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IL PRIMO AMORE.
From the same.
T00 true it is! the amorous heat which SAY, O my heart, to what high darling
Has lighted up a flame within the breast, Aspire thy restless wishes and thy sighs? Never byTime, which allthing selse destroys, Who, in the foldings of thy little all,
Extinction knows nur sweet consoling rest. These tumulus nor unknown, has caught Oh! 'tis a fire that unsuspecting sleeps, to rise ?
Insidious 'mid the ashes, and at will, Meanwhile, the narrow liniits of my breast, Doth seem to lead its captive where it likes, Thee, scarce within their precincts can Suifling all just resentment of the ill. confine,
Alas! should e'en the veriest breeze arise, And now, contracting in thy prison house, Or for a moment but a zephyr sigh,
I find thee not in thy accustom'd shrine. Unnotic'd e'en amid the aspen shade, Now, dost thou burn; now, freezese like the Behold 'uis Aame that speaks destruction
Snow, Which chills old Rhodope, who mocks the An instant only, if I dare to gaze, sight;
O Heavens ! my beauteous enemy, on thee, And now, O strange to tell! the fierce ex. Her dear, her former fiame my heart betrays, treme
And siglis reveal, I am no longer free, Of vivid flame and piercing cold unite.
rast to my sorrows I again return, Alas! why sorrowest thou my little heart? With love for her, again, her slave cxpires, Why thrub'st with pain, or art convulsid And in his charmer's beaming eyes adores with joy?
The sacrifice his destiny requires. What eager hopes impel thee headlong on, Nor is it, Nice, when thy beauty's power, Or fears thy every faculty employ?
Present, takes sweet possession of my mind; Full well I know, for busy thought recalls Where'er my footsteps rove, sufficient food
That awful day, that moment of my fate, For this my honourable flame I find. Heedless of peril, when I dar'd to gaze, There I remember, how my youthful heart And learnt to mourn my venial fault too First felt the tumults of delicisus love: larc,
On this dear spot, how üsuent once you swore, That moment, when beneath thy arched Tender, and faithful to my hopes, to prove. brow,
One place, O Heavens! thy cruelty reals; First sparkled from its torch the streaming Minorber, of thy tenderness reminds ; fire,
Of sportive quarrel that, forgiveness this Whose never-ceasing flame consumes my (With kisses bought), the dear remembrance soul,
finds. Full well I know, and what thou dost de sire,
What shall I say? Tlie very nymphs them
selves, Yes, yes, my beating heart, I understand, Who, to ensnare me, use their every art, What these successive and quick throbs Suill, with their glances, make me think imply,
on thee, That thou dost mourn to share a lover's And fix thy empire firmer o'er my heart.
pangs, And at a mistress' feet expiring lie.
If Sylvia's, Chloris', tresses I admire,
Which wander o'er their glossy Decks at Silence thy grief, thy glorious martyrdom,
will, Ol! for a little to endure, essay.
And truant lips confess; their dazzling charms Forbear to give it ute'rance yet awhile,
Nice, my heart replies, is fairer still. Aod my affections to the fair betray. But must this harsh restraint for ever be,
O beauteous object of my heart's desire!
Love first I knew, and wish to know for Must I in silence languish out my days?
thee; Love e'er attends the daring and the bold,
The voice of Fate a wakes no vain regrets, And ever, bright success, with glory's rays. ccess, with glory's rays.
To sigh for thee! what brighter destiny ! Yes, that I love thee, dear all cong'ring maid,
ON A LADY WHOM HER ADMIRER HA Shall by this sad and faithful heart be told,
COMPARED TO THE SUN. That thine eye's lastre is the guilty cause,
(From the Frencb.) Why I regardless of the risk am bold.
How can I, said the fair one, resemble the That to ask pity is mild Nature's lan",
Sun, I'll say ; but if with scorn you rube your Who am, as you see, hut a woman? brow,
Why, I'll tell you, quorh Quiz, for as sure Or smile with mark'd disdain, O Heavens ! as a gun, then
'Tis because you are, both of you, common. My love I would, and I would not, avow.
PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.
ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. It combines with sulphur in close vesTTAVING in our last given an account sels, biled with the vapoor of naphtha, IT of Mr. Davy's discoveries with re- with great vividness, with light, heat, and gard to potaslı, we shall proceed, as we afterwards with explosion from the vaporiproposed, to consider the properties and zation of a portion of sulpluur, and the disnature of the basis of Soda, The basis or engagement of sulphuretted buydrogen gas. metallic substance obtained by decompo. The phosphuret has the appearance of sition), is a solid at the cominon temper- lead, and forms phosphate of soda, by exature. It is white, opaque, and it'ex- posure to the air, or by combustion. amined under a film of naphtha, has the The basis of soda in the quantity of 10 Justre and general appearance of silver, part, renders mercury a fixed solid of the It is excecdingly malicable, and is softer colour of silver, and the combination is than any of the common metallic sub. attended with a considerable degree of stances. It is a good conductor of elec- heat. It makes an alloy with tin, with. tricity and hent, and small globules of it out changing its colour, and it acts upon inflame by the voltaic electrical spark, lead and gold when heated. and burn with bright explosions : its spe- From some very accurate experiments, cific gravity is something inore than 93. Mr.Davy has found that 100 parts of potIt becomes lluid at about 180° of Fahren- asia, consist of 86.1 of the basis, and heit, but the exact degroe of heat at 13.9 of oxygen : and in 100 parts of soda, which it becomes volatile, has not been there will be 80 parts of the basis, and 20 ascertained.
of oxygen. The chemical phenomena produced hy To the question whether the bases of the basis of soda, arc in many respects, potash and soda should be called metals; analogous to those produced by the basis Mr. Davy says, that the greater number of potaslı: when exposed to the atmo- of philosophical persons answer in the sphere, it immediately tarnishes, and by affirmative. They agree with metals in degrees becomes covered with a white opacity, lustre, malleability, conducting crust, which deliquesces much more powers as to heat and electricity, and in slowly itan the substance that forms on their qualities of chemical combination; the basis of potash, and which proves to their low specific gravity does not appear be pare suda. The basis combines a sufficient reason for making them a new slowly with oxygen, and without lumi. class; for ainong the metals themselves, nous appearance, at all common tem- there are remarkable differences in this peratures; and when heated this combi- respect, platina being nearly four times nation becomes more rapid, but no light as heavy as tellurium; and in the philosois emitted, till it has acquired a teni phical division of the classes of bodies, perature nearly that of ignition. In the analogy between the greater number oxygen gas, it burns with a while light: of properties nust always be the foundain oxymuriatic acid yas, it burns vividly tion of arrangement. Hence the bases with a bright red light; saline matter is of the alkalies are denominated, Potassiformed, which proves to be muriate of um, and Sodaum. soda. When thrown upon water, it pru- In reference to his own discoveries, Mr. duces a violent effervescence, with a loud Davy observes, that," In the common prohissing noise; it combines with the cesses of nature, all the products of living oxygen of the water to form soda, which beings may be easily conceived to be eli is dissolved, and its bydrogen is disent- cited from knowni combinations of matter. gaged.
The compounds of iron, of the alkalies, The basis of sodla acts upon alcohol and earths, with mineral acids, generally and ether in the same manner 'with the abound in soils. From the decomposition basis of pot-ash. The water contained of basaltic, porphyritic, and gravitic, in them is decomposed, soda is rapidly rocks, there is a constant supply of earthy, formed, and hydrogen is disengaged. alkaline, and ferruginous materials to the When thrown upon the strong acids, it surface of the earth. In the sap af all acts upon thens with great energy, if the pinnts that have been examined, certain nitrous acid is employed, a vivid inflam- neutrosaline compounds, containing porn mation is produced; with muriatic and ash, or soda, or iron, have been found. sulphuric acids, there is much heat gene. From plants, they inay be supplied to rated, but nu light,
animals. And the chemical tendency of
organisation seeros to be rather to com- of a substance, possessing the whiteness bine substances into more coinplicated of silver, forined at the negative point. and diversified arrangements, than to re- A mixture of barytes and red oxide of duce them to simple elements."
mercury, in the saine proportions, was From the fixed alkalies, the professor electrified in the same manner. A small proceeded to the earths, which are non- 10055 of solid amalgam adhered to the neconductors of electricity. The alkalies gative wire, which evidently contained a become conducting substances by fusion: substance that produced barytes by expothe infusible nature of the earths, rene sure to air, with the absorption of oxygen; dei rd it impossible to operate upon thein and which occasioned the evolution of in this state: the strong afiinity of their hydrogen from water, leaving pure mere bases for oxygen would not admit of their cury, and producing a solution of barytes. bodies being acted upon by solution in Mixtures of lime, strontites, magnesia, water; and the only methods that prosed and red oxide of mercury, treated in the successful, were those by which they were same manner, gave similar amalgams, operated upon by electricity in some of fiom which the alkaline earths were retheir combinations, or if combining thein generated by the action of air and water, at the inoment of their decomposition by While Mr. Davy was pursuing these electricity, in metallic alloys, so as to ob- experiments, he heard that Professor Bertain evidences of their nature and proper. zelius, and Dr. Pontin, ot Stockholin, had ties.
succeeded in decomposing barytes and On this plau, Mr. Davy undertook a lime, by negatively electrifying mercury series of experiments on Barytes, Stron. in contact with thein, and that in this way tites, and Lime, employing upon them they had obtained amalgams of the me the same methods as he bad used in the tals of these earths. Mr. Davy repeated decomposition of the fixed alkalies. Gas the experiinents with a battery of 500, and was, in each case, copiously evolved, obtained the most perfect success. The which was inflammable; and the earths, mercury gradually became less fluid, and where in contact with the negative inetal- after a few minutes was covered with a fic wires, became dark-coloured, and ex- white film of barytes; and when the amal. hibited small points, having a metallic garn was thrown into water, hydrogen was lustre, which, when exposed to air, gra- disengaged, the mercury remained free, dually became white: they became white and a solution of barytes was forined. likewise when plunged under water, and The result with lime was precisely analowhen examined by a magnifier, a green- gous, so also was that with strontites; ish powder seemed to separate from with magnesin it was with more dilticulty them.
obtained. All these amulyans may be Ile then made mixtures of dry pot-ash preserved a considerable period under in excess, and dry barytes, lime, stron- Daphtha, but in a length of time they be. tites, and maynesia, brought them into come covered with a while crust. When fusion, and acted upon them in the vol. exposed to air, a very few minutes only taic circuit, as he had done in obtaininy were required, for the oxygenation of the the metals of the alkalies. lle boped, by bases of the earths. this means, that the potassium, and the In several cases, Mr. Davy exposed metals of the earths, might be deoxygen- the amalgaws of the metals of the earths, ated at the same time, and enter into containing only a very small quantity of combination in alloy. Metallic substan- mercury, to the air, on a delicare baces appeared less fusible than potassium, laoce, and he always found that, during which burrit the instant after they had the conversion of metal into earth, formed, and which, by burning, produced there was a considerable increase of a mixture of pot-ash, and the earth em- weight. He also found that, when the ployed. He had found, that when a mis metals of the earths were burned in a ture of pot-ash, and the oxides of mercury, small quintity of air, they absorbed oxycin, or lead, was electrified in the Voltaic gen, gained weight, and were in a highly circuit, the decomposition was very ra- caustic or unslaked state; for they propid, and an amalgam or an alloy of potas- daced strong heat by the contact of water, sium was obtained. He tried the same and did not efferresce luring their solus on a mixture of two parts of barytes, and tiun in acids. Hence it is inferred, that one part of oxide of silver very slightly the evidence for the conposition of the moistened; when it was electrified by iron alkaline earths, is of tbe same kind as that wires, an effervescence took place at both for the composition of the cominon mepoints of contact, and a tinute quantity tallic oxides; and the principles of their
decomposition decomposition are precisely siinilar; the colour, lustre, opacity, and conducting inflammable matters in all cases, separa- powers, remaining unimpaired. It is ting at the negative surface in the Voltaic scarcely possible to conceive, that a subcircuit, and the oxygen at the positive sur- stance which forms with mercury so perface. The professor denominates the feet an amalgam should not be metallic in metals obtained from the alkaliue earths, its own nature, hence it may be denoinibarium, struntium, calcium, and mag- nated animoniuin." nium.
Froin the preceding facts, the followThe prosessor next tried a number of ing questions have occurred : on what do experiinents on the other earths, which the metallic properties of ammonium deare not alkaline, and from the general pend? Are hydrogen and nitrogen tenor of these results, and the coinparison both metals in the aeriform stale, at the between the difierent series of experi. usual temperature of thcatmosphere, bo. ments, there seems very great reason to dies of the same character as zinc and conclude that alumine, zircon, glucine, quicksilver would be in the heat of igniand silex, are, like the alkaline earths, tion? Or are these gases in their common metallic oxides. He admits, however, form, oxides, whiclr become metallized by that the evidences of decomposition and deoxydation? Or are they simple bodies, composition are not of the same strict not metallic in their own nature, but canature as those that belong to the fixed pable of composing a metal in their dealkalies, and alkaline earths; for it is pos- oxygenated, and an alkalin their oxygen sible that in the experiments in which si ated, state? lex, alumine, and zircon appeared to se- Assuming the existence of hydrogen, in parate during the oxidation of potassium, the amalgamn of ammonium, its presence and sodaum, their bases might not actu- in one metallic compound evidently ally have been in combination with them, leads to the suspicion of its combination but the earths themselves, in union with in others. And in the electrical powers the metals of the alkalies, or ju mere me- of the different species of matter, there chanical mixture.
are circumstances which extend the idea The strong attraction of potassium, so to combustible substances in general. daum, and the metals of the alkaline Oxygen is the only body which can be earths for oxygen, led Mr. Davy to exa- supposed elementary, attracted by the mine, if their deoxydating powers could positive surface in the electrical circuit ; not be made to produce the effect of the and all compound bodies, the nature of amalgamation of ammonia, independently which is known that are attracted by this of the agency of electricity; and he found surface, contain a considerable proporthat, when mercury, united to a small tion of oxygen, Hydrogen is the only quantity of potassium, sodaum, barium, matter attracted by the negative surface, or calcium, was made to act upon moist- which can be considered as acting the opened muriate of ammonia, the amalgam posite part to oxygen; “ may not then," rapidly increased to six or seveu times its says the professor, " the different inflamvolume, and the compound seemed to mable bodies, supposed to be simple, concontain much more ammoniacal basis, tain this as a cominon elemeut?" than that procured by electrical powers. Should future experiments prove the
The amalgam from ammonia, when truth of this bypothesis, still the alkalies, formed at the temperature of 700 or 80°, the earths, and the metallic oxides, will is a soft solid, of the consistence of belong to the same class of bodies. From bulter; at the freezing temperature it be- platina, to potassium, there is a regular comes firmer and a crystallized mass, and order of gradation as to their physical and its specific gravity is below 3. When chemical properties, and this would proexposed to air, it soon becomes covered bably extend to ammonium, could it be with a white crust, which proves to be obtained in the fixed form. Platina and carbonate of aminonia.
"gold, in specific gravity, degree of oxyda"The more," says Mr. Davy, “the bility, and other qualities, differ more properties of the amalgam obtained from from arsenic, iron, and iin, than these ammonia, are considered, the more ex- last do from barium and strontium. The traordinary do they appear. Mercury, phenomena of combustion of all oxidable by combination with about the taboo metals, are precisely analogous. In the part of its weight of new matter, is ren- same manner as arsenic forms an acid, by dered solid, yet it has the specific gravity burning in air, potassium forms an alkali, diminished from 13.5 to less than 3, and and calcium an earth ; in a innnner sitni. it retaius all its metallic characters; its lar to that in which osmnium forms a sola
tile and acrid substance by the absorp. attraction of acids with alkalis, by means tion of oxygen, does the amalyam, of oi which 100 figures are made to repres ammoniuin produce the volatile aikali; sent the atfinities of 100 different salts, and if we suppose that ammonia is meials which it would otherwise require about lized, by being combined with hydrogen), 5000 words to express. and freed from water, the same reason. February 16, a paper by M. Brodie, ing will apply to the other metais, with describing a twin lætus, nearly the full this difference, that the adherence of size, serenmonths old, and without either tieir phlogiston, of bydrogen, would be heart, liver, or gall bladder, was read. exactly in the inverse ratio of their at- This was considered the best forined traction for oxygen. In platina, it would fætus which has hitherto been known be combined with the greatest energy; in without a heart, although the author ammonium with the least; and if it be se- cred a considerable number. It appears parable from any of the metals, without that all such children have been tuins, the aid of a new combination, we way ex- and that the present was quite as large pect that this result will be attorded by as the other which had its organs comthe most volatile and oxidable, such as plete. arsenic, or the mctals of the fixed alka- Captain Burney farnished two papers, lies, submitted to intense heat, under one on the motion of heavy bodies in the electrical polarities, and having the pres- Thames, detailiny some experinents: sure of the atmosphere renoved.
with loaded sticks, to ascertain why Mr. Davy concludes by hoping, that loaded barges sailed faster than the cure the new facts which he has discovered, l'ent, or than unloaded barges; but his may admit of many applications, and ex- experiments only tended tu confirm the plain some phenomena in nature. The fact, that the heaviest end of a pole metals of the earths" he says, cannot always went first with the current. The exist at the surface of the globe; but it is other was a plan for measuring a ship's very possible that they may form a part way at sca, by means of a steel-yard and of the interior; and such an assumption line, where a pound weight should inwould offer a theory tor the phenomena dicate a mile, or more or less, according of volcanoes, the formation of laras, and to the power of the instrument. the excitement and effects of subterrane- February 23, a letter from Mr. Knight ous beat; for let it be granted that the to the President was read, containing metals of the earths and alkalies, in alloy some farther observations on the sap of with common nietals, exist in large quane trees, the formation of radicles from the tities beneath the surface, then their acci- bark, and also that of the buds froin the dental exposure to the action of air and same source, instead of their being prowater, must produce the effect of subtere duced from the alburnum, as is supe rancan tire, and a product ut earity and posed, stony inatter analogous to lavas. Thelu. A paper by Mr. IIern', on a peculiar minous appearance of those meteors joint discovered in the sualus maximus, connected with the fall of stones, is one (basking shark) lately cast on the seara of the extraordinary circumstances of shore, was laid before the Society,. ace these wonderful phenomena. This eficct companied by a drawing. may be accounted for, by supposing that the substances which fail, come into our , WERNERIAN SOCIETY. atmosphere in a metalic state, and that A T a Meeting of the Werperian Na. the earths of which they principally colle A tural History Society, of Edinburgh, sist are regults of combustion."
on the 11thot February, Professor James At the inceting of the Royal Sociсty, Sun read a short account of the OryctoFebruary 2, a most curious and in- gnostic characters, and geognostic relateresting paper, Ly Mr. Davy, was read, una of the mineral, nained Cryolite, giving an account of various experiments from West Greenland.-Mr. P. Neile on the action ni potassiuin on ammonia, read a description of a rare species of from which it appears that a considerable whale, lately stranded near Alloa, in the quantity of nitrogen can be made to Firth of Forth. It ineasured forty-three disappear, and can be regenerated. feet in length, bad a small dorsal fin; When it disappears, Duthing can be ob- longitudinal suici on the borax; short tained in iis place but oxygen, and hye whalebones, (anons) in the upper jaw; drogen ; mud when it is formed, its ele- the under jitwy somewhat wider, and a mentary matter is fuinished by water. very lutle longer than the upper; both
February 9, Dr. Young furnished a jaws accuminated, the under one ending series of numerical tables of the elective in a sharp long ridge. From these cha. AloxTULY Mac. No. 184,