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a blast upon him, and he shall hear all their lands. 18. And have cast their rumour, and shall return to his own « gods into the fire : for they were no land; and I will cause him to fall by “ gods, but the work of men's hands, wood the sword in his own land.” 8. So " and stone : therefore they have destroyed b-shakeh returned, and found the king “ them. 19. Now therefore, O LORD Assyria warring against Libnah ; for he « our God, I beseech thee, save thou us

heard that he was departed from “ out of his hand, that all the kingdoms chish. 9. And when he heard say of “ of the earth may know that thou art the rhakah king of Ethiopia (c), “ Behold, he « LORD God, even thou only! 20. Then is come out to fight against thee :” he Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, at messengers again unto Hezekiah, say saying, “ Thus saith the LORD God of g, 10. “ Thus shall ye speak to Heze “ Israel, That which thou hast prayed to kiah king of Judah, saying, “ Let not « me against Sennacherib king of Assyria, thy God in whom thou trustest deceive “ I have heard. 21. This is the word that thee, saying, “ Jerusalem shall not be “ the Lorn hath spoken concerning him, delivered into the hand of the king of « The virgin, the daughter of Zion hath Assyria, 11. “Behold, thou hast heard “ despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn, what the kings of Assyria have done “ the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken to all lands, by destroying them utterly : “ her head at thee. 22. Whom hast thou and shalt thou be delivered ? 12. Have “ reproached and blasphemed ? and against the gods of the nations delivered them 56 whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and -which my fathers have destroyed; as “ lifted up thine eyes on high ? even against Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and “ the holy One of Israel. 23. By thy the children of Eden which were in o messengers thou hast reproached the Thelasar? 13. Where is the king of « Lord, and hast said, “ With the mulHamath, and the king of Arpad, and “ titude of my chariots I am come up to the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of “ the height of the mountains, to the sides Hena, and Ivah ?” '14. And Hezekiah “ of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall ceived the letter of the hand of the « cedar-trees thereof, and the choice firessengers, and read it: and Hezekiah “ trees thereof; and I will enter into the ent up into the house of the LORD, and “ lodgings of his borders, and into the bread it before the LORD. 15. And forest of his Carmel. 24. I have digged, Iezekiah prayed before the LORD, and 6 and drunk strange waters, and with the aid, “ O'LORD God of Israel, which « sole of my feet have 1 dried up all the

dwellest between the cherubims, thou art ¢ rivers of besieged places, 25. Hast the God, even thou alone, of all the " thou not heard long ago, how I have kingdoms of the earth, thou hast made « done it, and of ancient times, that I heaven and earth. 16. LORD, bow " have formed it (d)? Now have I brought down thine ear, and hear : open, LORD,

or it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay thine eyes, and see ; and hear the “ waste fenced cities into ruinous heaps. words of Sennacherib, which hath " 26. Therefore (e) their inhabitants were sent him to reproach the living God, " of small power, they were dismayed 17. Of a truth, LORD, the kings of « and confounded, they were as the grass Assyria have destroyed the nations, and « of the field, and as the green herb, as the

(c) v.9.“ Ethiopia,” or “ Cush," in Arabia, Shuckf. 167. Hamm, on 87th Ps. p. 247. Wall. 261.

(d) v. 25. What is represented as Sennach-ib's insult ends at, “ I have formed it ;" and men follows God's answer, “ Now have I". .e. God) “ brought it to pass, &c.” Thou ast been nothing but an instrument of mine to ccomplish my purposes. In 16. x. 5. God calls

the Assyrian “ the rod of mine anger;" in Ps. xvii. 13, 14, the ungodly are called, “a “ sword of God's,” and “the men of his hand;" and in Ps. Ixxx. 17. God is appealed to, to take vengeance upon “ the man of his right hand,and upon “ the son of man, whom he made se strong for himself.”

(e) v.26. " Therefore, &c.” Why? because it was God's work, and Sennacherib, his tool,


grass on the house-tops, and as corn ct and shall not come into this city, saith “ blasted before it be grown up. 27. But “the Lord. 34. For I will defend this “ I know thy abode (e), and thy going « city to save it, for mine own sake, and “ out, and thy coming in, and thy rage “ for my servant David's sake.” 35. And “ against me (f). 28. Because thy rage it came to pass that night, that the angel “ against me, and thy tumult is come up of the LORD went out, and smote in the “ into mine ears, therefore I will put my camp of the Assyrians, an hundred four“ hook (g) in thy nose, and my bridle in score and five thousand : and when they • thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the arose (1) early in the morning, behold, they “ way by which thou camest.”


" And were all dead corpses. 36. So Sennacher " this shall be a sign unto thee (1), Ye shall rib king of Assyria departed, and wens

, « cat (i) this year such things as grow of and returned, and dwelt at Nineved

: “ themselves, and in the second year that 37. And it came to pass as he was wrete " which springeth of the same, and in the shipping in the house of Nisroch his gall “ third year sow ye, and reap, and plant that Adrammelech, and Sharezer his son “ vineyards, and eat the fruits thereof. smote him with the sword: and they

30. And the remnant that is escaped escaped into the land of Armenia; " of the house of Judah, shall yet again Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead. “ take root downward, and bear fruit upis ward. 31. For out of Jerusalem shall

CHAP. XXIII. go forth a remnant, and they (k) that o escape out of mount Zion: the zeal of the AND the king (m) sent ()

, and they

gathered unto him all the elders of “ LORD of hosts shall do this. 32. There- Judah, and of Jerusalem. 2. And the « fore thus saith the LORD concerning the king went up into the house of the Lory “ king of Assyria, “ He shall not come and all the men of Judah, and all the inha « into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, bitants of Jerusalem with him, and the “ nor come before it with shield, nor cast priests, and the prophets, and all the people ko bank against it. 33. By the

33. By the way that both small and great : and he read in their « hé came, by the same shall he return, ears all the words of the book () of the


(c) v. 27. “ Thy abode, &c." i.e. pro. bably, “ all thy ways, and acts, and motives.

(1) v. 27. “Thy rage against me," i. e. “ thy disregard of my commands and power."

(8) 7. 28. “ Put my hook, &c." i. e. “ treat $thee as man does an animal under his controul : lead thee ignominiously like a beast “ wherever I think fit.”

() v. 29. “ Thee," i. e. Hezekiah. (i) v. 29:

“ Shall eat, &c.” i.e. (perhaps) ye shall find what groweth of itself sufficient « for your sustenance both this year andthe next, " and in the thirdy ear ye shall have full oppor. 5. tunity to sow, reap, &c.” The second year was the sabbatical, or seventh year, which, according to Lev. xxv. 4. was to be “ a Sabbath of "! rest unto the land, a Sabbath for the Lord;” and the injunction for that year was, “ thou «' shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy « vineyard."

(k) v. 32. “ They that escape,” i. e. “some « that shall escape ;" the same as “ a remnant." (1) v.35:

“When they arose," i. e. " at the " time of rising.". This signal deliverance is made the subject of many thanksgivings in the Psalms,

(m) v. 1. “ The King," i. e. “ Josiah,” son

of Amon, grandson of Manasseh, and great grandson of Hezekiah.

(n) v. I. “ Sent." B. C. 624.

(o) v. 2. “ The book of the covenant," 1.4 without question, the five books of Moza They had probably been disregarded during the idolatrous reigns of Manasseh and Ana Manasseh reigned 55 Years, and he did the which was evil in the sight of the Lord, afts the abominations of the heathen, and seduza the people to do more evil than did the heather and Amon reigned two years, and walked in the ways of Manasseh. Amongst other minations, Manasseh built up again the places for idolatrous worship, and reared altars for Baal, and made a grove (for idolatron worship) and set up a graven image of the grove in the house of the Lord, and buil altars in the house of the Lord, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and built altars for a the host of heaven, in the two courts of the house of the Lord. See 2 Kings xxi. 3 109 The making a grove near the altar of the Lord was expressly forbidden. Deuter. xvi. 21. so was worshipping any of the host of heart Deuter, xvii. 2 to 7.

ovenant which was found in the house of he LORD. 3. And the king stood by a illar, and made a covenant before the ORD, to walk after the LORD, and to eep his commandments, and his testi. onies, and his statutes, with all their eart, and all their soul, to perform the rords of this covenant, that were written a this book : and all the people stood to the ovenant. 4. And the king commanded lilkiah the high priest, and the priests of he second order, and the keepers of the oor, to bring forth out of the temple of he LORD, all the vessels that were made or Baal, and for the grove, and for all the ost of heaven; and he burnt them without erusalem in the fields of Kidron, and caried the ashes of them unto Beth-el. . And he put down the idolatrous priests, hom the kings of Judah had ordained to urn incense in the high 'places in the ties of Judah, and in the places round sout Jerusalem, them also that burnt ininse unto Baal, to the sun, and to the 1oon, and to the planets, and to all the host f heaven. 6. And he brought out the grove (6) from the house of the LORD, vithout Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, nd burnt it at the brook Kidron, and ampt it small to powder, and cast the 'owder thereof upon the graves of the uildren of the people. 7. And he brake own the houses of the sodomites that were

the house of the LORD, where the woten wove bangings for the grove. 8. And

brought all the priests out of the cities Judah, and defiled the high places, where e priests had burnt incense, from Geba to eer-sheba, and brake down the high-places the gates that were in the entering in of e gate of Joshua the governor of the city,

which were on a man's left hand at the gate of the city. 9. Nevertheless, the priests of the high places came not up to the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they did eat of the unleavened bread among their brethren. 10. And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech. 11. And he took away the horses (9) that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the chamberlain, which was in the suburbs, and burnt the chariots of the sun with fire. 12. And the altars that were on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, did the king beat down, and brake them down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron. 13. And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the mount of corruption (r) which Solomon (s) the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcolm the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile. 14. And he brake in pieces the images, and cut down the groves, and filled their places with the bones of men. 15. Moreover, the altar that was at Beth-el, and the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat who made Israel to sin (t), had made, both that altar, and the high place he brake down, and burnt the high place, and stampt it small to powder, and burnt the grove. 16. And as Josiah turned himself, he spied the sepulchres that were there

(p) v.6. “ The grove," i.e. “ the graven image." (9) v. 11.“ The horses, &c." and the chariots of the sun,” kept perhaps, to carry some sage or symbol of the sun in their processions. ee post, note on Isaiah v. 18. (-) v. 13. “ The mount of corruption," alled in the new testament, , “ the mount of olives," (s) v. 14.

" Solomon." Solomon attached mself to many heathen women, of the Moaites, Ammonites, Edomites, &c. and when

he was old, they turned his heart after other gods, for whom he built high places near Jerusalem : and for this sin God divided his kingdom in his son's time, and gave the ten tribes to Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 1 Kings xi. 1. 4. 11. Such revolutions .may the sins of the great produce !

(t) v. 15.'" Made Israel to sin,” by setting up two golden calves, as objects of worship, in Dan and Bethel, to prevent the ten tribos from going up to Jerusalem to worship. See 2 Kings xii. 26 to 33. and ante, 2 Kings xiii. 1. note.

in the mount, and sent, and took the bones out of the sepulchres, and burnt them upon the altar, and polluted it, according to the word (u) of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these words. 17. Then he said, “ What title " is that that I see?” And the men of the city told him, “ It is the sepulchre of the « man of God, which came from Judah, “ and proclaimed these things that thou “ hast done against the altar of Beth-el.” 18. And he said, “ Let him alone, let no

man move his bones :" so they let his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet (*) that came out of Samaria. 19. And all the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke the LORD to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Beth-e). 20. And he slew all the priests of the high places that were there, upon the altars, and burnt mens bones upon them, and returned to Jerusalem. 21. And the king commanded all the people, saying, “ Keep the passover (y) o unto the LORD your God, as it is 66 written in the book of this covenant." 22. Surely there was not holden such a passover, from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah : 23. But in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, wherein this passover was holden to the Lord in Jerusalem. 24. Moreover, the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied

in the land of Judah, and in Jerusalem did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law, which were writter in the book that Hilkiah the priest fount in the house of the LORD. 25. And liki unto him was there no king before him, tha turned to the LORD with all his heart, an with all his soul, and with all his might according to all the law of Moses ; neithe after him arose there any like him. 26. Na withstanding the LORD turned not in the fierceness of his great wrath (2), whes with his anger was kindled against Josh because of all the provocations that ) nasseh had provoked him withal. 27. Au the LORD said " I will remove Jadah ale « out of my sight, as I have remare “ Israel (a), and will cast off this city “ rusalem, which I have chosen, and to “ house of which I said, “ My name skal 66 be there.” 28. Now the rest of acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicle of the kings of Judah? 29. In bis das Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt wat op against the king of Assyria, to the frer Euphraces : and king Josiah went against him, and he slew him at Megiddo, ele he had seen him (b). 30. And his vants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusaler and buried him in his own sepulchre : the people of the land took Jehoahaz d son of Josiah, and anointed him, and ma him king in his father's stead. 31. Jehoak was twenty and three years old when began to reign, and he reigned three mont in Jerusalem : and his mother's name

(u) v. 16. “ The word, &c." about 330 years before. See ante, 2 Kings xiii. 2.

(x) v. 18. “ The prophet, &c.” in whose sepulchre the prophet from Judah and himself were buried. See ante, 2 Kings xiii. 30. 31.

(g) 0.21. “ The passover." The feast or. dained to commemorate the preservation of the Israelites when all the first born of Egypt were destroyed. See ante, Exod. xii.

(z) v. 26. “ Great wrath,” God's denun. tiation by his prophets in the time of Manasseh was, “ Behold I am bringing such evil upon “ Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth “ it, both his ears shall tingle: and I will « stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, “ and the plummet of the house of Ahab: (i.e.

“ I will treat them as I have treated Israel “ I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth “ wiping it, and turning it upside dow! “ I will forsake the remnant of mine ista “ tance and deliver them into the hand oft enemies, and they shall become a prey “ spoil to all their enemies.” 2 Kings 12 to 14. This was accomplished upon Babylonish captivity, which commenced abil four years after Josiah's death.

(a) v. 27. “ As I have removed Israel The captivity of the ten tribes, the king's of Israel, occurred about 110 years Josiah's death. See ante, 2 Kings xvill

. 18 (b) v. 29. “ When he had seen him, “ when he came into his sight."



famutal the daughter of Jeremiah of | akim gave the silver and the gold to ibrah. 32. And he did that which was Pharaoh, but he taxed the land to give the il (c) in the sight of the LORD, according money according to the commandment of all that his fathers had done. 33. And Pharaoh; he exacted the silver and the haraoh-nechoh put him in bands at gold of the people of the land, of every one iblah, in the land of Hamath, that he according to his taxation, to give it unto ight not reign in Jerusalem, and put Pharaoh-nechoh. 36. Jehoiakim was twenty e land to a tribute of an hundred talents and five years old when he began to reign, silver, and a talent of gold. 34. And and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem : haraoh-nechoh made Eliakim, the son of and his mother's name was Zebudah, the siah, king, in the room of Josiah his daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. 37. And her, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, he did that which was evil in the sight of the d took Jehoahaz away: and he came LORD, according to all that his fathers had Egypt and died there. 35. And Jehoi- done.

(-) v.32. “ Evil.” Josiah lived about 14 rs after the great passover mentioned in se 21. 22. 23. but as his sons and grandson, only persons on the throne before the Baby ish captivity was completely effected, did in the sight of the Lord, there is no reason uppose that there had been a general national rmation, such as according to Jer. xviii. 7.8. ht be expected to avert God's vengeance. the contrary, Jehoiakim, in whose reign the tivity commenced, committed abominations. hron. xxxvi. 8. And Zedekiah, in whose e it was completed, humbled not himself, ut stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart rom turning unto the Lord God of Israel : nd all the chief of the priests and the people ransgressed very much after all the abominaions of the heathen, and polluted the house of he Lord which he had hallowed in Jerusalem : and though the Lord sent to them by his Dessengers, rising up betimes, and sending

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