i) the «c tire of thine head upon thee, and put on “ thy shoes upon thy feet, and cover not
thy lips (k), and eat not the bread of “ men (7).” 18. So I spake unto the people in the morning : and at even my wife died ; and I did in the morning as I was commanded. 19. And the people said unto me, “ Wilt thou not tell us what these “ things are to us, that thou doest fo?” 20. Then I answered them, “ The word
« of the Lord came unto me, saying, “ 21. Speak unto the house of Israel, « Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I “ will profane my sanctuary (m), the ex
cellency of your strength, the desire of
your eyes, and that which your soul “ pitieth ; and your sons and your daugh“ ters whom ye have left (n) shall fall by “ the sword. 22. And ye shall do as I « have done : ye shall not cover your lips, o nor eat the bread of men,
your tires shall be upon your heads, and your shoes upon your feet : ye shall not mourn nor weep; but ye shall pine away
your iniquities, and mourn one toward another. 24. Thus Ezekiel “ is unto you a sign: according to all that “ he hath done shall ye do: and when this “ cometh, ye shall know that I am the « Lord God. 25. Also, thou son of man, « shall it not be in the day when I take “ from them their strength, the joy of “ their glory, the desire of their eyes, and “ that whereupon they set their minds, “ their sons and their daughters, 26. That “ he that escapeth() in that day shall « come unto thee to cause thee to hear it “ with thine ears? 27. In that day shall
thy mouth be opened to him which is “ escaped, and thou shalt speak, and be no “ more dumb : and thou shalt be a sign << unto them; and they shall know that I
(e) v. 12. “ Lies," i.e. « idols."
(d) v. 12. “ Went not forth," i. e. “ceased " not, she did not refrain from the greatest sins."
(e) v. 12. “ Her scum shall be in the fire,” i.e. “ her iniquities shall be visited with de. “ struction."
(f) v.13. “ Purged," i.e. “ endeavoured " to purge."
(3) v. 14. “ Shall they judge thee," i. e. • shalt thou be judged."
(6) v. 16. “ The desire of thine eyes," i.e. thy wife." See verse 18.
(i) v. 17. “ Bind, &c.” “ adopt none of the “ signs of mourning ;” an intimation that the public distress would be such as to make them disregard all private causes of sorrow. Shaving the head was one of the mourning signs; going barefoot another ; covering the face a 3d; partaking of mourning feasts prepared by relations or friends a 4th.
(k) v. 17. “Lips," i.e.“ thy face.”
(!) v. 17. “The bread of men," i. e. “your « friends mourning feasts." Park. Heb. Dict. 33.
(m) v. 21.“ My sanctuary," i.e. “the tem“ ple at Jerusalem;" and in less than two years the Babylonians spoiled it of its brass, and all its gold and silver utensils, and burnt the temple with fire. 2 Kings xxv. 9. & 13 to 17. and Jer. lii. 13. and 17 to 23.
(n) v. 21. “ Left,” i. e. (probably) “ at “ Jerusalem :" the persons he was addressing were in Chaldea.
() v. 26. “ He that escapeth, &c." Ezekiel afterwards gives an account of his receiving the intelligence and having his speech restored, Ezek. xxxii. 21. 22. “ It came to pass in the “ 12th year of our captivity, in the 10th month, " in the 5th day of the month, that one that o escaped out of Jerusalem came unto me saye ing,
“ The city is smitten.” Now the hand “ of the Lord was upon me, afore he that was “ escaped came; and had opened my mouth or until” (or when) “ he came to me in the “ morning, and my mouth was opened, and I “ was no more dumb."