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Alabama, University of, page 535-Dr. Richard
Canada, page 206-Ernest Lapointe, Minister of
France, page 229-North Africa, Delegate General, post abolished and duties divided among four men. Gen. Maxine Weygand retired. Holidays, pages 163, 164-President
signed a resolution making Feb. 11, birthday of the late Thomas A. Edison, a national holiday. Lebanon, page 259-Independence proclaimed (Nov. 26, 1941), cabinet resigned and Ahmad Daouk, an engineer, was asked to form a new Cabinet. National Defense, pages 81, 85-Lend-Lease program, pages 86, 87-The House of Representatives passed (Dec. 5, 1941) the third supplemental national defense appropriation bill, carrying funds of $8,244,000,000 to increase the Army to 2,000,000 men and to provide for its equipment and maintenance. The bill also carried $1,556,496,000, the third installment in Lend-Lease funds. The Senate passed the bill (Dec. 12) and increased the amount to $10,572,350,705. Netherland Guiana, page 249-United States troops occupied Netherlands Indiez (Surinam) in agree
ment with Brazil to protect the Dutch aluminum deposits. New York State Supreme Court, Second district, Kings, Nassau, Queens, Richmond and Suffolk Counties, page 410-Justice Francis D. McGarvey resigned. New York State Supreme Court, page 410-Bernard Botein appointed Justice to succeed Lloyd Church, resigned. Pennsylvania, 77th Congress, page 758-Representative J. Harold Flannery elected Common Pleas Judge of Luzerne County. Population, page 274-Montevideo, population 770.000, according to 1941 census figures. Selective Service, page 88-Legislation to extend the service of selectees and other members of the armed forces of the United States to six months beyond the period of the war emergency and to make these men subject to service outside the Western Hemisphere was passed by Congress (Dec. 11) and signed by the President. Congress passed (Dec. 19) a law to register all males from 20 to 44 inclusive for training and service in land or naval forces and all other men from 18 to 64 inclusive for civilian defense duties. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, page 263Maxim Litvinov, named Soviet Ambassador to the United States and appointed Deputy Commissar of Foreign Affairs.
Vermont, University of, page 542-Dr. John S. Millis, president.
War in Europe, page 45-Great Britain announced (Dec. 7, 1941) that a state of war existed between that country, Finland, Rumania and Hungary, whose forces are fighting with the Axis armies. Wyoming, University of, page 542-Dr. J. Lewis Merrill, president.
Billiards, page 883-Erwin Rudolph won the 1941 pocket billiard of the world in Philadelphia by defeating Irving Crane in the play off of a triple tie.
Petroleum, World production, page 510-Figures for Iran should read: 1935, 57.3: 1936. 62.7; 1937, 77.8; 1938, 78.4; 1939, 78.2.
War Department, page 750-Judge Advocate General, Major Myron C. Cramer, Washington.
National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
Source: An official of the Foundation
Sponsored by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Sept. 23, 1937) and financed by contributions of millions of citizens, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis is waging a unified fight against the crippling disease. For the first time in American medical history, the whole attack on this plague is led and directed by one national body. whose object is to eradicate infantile paralysis and to work unceasingly until the mysterious "maiming microbe" is conquered.
The Foundation has 33 trustees, selected from all parts of the country and representing all walks of life. The officers are: President, Basil O'Connor. New York City; Vice Presidents, Walter P. Murphy, Chicago; William F. Humphrey, San Francisco: George E. Allen, Washington; James V. Forrestal, New York City; Treasurer, Raymond H. Taylor, New York City; Secretary, William F. Snyder, New York City: headquarters, 120 Broadway, New York City.
The Foundation has been financed by four "Fight Infantile Paralysis" campaigns in connection with the celebration of the President's birthday. At the beginning of the 1939 campaign, the Foundation announced a plan to establish permanent chapters - of the Foundation, embracing all the counties of the United States, to assist in local activities in the fight. Funds raised in all the campaigns are divided on a 50-50 basis, the National Foundation receiving approximately one-half, and approximately one-half remaining in the counties or states, where raised, for local aid.
Net receipts from the 1941 birthday celebration were $2,104,460.53. Of this amount $1,007.594.69 was presented to the National Foundation and $1.096 865.84 was retained in the home communities.
The Foundation is waging a four-fold fight on
the disease, through scientific research, epidemic first aid, proper care-disseminating to doctors and parents present and new knowledge of the proper care which may prevent sad after-effects, such as crooked backs, curvature of the spine, twisted bodies, contracted limbs-dollars to orthopedic centers. hospitals and clinics for combatting human wreckage.
Funds of the Foundation are given to various hospitals, universities, etc., for scientific research. From the organization of the Foundation (1938) to Sept. 30, 1941, $1,914,160.19 has been used for research education and emergency aid during epidemics, and $2,652,009.79 has been left with local chapters for aid in their home communities. Grants to cover universities and institutions have been made by the Foundation. All allotments of money are made on recommendation of a general advisory board consisting of distinguished doctors.
The Foundation is established as a permanent organization to direct the national war on infantile paralysis until it has been stamped out. works closely with Federal and State authorities
The fund raising agency of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, Inc., is the Committee for the Celebration of the President's Birthday with headquarters at 50 East 42nd St., New York City. Since 1938, Keith Morgan of New York has been the national chairman. President Roosevelt has authorized the use of his birthday each year since then. Since the appointment of Mr. Morgan as national chairman, a vast volunteer organization has been built up throughout the country embracing the states, counties, cities and communities and extending into the territories and insular possessions of the United States. This organization has over 10,000 chairmen consisting of men and women in all walks of life.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS-U. S. AND JAPAN AT WAR
Hawaii Attacked, Then Tokio Notifies U. S.
The second World War began (Dec. 7-8, 1941) when Japan opened an air attack against Pearl Harbor, the great naval base of the United States in Hawaii, and other outposts there and followed it with a declaration of war against the United States and Great Britain. The attack against the Hawaiian bases was timed 1:05 P. M., Sunday, Eastern Standard Time, and the announcement of Japanese Imperial Headquarters that a state of war existed between Japan and the United States and Great Britain was timed 4 P. M., Sunday, Eastern Standard Time.
The following day the Congress of the United States, in joint session, declared war against Japan after receiving a war message from President Roosevelt. Congress acted within a period of 33 minutes on the declaration, which was signed immediately by the President. Barely four hours elapsed between the meeting of the joint session
and the President's signing of the resolution. state of war all but lifts the limit of Presidential power. Statutes which operate in such periods authorize the President to take over transportation systems, industrial plants, radio stations, power facilities and ships, and places some controls on communication systems.
The declaration of war by the United States was followed by a declaration of Great Britain, backed by the Dominions. China also acted. including Germany and Italy in the declaration. Latin American Republics joined in the war with the United States and in South America solidarity was expressed for the United States.
Germany and Italy declared war on the United States (Dec. 11) and the United States countered immediately with declarations against these two Axis countries.
The line-up of nations involved in the Second World War, as of Dec. 15, 1941, follows:
AT WAR WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND THEIR EUROPEAN ALLIES ONLY
AT WAR WITH THE UNITED STATES, GREAT BRITAIN AND RUSSIA
Chronology of War With Japan
Because of the International Date Line, which runs north and south in the Pacific Ocean, many, if not most, of the Far East war conflicts occur on dates more or less ahead of the corresponding American date. For this reason the Dec. 7 date, for example, is more practically a Dec. 7-8 date. At noon Tuesday in New York the clocks in the following cities record the time as follows:
and Great Britain. (The announcement, dated Tokio, Dec. 8 at 6 A. M., was equivalent to 4 P. M., Dec. 7, U. S. Eastern Standard Time.) Emperor Hirohito's declaration fixed the date of the beginning of hostilities "as of dawn." The notice was followed by a session of the Japanese Cabinet at the residence of PremierWar Minister Gen. Hideki Tojo, after which Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo summoned the United States Ambassador, Joseph C. Grew, and the British Ambassador, Sir Robert Leslie Craigie, and handed to Mr. Grew the Japanese Government's formal reply to the note sent to Japan by United States Secretary of State Cordell Hull on Nov. 26, refusing to accede to the American demands, with the reasons therefor. The refusal was handed to Secretary of State Hull, in Washington, on Dec. 8. with no word to him that war had been declared by Japan and had begun. -Japanese warships, troopships, submarines and bombing planes were already in motion toward the American and British possessions in the Pacific.
-At 7:55 A. M., Dec. 7, Honolulu Time, Japanese planes began an attack there which lasted until