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tunity of seeing a case of unsightly and ger of ultimately sinking under the weight unwieldy corpulence, which appeared of abdominal oppression : gradually to have accumulated in conse L ille horridus alter quence of gross feeding, connected with Desidia, latamque trahens inglorius alyun, a life of sluggish inactivity: from an ige

J. REID. noble indulgence in habits of repletion Grenville-street, Brunswick-square, and repose, this patient appears in dan

December 26, 1810.

MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS. The Use of all New Prints, Communications of Articles of Intelligence, &c. art

requested under COVER to the Care of the Publisher.

The Britisb Gallery of Engravings, wirb some Fast in each hand their venomed jaw his Account of each Picture, and a Life of the

prest Artist. By Edward Forster, A.M. F.R.S. Of the curst serpents, which even gode and S.A. No. VII.

detest; THIS Number of Mr. Forster's ele. Their circling spires, in many a dreadful fold, 1 gant work contains the Flemish

mick Around the slow-hegotten babe they rollid; Family, by Adrian Ostade, engraved by

The babe unweaned, yet ignorant of fear,

Who never uttered cry, nor shed a tear." J. Fittler, A.R.A. The Lofaut Hercules, by Sir Joshua Reynolds, engraved by

240b Idyilium of Tbeocritus, Fawkes':

Translatios. C. Heath. A Landscape, by Claude, engraved by Middiinan and Pye. And Cool settled indignation is seated on the Death of Hippolitus, by Rubens, the brow of the beautiful boy; and the engraved by Anker Smith, A.R.A. The whole is an additional proof (if such Flemish Family is a well-known picture, could now be wanting) of the superior and a favorable specimen of the talents of talents of Reynolds for truth and subli. Ostade. It was formerly in the collection mity of expression, Neither should the of the Duke de Praslin, and has been engraver (the younger Mr. Heath,) be extremely well engraved by a French passed without his share of well-deserved artist, Mr. Fittler has finished his praise. The touch, manner, and freeplate with a good deal of effect and dom of outline, so characteristic of the colour, but it is not sufficiently delicate painter's style, is admirably given, parin its texture for a work of this highly ticularly the lights, shades, and relleses, finishing painter. The Infant Hercules of the flesh. The accessories are is a delightful little print, and combines forcibly engraved, and have a depth and freedom of stroke with truth of represen- colour equal to a mezzotinto, with all · tation. The great picture which the in- the higher beauties of stroke engraving; imitable Sir Joshua Reynolds painted of and is certainly a first-rate print. The this subject, (which we are sorry to learn Landscape, by Middiman and Pye, is des from Mr. Forster is suffering froin neglect licately handled, and very Claudish in and damp) is only known to the aina. effect. We should like to see these artists teurs of this country by a mezzotinto employed on a picture of Wilson's or print, the original being at St. Peters. Turner's, whose subjects are so much burgh. It contains the figures of Aicme- more full and interesting. The Death of na, Amphitrion, and the Servants, who Hippolitus, is a grand composition, one are described as entering the apartment of the greatest of the master's, and is a in which the infant god was cradled. real treasure to its noble possessor, (tbe The present picture, on the contrary, is si Duke of Bedford.) It shows the power lar to the one hy Annibale Carracci, in and art of Rubens, equal to any thing, the gallery of the Napoleon Muscum, at after his inagnificent Conversion of St. Paris, and consists simply of one figure, Paul, and perhaps his Descent from the the child, with a serpent in each hand; but Cross, that we have of this master. Mr. in a style and vigour of imagination far Sunith bas executed his task with Adelity superior to the Bolognese. He has here and care, and bereby bas added a new einbodied the olements, the very germ as wreath of honour to his name. The it were, of the Farnese hero; he who whole of the Number is equal to any of "stretched out his arms to clasp

the former, and is one of those osemi The scaly adonsters in his iron grasp i

and splendid works which most deserve success,


Lower limb



in the disposition of the lights. The first The governors of the British Iastituti- lecture contained a general and enlarged 011 bare elected his Royal Highness the view of the subject, but as it was nearly Prince of Wales president of their so- the same as that we gave an abstract of in ciety, in the room of the late Earl of the Magazine for January* last, we shall Dartmouth; and the Marquis of Stafford, not here repeat it. The remainder of deputy-president.

the lecture &nsisted of a demonstration On Monday, the 10th of December, of the bones of the skeleton, under the being the anniversary of the institution general division of the head, trunk, limbs of the Royal Academy, a general ause or extremities; and which were subdie sembly of the Acadeinicians was held at vided as follows: viz. Somerset-place, when the following ger.

F Cranium liemen were elected officers for the year

ace ensuing : President.-BENJAMIN WEST, esq.

Lower Jaw Teecha Visitors.-W. OWEN, H. Thomsox,

Spine J. NULLEKENS, J. NORTHCOTE, and Trunk Ribs S. WOODFORDE, esqrs.

Bones of the Pelvio Succeeded by rotation to the council ;

Clavicle -A. W. Callcott; J. M. W. Turner;

J. Soane; and C. Rossi, esqrs.

Upper limb ]

{ Cubit And silver medals were given to the or extremity

Carpus following students:-Mr. C. W. Ross,

Metacarpus for the best drawing of an Academy

Phalanges figure; Mr. J. Linnell, for the best

Femur model of an Academy figure; Mr.

Patella Louis Vulliamy, for the best architectural Drawing.

Tarsus The academical body has sustained

Metatarsus. the loss of two members, J. F. Rigaud,

(Phalanges and John Richards, esqrs. The foriner

The second lecture was devoted to an was a skilful painter, and is best known

accurate description of the bones of the by his picture of Samson breaking his head and trunk. Bonds, in the council-room of the Aca. The professor took occasion to advise demy; and the latter, by his abilities as the students to foHow the principle of a scene and landscape painter: he was Homer, who, when he intended a hero at the head of that department in Covent

should die, always took care to wound Garden Theatre for some years.

him mortally; and he pointed out where On Monday the 17th ult. Mr. CAR

wounds are mortal. LISLE, F.R.S. &c. professor of anatomy The third lecture displayed the bones to the Royal Academy, concluded a most of the upper and lower extremities. valoable course of lectures on the applica- The fourth lecture was also devoted to Cion of the science of anatomy to the pure the skeleton, and was chiefly a recapitu. pose of the fine arts: they were in every re. lation of the former, deinonstrated upon spect original in inatter and manner; and the living subject. superior to those of either of his predeces

In the two concluding lectures, Mr. sors. The audience was the most re

Carlisle described the origin, inserspectable and numerous that ever pro

tion, and use, of the superficial mus. fessor drew within those walls. We

cles; and, after pointing out the cir. lament that our present linits will not

cumstances which disguise and soften allow us to give each of the interesting

their appearance, demonstrated them in discourses at a length proportioned to its

the last lecture on the living subject, in interest.

the various and opposite actions of pula They were similar in substance to

ling and pushing, &c. on a machine those delivered last year by the learned

constructed for the purpose. He conprofessor, immediately after his election :

cluded, with a general recapitulation of but considerably matured, and delivered

the course, to which he added some exwith a greater flow and freedom; the de

crilent observations for directing the monstrations were more perspicuous and

anatomical studies of the student. The conected, che effect of which could now de perceived from the improvements * Vide Monthly Magazine, vol. 23, page that have been made in the theatre, and 611.


model he employed on this occasion, Some observations on the trial of Du. (one worthy of the lectures) was a re. bost versus Beresford, respecting the cute markably frie negro, from whom we on- ting of an impudent carricature picture, derstand Mr. Dawe has, this summer, are unavoidably deferred cill our next. been engaged in painting a large picture.


Containing official Papers and authentic Documents.


GREAT BRITAIN. THE King issued a proclamation on the The malady of the King has continged

19th of November, ordering the seizure of through the nionth with slight Auctus any English vessel then in the Swedish ports, ations; and at such a period this great and the prohibition of the entrance into the country has been for two months withe said ports of English ships of war, merchant ships, or vessels coming from Great Britain,

out an efficient head to its Government!

ou her Colonies, and the Scaces under her imme

: Some unhappy fatality appears to have diate Government, or carrying goods being the

befallen it; and we fear that the sun of produce or manufacture of, or belonging to, its glorg is really setting, as was said 'hy The Crown of Great Britain and her subjects: a great statesman twenty years ago! It also orders, that English colonial goods Parliament has had repeated meetings must not, from any town or place in the to little purpose. On the 20th, Mr. Perkingdom, be exported to foreign places on the cival, the Chancellor of the Exchequet, Continent.

moved the following Resolutions: SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.

" That it is the opinion of this CommitA Council of War was held on the 140 in tee, that his Majesty is prevented by his prea stant in Lord Wellington's Army, in conse. Sent indisposition from coming to his Parliaquence of the distressing situation in which ment, and from attending to the public busia the Allies now find themselves, with the ness; and that the personal exercise of the immense crowd of refugees thrown upon

Royal Authority is thereby suspended. their humanity for subsistence, and without

« That for this purpose, and for maintainhaving the usual communication with the

ing entire the Constitutional Authority of the north of Portugal,, as Massena's right is ex.

King, it is necessary that the Lords Spitended to Leiria. A letter from an officer

tual and Temporal, and Commons of Great states, that the distresses of the Portuguese Britain and Ireland, should determine on the were dreadful. He had had the return of means whereby the Royal Assent may be twenty-three deaths in one day from actual given in Parliament to such Bills as may be want, in one cantonment.

passed by the two Houses of Parliament, reThe late accounts from Madrid stated the specting the exercise of the powers and ad. frequent interruption given to the couriers, thorities of the Crown, in the name and on in their progress with the mails and dispatches behalf of the King, during the continuance of to France. The debates in the Cortes were his Majesty's present indisposition. the constant subject of ridicule with che “That it is the opinion of this Commit. French party. A decree bad been issued by tee, that it is the right and duty of the Joseph, ordering that the bones of Cervantes, Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons Solis, Cortez, and other distinguished Spa of Great Britain and Ireland, now assembled, niards, buried in the capital and elsewhere, and lawfully, fully, and freely, representing should be taken up, and their remains con

and their remains con: all che Estates of the people of this Real, veyed with great parade and ceremony to the

to provide the mean of supplying the defect royal church of St. Isidore.

in the personal exercise of the Royal Autho

rity, arising from his Majesty's said indispa. HOLLAND

sition, in such manner as the exigency of the Letters from Holland represent the dis casc may appear to require." tresses of the inhabitants of the capital, and

· Sir Francis Burdett denied the com. other popular towns, as being deplorable in the extreme, owing to the total staepation of petency of such a House to decide : und trade. Those who formerly lived in the first advised an Appeal to the People : and style, have been reduced to poverty, or to Mr. George Ponsonby, for the Whics, avert that extremity, have been compelled read the following Resolution as an to contract their expenditure within the Amendment: Darrowest limits. It is mentioned that within « That an humble address be preseated to few weeks upwards of 2000 domestic servants his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, re* bad been discharged,

guesting that his Royal Highness will be


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pleased to take upon him, during the indis- cess, and grief Juring her illness, was the position of the King, and no longer, the Go- cause of his indisposition; and that be convernment of this Realm ; and administer the ceived rather favourable with regard to the same in the name and in the behalf of his prospect of his Majesty's recovery. It was Majesty, under the style and title of Regent better to know some fixed cause for the comof the United Kingdom of Great Britain and plaint; and it was better likewise that the

cause should have ceased, which it has done Afier a long debate, the Ministers car- in the present instance. ried their Resolutions by 269 against

Dr. Heberden-In reply to a question

about the King's being informed ibat his 157.

Physicians were coming to town to be exOn the 14th, a Select Committee of the

amined, and who informed him; said, “I House of Commons examined the Phy

understood it to have been Dr. Reynolds. I sicians attending the King, as to the

believe it was owing to that cause that his state of his illness.

Majesty lead a little hurry upon him at the Dr. Reynolds was first called. He said

time I saw him." lis Majesty has sometimes been better, and Sir H. Haliord was next examined. He' cometiines again he has b5:n worse ; there said, that he thought the last time the Queen have been paroxysms; there have been times saw the King, was on the 29th of October ; when he has been apparently going on well, that che Chancellor saw him on the 29th of and then something suddenly has thrown October, and last Wednesday. Upon being him back. Having alluded to the integrity of informed the Chancellor was come to Wind. his Majesty's mind, and being asked what he sor, the King desired to see him. Witness meant by that, he answered "I mean, that informed the King of his arrival, and inhis memory is entire ; his perceptions are en troduced him. The King expressed great tire; and his acuteness is considerable ; which satisfaction at the interview. It made no appears from every now and then a comment difference in his mental health. On the on any thing that is said. His judgment preceding morning he found the King in. I have said was perverted, and that at pre volved in a great many misconceptions, and sent his discretion is asleep at times; though took the liberty of using the Chancellor's every now and then there are gleams of both, name as a medical expedient; and it had the but they are transient."- . " Is the pre- desired etiecr. He did not consult his col. sent age of his Majesty likely more to affect leagues; but took it entirely of himself. the duration of his illness, than his age at Throughout the day the King alluded to the the respective periods of his former attacks conversation several times, and seemed to be of his disorder?"_"I can only answer that less under the influence of error. The Phyquestion by saying, that age seems to have sicians left the room when the Chancellor made very few depredations upon his Ma. had his second interview, because it seemed jesty. He is apparently younger and stronger desirable he should form his judgment unthan many persons much younger than him influenced by the presence of any person. self; and cherefore much better able to re- Dr. Willis expressed an apprehension that the sist the effect of disease than several per interview might be injurious. Witness did sons younger than himself would be."

entertain great hopes of his Majesty's recoDr. Baillie was next called in. He said very. his Majesty was sometimes afflicted with bo- Dr. R. D. Willis said, he had confident dily ailment, and that, were there no such hopes of his Majesty's recovery, but could ailment, the chance of his recovery would form no judgment of the duration of bis ille be less. The King's age rendered his reco- ness. Had he known the King proposed to very less probabic ; at the same time his Man see the Chancellor, he should have obiected. jesty, at 72, was younger and stronger than it produced no beneficial effect. He had had many others at 62. With respect to the persons under insanity of the King's age, not King's defect of sight, he should conceive perhaps under derangement similar to his. that, in the eariier periods of an indisposi- 'The King's derangement was more nearly tion like the King's, blindness would prob. allied to delirium than insanity. In deli. bly be an advantage; that it would lessen riun the mind is entirely employed on past the excitement; but towards recovery, the impressions, which rapidly pass in succes. want of sight would be a disadvantage, be. sivn, resembling a person talking in his c2use he would be deprived of many amuse- sleep. In insanity, there may be little or no nients that would occupy his mind, and assist disturbance in the general constitution; the in the complete recovery. This was, how- mind is occupied on some fixed idea, and ad. ever, altogether conjecture. He thought heres to it in opposition to the plainest evi. the King's present indisposition would be a dence of its falsity. Taking insanity and de longer indisposition than some of the former. lirium as two points, he would place de. He had never known but one person wlio rangement of mind between them. His Mawas affected with this disorder who was as jesty's illness partook more of the deliriurnt old as the King, and that pesson saw; tut than olibe insanity. When he first saw h : that person did not recover. He be ieved Majesty, on the 6th of November, he was his Majesty's affection for the deceased Prin- per.cctly unconscious of surrounding objects. MONTHLY MAG. No. 207.



The King was far from being in a good state health would make any measure of the of health at this time. The symptoms of kind unnecessary.No interview took bodily indisposition were sufficient to account place. for the present symptoms of the state of his 'The Prince of Wales communicated mind. After he objected to the Chancellor's to all the branches of his illustrious fa. admission, he proposed going over to the mily, the Plan of the Regency, upon King, to see in what state of expectation his Majesty was; knowing that he had been ap.

which the whole of the Royal Dukes, prised of the Chancellor's visit to Windsor,

with one consent, drew up a. Declara, He found him then in such a state of expec. "

tion and Protest against the form of pro. tation, that it was a doubt whether as much ceeding; and which they addressed to irritation would not arise from keeping the Mr. Percival, for the information of MiChancellor away, as from admitting him; nisters at large. It stated in substances and he therefore assented, as a choice of evils, That, understanding from his Royal High. that the Chancellor should go in. His Ma- neas the Prince of Wales, that it was in. jesty's complaint being more nearly allied to tended to propose to the two Houses, the delirium than insanity, he thought it, on that measure of supplyjng the Royal Authority account, much niore easily cured.

by the appointment of a Regency, with cere On Monday Dr. Baillie, again called in, tain limitations and restrictions, as described; stated, that on the 25th of October, his Ma- they felt it to be their duty to declare, that jesty was hurried in his manner; his pulse it was the unanimous opinion of all the male was at 90, and his conversation was a little branches of his Majesty's family, that they desultory; that is, passing from one thing a could not view this mode of proceeding with little rapidly to another. On the 26tb his out alarm, as a Regency so restricted, wis conversation was very much hurried. He inconsistent with the prerogatives which said that the Queen and three of the Prin: were vested in the Royal Authority, a cesses saw the King on the 27th of October. much for the security and benefit of the pece The Queen by herself, (that is, without the ple, as for the strength and dignity of the Princesses) saw the King for a little time on Crown itself; and they, therefore, must $othe 23d of October, and likewise on the 29th, lernly protest against this violation of the for a short time. The King was principally principles which placed cheir family on the in the custody of Dr. Robert Willis, who Throne. takes in a great measure the management of And this Royal Protest is sizoch by the persons who are more immediately about FREDEXIC, Duke of York, his Majesty's person. Witress first saw the WILLIAM HENRY, Duke of Clarence. Princess Amelia on the 26th of December EDWARD, Duke of Kent. 1809; and every time that he saw the Prin. ERNEST AUGUSTUS, Duke of Cumberland. cess, he was with the King afterwards, so as AUGUSTUS FREDERIC, Duke of Sussex, to have a good deal of conversation with his ADOLPHUS FREDERIC, Duke of Cambridge, Majesty. Before the 25th of October, that WILLIAM FREDERIC, Duke of Gloucester, hurry of manner occurred two or three This is an interesting document; and times, but not in any very strong degree indicates the remains of some public spia enough for him to remark it. His Majesty's

S rit in the country, manner is never a very quiet manner, but he

e The Burning Decrees of the enemy did not recollect any thing that struck him, except two or three days, perhaps, before the

have had the effect of staguating all trade 95th of October. The Lord Chancellor saw

Vor saw in England, and the domestic state of the his Mjesty the day before yesterday; and country is, in consequence, deplorablebealso on the ist of November; and Mr. Per. yond any former example. ciyal saw, him on the 29th of October.

Lucien Bonaparte landed with bis family On the 19th, Mr. Percival submitted, and suite at Plymouth, on Nov. 21th, amidst by letter, liis Plan of a Regency to the an immense concourse of spectators, and pro Prince, expressing a hope that lie inight ceeded to one of the hotels. Mr. Mackenbe honoured with his Royal Highness's zie, our late bez ociaior at Morlaix, who be cominand lo wait on hioi to know his came acquainted with Lucien some years ago

at Rome, was sent by Ministers to inform pleasure on the subject. His Roval at

' him, that the Earl of Powis had offered bis Ilighness signified to Mr. Percival, chat,

scat of Linures, in Montgomeryshire, for his as no step had yet been taken on the

accommodation, during his residence in this subject in the two Hlouses of Parlia:nent, country. This offer Lucien has grefully he did not think it consistent with his accepted. respect for the two Thouses to give any by the latest communication from Partaopinion on ihe course of proceeding gal, it appears that Massena has succeeded in which had been submitted to him; and the object for which he changed his positio the answer concludes with expressing towards the frontiers. He has received lurge the Prince's most earnest winnies that a reinforcements, and expects more, and has Speedy re-establishment of his Majesty's also opened the channel of communication


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