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laureat, (nondum poetæ titulo decoratus) his horse falling in consequence of some though his talents for poetry had long been planks giving way on the bridge on recognized by his countrymen; it is pro- which he happened to be engaged, he bable, therefore, that one of the additional threw himself into the water to avoid marks of honour conferred on him at being taken, and even in that situation this time by his fellow-citizens, was that bravely attempted to defend binself, till of the Laureat. It ought to be observed at length overpowered by ouinbers, lie that Padua was at this time one of the was led a prisoner juto the city, first seminaries of learning in Europe, Whilst he continued here, Canis and this literary distinction enhances the Grandis della Scala brought with him alue of the honour shewn to Mussato some of the chief persons of his court to on this occasion. After an interval of visit Mussato; and, as he tells us, was many centuries, during which it bad fale pleased to remind him how officious he len into disuse, it was revived for him, had been in thwarting bis interests both ahout forty years before the time when at the courts of Henry (for before their Petrarch was honoured with the poetic last revolt, the emperor had been prcwreath. The most esteemed poets then vailed on by Mussato to leare Vicenza in Padua, after Mussato, were his friends subject to the state of Padua) and after. Lovatus and Bonatinus; the former, in wards at Padua also. Mussato, whose the opinion of Petrarch,“ poetaruin soul felt neither the wounds of his lody omnium quos vel sua vel patrum vidit nor its captivity, boldly replied, “ That ætas, si xii tabulas non miscuisset cum his threats or reproaches were alike ob. Plusis, facile princeps.” But the suffrage jects of indifference to him; he had shed of the learned as well as that of the vulgar his blood in asserting the liberties of his confirmed the title of Mussato to this country, and that if death was his des. dignity. The ceremony of his coronation tiny, it could not be more glorious." was marked with great pomp and solem. Peace being soon afterwards concluded nity. The bishop of Padua, at the head (November 13, 1314,) between the las of a procession composed of all ranks duans and Canis della Scala, Mussato and orders, amid the sound of trumpets was, of course, restored to liberty. and other instruments of music, went to But Padua was now become a scene the house of the bard elect, and invested of factious turbulence; its affairs were him with his honours, by placing on his rapidly declining: the politic prince of head a crown of laurel, ivy, and myrtle Verona had a large party within its bointermingled, and by putting on his hands som, preparing the state for a voluntary a kind of gloves made of goat-skins. submission to his yoke. In the year “ Munus enim tragicis vatibus bircus erat.” 1319, Mussato went on a public mission The day was dedicated to mirth, fes.
to Florence, and several other states of
Italy, lo solicit succours for bis country. tivity, and the praises of the poet. 'The
men. While on this expedition, he was courts of justice were shut up, all kind
seized, as we learn from his poems, at of labour was suspended, the tradesmen
" an inn near Florence, with a dangerous and artificer forgetting their wonted em.
fever, Jle was removed by order of the ployment, (like the Abderites of Sterne,) bishop of Florence to his palace, and reacknowledged the influence of poesy, stored to health by his humane atten. and partook in the general rejoicings. tions. During this illuess he imagined The University and Senate of Padua de hi
er himself transformed into a bird, and in Creed that the day of the coronation should be anoually held sacred, and de- * Wben Dante, who was of the Gibeline voted to the commemoration and repe. party, incurring the hatred of Boniface VIII. tition of the same ceremony.
had his house destroyed and his property pil• Mussato continued after this actively laged, he found refuge and protection in the
employed in the service of his country. favour of Canis della Scala : but this the unIle appeals with confidence to the bishop fortunate bard lost by an unlucky bon-mot. of Padua, Paganus de la Turre, as a wiis
The prince conversing one day in his palace ness of his unremitted efforts in behalf
with Dante, pointed to his favourite buffoon,
who was receiving from all sides the caresses of the republic; and in his History re
of the courtiers, and asked the poet how such counts the various engagements he had
a senseless fellow gained the latour of all with the forces of Canis Grandis della in so much greater a degree than himself, Scala, for the recovery of Vicenza. At who was a man of such talents and learning? length, however, in an action near that Dante replied, “ It is because every one che gity, having received eleven wounds, and tishu most, what most reseables himself.",
a poetical address to his benefactor gives occasion consulted the good of his a long account of his fancied flight country, he adds, the favour of Minerthrough the regions of the universe, and va, enabled him to support with fortitude even to the shades below. He was be his severe and unmerited fate. Joved and respected at Florence; and Ec subeo exilii magno moderamine pænas. Polentinus informs us that he some time Tunc me nulla novet patrice telluris imago, filled an office of honour and authority, Vel cognatorum series, miserabile vulgus as a magistrate in that city.
Desertum auxiliis, conjux carissima, nec me The family of the Carrari having at Pertæsum magni incepti, rerumque mçarum : length usurped the government of Padua, Sed quo fata trahent, inquam, retrahentque he received an order while he was on his
sequemur. return home, not to approach within a Sic fors omne datum est, forsan sic postulat certain distance of the city. This hap
ordo pened perhaps about the year 1325, as
Fatorum. Superanda omnis fortuna ferendo ese we find bim, in 1828, complaining that Mussato died in exile,* June 1329, during nearly forty months he had been at an advanced age. His remains were left in exile, stript of all his honours and some time afterwards removed to Padua, his fortune. When Padua, in 1328, had The prose works of Mussatus consist opened its gates to Canis della Scala, of sixteen books De Gestis llenrici vii., Nlussato fattered himself with the hope Imperatoris; twelve Books De Gestis Itaof being permitted to close a life which licorum post llenricum, vii., Cæsarem, had been uniformly devoted to the service (of these last, however, three are in hexor his native city, within its beloved and ameter verse; and De Ludovici Bavari regretted walls, and he even ventured Gestis Liber. He wrote also De Natura to return. But the venerable patriot's et Fortunâ, De Casibus Fortunæ, De fond hopes were disappointed; he was Vitâ et Moribus suis Librum Singulum: remanded to the place of his exile, but this last remains inedited. Of his Chiozza, and forbidden ever to return. poetry we have two Latin tragedies: He devoted the short remainder of his 1. Ecerrinis, on the fate of Ecerinus, life to literary pursuits and the revision a tyrant of Verona; 2. Achilleis; buth of his historical works, and though he written on the plan of the Greek drajna, sometimes wished, as he pathetically and in imitation of Seneca, and the eartells us, to enjoy the fate of him who is liest specimens in this kind of coinpopermitted,
sition in the interesting period of the re. Propriâ canos effundere terrâ,
vival of letters. . Also xviii. Epistolæ, Et veteres calcare Lares, et sacra Penatum or sermones in elegiac measure ; x. Ele. Visere, quæ penetral thalamis servavit avitis, gies, Soliloquia Sacra, and various other Hisque magis, quorum gelidus tardante se. poems on different subjects. His Ovidian Dectus
Cento is taken from the Tristia only of Sanguis hebet frigentque effætæ in corpore Ovid. Among bis inedited poems are vires :
mentioned bis Priapeia, suppressed by mis dulce mori caris astantibus, altos
the prudence of the editors of his works. Pone thoros voces imas audire gementum, Queis post fata datum est adolentia corpora J. C. Walker, esq. in his very interesting membris
“ Historical Memoir on Italian Tragedy," Mausoleis patrum veterum componere bus (not seen by me until sometime after this tis, &c.
account of Mussatus was written) apud initium, Thrice blest! amid his natal soil to shed observes, “ Chiozza, the place of Mussato's The silvery honours of his hoary head:
banishment, is a little city which lies three Whose favour'd footsteps, uncondemn'd to miles from Brondolo, and thirteen from Veroam,
nice, and is allowed by De la Lalande to be Press the lov'd precincts of his native home : assez agréable.' The cathedral is a beautiAffection's pious offices assuage
ful edifice, and commodious porticos extend For him the evils of declining age;
along each side of the principal streets. And in the fatal hour his pillow'head
Here, while the venerable patriot beguiled his Support, and Sympathy's sweet sorrows shed; time in revising his historical works, fancy Hang o'er his dying form, and at life's close may suppose him occasionally turning a tearful Give in his fathers' tomb his ashes to re
eye to his native Padua, or extending his view pose
over that city to the lowering boundary of the
Alps, and losing himseli, in imagination, Yet the recollection of his integrity, among the rocks and forests, the snows and the consciousness of having upon every torrents, of those majestic mountains."
The The Latinity of Mussatus is respec. “ Rerum satis arxius perquisitor." He table, considering the age in which he has recorded with freedom and impar, wrote: that bis style is sometimes harsh tiality, events disfigured or, sp poremed and obscure, or his poetry occasionally by other historians; and the jealousy of defective in quantity, is not surprising the Italians has led them to castrale his To cenzure bim for wanting the purity works, by tearing out offensive pages, and precision of the Augustan age, or so that it is rare to meet with a perfect that of Leo X. were as absurd as to exe copy of them. The only edition of the pect the earliest dawn to beam with me, works of Mussatus was printed at l'eridian splendour. He certainly made nice, 1636, in folio, with potes by Osius one of the earliest and most vigorous and Pignorius, who, however, both died, efforts to recal the Latin Muses from being infected with the plague, some time their long exile, and his works deserve before it was published; hence their more attention than they have hitlierto notes are incomplete. His historical met with. Warton observes, in his works, with some additions froin MSS. History of English Poetry, vol. ii. p. 409, with his Latin tragedies, may be found that the name and writings of Muse in Muratori's “ Rerum Italicarum Scrip satus were hardly known until they were tores." brought forward to the public notice in Of his poetical works, his tragedies the Essay on Pope. As an historiogra- perhaps have most excellence, Sardopher, his character for fidelity and vera- nius says of them, that they appear to city, stands very high; and his historical bim Sophoclcum quiddam spirare. But books are valuable as furnishing the best these I leave to a gentleman much more Account of the times and transactions of able to do justice to them and their auwhich they treat. He was eminently thor than myself; having with pleasure qualified, by the high stations which he observed in your literary notice, that killed, for an historian, being present, Mr. Walker intends to give an account of and frequently presiding, in the affairs them in his pronised work on the revival which he relates. To his diligence Pe of the Dragia in Italy.
I. G. frarch bears testiinony, who styles him
SCARCE TRACTS, WITH EXTRACTS AND ANALYSES OF
It is proposed in future to decote a few Pages of the Monthly Magazine to the
Insertion of such Scarce Tracts as are of an interesting Nature, with the Use of which we may be favoured by our Correspondents; and under the same Head to introduce also ihe Analyses of Scarce and Curious Books.
* Fumifugium ; or the Inconvenience of tions have heretofore preserved the fame
the Aer and Smoak of London dissi- of less public benefiis; and for the re. paled: together with some Remedies pairing of a dilapidated bridge, a deo humbly proposed. By J. E. esq. caied aqueduct, the paving of a way, or 1661, 4.10.
draining a foggy marsh, their elogies or TN this invective against the smoke of reverses, have outlasted the marbles,
I London, Evelyn not only projects to and been transmitted to futurge ages, purify the city from this domestic enemy, after so many thousand revolutions." peculiar to itself, but with an exuberance His querulous inrective against the of fanciful ingenuity, to draw a circle smoke of London, is minutely entertaiuround it of an enchanting Elysium. The ing; and those who, through long use, ima. vastness of the present metropolis, be gine they live comfortably beneath this seems not with “a prophetic eye" to shelter of fog, smoke, and dust, will have contemplated. The patriotism of scarcely comprehend the dangers of that his posterity has honourably performed open curtain which wraps tivem round. their duties, and the splendour of the The late Charles Fox used to say, that metropolis has been carried on with a “ a country life was the pleasantest in civic affection,
the world, but that it played the very He bas a noble paragraph to the ho. devil with the constitution." There are, nour of those who study ihe improve it would seem, constitutions ao vitiated weuts of a city. “Medails and inscrip- by habil, that they cau only lang sa
geber Bether by breathing a manufactured air; decem Lenones quan unum Lenionem, a change of climate, a pure bracing they would rather dwell near ten bawds breeze would shiver them into atoms. than one butcher." But Evelyn attributes to this smoak our The reinedy he proposes is the reexpectorations, our rheumatisms, and moval of those offensive trades who use our consumptions, “which rage more in great quantities of coal, “which, in no this city than in all Europe besides. city of Europe would be permitted,” to “ Frequently do we hear men say, speake farther distances; such as brewers, taling of some deceased neighbour, He loev-chandlers, smiths, &c. and he prowent up to London, and took a great poses to place them at the utmost excold, which he could never afterwurds tremity of the river-side, employing clum off again.
waterinen for the carriage of their arHe observes on the smoak, or the fu- ticles. liginous crust yearly contracted, which A fter having purified the air, he would adheres to the side of our chimnies where next convert the city into an elysium, by this great fuel of sea-coal is used, that if continuing his majesty's plan of plantawe imagine a solid tentorium or canopy tions in the moist grounds about the over London, what a mass of soote towi. This could only have been prac. would then stick to it, which now comes ticable in Evelyn's time, when there down every night in the streets on our were cottages opposite to Whitehall. houses, the waters, and is taken into our His flowery project amuses the fancy. bodies. He traces its effects in our He has enumerated a catalogue of native charnbers on the earth; and observes plants, familiar to our country and climne, that " in the waters it leaves a thin web, is whose redolent and agreable emissions or pellicle of dust, dancing upon the sure would even ravish our senses, as well as face of it, as those who bathe in the perfectly improve the aer about London," Thames discern and bring home on their One of his favourite plants is rosemary, bodies; while it sticks on the hands, face, “the flowers whereof are reported to and linen, of our fair ladies, and nicer give their scent many leagues off at sea, dames, who reside constantly in London, on the coasts of Spain. Those who take (especially during winter) as the prodigi- notice of the scent of the orange-flowers ous waste of almond-powder for the one, from the rivage of Genoa, or the odoris soap and wearing out of the other, do ferous wafts which flow from Fontenay sufficiently manifest." His majesty and Vaugirard even to Paris, in the (Charles II.) who was a lover of build- season of roses, will consent to what I ings, pictures, and gardens, &c. had long suggest ;-that is, to the liberal probeheld it as a prodigious enemy to their duction of such things, as upon every lustre and beauty. Evelyn gives a cu- gentle emission through the aer, should rious piece of information: he had heard so perfume the adjacent places with their in France, that those parts lying south- breath, as if, by a certain charm, or inwest of England, complain of being in nocent magic, they were transferred to fested with smoak froin our consts, which the happy Arabia." injured the vines in flower!
Such was the amiable project of the He observes further, “respecting the patriot and the enthusiast, to render chandlers and butchers, that because of ihis city one of the sweetest and most those horrid stinks and unwholesome delicious habitations on the earth! And smells which proceed from the tallow and surelye if we cannot have these gardens of corrupted blood, no catlle shouldbe killed fancy, we might at least push on his great within the city, by which ineans also might enemies, the brewers, the smiths, and be avuided the driving of caltle through the dyers, higher up by the river-side, the streets, a great inconvenience and otherwise we must still regret the abo s01e danger. The Ler Carnaria of the sence of what this good man promises Pomans, forbid bulchers to have their “the skie fair, and the aer in good slaughter-house within the walls; and temper." Erasinus says, malunt habere Vicinos
Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Lettets.
INCREASE OF INSANITY. subdivide those which convened to TARL Philip Moritz, a German writer many, books. L un mental derangement, reckons
PROPORTION OF TALENT. among the causes of the increase of in.
Shenstone says, that if the public were. sanity the diminished use of bleeding, divided into one hundred parts, the rela. and the diminished use of tobacco, both
tive distribution of intellect might be which he considers as of sedative and
estimated thus; . calming tendency.
Persons of common sense One of our periodical writers pretends, Wits that a pack of cards was originally a per. Pedants petual almanack, used in Hindostan, and Persons of wild taste brought to Europe by the Portuguese.
Persons of improved taste The individual cards represent the fifty Shenstone, who piqued himself on the (wo weeks, the four suits are the four
refinement of bis taste, manifestly enseasons, the twelve court-cards are the
deavours here to represent as the most twelve months. The oriental astrologers, select class, that in which he excelled. or jugglers, he says, would find a man's
An accomplished taste is a gift of edu. birib day on the cards, and affect to cale cation rather than of nature: in rich culate his luck.
luxurious communities it is more comFather Menestrier, on the contrary, mon than in poorer; in old countries, maintains, that cards were invented in more common than in newer; in pacific 1392, for the amusement of the Emperor ages, more common than in turbulent Charles, who became insane: but he
times. But the proportion of wits and thinks that tarocco cards were in use fools, being a gift of nature, not of cirbefore the abridged pack, and that the
cuinstance, remains invariably the same; Germans, who made these, first invented and is surely not so considerable as Shen. the art of printing, by copying the card- stone assumes. Pedantry is one form maker's process.
of taste; the pedants are of those who LUNATIC.
pursue accomplishments of mind, withThe word lunatic, being derived from out being under the guidance of a strong tuna the moon, signifies moon-struck. judgment. Common sense is necessaNow that the thicory is abandoned of the rily the lot of a majority of every civilized moon's having any infiuence over diseases society ; because men call common sense of the brain, this word is become in that way of thinking and acting, in which proper. It is a superstitious expression, the majority are agreed. which inculcates error, and tends to per- The list then should be reformed some petuate credulity.
wbat thus :
Persons of common sense . . 55 CATALOGUE.
Fools Disputes have often arisen among the Wits . learned, respecting the neatest subdivi- Tasters sion of heads in a catalogue of books. Among persons of this last description, Lambecius, Mattaire, and Maichaud, a majority must always fall short of good followed distinct systems. . Martin, the taste; because men are agreed to call by librarian uf Paris, prefixed to his cata- the name refinement, or good taste, that logue an original plan of distribution: which meets the approbation of the see his five chief heads are, Theology, Juris- lect few, of the picked critics in mana, prudence, Arts and Sciences, Fine Lie ners, literature, and art. terature, and History. Ilis subdivisions
EPIGRAM. are numerous and indistinct, as well as
Menage praises this epigram on a stary his main divisions. • All these schemes of distribution seem
gazer, who stumbled and fell:
8° to have been made a priori: a surer road
Qui fuit astrologus, tunc geometra fuit. to convenient arrangement would be, to
JORN PETER DRIESS. begin a posteriori with a number of heads J. P. Driess was born about the year proportioned to the mass of books to be 1740, and educated at the celebrated arranged, and then to throw together the seminary of Joachims-thal. His relatopics which produced too few, and to cious destined him for the ecclesiastical