« ZurückWeiter »
Hoc regimen fore longævum vix cre- neighboring parish of Lindfield.
On dere possum,
the following Palm Sunday he left his Justus enim Deus est, qui non permit
church unserved, to go and hear a tit iniquos
funeral sermon at Ardingly, but he Illa tenere diu quæ vi quæ fraude parabant
seems to have salved his conscience
by stating that he both preached and Donec ad id redeat caput unde corona gave the sacrament at Ardingly. He fugata est.
consented, too, to receive from one of But he soon forgot his troubles in his farmers a payment of tithe "from buying scarlet serge, out of which he absolute necessity, though it made a library cupboard carpet, and a Sunday.” waistcoat as well. He paid, too, “for There is no allusion to the Restorabarbouring for six moneths," 78. 6d., tion, but on the coronation of Charles and for being blooded, “though I was II. he paid some fiddlers 6d. Then so cold that I bled but one ounce, 18." came the establishment of the militia, The money that it galled him most to whereupon the rector expanded in milrecord was the money that he lent, itary ardor, bought "a muskett and rest “Lent to my brother (i.e., brother-in- for £1 28. 6d., a sword for Os. 6d., banlaw) Duxford, at the Widdow New- dalours and belt, and a coat trimmed ports, never more to be seene, 18." And with lace and ribbon." He also he says with regret: "I gave away 4 bought powder in considerable quantidoz. of the Assembly's shortest Cate- ties, and gave it to the village “to chisms to the youth of Horsted Keynes; shoot out." But as a proof of the unithey cost mee 38. 4d." He had no versal license that prevailed, we find taste for such doctrine as they con- him paying two men for arresting a tained. But he was evidently a chari- drunken sergeant and taking him to table man, as he often seems to have gaol, and some money in compensation paid a nurse for looking after his poor to one of the two men, for injuries reInvalids; and he gave as much as 38. ceived from being kicked and beaten to a general collection for the distressed by the soldiers for arresting the serProtestants of Bohemia and Poland in geant. 1659.
Among a few of the curious prices He records how he bought a new which may be quoted, a pound of portmantle," with a “locke-key,” and a sugar cost him 18.; a rabbit, 9d.; news “male pillion," adding ruefully: “This books (i.e., a newspaper) for halla portmantle and all that belonged to it year, 38.; a pair of worsted stockings, I lent to my cousin Lewen, which he 58. 4d.; a silver spoon, 98.; a goose, 18. never returned, contra fidem datam." 9d.; a hindquarter of mutton, 38. 40.;
He records that at the "three several a lamb, 78. 6d.; a silver sugar-dish, 178. sacraments, at Esther" in 1659, the 6d.; a roll of sealing-wax, 3d.; whole number of communicants was not Prayer-book, 28. 2d.; a walking-cang, above 156 persons, including strangers. 48. Cd.; a pair of gloves, 28. 3d.; a minIt appears that he had expected a ister's gown, £4 128. 6d.; a load of bay, larger number; but instead of quicken- so big as to need eight oxen and two ing his missionary zeal, this disappoint- horses to draw it, 208.; an ounce of ment seems to have had the contrary tobacco, 6d.; a twenty-pound Cheshiro effect, for the next entry is a state- cheese, 6s. 100.; a dozen lemons, 28.; ment that he ceased to reside at the eleven pounds of beef, 28. 2d.; a pullet, rectory, and went to board with his 18. 2d.; a dinner which he gave to four son-in-law Brett, at Walstead, in the persons, 78.; red silk shoestrings, 38.; a cow eight years old, £2 128.; a leaden "would not keep up her chancel,” this milk-pan, 108.
being no doubt the family chantry. In 1601 the rector's health began to Mrs. Lightmaker was the sister of glve trouble. He went to London to Archbishop Leighton, and the rector see a doctor, and paid for “a peck of complains that "sbee stripped a good acurvy grasse," an item which now be- part of my church to lay her leads," gius to recur. He consoled himself which no doubt accounts for the demo by buying at the same time a large lition of the chantry. Mrs. Lightparcel of books, such as Quarles's “Di. maker seems to bave not acted with vine Fancies and Emblems" and a fo- the piety that might hare been es. lio of funeral sermons.
pected of the archbishop's sister, He records with regret the death of though the inscription on her tomb re the squire of Broadburst, Mr. Light- cords that “she was a devout woman maker, and adds that he was carried and a mother in Israel, a widow inin a coach to London to be buried. deed, and, notwithstanding solicitaShortly after, the rector had to attend tions to a second marriage, lived so in London to be properly inducted, and forty-four years." She died in 1704. puts down ruefully an account of the In the same year the rector sumfees be bad to pay to the bishop's of- marily arrested a man and kept him ficers and servants: Capellario, 58.; sec- all night at the empty parsonage, to retario, £1 178.; camerario, 58.; domes. which he had not yet returned, adding ticis, 58.; sigillo, 68, 8d.; cerario, 38. 4d. with chagrin that the prisoner after
Some legal business with regard to wards escaped by the copnivance of the patron of the living took him again the bailiffs, though the prudent rector to London. “I payed to Mr. Kempe, gleefully adds that he left them unwhom I take to bee the best and bon- paid. And as a set-off against this, estest of all those who belong to the he makes a note that on the following Court of the Exchequer, who liveth at day he gave to the three collections Balisbury Court, and is to be found at made at the several sacraments "three the Exchequer in the foredoone and at several sixpences." Hatton Garden in Holborne in the af- On April 1, 1665, he records that he ternoone, 28. 6d. for a subpæna." His bought a “shaggy demicastor hat of military ardor
to have been the fashion” for 168. Cd. Demicastor short-lived, for he began to pay a dep- bats, which were a mixture of felt and uty for going out soldiering in his bea ver wool, had been expressly forarms. And then followed a repent bidden, as a species of adulterated ance for having gone to law, so that product, by a proclamation of the time probably Mr. Kempe had turned out of Charles I., but had been reintro to be more expensive than was con- duced. templated. “All this cost me £7 08. He made a good bargain about this 10d., which was foolishly cast away time, giving bis brother £10 and his upon lawyers, having been misled own bay gelding in exchange for a sillily by Mr. Orgle. Hee who goes mare, about which transaction he trt to law, when hee can possibly avoid umpbantly records that he had purit, is an absolute foole, and one that chased the gelding for £10 sixteen loveth to be fleeced. I ever got by years before, and that "sbee was now losing, and lost by striving to get.” old and foundered in the forefeet."
A little later he had to repair bis It is curious to note in passing that, chancel, and speaks bitterly of Mis- among all the agricultural produce tresse Sapphira Lightmaker, who mentioned in the book, no mention is
over made of the potato, which had on the subject, intending to return all been introduced into England sixty bis irregular profits; but “secing," he years. But it seems that potatoes were adds, "nobody of our noblest mernever planted in the neighborhood of chants to do it, I thought it not decent Horsted Keynes till 1765, when a few for me to do it." were brought from Ireland by Lord In the following year, on February Sheffield, whose house of Sheffield 4, the rector veils an entry in the dePark is close by. No one knew how cent obscurity of Latin, to the effect to plant them at first, and for many that at ten o'clock in the evening, years they were kept in the ground all when he had begun to read his family the winter, covered with fern, and prayers, he was so much overcome by taken up as they were wanted. It is the effects of some perry which be bad remarkable that there existed a strong drunk, not knowing how strong it was, prejudice against the root in the coun- that he was compelled to stop in the try, and that at an election at Lewes, middle. "O God," he adds, “lay not about the same time that they were this sin to my charge!" Arst introduced, there was an election In April he rode to London to put cry, “No Popery, no potatoes!"
bis "little mayd" to school, and went In the year 1666, the rector revised to buy her some new clothes.
He was his wardrobe, bought a cassock of hair tempted by some purple serge to have prunella, a satin cap plaited, and a a new "nightgowne" made for bimself, pair of olive-colored boots. Then be with silver clasps and silk lining, and returned to his parsonage in October, laments over the cost. complaining that he had been "hack- In the August of the same year he neyed out of it" for over six years, dur paid a visit to his brother at West ing which time he bad "lived a deade Cowes, but was detained there by the kind of life.” He adds:
long and painful illness of his brother,
which is detailed at full length. It is Me miserum!
difficult to see what the illness can Lovitum quem sub tecto
have been; but at the crisis of it, the tenebat, In quo nec pietas, ordo nec ullus erat.
sufferer escaped in a fit of delirium
from his room, and jumped into a well In the following February he had with ten feet of water.
was an ague, which be cured by syrup of rescued, and then, so far as one can roses; and in March be writes: "I gave see, he was deliberately bled to death Richard Wood for two dozen of by the surgeons, and made a very mouses, wbich hee bad caught on a virtuous end. No word of grief es holiday and which hee begged of me, capes the rector, but he seems to have 28. od.” In June he writes compla- been disa ppointed that he received cently that bis "poll money” came to nothing under his brother's will, who £4 2s., and that it was the greatest was a man of substance. payment of any minister in Sussex. He thought later on in the year that But the truth is that the rector was he was overtaxed, and went to state more honest than his neighbors. The his
before the magistrates at tax
largely evaded. Samuel Marsefield. He does not say if he ob Pepys bas an entry in bis diary about tained relief, but adds: “I was too the same tax. Pepys was assessed at high in my carriage and language." £40 17x., and he says that it was a There is a curious entry about this shame it was not more. Indeed, time. "I gave the bowling boys 6d.," Pepys bad gone to the vestry-meeting which refers to an old custom that the
boys of the parish should go round the There are many purchases of books orchards at the end of the year, and recorded, as the rector grew older. tap the tree-trunks, singing an old The entries of the last year, 1680, are rhyme.
melancholy enough. He went up to At Christmas he sent one of his pa- town, where he saw the Archbishop, as rishioners "a worthy turkey," but soon well as the King and Queen. But his after he enters a solemn protest that visit was to consult a surgeon "about his churchwardens, together with an the turning of my neck."
He paid alebouse-keeper and a smith, set up, much for medicines and blisters, and without his consent, a big pew in the was evidently suffering greatly. church next to the rectory pew. There But the last entry but one shows that does not seem to have been any ma- he was still occupied in monetary chinery for getting the pew removed, transactions. "Sep. 16.
For a pig and the rector contents himself with a which I sent to Mr. Hely, I gave my protest, on the ground that if another daughter 18. 6d., which pig was so such pew were to be erected opposite, carryed by Morley that it smelt, "there would be no coming up for the which he falsely sayd smelt upon re ministers or the people to the table." ceipt."
At the succeeding Christmas he sent On August 3 he bought a cephalic the parishioner to whom he had given plaster and a julep, and a sleeping. the worthy turkey in the previous draught. But his illness was gaining year “a ribspare and hoggs puddings," upon him, and the above is the last and seems to have been dissatisfied entry. He was buried on October 3 with the present he received in return of the same year, according to the -"a boxe of pills and sermons.”
register. In 1677 he seems to have been on un- It is a curious and interesting thing comfortable terms again with some of to be able to look so close into the life his parishioners. “18th July; Mr. of this simple, guileless, fussy, money. Payne came together with Ned Cripps loving man. It is strange to feel that to pay his tythe; hee layed down 208. one knows so much about bim, what on the table, which he told, and I tooke he ate, and drank, and wore, the books up for the tythe of 1674-75; at which he read, his tours and little adventures, time hee sayd I was a knavish priest, and yet to feel that, after all, one and having gone out of the hall door knows so little. He seems to have as far as the yard gate, he sayd againe been ashamed, at intervals, of caring that I was a knavish priest, and that so much about the things of this world, 'bee could prove mee to be so, Edward and yet the temptation to record them Cripps being all the while in the ball, was all too strong. The people among and Mary Holden in the kitchen, who whom he lired just appear at Interdistinctly heard him."
vals, like ghosts, anong his entries A little later he says that he paid a And wbile we know to a penny what man 2d. for a letter, "for carrying his income and tastes were, we can news books, 28. 6d.”-probably deliver- form no conception of his thoughts or ing a gazette-adding, "and 6d. more emotions. It seems an undignified gratis to stop his inouth.” At this date sort of life, and though clerical inletters were delivered according to comes nowadays are sadly inadequate, mileage, 20. being the charge for a let- yet the clergy are spared the constant ter of one sheet below eighty miles. bargaining and huckstering about The whole revenue of the Post Office small paymeuts, to which so much of was then some £13,000 a year.
the rector's life was devoted. But
the book is essentially a human document, and to turn the faded pages, with their precise entries and naive confessions, makes one smile indeed,
The Cornhil Magazine.
but it is with a smile that is not wholly of amusement-mentem mortalia tangunt !
Arthur C. Benson.
THE BAD LUCK OF KAPTAN HOLAR.
The Norwegian steamer Ole Bull, jumped. “Cachalot!” he yelled. Then, carrying seven hundred tons of coal “You are sure?"! and sundry stores from Leith to her “Do I not know a cacbalot when I company's hvalstation on the northeast see him? His head, his rising-bis coast of Iceland, was jogging past the spout? And he was going slow-very Faroe Islands at her average speed of slow-south. And he was the biggest nine knots. It was eleven o'clock on an evening towards the end of June, But the young captain was already and had the weather been clear the sun giving orders to his crew and calling would have still been visible in the down the tube to his engineer. He north. A wet fog blanketed the Fa- waved his hand to his friend, bawled roes, some six miles to port; only the his thanks, promised a merry meeting strange peaks of Fugloe and Svinoe at Tonsberg in October, and turned to loomed dimly above the vapor-bank. his business. For the cachalot is a On the sea, however, the fog was thin- rare visitor to these waters, and is ning, and the captain of the Ole Bull worth several large rorquals—the “insighted the little whaler in time to ner" whales on which the Norwegians avoid the necessity of abrupt make much war and some profit; and change of course. He spoke to the young Kaptan Andersen had never yet man at the wheel, and telegraphed an had the fortune to encounter such a order to the engine-room.
prize. The engines were slowed, stopped, So the Ole Bull resumed her journey and reversed a couple of turns, and the north, and the Gisli went dancing Ole Bull came to rest within hailing south, her thin black funnel belching distance of the whaler-steamer Gisli, smoke, her eighty-five feet of deck which was wallowing idly in the heavy quivering. Kaptan Andersen
sang oily swell. The captains-one on his softly as he inspected the gun in the bigh, narrow bridge, the other in his bow, ready charged and loaded with little, square steering-box-bawled the big bomb-pointed barpoon. His cheerfully across the water. They was good luck indeed! Good luck to were old friends from Tonsberg, but have met the Ole Bull; good luck that their courses seldom met or crossed the cachalot should appear at a time during the whaling season.
of year when there was no dark night. "It is a lucky meeting, Bjarni,” the A little more good luck, and the prize captain of the Ole Bull shouted, after would be bis; for the weather was he had asked concerning the Gisli's re- clearing quickly; the
in the cent hunting and got an unsatisfactory crow's-nest had the eyes of a bawk; reply. "I bring you luck. I am glad the sea, though swelling, was smooth; I met you. It is not ten minutes since and he did not doubt his own skill we sighted a cachalot.”
with the gun.
Good luck indeed! He The young captain of the Gisli fairly repeated the words aloud.