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1923.) Epitaph on Thomas Sheridan.-Chronology of Herodotus. 487 that the Romans occupied the country British Drama. This tablet is put up in 1823 in the vicinity. Others, presuming on by a passenger through the Isle of Thanet, the incorrectness of the Itinerary in in admiration of the intellect, though a this instance, have placed it at Judde stranger to the blood of the Sheridan family: Hill, near Ospringe; and adds Hasted "Who builds a Church to God, and not to in his History of Kent, “Every other fame, place has but inere conjecture, unsup

Never inscribes the narble with his name.' ported by any remains of Roman antiquity ever found in or near it.” W.V.


Dec. 20.

IN the following disquisition. I shall Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 11. ASSING the summer at Broad- nology of the Historical Events record

stairs, in one of my rambles to ed by Herodotus, between the battles the surrounding villages, I copied the of Marathon and Salamis. Herodotus, following inscription, written by the as being the inost ancient of the Greek late Dr. Parr, to the memory of the Historians, and as reciting his works father of the Right Hon. "Richard only about 35 years, or less, after the Brinsleg Sheridan, from a tablet erect- last battle, is the only ancient author ed two years since in St. Peter's Church whom I shall consult; and I think I in the Isle of Thanet, of which the can fully prove from his words that following is a representation.

there were eleven years between the two above-mentioned battles.

Our author then having described the battle of Marathon in his Erato, commences his Polymniathus ; “When Darius heard of the battle fought at Marathon, he became much more indignant with the Athenians; and more eager to carry on the war against Greece. He immediately sent messengers to the several parts of his dominions, enjoining every one to prepare a greater number of forces than before. These com

mands being sent around, Asia was Interred near this spot, on the 21st of Au- thrown into agitation for three whole gust, 1788, rest the mortal remains of

years (SOVERTO {To spice étea); but in the THOMAS SHERIDAN, Esq. A.M. following year (TETCPTW ITE) Egypt reAuthor of “ Lectures on Education," deli- volted from the Persians." C. 1. vered at the University of Oxford, and di- “When all things were prepared for vers other useful works : all tending to en- his expeditions to Greece and Egypt, a lighten and ameliorate mankind. In illus- great contest arose between his sons trating human nature upon the Stage, the Xerxes and Artabazanes) concerning mirror he held was as true as his private life the succession of the kingdom. Artawas exemplary. Indebted oothing to favour, bazanes was the eldest of three sons, his professional celebrity was the meed of only his own merit. He played his part whom he had by the daughter of Gowith distinction as an Actor; as a man he bryas, before he was elected King; closed a long career without mortal stain. Xerxes of four, the sons of Darius by He was honoured in bis descent, and re- Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus, who Downed in his issue. His father had to were born after Darius's accession to boast the friendship of no less a name than the throne.” C. 2. JONATHAN Swift, of whom the subject of Darius had not yet declared his this tribute published a pious, grateful, faith- opinion, when Demnaratus, the son of ful biography. His son, the immortalizer Ariston, who had been deprived of the of their race, the Right Honourable Richard kingdom of Sparta (by the intrigues Brinsley Sheridan (besides having culti- of his colleague Cleomenes. See Erato. to the standard of Athenian perfection than C.70, &c.) happened to come to Susa."

This any even of the mighty orators whom a rare person having heard of the concoincidence had made his contemporaries) troversy, suggested to Xerxes, that it adorned Literature with such proofs of ra- was customary at Sparta, that if some diaut genius, as are sure to live with the children were born before their father life, and to die only with the death of the was made king, but another later when




Chronology of Events recorded by Herodotus. (Dec. he was king, this last-born son should deutepw ÉTEL Meta ,80V Baratos tov 12succeed.” Darius acknowledged the pel8.

C. 7. justice of this suggestion, and declared “ After the reduction of Egypt, four Xerxes king. C.3.

whole years were spent in assembling “ After these things, and the revolt these forces; and in the fifth (744779 of Egypt, while he was in the follow- ita á vou suw) Xerxes began his march ing year making preparations, Darius with an incredible multitude." C. 20. died, after a reign of 36 years.” METO “Xerxes wintered at Sardis; and AiyunTO STOOTGOWY TW LOT EPY ÉTE. C. 4. when in the spring he was on the

From these passages it is apparent point of setting out, the sun quitting that Darius died more than four years her seat in the heavens, disappeared ; after the battle of Marathon; and con- and though the air was perfectly sesequently in the fifth year.-“When

rene, a sudden night ensued in the place Xerxes was persuaded to make war of day.” C. 37.-From these passages against Greece, in the second year after it is plain that after the death of Da. the death of Darius, he first sent an rius, at least five whole years bad expedition against those who had re- elapsed before Xerxes quitted Susa. volted, and reduced Egypt to a worse The eclipse recorded above appears condition of servitude than they had to have happened on the sth of April, felt before, gave the government of that B.C. 480; as the following calculation country to his brother Achæmenes." from Ferguson's tables will show.

To the year before Christ 500 ........
Add complete years 20
And join April


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New Moon therefore, April 8th at 13 mio. past 7 P. M.
B.C. 500 place of Suu's node

Add 20 complete years

April 3
8 days

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13 min. Sun from ascending node

3 26 From the descending node only.....

3 26 At the time of New Moon ; therefore within the limits of a solar eclipse. Consequently 481 is the date when the following year; if then we reckon Xerxes set out from Susa; and as he three years backwards, from the year had been preparing for an expedition 487 B.C. that must be 490, and the above four years after the reduction of baule was fought in 491 B C. NewEgypt, that event must have taken ton, in his Short Chronicle, p. 41, place in the year B.C. 485. Some has this date, but Blair and Larcher months must necessarily have been place it B. C. 490. Wesseling spent in this war; and the expedition 20, of Polymnia, by a similar calcu. was begun in the year after Darius's lation to mine, shows that Xerxes did death, which must iherefore have ta- not pass into Greece unuil the 11th ken place, B. C. 486; and it is plain year after the battle of Marathon; and that this event must have been a year observes that this agrees with Thucy. after the revolt of Egypt; which we dides, who (Lib. 1, c. 18), says that shall therefore date B.'C. 487. But this prince undertook the expedition three entire years had passed between on the joth year after the baule. For the battle of Marathon and this event: as I have already shown, ibis prioce left and this battle was fought very late in Susa in the year 481, and after a long the year, so that the news could hardly march spent the winter at Sardis (See Teach Persia before the beginning of C. 32, Polymnia). SEPTEMDECIVS.

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St. Michael's Church, Oxford.

499 Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 3. A modern font occupies the place of A

are, or till lately were, remark- which was some years back disgraceable for their antiquity and interest. fully turned into the Church-yard, Several of these buildings have already from which indignity it was rescued been described in your Nagazine. We by the venerable Alderman Fletcher, shall now present your readers with who had it conveyed to Yarnton, erectsome remarks on St. Michael's Church, ed on a pedestal, and placed in the situated on the East side of the Corn- Church of that village in the room of market. The annexed Engraving re- a plain, but still more ancient font, presents a S.W. view of the Edifice, which, however, is carefully preserved (Plale I.) no part of which is distinctly in another part of the interior. seen by reason of a high and not very The pillars and walls are ornamentancient wall towards the South, and an ed in many places with richly-carved accumulation of old and shabby tene- panels and canopied niches, the rements on the East and North sides, inains of altars long since displaced. excepting the tower, which is at the The following curious particulars are Wesi end, and though the plainest, is taken from a manuscript in the Muby many years, perhaps a century, the seum at Oxford. most ancient part of the whole edifice. Dionysia Burewald, an opulent lady In a word, it is Norman, having small residing in this parish, did about the windows of that character in the up- year 1260 build one of the chapels on per part, and having had one of longer the South-side of the Church, and dedimensions in the West front towards dicated it to the Virgin Mary, and had the basement. The walls are built of therein a chantry instituted by her, as rubble, but they are of great substance, also a priest to pray for her soul, and and very strong; and though cracked the souls of her relations; and also for in several places, and lately threatened the soul of one Burold who lived here with destruction, have been repaired, in the reigns of Henry the First and and are likely to stand securely for ages Stephen ; for the soul of Gilbert and yet to come. On the North side of the Radulph Burewald her sons, together body and chancel is an aile, to which with Hugh Burewald; for Robert the is attached a small chapel, occupying son of Gilbert, and for several others the place, and having the appearance of that pame, men of great wealth of a transept; and on the South side is and possessions within Oxford, and a spacious chapel, which constitates benefactors to religious houses, as apthe chief ornament both of the exterior pears from St. Frideswide's, Osncy, and interior of the Church. The space and Godstow Books.” Another chanbetween this chapel and the tower is try seems to have been founded in the occupied by a very handsome window Virgin Mary's Chapel by one of the of the fifteenth century, and the porch, same name and family, if not by Diowhich, though plain, is not inelegant. nysia herself. John Odyham, 'a rich

The lancet style of architecture ap- Burgess of Oxford, who died anno pears on the South side of the chancel; 1342, maintained one or two priests but the altar window, and that of the for the souls of himself, and all his relateral aile, appearing over the roof of lations. the low and ancient vestry, are in the John Archer, another rich Burgess style of the fifteenth century, and very of Oxford, who died on the last of Noelegant; and the heads carved on the vember, anno 1524, and who with his corbels possess considerable merit. wile Agnes was buried in the Church,

The chancel arch has been modern- maintained two priests to pray for ized, but its ancient wooden screen re- their souls. tains its situation, and most of its or- There are numerous relics of paintnaments. All the other arches of the ed glass in the windows, particularly interior have a handsome character; in those on the North side of the body; there are two on the South side of the but there are no perfect figures, or conbody, three on the North side, and one siderable patterns. on the same side of the chancel: the On the walls and pillars are several pillars are octagonal, and the capitals monumental tablets, and the floor is plain.

thickly strewed with records of morGent. Mag. December, 1825.


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