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10 Then said Jesus unto them, Be not afraid : go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me.
11 | Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and shewed unto the chief priests all the things that were done.
12 And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers,
and affectionate salutation. The Syriac persed them, and overcame for a time has, “ Peace be unto you."
their faculties, does not appear. It would Held him by the feet. — An action seem, however, that some time did elapse which expressed the deepest reverence, before they came into the city, and that mingled with the strongest affection. By then they arrived in scattered companies : embracing his feet they were also assured Some of the watch came into the city, &c. that it was not a phantom which they Verse 12. When they were assembled, and beheld, but the body of the real Jesus. had taken counsel.—The absurd fiction
And worshipped him.-Although the ori- which was invented was therefore the ginal word will not of itself prove that work of the sanhedrim or great council, this was an act of divine worship, who the same that had condemned our Lord. can reasonably doubt it, when his resur- Their incredulity and obduracy are indeed rection had indeed demonstrated him to astonishing; but scarcely more so than that be the Son of God, a title to which all they had all along manifested ; and we the Jews attached ideas of divinity? Nor must take into account that they were did Jesus, after his resurrection, prescribe men judicially given up by God to the that proper worship which we know the blind and malevolent passions of their disciples publicly and constantly paid own bad hearts. That they were guilty to him after his ascension ; because it of both a wicked and a clumsy fiction followed of course from his being thus is seen from this, that afterwards they proved to be what he had professed, the manifestly appear to have been ashamed SON OF THE LIVING God.
of avowing it, and that it was adopted in Verse 11. Some of the watch came into the haste as a temporary expedient. Of this city. It may be remarked that St. Matthew we have a striking, though an incidental, states only the leading facts of the resur- proof in the words of Gamaliel, in this rection, and a few only of the appearances very council, who, when Peter and the of Jesus afterwards, and these briefly; his other apostles were brought before them main object being to refute the tale cir- for preaching the very fact of Christ's reculated respecting the stealing of the body surrection, and they were disposed to put of Jesus, which he now introduces He them to death, said, “If this counsel and gives all that is necessary to establish the work be of men, it will come to nougat; facts, and to show that he was acquainted but if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow with the manner in which the slanderous it,” Acts v. 38, 39 ;-words which presupattempt to account for the absence of our posed that the resurrection might be true, Lord from the tomb originated. This and which could not have been uttered having been sufficiently done by him, the had the council continued to maintain the other evangelists record other particulars; story they taught to the Roman soldiers. for all the Gospels have respect to each Still, it was something that they had oriother.
ginated a tale which ignorance and preHow long it was before the soldiers of judice made long current among the valu the Roman guard recovered from that gar; for the evangelist adds, And this overwhelming terror, which probably dis- saying is commonly reported among the Jers
13 Saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night and stole him away while we slept.
14 And if this come to the governor's ears, we will persuade him, and secure you.
15 So they took the money, and did as they were taught: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until
16 ( Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them.
17 And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted.
18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
to this day.
Unwilling to believe so apostles, but of the disciples then with clearly a demonstrated truth, like all those them ; for now our Lord fulfilled his prowho love error, they were given up “to mise, to appear to his disciples generally believe a lie,” the absurdities of which in Galilee ; and this was probably the they obstinately overlooked. For, as the time when he was seen of “the five hunobvious remark has been often made, if dred brethren at once.” They doubted the whole sixty soldiers slept, how should whether it was he, when he first appeared ; they know how the body was taken but when he came and spake to them, as it away? if only a part of them, they follows in the next verse, they doubted would alarm the rest ; and if the whole no longer. were awake, their force was sufficient to Verse 18. All power is given unto me in resist the attempt. Yet, infidels, and in heaven and in earth.-Our Lord's domifidel biblical critics too, of the present nion therefore comprehends angels, men, time, believe equal absurdities in framing and devils. “All things are put under theories to refute or to explain away“the him,” saving, as St. Paul observes, “that supernaturalism,” as it is called, of the he is excepted which did put all things holy scriptures. Thus human nature, in under him.” Every creature, through all ages, is true to itself; and the objec- the wide realms of space, is subjected to tions which have been urged against the the rule of THE GOD-MAN MEDIATOR ; all miracles and the resurrection of Christ, are made subservient to the working out from the very unbelief of the Jews of the of his grand design, the restoration of our same, are solved by the moral phenomena world from sin and misery, rendered which the human heart in every age ex- wretched by sin ; and the manifestation, hibits.
through successive ages, of his own recVerse 14. Persuade him.-Conciliate or toral justice, boundless mercy, and infiappease him ; because it was death for the nite wisdom. And this his authority sentinel to sleep upon his post.
shall, in the fulness of time, be acknowVerse 16. Went away to Galilee.-Not ledged even by those who have most reimmediately, but some time after; the bre- belliously struggled against it. By the vity of St. Matthew omitting the inter- conquests of Grace or power all shall be mediate appearances of Christ, as recorded subdued, “ that at his name every knee by the other evangelists.
should bow, of things in heaven, and Verse 17. Some doubted.-Not of the things in earth, and things under the 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
b Mark xvi. 15.
and that every tongue should con- been debased, something little better fess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the than a superstitious charm and cereglory of God the Father,” Phil. ii. 10, 11. mony.
Verse 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all On this great rite it may be remarked, nations, &c.—The connexion of these 1. That it is of universal obligation; all words with the foregoing is highly im- who are made disciples are to be bapportant. Go
ye THEREFORE ; that is, Be- tized. 2. That it is designed as a public cause I have all power in heaven and profession of faith in the Trinity in earth, go ye and teach all nations, “preach Unity; that is, in the Deity as revealed in the gospel to every creature,” Mark xvi. the holy scriptures; the doctrine of 15; for to me belongs the right to com- which, that there is one divine essence, mand their faith and obedience, and to and that “in the unity of this Godhead prescribe the terms of their reconciliation there are three persons of one substance, to God; and I have power to bless and power, and eternity, the Father, the Son, to save, to condemn and to punish. Nor and the Holy Ghost;” which profession was this declaration of Christ's universal of faith is also an acknowledgment of and unlimited dominion less encouraging their various rights, relations, and offices, to those who were to be sent on so ha and of entire submission to them. 3. zardous an enterprise. It was their faith That it is the initiatory rite by which we in his power which sustained them; in enter the covenant of grace. The old that they confided to give efficacy to their covenant had circumcision for its initiaministry; and resting on that, they defied tory rite; and if Christian baptism is not their enemies. It was a motive which to be regarded as taking its place, then appealed to their deepest fears and to has this new and better covenant no ini. their highest hopes ; they feared not them tiatory rite at all, since the Lord's supper that could kill the body, but him who is not initiatory but of regular and habithad power to cast both body and soul ual observance. But as the entrance into into hell, if they proved false to their the Jewish church was by circumcision, trust; and they placed their joyful hope so the entrance into the Christian church in one who had equal power to raise his is by baptism. Hence its administration faithful servants above death and the is here prescribed to those who are made grave, and to crown them with immor- disciples, and as such disposed to become tality and eternal life.
formally the members of Christ's church. Verse 19. Teach all nations.—Make Hence it derives its federal or covenant disciples of all nations; which means, in- character, and is rightly considered as a struct them in the faith, and persuade mystery or sacrament. Of the blessings them to the belief and reception of it; for of this covenant it is the sign, holding how else should men be made disciples but forth the washing away of sin, and the by instructing them in the doctrine held pouring out of the Holy Ghost; and it is out to their acceptance ?
the seal, inasmuch as, being administered Baptizing them, &c.—So that instruc- under the command of Christ, it is a tion as to those capable of it, which is constant PLEDGE of his unchangeably gramanifestly implied, must precede bap- cious intentions to those that believe and tism; this being a rational ordinance to are baptized; whilst our submission to be submitted to on knowledge and con- this rite is that act by which we accept viction, and not that to which it has often and make ourselves parties to this core.
20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you; and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
nant of grace and salvation, claiming its persons as revealed in the scriptures, is blessings, and binding ourselves to fulfil acknowledged. Nothing therefore can its conditions. 4. The rite of baptism, be so proper as the use of words which instituted by Christ, differs both from publicly declare the intention of the rite; that of John and that which was admi- and it
be traced up to the first ages nistered by the disciples of Jesus before of the Christian church. Arguments for his resurrection. John baptized into a and against the baptism of infants have belief of the speedy appearing of Mes- been deduced from these words. “How,” siah ; the disciples, in the name of Jesus, say some, “ are all nations to be baptized, which was a profession of faith in him as if children are to be excluded ?” “How,” the Messiah ; but the rite as instituted by says the antipædo-baptist, “should chilour Lord, was baptism in the name, into dren be included, if baptism is to follow the name, of the Father, Son, and Holy instruction and believing?” The truth is, Spirit,-into the belief and worship of the that adults could only be spoken of in triune God as above stated, including the text ; and the right of the children of faith in the incarnation and offices of the believers rests on other grounds, and may Son, and the offices and operations of the be sufficiently established by them. Holy Spirit. All these are the objects of Verse 20. Teaching them to observe, &c.distinct profession, and where these are To make disciples, implies, as above obnot acknowledged there can be no truly served, teaching in order to knowledge Christian baptism; men stumble at the and faith ; but this is elementary teachvery threshold, and cannot enter into the ing, and is not intended to supersede the church of God and covenant of grace. more copious and constant teaching which 5. Baptism is therefore a standing testi- is to succeed baptism. A stronger word, mony to the doctrine of the holy Trinity, 818aorw, is therefore used ; and the object and the offices of each person in the of this patient and official instruction aseconomy of redemption. The name is signed to ministers is, to lead the bapONE, not names ; the persons, THREE, each tized to OBSERVE all things whatsoever I of whom is manifestly represented as have commanded you,—to practise universal coequal, because the common objects of obedience without separating one duty trust, obedience, and worship, and the from another, and to do this perseveringly sonrce of blessing. Thus is the absolute to the end of life. Thus we have the unity and the divine character of that three-fold end of the Christian ministry, sacred Three unequivocally marked, in a to convert men to the faith, by making rite by which they become our one and them disciples of Christ, to bring them ONLY God, and we become his people. to a public profession and cordial recep
It has been questioned whether these tion of it by baptism, and to train them words prescribe the formula to be used up to the practice of universal holiness, in baptism, or merely express the end as their preparation for heaven. and intention of the rite. If the former, And, lo, I am with you, &c.—As no men the latter is necessarily included in it as had so high a work assigned them as the its reason; but should the latter only conversion and sanctification of men, so have been intended by our Lord, yet these words reminded them of two great when used as a formula, they do no more truths: that it was not a work of man than audibly declare the real import of but of God, so that the divine invisible the rite, which is never truly performed presence of Christ with them was necesbut when the Trinity in Unity, with the sary to their success; and also that his relations and glories of each of the three presence should be ever with his faithful ministers, both to aid and comfort them, throughout all time, and that the words and to give efficacy to their labours. of Christ in these verses were not ad.
Always.-Maoas tas nuepas, all the days, dressed to the apostles only, but to their that is daily, or constantly, without inter- successors throughout all future ages. ruption.
Amen. — This was either added by Unto the end of the world. -- Unto the Christ in confirmation of his promise ; or consummation of all things ; which shows by the evangelist to express his joyful that the ministry was to be perpetuated concurrence and earnest wish.