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ever the same are not grantable of course according to the rules and
practice of the court. Supreme court
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the Supreme Court shall to have power have full power and authority, from time to time, to prescribe, and reguto prescribe ahe late, and alter, the forms of writs and other process to be used and
, writs, &c. issued in the district and circuit courts of the United States, and the
forms and modes of framing and filing libels, bills, answers, and other proceedings and pleadings, in suits at common law or in admiralty and in equity pending in the said courts, and also the forms and modes of taking and obtaining evidence, and of obtaining discovery, and generally the forms and modes of proceeding to obtain relief, and the forms and modes of drawing up, entering, and enrolling decrees, and the forms and modes of proceeding before trustees appointed by the court, and generally to regulate the whole practice of the said courts, so as to prevent delays, and to promote brevity and succinctness in all pleadings and proceedings therein, and to abolish all unnecessary costs and ex
penses in any suit therein. Supreme court Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose of further to have power to regulate the
diminishing the costs and expenses in suits and proceedings in the said costs in the dis. courts, the Supreme Court shall have full power and authority, from trict or circuit time to time, to make and prescribe regulations to the said district and courts.
circuit courts, as to the taxation and payment of costs in all suits and proceedings therein; and to make and prescribe a table of the various items of costs which shall be taxable and allowed in all suits, to the parties, their attorneys, solicitors, and proctors, to the clerk of the court, to the marshal of the district, and his deputies, and other officers serving process, to witnesses, and to all other persons whose services are usually taxable in bills of costs. And the items so stated in the said table, and none others, shail be taxable or allowed in bills of costs; and they shall be fixed as low as they reasonably can be, with a due regard to the nature of the duties and services which shall be performed by the various officers and persons aforesaid, and shall in no case exceed the costs and expenses now authorized, where the same are pro
vided for by existing laws. Interest shall Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That on all judgments in civil be allowed and
cases, hereafter recovered in the circuit or district courts of the United levied by the marshal under States, interest shall be allowed, and may be levied by the marshal, unexecution upon
der process of execution issued thereon, in all cases where, by the law all judgmenis, of the State in which such circuit or district court shall be held, in&c.
terest may be levied under process of execution on judgments recovered in the courts of such State, to be calculated from the date of the judgment, and at such rate per annum, as is allowed by law, on judgments recovered in the courts of such State. (a)
APPROVED, August 23, 1842.
(a) The decisions of the courts of the United States on the subject of interest have been:
The decree on bottomry is to consider the sum loaned and the premium as a principal, and to allow common interest on that sum for the delay of payment after it is due. The Ship Packet, 3 Mason's C. C. R. 255.
An administrator is not liable to pay interest upon assets in his hands, unless under special circumstances. Neither is a partner, on parinership accounts before settlement, and a balance struck. Dexter v. Arnold, 3 Mason's C. C. R. 284.
Interest will not be allowed against a trustee holding a fund where he had made no interest, if there be no laches or neglect or use of the money on his part. Cassels v. Verner, 5 Mason's C. C. R. 332.
Interest on money in the hands of ihe administrator, is not chargeable where the same is retained in his hands until a suit shall determine the right of the claimant thereto. Wade v. The Administrators of Wade, 1 Wash. C. C. R. 477.
The court allowed the customary interest paid at Canton, on a note executed there. Cowqua v. Lauderhrun, 1 Wash. C. C. R. 521.
The correct general rule is to calculate interest up to the period when a payment is made, to satisfy which the payment should be first applied; and if it exceed the interest due, the balance is to be applied towards the payment of the principal; but if the payment is not sufficient to discharge the interest, the principal is not to be increased by adding to it the balance of interest due at the time, so as to produce interest on interest. Smith v. The Administrators of Shaw, 2 Wash. C. C. R. 167.
STATUTE II. CHAP. CLXXXIX.-An Act making an appropriation to supply a deficiency in the navy pension fund. (a)
Aug. 23, 1842. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United (Obsolete.] States of America in Congress assembled, That the sum of eighty-four
Where the plaintiff has stated an account on a principle unfavorable to bimself, as to the charge of interest, he ought to be bound by it. Ibid.
There is no difference as to the application of the general rule relative to calculating interest on debts legally carrying interest, and on those debts where interest is given in the name of damages. Ibid.
The rate of interest fixed by the law of Georgia, the contract having been made there, will be allowed in the courts on such contracts, although it may exceed the interest allowed by the law of the State in which the court sits. Jaffray v. Dennis, 2 Wash. C. C. R. 253.
The defendant settled his account at the treasury department in 1808, on which a balance was stated against him. In 1812 he claimed further credits, which were allowed to him, and which reduced the balance claimed in 1808. The court instructed the jury to allow interest on the actual balance from 1808. United States v. Ormsby, 3 Wash. C. C. R. 195.
Where there have been running accounts between parties, and one party has been in the habit of transmitting his accounts regularly to the other, striking a balance, and charging or giving credit for interest, as the balance might be, and no objections have been made to it, and where ihis mode of stating accounts is shown to be the custom of trade, such manner of charging interest is legal. Barclay v. Kennedy et al. 3 Wash. C. C. R. 350.
A usage to add interest to the annual account at the end of the year, and interest on the balance, does not apply in a case in which the commercial intercourse between the countries in which the parties respectively reside, had ceased when the account was transmitted; nor will it authorize the creditor to make other rests in the account. Denniston et al. v. Imbrie, 3 Wash. C.C. R. 396.
Where an alien enemy has an agent in the United States, and this is known to the debtor, interest ought not to abale during a war. Ibid.
A promise was made by the defendant, the drawer of a protested bill of exchange, that if the plaintiff would give time, he would pay the bill when he should be able. In an action on the new promise, the plaintiff is entitled only to the sum slated in the bill, and to interest from the time when defendant was able; and not to any damages. If the jury give more, the court will set aside the verdict, unless the plaintiff enter a remittitur for the overplus. Lonsdale v. Brown, 4 Wash. C. C. R. 148.
If there has not been a previous demand of the penalty of a bond, or an acknowledgment that the whole is due, inierest is recoverable only from the commencement of the suit, on a bond with sureties given to the Bank of the United States for the faithful discharge of the duties of cashier of the branch bank at Middletown, Connecticut. United States Bank v. Magill et al., Paine's C. C. R. 661.
Interest is not allowed on unliquidated damages. Gilpins v. Consequa, Peters' C. C. R. 86.
It is generally in the discretion of the jury to give interest in the name of damages. Willings et al. v. Consequa, Peters' C. C. R. 172.
Damages for breach of contract do not bear interest. Youqua v. Nixon, Peters' C. C. R. 224.
When an attachment is laid on money in the hands of a third person, interest ceases from the time of the attachment until it is dissolved; but where a debtor who is also a creditor lays an attachment in his own hands, interest is chargeable during the continuance of the attachment. Ibid. 303.
It is the usage at Canton to add interest to the other charges on the amount of the articles sold, and for which compensation is demanded. This will be allowed in the United States, on a Canton contract. Ibid.
Interest on debts due by the citizens of the United States to the subjects of the king of Great Britain, ceased during the revolutionary war, and during the war of 1812; but the mere circumstance of war existing between two countries is not a sufficient reason for abating interest on the debts due by the subjects of one belligerent to the subjects of another. Conn et al. v. Penn et al. Peters' C. C. R. 497.
A prohibition of all intercourse with an enemy during a war, furnishes a just reason for the abatement of inierest on debts due to the subjects of the belligerent, until the return of peace. Ibid.
The rule as to the abatement of interest during ihe war, does not apply where the creditor, although a subject of the enemy, remains in the country of the debtor, or has a known agent residing there, and who is authorized to receive the debt. Ibid.
An account current, received and not objected to in a reasonable time, becomes a settled account bearing interest from the time it is stated, and the balance is payable on demand. Bainbridge & Co. v. Wilcocks, Baldwin's C. C. R. 538.
An account made up of principal and interest becomes one principal debt; the aggregate balance, where the account is thus settled, bearing interesi. Ibid. 540.
Compound interest is not illegal, and may be recovered on an express promise, or ne implied by law, as a part of the contract. Ibid. 541.
If an account contains a charge of interest during a war, it is recoverable if there is a promise to pay the amount after peace, or the account is in fact or law a settled account, from which a promise resulis by operation of law. Ibid. 542.
Whether the jury, in a case in which a man covenants to convey lands without fraud, and it afterwards appeared that, in truth, he had no title to the land, when he covenanted to convey, should allow interest on the value of the lands at the date of the contract, must depend on the circumstances of the case, of which they are the proper judges; and it is competent to the defendant to give in evidence any circum. stances tending to show interest should not be allowed. Leicher & Arnold v. Woodson, 1 Brockenb. C.C. R.212.
The interest allowed on the personal estate, for the sums advanced by it 10 discharge the specialty debts, should, in accordance both with the general course of the court, and with justice in particular cases, be limited to twenty years. Byrd v. Executors of Byrd, 2 Brockenb. C. C. Ř. 171. Where a mortgagee is in possession, and the annual rents and profits of the mortgaged estate, exceed
(a) Act relating to the navy pension fund, July 10, 1832, chap. 194.
Appropriation thousand nine hundred and fifty-one dollars be, and the same is hereby deficieney in the appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appronavy pension
priated, to supply any deficiency which may exist in the nary pension fund.
fund, for the payment of the semi-annual navy pensions, which will be
due on the first day of July, eighteen hundred and forty-two. the interest of the debt due, it seems that he should pay interest on the surplus rents and profits. Gordon v. Lewis. 2 Sumner's C. C. R. 143.
In the ordinary cases, where the relation of mortgagor and mortgagee is uncontroverted, if a mortgagee receive the rents of a mortgaged estate after his debt has been salistied, and retain them to his own use, without paying them over to the mortgagor, he is chargeable with interest. Ibid.
If, however, there are sufficient equitable circumstances in favor of the mortgagee; as if he retained the renis under a mistake, supposing the rights of the mortgagor extinguished; he would not be liable for interest until after notice of the adverse claim. Ibid.
Interest on the amount of the debt as ascertained by the decree of the circuit court, was allowed from the time of the judgment; but the damages allowed by the court were not permitted to bear interesi. Jennings et al., Plaintiffs in Error, v. The Brig Perseverance, 3 Dall. 336 ; i Cond. Rep. 154.
Interest is to be calculated to the present time, upon the aggregate sum of principal and interest in the judgment below; but not to the next term of the circuit court, when the mandate will operate, as the pariy has a right to pay the money immediately. Brown v. Van Braam, 3 Dall. 344; 1 Cond. Rep. 157.
Interest is, in general, allowed from the time a demand is made for the wages of a mariner; and if no special demand is made, then from the commencement of the suit. Gammell v. Skinner, 2 Gallis. C. C. R. 45.
If captured property is ordered to be sold, then no interest is allowed. Rose v. Himely, 4 Cranch, 221; 2 Cond. Rep. 98.
Interest commences on a pecuniary legacy at the expiration of one year from the decease of the testator, whatever may be the posture of the estate, unless some other period is specified in the will. The cases of intant children, not otherwise provided for, and of adopted children under age, are exceptions to the general rule. Sullivan v. Winthrop, 1 Sumner's C. C. R. I.
Where the executors invested certain sums, less than the whole amount of the legacy, in the name of the legatee; held, that this was, pro tanto, a payment of the legacy; and that the interest accruing on those sums, within the year from the time of such investment, belonged to the legatee. Ibid.
Where the vendor is indebted to the vendee, and the sale is made in order to pay the debt, the vendor must pay interest from the time the debi is liquidated until he makes a good tile; and the vendee is accountable for the rents and profits from the time the contract is perfected, until it is specifically performed. Hepburn et al. v. Dunlop & Co., 1 Wheat. 179; 3 Cond. Rep. 529.
A party is as well entitled to interest on an appeal bond, as if he were to proceed on the judgment, if the judgment be on a contract for the payment of money. He is entitled to interest from the rendition of the original judgment. Sneed et al. v. Wister et al. 8 Wheat. 690; 5 Cond. Rep. 556.
The taking of interest in advance upon the discount of a note in the usual course of business by a banker, is not usury. This has long been settled, and is not now open for controversy. Thornton v. The Bank of Washington, 3 Pelers, 40.
The taking of interest for sixty-four days on a note is not usury, if the note given for sixty days, accord. ing to the custom and usage in the banks at Washington, was noi due and payable until the sixty-fourth day. In the case of Renner v: The Bank of Columbia, 9 Wheat. 581, it was expressly held, that under that custom the note was not due and payable before the sixty-fourth day; for until that time the maker could not be in default. Ibid. 40.
Where it was the practice of the party, who had a sixty day note discounted at the bank of Washing. ton, to renew the noie by the discount of another note on the sixiy-third day, the maker not being in fact bound to pay the noie according to the custom prevailing in the District of Columbia ; such a transaction on the part of the banker is not usurious, although on each note the discount for sixty-four days was deducted.' Each note is considered as a distinct and substantive transaction. If no more than legal interest is taken upon the time the new note has to run, the actual application of the proceeds of the new mote 10 the payment of the former note before it coines due, does not of itself make the transaction usurious. Something more must occur. There must be a contract between the bank and the party at the time of such discount, that the party shall not have the use and benefit of the proceeds until the former note becomes due, or that the bank shall have the use and benefit of them in the mean time. Ibid.
The contract to accept the bills of exchange on which the action was brought, was made in Charleston, South Carolina. The bills were drawn in Georgia on B. and H. in Charleston, with a view to their payment in Charleston, where the contract was to be executed. The interest on the bill which was so drawn and was unpaid, is to be charged at the rate of interest in South Carolina. Boyce & Henry v. Edwards, 4 Peters, 111.
Interest is not chargeable on money collected by the marshal of the District of Columbia for fines due to the levy court, the money having been actually expended by the marshal in repairs and improvements on the jail, under the opinions of the comptrolier and auditor of the treasury department, that these ex. penditures were properly chargeable upon this fund, although those opinions may not be well founded. Levy Court of Washington v. Ringgold, 5 Peters, 451.
In an action brought on a note given for payment for teas, the desence was, that teas of an inferior quality were delivered; the jury must not credit the defendant with the amount of damages, as of the day the teas were delivered, but as of the day when the verdict was rendered. The interest on the note is io be reckoned to the day of the verdict, and from that amount is to be deducted the amount of the damages ascertained by the jury. Youq'ia v. Nixon et al. Peters' C. C. R. 229.
Assumpsit was brought for the proceeds of a cargo which was taken under legal process by the defend. ants, the consignees, in a foreign port, for the debts of the prior owners of ihe ship. Held, that the plaintiffs, the consignors, by bringing assumpsit, had waived ihe tort so that the customary commissions should be allowed ihe defendants; but that the defendants were chargeable with interest from the receipt by them of the proceeds of the cargo. Ricketson r". Wright, 3 Sumner's C. C. R. 335.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the act entitled “ An act to Act of March provide for the more equitable administration of the navy pension fund,” 3, 1837; ch. 38,
repealed. approved March third, eighteen hundred and thirty-seven, be, and the Pensions to be same is hereby, repealed, from and after the first day of July, eighteen regulated achundred and forty-two. And all pensions to officers and seamen in the cording to the
pay of the navy naval service shall be regulated according to the pay of the navy as it on the 1st of existed on the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and January 1835. thirty-five. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That so much of an act, en- 1838, ch. 56,
Act of April 6, titled “ An act directing the transfer of money remaining unclaimed by partially repealcertain pensioners, and authorizing the payınent of the same at the ed; and the Treasury of the United States," approved April sixth, eighteen hundred time for un. and thirty-eight, as requires pensions that may have remained unclaim- to remain in the ed in the hands of pension agents for eight months to be returned to hands of the the Treasury, be, and the same is hereby, repealed, and that the time agents, extend
ed to 14 months. within which such pensions shall be returned to the Treasury, be, and the same is hereby, extended to fourteen months, subject to all the other restrictions and provisions contained in the said act. APPROVED, August 23, 1842.
Statute II. CHAP. CXC.-An Act for the relief of certain settlers in the Territory of Wis- Aug. 23, 1842.
consin, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That every settler in
Settlers at Mi. the district of lands subject to sale at Mineral Point, in the Territory have been re
neral Point who of Wisconsin, who shall show, by proof which shall be satisfactory to fused entry unthe register and receiver of the land office at Muscoday, that he, by der the precultivation and possession, as required by the pre-emption act of the June 19, 1834, nineteenth of June, eighteen hundred and thirty-four, was entitled to a allowed to enter right of pre-emption; and that he, the said settler, was refused the privi- one quarter sec
. leges granted by said act, in consequence of the mineral character of the tract of land applied for by him, shall be permitted to enter, at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents an acre, one complete quarter section of land, of any lands in said land district which have not yet been offered at public sale: Provided, That no tract shall be entered, Proviso. by any settler claiming under this act, which contains mines or disco veries of lead ore, or on which there may be an improvement, or on which any person may have a residence, or which may have been re
Proviso, that served from sale: And provided, further, That the claimant, under this
the claimant act, and his witnesses, shall make oath, before a person duly qualified shall make oath to administer oaths, to all the facts stated by them.
to the facts
stated. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of this act be
Instructions of carried into effect, in conformity with the instructions which may be Sec. Treasury given by the Secretary of the Treasury, to the register and receiver of to be complied
with. the land office at Muscoday. APPROVED, August 23, 1842.
STATUTE II. Chap. CXCI.-An Act to amend the acts of July, eighteen hundred and thirty- Aug. 23, 1842. six, and eighteen hundred and thirty-eight, allowing pensions to certain widows.
Act of July 4, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 1836, ch: 362; United States of America in Congress assembled, That the marriage ch. 189. of the widow, after the death of her husband, for whose services she Marriage of the claims a pension, under the act of the seventh of July, eighteen hundred widow to be no
bar to her penand thirty-eight, shall be no bar to the claim of such widow to the benefit
sion, if a widow of that act, she being a widow at the time she makes application for a at the time of pension.
applying. APPROVED, August 23, 1842. Vol. V.-66
the years eighteen hundred and thirty-nine and eighteen hundred and forty. (Obsolete.)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Claims of Flo. States of America in Congress assembled, That the proper accounting rida militia, in officers of the War Department be, and they are hereby, directed to 1839 and 1840, examine and adjust the claims for pay of Lieutenant Colonel Bailey and to be adjusted.
staff, Major Bailey and staff, the officers of the quartermaster's department, and the companies of Captains Grigsby, Hagan, McIvers, Lang. ford, Hall, Burney, and Bailey, all of the Florida militia, called into service in the years eighteen hundred and thirty-nine and eighteen hun.
dred and forty, as if they had been regularly called out and mustered: Proviso, only Provided, That none of the troops herein specified shall be paid but such as have
such as the Secretary of War may consider to have been called into been called into service by the
service under authority from said Department; and that no payment War Dep't. shall be made to any of the officers but such as were in proper propor
All other claims growing
tion to the number of men in service, according to the existing laws, out of such ser and for none of the supplies beyond the proportion, or not of the device to be re- scription, authorized by existing laws and regulations; and that the said jected.
accounting officers be further directed to settle and adjust all claims growing out of said service in the quartermaster's department, the subsistence department, for ordnance supplies, and supplies of the medical
department and private physicians. Sec. of War Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of War be to direct the
authorized to direct the payment of the accounts so settled and adjusted payment, provided they do by the said accounting officers, provided the whole amount of pay shall not exceed the not exceed the sum of seventy thousand six hundred and eighteen dolsums named.
lars and six cents; for the quartermaster's department, shall not exceed the sum of fifty-six thousand dollars; for subsistence shall not exceed thirty-two thousand nine hundred and twenty-two dollars and ninety-six cents; for ordnance supplies, shall not exceed one thousand seven hun
dred and one dollars and eighteen cents; and for private physicians and Appropriation.
medicine, shall not exceed five thousand dollars; and that, for the payments aforesaid, a sum not exceeding one hundred and sixty-six thousand two hundred and forty-two dollars and twenty cents be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.
APPROVED, August 23, 1842. STẤTUTE IT. Aug. 23, 1842. CHAP. CXCIV.-An Act to authorize the selection of school lands in lieu of those
granted to the half-breeds of the Sac and Fox Indians. (a)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United County com States of America in Congress assembled, That the county commismissioners of
sioners of the county of Lee, in the Territory of Iowa, be, and they are Lee county au. thorized to
hereby, authorized to select, of any of the public lands of the United make the selec- States subject to private entry within the Iowa Territory, one section tion.
for each entire township of land in the “half-breed tract," in said county, and a proportional quantity for each fractional township in said tract,
under such rules and regulations as shall be prescribed by the Secretary Lands selected of the Treasury; which land when selected, shall be subject to the same subject to the
rules and regulations, respecting school lands, as the sixteenth sections same rules as 16th sections.
in all the townships of the public lands are subject.
APPROVED, August 23, 1842.
(a) Acts relating to Iowa, July 12, 1838, ch. 96.