« ZurückWeiter »
my statement is true. I hope, for the credit of poetry, that the good sense of the age will scout this insidious school and what nay we not expect if Moore and Lord Strangford apply themselves tu a chaster muse? -- they are both men of uncommon powers.?
These sentiments, from a very young man, of great glow of imagination, are highly commendable, and may be adopted with advantage by his elders.
Of poems, numbers of which were written at the early age of fourteen, it would be folly to speak in the terms of cold criticism; and it is greatly to be lamented, that, after the modest and feeling manner in which he deprecates such criticism in his early preface, that his susceptible mind was not spared that pang by a Review of the day *. Of his early productions, one styled The Dance of the Consumptives has a touching wildness in it: who can read the following lines without an inward shudder?
* The cynical illiberality of the Monthly Review to young poets has long been proverbial, as if the reviewer, conscious of the imbecility of his own judgment, felt it impossible to conceal his weakness in any other manner, than affected severity and contempt for all modern poetical effusions. In no instance, however, was this ignoble disposition more strikingly evinced than in the critique on Mr. White's “ Clifton Grove,” in which the Monthly reviewer, with all the plausible professions of a French despoiler, exerted his utmost powers to wound the feelings of the author, and “barb the pangs" of piercing penury." If a work contains bad principles, they certainly form a just subject of animadversion; but no apology can be offered for reflecting on the poverty of an innocent author; none for wanton cruelty to a youth, whose only fault was that of having written a defective rhyme. Whenever a critic condemns such things with asperity, it is a convincing proof of his want of judgment. The fastidious abúse of Mr. White, and other young poets, by the Monthly Review, was very happily satirised in a sketch of the Art of Damning," Vol. 17. P. 444, et seq. of the Antijacobin Review; the first and only work which has uniformly admitted the appeals of injured cr condemned authors.
Father, do not strive to save her,
The worio it wiil riot
On heavenly diet,
When death has deflower'd her eye." The latter part of The Eve of Death is highly beautiful and touching, and well worked up. Can any one peruse The Ode to Genius, wherein the sufferings and painful struggles of his own refined mind are so feelingly pourtrayed, without the tenderest sympathy?
Exquisitely touching are the lines To a Friend in Distress, beginning “Do I not feel?"--every syllable makes its way to the heart. The last two stanzas in the book, pointed out by Mr. Southey, are indeed affecting. The unfinished
poem of Time has many beauties.
In short, to speak generally, these conipositions contain a poetic warmth, a tender melancholy, an affecting presentiment of his own early fate, which deeply interest the feeling reader; and we will not hesitate to acknowledge, that we rose from their perusal (more than once) oppressed by a softening melancholy, which would for the time have disabled us from the discussion of his merits; but which we would not have exchanged for the most animated social intercourse.---Peace to thiy manes, gentle shade!
We venture earnestly to recommend these little volumes to lie on the table of the young student; at intervals of
leisure from severer study, they will interest his best feelings, and tend to improve his heart. The Prayer is worthy his attention. To those particularly who look to the ministry, it may not be quite useless to reflect, with what elevated ideas, and preparation of the heart, so enlightened a young man felt it necessary to meet so important an assumption; and if it should cause one or two to pause before they take up the profession from mere motives. of interest, or of indolence, without a due consideration of the important character and duties annexed to it, no harm will be done.
Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London. Vol. I.
7s. 6d. Hatchard; ; White, 1808.
IN the preceding number we noticed the first publication of the Horticultural Society with considerable satisfaction. The second part is now before us, and although somewhat less copious, is not less interesting. It contains seven papers, two of which are by Mr. T. A. Knight, two by Mr. Salisbury, and one by Sir Joseph Banks.
The first paper in this part, and twelfth in the order of the volume, is “ On the Cultivation of the common Flux (Linum Usitatissimum of Linné), as an ornamental Plant in the Flower Garden. By Mr. John Dunbar, Gardener to Thomas Fairfax, Esq." The author declares, that his observations are the result of several years experience, by which a family consisting of five persons has been supplied with all the linen they [it] required.” We have before stated our sentiments on the best mode of preparing hemp or flax, in noticing Wisset's “Treatise on Hemp, (Antijac. Rev. Vol. 29, p. 327,) which Mr. Dunbar would have found his account in consulting. It is probable, however, that he can rear good crops of flax, although his account of the process of steeping and cleaning is very imperfect. But his proposal deserves the highest attention, by immediate and universal adoption at the present crisis. It is to substitute “flax for the cumbersome yellow lupine in our flower-borders, the annual revenue arising froin which would amount to several thousand pounds." Mr. Duobar proposes that the fax so raised should be allowed to ripen for seed, and that the gardeuer's wife should steep, dress,
and spin it into yarn, to be woven into linen fit før labouring people's use. “In many districts this operation, " he says, " is well understood, and if carefully perforned, home-spun linen from such flax will last twice the time of most of the Irish linen that is now to be purchased in our shops." By this method of sowing flax-seed as an ornamental plant “in random parcels or little clumps of from ten to twenty, plants, towards the back of the flower-borders, and in the front of the shrubbery," as much seed might be annually raised as would prevent the entire dependence on foreign countries, and at the same time furnish a cheap and valuable article of clothing. Even should flax-seed again become abundant, still the whole produced in this manner would be clear profit, and the value of oil and oil-cake will always render it an object Worthy of cultivation, as well for emolument as ornament.
An “ Account of the Method of cultivating the American Cranberry, Vaccinium Macrocarpum, at Spring Glove, by Sir Joseph Banks,” shows with what facility and advantage this agreeable fruit may be raised in this country much superior to the berries « inported, which have in general been gathered unripe, and have become vapid and almost tasteless by long soaking in the water in which they are packed for carriage." The vaccinium, with a variety of other curious bog plants, was planted in an artificial island in a pond near Hounslow Heath; it flourished in an unusual degree, and ripened its fruit the first year. The second year it likewise produced a plentiful crop, and began to send out runners resembling those of a strawberry. This circuinstance, added to the delicate flavour of the fruit, induced the President to pay more particular attention to its cultivation, and to give it a place on the same bank with the strawberries. The annual product of two cranberry beds, containing three hundred and twenty-six square feet, after seven years of cultivation, was five dozen bottles of berries, besides a small basket reserved for present use. It is remarkable," adds the author, " that
during the seven years these cranberries have been culstivated at Spring Grove, no circumstance bus arisen, from the variety of seasons, from blight, or any other circumstance (cause], that has diminished the quantity of a full
From observations and "experiments made to ascertain the influence of gravitation on the descending sap of trees, and the cause of the descent of the radicle, ap. ascent
of the expanding plumule of germinating seeds," we have * a New Method of training Fruit Trees, by T. A. Knight, Esq. F. R. S.” This naturalist apprehended, that." pone of the forms, in which fruit-trees are generally trained, are those best calculated to promote an equal distribution of the circulating fluids, by which alone permanent health, vigour, and power to afford a succession of abundant crops, can be given.” In consequence of this conviction, he began his experiments on the peach, but they are equally applicable to the cherry, plumb, and pear-tree. When trees are by any means deprived of the motion which their branches naturally receive from winds, the forms in which they are trained operate more powerfully on their permanent health and vigour than is generally imagined. Mr. Knight therefore commenced his operations on plants of one year old, and made two opposite branches or arins to form a horizontal line; these branches or principal runners the second and third year were allowed to retain such shoots as could grow and bear branches without over-shadowing others, and which were generally projected at angles from the horizontal branches until that they assumed nearly the appearance of radii from a semicircle. The principal advantage of the author's plan, which cannot be explained without the plate, is that it exposes a "greater surface of leaf to the light, without placing any of the leaves so as to shade others, than can probably be done by any other mode of training. In consequence of this arrangement, the growth of the trees was so great, that at two years old some of them were fifteen feet wide." Mr. Knight made little use of the pruning kuife in winter,
" I must remark," says he,) " that the necessity of winter pruning should generally be avoided as much as possible; for by laying in a much larger quantity of wood in the summer and autumn than can be wanted in the succeeding year, the gardener gains no other advan, tage than that of having a great choice of fine bearing wood to fill his walls,' and I do not see any adrantage in his having much more than he wants; on the contrary, the health of the tree always suffers by too much use of the knife throagh successive seasons.
“ To enter into the detail of pruņing in the manner in which I think it might be done with most advantage, would of necessity lead me much beyond the intended limits of my present commu. nication; but I shall take this opportunity of offering a few ob servations on the proper treatment of luxuriant shoots of the peachtree, the origin and office of which, #s well as the right mode of pruning them; are not at all understood, either by the writers on gardening of this country, or the continent.
" I bave shown in the Phil. Trans. of 1805, that the alburbum,