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paring, upon many Reasons alledg’d, too tedious now to repeat; with one Consent it was refused; whereupon there was Offer made by him who next the King seemed to have best Authority, that if they would but contribute 40000 l. they should chuse their Enemy, whereupon I infer, that before that Proposition there was no Enemy; and therefore no Wars.
The Motion of Money being denied, the Parliament instantly broke up, and seeing no Enemy was nominated, nor Money confented to by us, I see not how the House can be taxed for Peace-breakers, but rather the Name caft upon some young Men; for Youth by Nature is prone to Pride, especially where Experience wants; they are credulous in what they hear, that pleaseth them, and incredulous with what is told them by wise Men; they are Despifers of others Counsels, and very poor in their own. They are dangerous for Princes to rely on, for Self-will is of greater Force than Precepts.
Now to proceed, in O&tober following the Fleet put to Sea, and what they did is apparent by Relation, written by their General at his Return.
The Voyage being ended, another followed next Summer, under the Command of that Noble Lord, the Earl of Lindsey, which through the Weakness and Disability of the Ships, was not able to perform what he had in Charge, and what he desired.
The last and most lamentable, was That to the Ine of Rbee, which f. likewise refer to a Man I have seen, and to the Books printed and extant.
This with That to Algiers, to make up a Mess of Isand-Voyages, I wish might be referred to Examination of choice, and experienced Soldiers by Land and by Sea to report their Opinions of it, that fo their Errors, their wasteful Expences, their Negligences, their weak Designs, and Want of Ex. perience may appear with the Success that might have proved; if Advice and Counsel had had Pre-eminence above Will and Arrogance; for he that is ignorant of Truth and Knowledge, and led away with Pride of his own Opinions, must needs err.
After it hath past your Approbation, it is worthy his Majesty's View, who then shall see the Difference of Actions well managed, and rash and heady Enterprizes, undertook by Ignorance, and performed with Folly.
Businesses of so great a Consequence ought to be considered of with Council, and not only of the Necessity, Profit and Honour, but of the Possibilicy that was like to follow; for an Action well begun is half ended.
My Experience in Discipline of War, by Land and Sea, can say no more than to refer it to others; for it is a Course I never was bred to in my Youth, and now too late in mine Age to practise; only one Thing I observe, that in the two Journies of Cadesh and Rhee: In the first,' a Land-Soldier commanded at Sea, who knew not what belonged thereunto; and the other was carried by him that was Soldier neither by Land ner by Sea, and the Success proved accordingly in boch, yet their Errors were never questioned, but they both highly advanced.
In my Opinion, the Charge they took upon them was as improper, as for a Merchant to become a Judge ; for I have ever heard, that there are five
Things necessary in a General, to wit, Knowledge, Valour, Prevention, Authority, and Fortune, whereof the last but one, had been better spared at the Ife of Rbee ; for also late Authority, joined with Wilfulness of the Commander, was the Bane of the Action, as the Relation tells us.
And it is no Marvel ; for according to the old Saying (the best Fencer is not always the best Fighter, the fairest Tilter, not the best experienced Soldier, nor the Ear of a Favourite at Court, the best General of an Hoft) and whosoever takes upon him that Command, without Knowledge, beholds himself in a false Glass, and makes him seem what he is not, as on the contrary, Experience is the Mother of Prudence, and Prudence will not take Counsel, left she join her Will with her Will: Hastiness causeth Repentance, and Frowardness causeth Hinderance.
For the Evils that follow upon these two Voyages, yourselves are sufficient Witnesses, and can judge of it; as, namely, Billetting of Soldiers in the Country, and bringing their Ships into Harbours, not abating the Entertainment of the one, nor the Ways of the other; and yet notwithstanding this needless Cost and Charges, our Ships and Coasts are daily infested in such Sort, as we dare not peep out of Harbour.
Were the Courage of Things now answerable to the Prudence and Precedents of former Times, we cannot pretend a Fear of Invasion, because our Ships are divided into several Harbours, and our Soldiers billetted in inward Countries ; besides the Season of the Year giveth no Opportunity to the Enemy to attempt it. · Here is a Mass of Wealth carelesly consumed, whether the King or Subject bear it, and no Man bettered, but only those that have the Title of Soldiers, yet never had the Happiness or Honour to see what appertained to Service, they are taught instead of Work, by which they have lived and been bred, now to spend their Time in Idleness and Alehouses, and to forget their Occupation ; their Example of Disorder encourageth others to follow their Liberty ; People that are wont to live poorly, yet safely, are now by these Fellows and their Followers, robbed and spoiled, and no Remedy for Redress.
The Rich stand upon their Guard, and dare not resort to Church, left in their Absence, their Houses be surprized and rifled.
The Justices have only the Name of Officers, but have no Power to punish Injustice, all Mens Prayers are now a days to be defended from the Wrath of a mighty Man, and the Tumult of the People.
Garrisons in England, which have no strong walled Towns, nor is used but to the Disorder and loose Carriage of Soldiers, is more perilous, uncouth, and strange, than where War is practised. Innovations in all States are dangerous, especially where there is a Diminution of the Laws, or a Fear to execute Justice, through too much Liberty, given to Soldiers ; no Country but hath more Hurt by their Garrisons, than by their 'Enemies; Enemies only rob the Frontier, the other the whole Couniry ; the Enemy may be relisted, the other not spoken against ; the Enemy giveth a sudden AcLI) 2
tempt, and returneth; the others do every Day rob and spoil ; che Enemy surprizeth with Fear ; the others have neither Fear nor Shame.
The first Lessening the Greatness of the Roman Empire was by the Inso. lency of Soldiers, and the first Raising of the House of Ottoman was by Permillion and conniving at his Army.
What Man is so old in England, that hath seen, or what Youth fo young, that ever thought to fee, Scotchmen and Irishmen garrisoned in England, and no Enemy appear against us? Or who could have imagined he should ever see our own People tyrannized over in our own Kingdom, by those of our own Nation, and those Scotch and Irish, yea, and dare not so much as com. plain? Would our Forefathers have thought it Safety or Policy to draw 2000 Scotchmen and Irish in the Isle of Wight, for their Defence against France, when they of the Ine desired it not, nay when they opposed it? Would they have thought it Wisdom, that 2000 Mouths, besides the Inhabitants, should live on the Food of that mand, and so bring themselves into Want and Penury of Victuals ? If they should in Earnest be attempted by an Enemy, would they have thought fit the Charge of it should be required of them, and yet they to suffer all Injuries from the Hands of strange Soldiers, where the meanest Boy in the Inand is taught to manage Arms, better than the best of them that are billetted ? No, but they would rather have thought iç Discretion, upon the Return of those Voyages, to have caused the Men to repair to the place where they were pressed, and to have ordered, that each Parish should have set them on Work for their Maintenance, with Command to be ready upon Warning to repair to the Place of Rendezvous : . There is no Part or Place in England so remote from the Sea, but they must have resorted to the Port assigned before the Ships could be furnished or drawn together. They would have thought it more Wisdom to have retired to their own Harbours, and to have had their Men discharged, than to have continued this needless and expensive Course that is taken.
They would have judged it better to have supplied the Isle of Wight with 2000 Men out of the main Land, when they feared any Evil to the INand, than to send for them into Scotland, and to keep them in continual Entertainment..
They would have thought it more fit to have returned the barbarous Irilo into the Country from whence they came, than to make them a Vexation to the Places and Parts where they remain ; seeing no Shadow of Reason can be pretended for it.
England wants no Men, and hath as good and able Men as either of the other two Nations, if his Majesty had Occasion to ufe them; England with small Charge and Trouble can raise what Men his Majesty pleasech to command, and that suddenly, and discharge them again without Trouble or Charge as quickly. The wise Men of England would have thought 2 or 300,cool, better spared, than thus wastefully consumed, and Disorders commitied; we may compute it to that Sum, and yet keep ourselves within Compass, and, notwithstanding the Want of Money, and the Ways to exact it of the Sub
ject is all the Song now sung; he that fees and complains of the evil managing of Things is either imprisoned, banished the Court, or censured for a Discontent.
There is no Englisman, but knoweth the Heart of every other truehearted Englisoman, and with one Consent will all obey our Prince, and to his Person we all do Reverence, and we may truly say, no King is more happy in Subjects for their Love, nor no Subjects readier to serve their King with their Purses and Persons, nor never People was better blessed with a King, who is endued with all kind of Virtues, and stained with no Manner of Vice; his Mercy, his Temper, his Chastity, and his Meekness is such, as we may say of him, as of David, he is a Alan according to God's own Heart; but if any Man shall poison this Opinion of ours, by linister Reports, he is a Worker of Sedition, he hath a lying Tongue, and speaketh not Truth; he is worthy to be spewed out, not only of the Court, but even from the Face of the Earth. False Informers and Misguiders of good Kings are much more perilous, than if Princes themselves were evil; for commonly, as Worms breed soonest in soft and sweet Wood; so are the best Natures, inclined to Honour and Justice, soonest abused by false Flatterers.
The Evil they commit, under the Authority of good Princes, is accounted as done by the Prince himself, but commonly such People in the End pay. for it; for he that desires not to do Good, cannot be wise, but will fall into a thousand Follies.
One of the first Propositions made to the House, will be for Money to support his Majesty's vast Expence at this Time, that the Enemy threatens Thunder against the Kingdom ; your often Alarms upon such Pretences, may make you now too secure ; for true it is, that the last Parliament-Books were published of invincible Preparation intended against us, and Nothing came of it, but beware you be not deceived by an old Saying, that when one usually tells Lies, he is not trusted when he speaks Truth ; for certainly the Danger is much more than by the Power and Greatness of another Enemy.
In this Case, you niust give for your own Sakes, that so you may be sure to enjoy what is yours ; for your Sovereign's Sake, to maintain his Greatness and State ; and for your Country's Sake, to keep it from Oppression of the Enemy; but with all, you ought to lay down the Condition of the King. dom, and to shew that your Necessities cannot parallel with your Hearts and Desires, that your Minds will be carried with a Willingness to give, buc your Hands will keep back your Hearts for Want of Ability to give.
Themistocles demanding Tribute of the Aibenians, cold them, he brought two Gods with him, that is to say, Persuasion and Violence ; they answered they had two other Gods in their Country, Both great and powerful, which were Poverty and Imposibility, which hindered them from giving.
But, least this Answer should be poisoned, or misrepresented to his Majesty, and wrested to the worst Sense, I pray you to examine the Estate and Condition of every Man in particular, and their Impossibility of giving, will appear.
What can be hoped from the Merchant, that is prohibited the greatest Trade of Profit and Gain, and daily damnified by the Spoil of Dunkirkers ?
What can we expect from the Owners of Ships, that have suffered more Shipwreck lately, than in one hundred Years before ? • What can we look for from the Husbandmen, when Corn and Wool is under Foot? For it was an Observation of the wise Lord Burleigh, that every Shilling abated in a Stone of Wool was 100,000 I. Loss to the Kingdom.
What can be required from the Multitude, considering the little Commerce, the daily Payments to the King, to the Houses of Correction, to the Poor, to the maim'd Soldiers, to the often appearing at Musters, the altering of Beacons, and other Services at the Justices Command ?
What can Knights or Gentlemen give, their Sheep dying, their Tenants decaying, and their Rents falling and failing ?
What can be looked for from the Clergy, considering their Charge of Induction, their first Fruits, the Maintenance of their Wives, Children and Families ; yea, although they came freely to their Benefices ?
What can be expected from the Artificers or Tradesmen, when all the other either want or decay; now People will be contented with one Suit of Cloaths, that two heretofore would not have served ; Shoes, Boots, and Hats, and all other Apparel they will husband after that Proportion?
There are two Sorts of People in the Common-wealth well able to give ; the One, the Usurer, who commonly is free from all Payments, in regard the Necessities of most, making them beholding to them in one Kind or other, for themselves and their Friends; they in Requital shew them all possible Ease and Favour in publick Disbursements; the Other are Noblemen and Gentlemen, formerly spoken of, that have had their Advancements from the King and his Father, though not immediately, but collaterally; for, if you cast your Eyes upon divers Servants of great l'ersons, and remember what you have known them ten or twelve Years past, it would put you to an Admiration, yea some from Horse-keepers and other base Callings, are now promoted to the Degrees of Baronets, Knights, and the like; for though that new.devised Order of Baronets was first instituted for Money, yet such is the Fortune of the Servants ; if one great Man that is their Master once prefer them to the King, the first Day they enjoy the Dignities of Baronets, when Gentlemen of great Rank and Quality, that have long ferved their Princes, cannot compass it, without Consideration-Money.
When these Things you shall collect, and seriously call to Mind, you would think yourselves these twelve Years laft past asleep, and that you are now newly awakened, you shall hear of many Things part in that Space, as making and removing of Treasurers, Keepers, Secretaries, Judges, and all Manner of Counsellors and Officers, with a Million of such memorable and unlooked-for Accidents ; but leaving these as Grievances and Vexations to the Subjects, let us come to a nearer Peint, which is the Safety of the Kingdom, that the Enemy threatens so in Danger, we may truly say, that God hath fo placed and feated this Ise of England, that Noshing but evil Counsel