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office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two thirds of each house, remove such disability.
Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and void.
Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate legislation the provisions of this article.
ARTICLE XV.-Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
The books named in the lists that follow have been used in the preparation of this volume. Those marked (*) are especially recommended for high schools.
ORIGINAL SOURCES *American History Leaflets. Lovell. *Hart, American History Told by Contemporaries. Macmillan. Elliot, Debates, 5 volumes. *The Federalist. Scott, Foresman & Co. *Madison, Journal of the Constitutional Convention. Scott,
Foresman & Co. *Old South Leaflets. Heath.
PUBLICATIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON *Abridgment of the President's Message and Accompanying Doc
uments. Bulletins of the Bureau of American Republics. *Civil Service Commission, Annual Reports. *Commissioner of Labor, Annual and Special Reports. *Commissioner of Education, Annual Reports. *Congressional Directory. *Congressional Record. Consular Reports. Donaldson, Public Domain. *Finance Reports. (Secretary of the Treasury.) *Interstate Commerce Commission, Annual Reports. * Manual and Digest of the House of Representatives. *Public Debt Statement. *Statistical Abstract.
SPECIAL PUBLICATIONS (not by the Government) International Prison Conference Reports. Proceedings of the National Conference of Charities and Corrections.
GENERAL WORKS *Alton, Among the Law Makers. Scribner. Andrews, An Honest Dollar. Hartford Student Pub. Co. *Andrews, History of the Last Quarter Century. Scribner. Bagehot, The English Constitution. Appleton. *Bancroft, History of the United States. Appleton. *Bliss, Encyclopedia of Social Reform. Funk & Wagnalls Co. Boone, Education in the United States. Appleton. Brooks, How the Republic is Governed. Scribner. *Bryce, American Commonwealth. Macmillan. Bullock, Introduction to the Study of Economics. Silver, Bur
dett & Co. *Burgess, The Middle Period. Scribner. *Channing, A Student's History of the United States. Macmillan. Cooley, Constitutional Limitations. Little, Brown & Co. *Cooley, Principles of Constitutional Law. Little, Brown & Co. *Curtis, The United States and Foreign Powers. Scribner. *Clow, Introduction to the Study of Commerce. Silver, Bur
dett & Co. Commons, Proportional Representation. Crowell. *Conkling, City Government in the United States. Appleton. *Dole, Talks About Law. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Devlin, Municipal Reform in the United States. Putnam. Earle, Child Life in Colonial Days. Macmillan. Earle, Curious Punishments of By-gone Days. H. E. Stone &
Co. Ely, Problems of To-day. Crowell. *Ely, Outlines of Economics. Macmillan. Ely, Trusts and Monopolies. Macmillan. Ely, Taxation in American States and Cities. Crowell. Fisher, S. G., The Evolution of the Constitution of the United
States. Lippincott. *Fisher, The Colonial Era. Scribner. *Fiske, Beginnings of New England. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Fiske, Old Virginia and Her Neighbors. Houghton, Mifflin & Co.
*Fiske, American Revolution. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. *Fiske, Critical Period of American History. Houghton, Mifflin
& Co. *Fiske, Civil Government in the United States. Houghton,
Mifflin & Co. Follett, The Speaker. Longmans. Frothingham, Rise of the Republic. Little, Brown & Co. Godkin, Problems of Democracy. Scribner. Goodnow, Municipal Problems. Macmillan. Grinnell, The Indians of To-day. Stone. *Harrison, This Country of Ours. Scribner. Hart, Essays on American Government. Longmans, Green & Co. * Hart, Formation of the Union. Longmans, Green & Co. Hinsdale, The Old Northwest. Silver, Burdett & Co. * Hinsdale, The American Government. Werner School Book Co. Hitchcock, American State Constitutions. Putnam. Plehn, Introduction to Public Finance. Macmillan. *Hosmer, Samuel Adams. American Statesmen Series. Hough
ton, Mifflin & Co. Howe, Taxation and Taxes in the United States Under the In
ternal Revenue System. Crowell. Jenks, The Trust Problem. McClure, Phillips & Co. *Johnston, American Politics. Holt. Knox, United States Notes. Scribner. Laughlin, Elements of Political Economy. Appleton. Lawrence, The Principles of International Law. Heath. *Lodge, Alexander Hamilton. American Statesmen Series.
Houghton, Mifflin & Co. *Macy, Our Government. Ginn. *Magruder, John Marshall. American Statesmen Series. Hough.
ton, Mifflin & Co. McConachie, Congressional Committees. Crowell. *McMaster, History of the People of the United States. Appleton. *McLaughlin, History of the American Nation. Appleton. Municipal Program, A. Macmillan. *Newspaper Almanacs. *Noyes, Thirty Years of American Finance (1865–1896). Put