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Section 280. All British ships not
employed exclusively in trading between ports on the coasts being coast- of the United Kingdom), are bound by the Merchant Shipping must carry Act, 1854, section 280, to keep an official log book in the Log Book. form sanctioned by the Board of Trade; and such official
log may, at the discretion of the master or owner of any ship, either be kept distinct from the ordinary ship's log, or be united therewith, provided all the blauks in the official log are duly filled up.
The following are the provisions of the Act which relate
to official log books: Importance II. The importance of keeping this book properly, and duly of keeping the Los pro-making all the entries at the proper time, and with the strictest perly.
regard to form, cannot be too strongly impressed on ship masters. By neglecting to do so, they subject themselves to heavy penalties, and their owners to serious loss and inconvenience, and they prevent discipline from being maintained, as no fine or forfeiture can be deducted, and no punishment inflicted for any offence, unless the entries are properly made and attested.
III. Every entry in every official log shall be made as soon made in due as possible after the occurrence to which it relates, and if
not made on the same day as the occurrence to which it relates, shall be made and dated so as to show the date of the occurrence and of the entry respecting it; and in no case shall any entry therein in respect of any occurrence happening previously to the arrival of the ship at her final port of discharge be made more than twenty-four hours after such arrival,
IV. Every master of a ship for which an official log book quired in
is hereby required shall make or cause to be made therein Oficial Log. entries of the following matters ; (that is to say,) Convictions. 1. Every legal conviction of any member of bis crew, and
the punishment inflicted: 2. Every offence committed by any member of his crew
for which it is intended to prosecute, or to enforce a forfeiture, or to exact a fine, together with such statement concerning the reading over such entry, and concerning the reply (if any) made to the charge, as
hereinbefore required : * * For a list of offences against discipline, and tlir punishments, see paragraph 8.
etc., of crew.
3. Every offence for which punishment is inflicted on board, Punish
and the punishment inflicted : 4. A statement of the conduct, character, and qualifications Conduct,
of each of his crew, or a statement that he declines to
give an opinion on such particulars : 5. Every case of illness or injury happening to any member !llnesses and of the crew, with the nature thereof, and the medical
injuries. treatment adopted (if any): 6. Every case of death happening on board, and of the Deaths.
cause thereof: 7. Every birth happening on board, with the sex of the in- Births.
fant, and the names of the parents : 8. Every marriage taking place on board, with the names Marriages.
and ages of the parties : 9. The name of every seaman or apprentice who ceases to Quitting
ship. be a member of the crew, otherwise than by death,
with the place, time, manner, and cause thereof : 10. The amount of wages due to any seaman who enters Wages of Her Majesty's Service during the voyage:
ing Navy. 11. The wages due to any seaman or apprentice who dies Wages of
during the voyage, and the gross amount of all deduc
tions to be made therefrom : 12. The sale of the effects of any seaman or apprentice who Sale of de
ceased men's dies during the voyage, including a statement of each effects.
article sold, and of the sum received for it : 13. Every collision with any other ship, and the circum- Collisions.
stances under which the same occurred. * V. The entries hereby required to be made in official log Section 283. books shall be signed as follows; that is to say, every such to be signed. entry shall be signed by the master and by the mate or some other of the crew, and every entry of illness, injury, or death shall be also signed by the surgeon or medical practitioner on board (if any); and every entry of wages due to or of the sale of the effects of any seaman or apprentice who dies, shall be signed by the master and by the mate and some other member of the crew; and every entry of wages due to any seaman who enters Her Majesty's Service shall be signed
The 19th section of the Act imposes a penalty not exceeding treble the value of the money or effects not accounted for, or if such value is not ascertained, not exceeding 501., for neglecting this entry.
+ The 328th section of the Act imposes a specific penalty of 201. for neglecting this entry.
by the master and by the seaman or by the officer authorised to receive the seaman into such service.
VI. The following offences in respect of official log books of shall be punishable as hereinafter mentioned; (that is to say) 1. If in any case an official log book is not kept in the
manner hereby required, or if any entry hereby directed to be made in any such log book is not made at the time and in the manner hereby directed, the master shall for each such offence incur the specific penalty herein mentioned in respect thereof, or where there is no such specific penalty, a penalty not exceeding
five pounds : 2. Every person who makes or procures to be made or
assists in making any entry in any official log book, in respect of any occurrence happening previously to the arrival of the ship at her final port of discharge, more than twenty-four hours after such arrival, shall for each such offence incur a penalty not exceeding
thirty pounds : 3. Every person who wilfully destroys or mutilates or ren
ders illegible any entry in any official log book, or who wilfully makes or procures to be made or assists in making any false or fraudulent entry or omission in any such log book, shall for each such offence be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. VII. All entries made in any official log book as herein
before directed shall be received in evidence in any proceedficial Logs to
ing in any court of justice, subject to all just exceptions.
VIII. Whenever any seaman who has been lawfully enseamen and gaged, or any apprentice to the sea service, commits any or apprentices the following offences, he shall be liable to be punished sumpunish marily as follows (that is to say):
1. For desertion he shall be liable to imprisonment for
any period not exceeding twelve weeks, with or without hard labour, and also to forfeit all or any part of the clothes and effects he leaves on board, and all or any part of the wages or emoluments which he has then earned, and also, if such desertion takes place abroad, at the discretion of the Court, to forfeit all or any part of the wages or emoluments he may earn in any other ship in which he may be employed until his next return to the United Kingdom, and to satisfy
be received in evidence. Section 243. Offences of
any excess of wages paid by the master or owner of
rate stipulated to be paid to him. 2. For neglecting or refusing, without reasonable cause, to Neglecting
join his ship, or to proceed to sea in his ship, or for to join, or to
been properly incurred in hiring a substitute. 3. For quitting the ship without leave after her arrival at Quitting
her port of delivery, and before she is placed in se- leave before curity, he shall be liable to forfeit out of his wages a
ship is sum not exceeding one month's pay. 4. For wilful disobedience to any lawful command he shall Act of dis
be liable to imprisonment for any period not exceed-
wages a sum not exceeding two days' pay. 5. For continued wilful disobedience to lawful commands, Continued
disobedience. or continued wilful neglect of duty, he shall be liable to imprisonment for any period not exceeding twelve weeks, with or without hard labour, and also, at the discretion of the Court, to forfeit for every twentyfour hours' continuance of such disobedience or neglect either a sum not exceeding six days' pay, or any expenses which have been properly incurred in hiring
a substitute. 6. For assaulting any master or mate, he shall be liable to Assault
imprisonment for any period not exceeding twelve
weeks, with or without hard labour. 7. For combining with any other or others of the crew to Combining disobey lawful commands, or to neglect duty, or to
Act of smuggling caus
impede the navigation of the ship or the progress of the voyage, he shall be liable to imprisonment for any period not exceeding twelve weeks, with or without
hard labour. Wilful dam 8. For wilfully damaging the ship, or embezzling or wilage and embezzlement.
fully damaging any of her stores or cargo, he shall be liable to forfeit out of his wages a sum equal in amount to the loss thereby sustained, and also, at the discretion of the Court, to imprisonment for any period not exceeding twelve weeks, with or without
hard labour. 9. For any act of smuggling of which he is convicted, and
whereby loss or damage is occasioned to the master or owner, he shall be liable to pay to such master or owner such a sum as is sufficient to reimburse the master or owner for such loss or damage; and the whole or a proportionate part of his wages may be retained in satisfaction or on account of such liability,
without prejudice to any further remedy.
IX. Upon the commission of any of the offences enumefences to be rated in the last preceding section, an entry thereof shall be cial Log, and made in the official log book, and shall be signed by the
master, and also by the mate or one of the crew; and the copy given offender, if still in the ship, shall, before the next subsequent fender, and arrival of the ship at any port, or if she is at the time in port his reply, if before her departure therefrom, either be furnished with a also entered. copy of such entry or have the same read over distinctly and
audibly to him, and may thereupon make such reply thereto as he thinks fit; and a statement that a copy of the said entry has been so furnished, or that the same has been so read over as aforesaid, and the reply (if any) made by the offender, shall likewise be entered and signed in manner aforesaid ; and in any subsequent legal proceeding the entries hereinbefore required shall, if practicable, be produced or proved, and in default of such production or proof the Court hearing the case may, at its discretion, refuse to receive evidence of the offence.
X. If any seaman commits any act of misconduct for Entry of of fences in re- which, under the stipulations in his agreement, he has sub
jected himself to a fine, and if it is intended to enforce such stipulations in agree fine, an entry thereof shall be made in the official log book, be attested and a copy of such entry shall be furnished, or the same
shall be read over to the offender, and an entry of such offender.
to be read over or a
and read over to