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In spite of the exceedingly destructive war in Europe, which caused a sudden and complete stoppage of the demand for motor cars in that quarter of the world, 1914 will be marked in history of automobiling as one of the most successful ever enjoyed by the industry. That such should have been the case is considered extraordinary by those who are familiar with the conditions that existed in the early months of the year. For the first six months, with only a few exceptlons, the manufacturers appeared to be facing a disastrous season. Reports of record crops appeared to mark the turning point, for July, August and September were marked by a flood of orders that in some cases, swamped the facilities for production. It is estimated that the output of motor cars by American factories during the year reached the enormous total of 500,000, which, added to the total of approximately 1,400,000 cars which were in use at the beginning of the year, brings this country within reaching distance of the two-million mark, a staggering total for a type of vehicle which must be regarded as quite as much of a luxury as a utility.
The war broke out at a time when exports of motor_cars were extremely heavy, cutting off a huge source of income to the American manufacturers. For the eight months up to August 1 the value of cars exported to foreign countries amounted to about $25,000,000. More than 90 per cent. of the cars exported were absorbed by Great Britain and her colonies and Continental Europe. EXcept from Canada and Australia the demand ceased at once, and even the overseas dominions of Great Britain evinced conservatism, due to the magnitude of the struggle in which they were so greatly interested. There was left, therefore, only South America as a foreign buyer of American cars, and in the closing months of the year there were indications that the Argentine Republic, Brazil and other southern automobile-using countries, with their supply from Europe shut off, would prove good customers of the American makers of motor cars.
On the other hand, the war brought unexpected good fortune to the motor truck division of the industry-a division that had been far from prosperous. Early in the great struggle Germany utilized motor-driven vehicles to wonderful advantage in the advance on Paris, and the allles found them equally valuable in the transportation of troops, light artillery and supplies, both for guns and men. At the end of two months, however, the constant grind over rough roads and fields had begun to tell on efficiency, and orders were issued to replenish the supply. During the prst week in October representatives of France and Great Britain purchased nearly 2,000 motor trucks from American manufacturers, an outlay of over $6,000,000, and nexotiations ihen under way indicated that the various warring nations would take many thousands additional as soon as they could be supplied.
The importation of automobiles to the United States, which had been growing gradually smaller, almost ceased with the start of the war. After August 1 no more cars were received from France, Germany and Belgium. Italian factories were allowed to continue their export business, thereby helping to meet the comparatively small demand for foreign cars. Finding the Continental market closed to thein, Great Britain sent a few passenger cars here, and found a ready demand.
All records for motor car production were broken in the twelve months up to August 1 by a Detroit manufacturer of small, low-priced cars, whose distribution in that period was in excess of 255,000. Four years ago the whole world did not produce so many cars in a season, This same maker has announced a rebate in casi to his customers is, in the next twelve months, he sells 300,000 cars, and there is no doubt that the mark will be reached.
It had been anticipated that 1914 would be marked by an extraordinary advance in the production and sale of very small light cars and of cycle cars, the latter being a vehicle of less than normal width and of light weight. This, however, failed to eventuate, the public appearing to prefer either the small machines of normal type at a slightly higher price, or the motorcycle, with or without a side attachment for carrying an extra passenger. Just what the future of the cycle car will be is difficult to predict, but at any rate the motor-wise public of 1914 found little merit in it.
The one drastic departure from accepted automobile practice during the year was the offering toward the end of the season of an eight-cylinder car by an American concern. This did not, however. mark a departure from accepted practice, as a French manufacturer had been marketing a similar car for some years. In this country, however, the multi-cylinder idea had progressed to only six, and the innovation was received with intense interest as marking a radical change in type that might some day prove dominant. The popularity of the innovation, like all those which are introduced in the making of anitomobiles, cannot be gauged for six months or a year.
In the cars brought out during the last twelve months there has been a very noticeable change in appearance, due to the almost universal adoption of the so-called stream-line body, by which is meant a body in which there are as few angles as possible. Every effort has been made to obtain flowing lines from front to rear, and to eliminate, as far as possible, the piling up of accessories of ont kind or another, on the running board, etc. As a result the hood over the motor in the new cars shows a slope from the radiator upward to the dash, which also slopes, its top merging into the flowing lines of the body, giving a most pleasing effect to the whole.
Racing during 1914 continued on about the same plane as in the two or three years previous. The great road classics--the Vanderbilt Cup and Grand Prize-were again contested at Los Angeles, the former being won by an American car that had previously been little heard of, and the lat. ter, also by a domestic creation, but one that had been extremely successful in high-speed contests. The 500-mile race was renewed on the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, and resulted in a decisive victory for French machines, which filled the first four places at the finish, with René Thomas, a Frenchman. showing the way. There were no fatallties during the race, although thirty cars participated, and only one serious accident. Abroad the Grand Prix was renewed in France, and that country's industry was humiliated when three German cars of the same make filled first, secend and third places.
Death took its usual toll among racing drivers during the year, the list including Spencer Wishart. one of the best of the younger school of American drivers, who was killed at Elgin. Ill., in the running of the Elgin National race, and Jules Goux, one of the most famous of French pilots, and winner in 1913 of the 500-mile race at Indianapolis. Goux was killed in France while practicing for the Grand Prix.
It had been expected that there would be great activity during the year in the building of motor speed ways, but such was not the case, only one two-mile oval in Sioux City, Iowa, being opened. The efforts to furnish New York with high speed motoring through a medium of this kind came to naught, but there are indications that the metropolis may have a speedway at least by the Fall of 1915, negotiations being under way to transform one of the old horse-racing iracks to such a use.
Touring in automobiles was greater in the year just ended than ever before, thousands upon thousands of motorists electing thus to spend their vacations on the good roads to be found throughout the Eastern States. New England, especially the White Mountain district, was again the objective of the majority, but there was shown an increasing trend toward the Middle West, while a greater number than ever made the trans-continental journey between New York and Pacinc coast points. The run from ocean to ocean has, in fact, become so common as hardly to excite any comment, and it is expected that many thousands will utilize the motor car in their journeys to the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco this year.
The good roads movement, which got under way strongly about five years ago, continued to gain strength during 1914, and thousands of miles of highways were built or improved in various parts of the country. The Lincoln Highway, which eventually will be a first-class trunk line between New York and San Francisco, made distinct progress, and it is not too much to hope that within two years it will become a delightful reality for the tourist.
AUTOMOBILE RACES AND RECORDS.
AMERICAN AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION:
Time. April 23, 1911. Daytona. Blitzen Benz. Burman..
15.88 April 23, 1911. . Daytona.
Blitzen Benz.. Burman..
25.40 April 23, 1911..Daytona. Blitzen Benz.. Burman..
51.28 January 24, 1906. Daytona.
5 miles.. March 24, 1909. Daytona. Benz.
Bruce-Brown. 10 mlles..
5 14.40 January 29, 1906. Daytona.
10 March 30, 1911.. Jacksonville. Buick Bug. Burman.
13 11.92 March 28, 1911. . Jacksonville... Buick Bug. Burman.
35 52.31 March 6, 1908. .Daytona. Renault.
100 miles.. 1 12 45.20 March 31, 1911.. Jacksonville.. Special..
150 mlles.. 1 55 18 March 31, 1911.. Jacksonville.. Special.
200 miles.. 12 34 12 March 31, 1911. . Jacksonville... Special..
3 14 55 March 31, 1911. . Jacksonville.. Special.
300 miles.. 3 53 33.50 March 28, 1911. . Jacksonville... Special.
81.65 miles One Hour.
Time. March 16, 1910. Daytona. Benz
Time. May 29, 1911.. Indianapolis.. Blitzen Benz... Burman..
8.16 May 29, 1911. . Indianapolis Blitzen Benz.. Burman.
16.80 May 29, 1911.. Indianapolis Blitzen Benz.. Burman.
21.40 May 29, 1911. , Indianapolis Blitzen Benz.. Burman.
35.35 April 13, 1910..Los Angeles.. Fiat.
1 15.96 May 5, 1912. .Los Angeles... Flat.
1 54.83 May 5, 1912. . Los Angeles... Flat
2 33.37 May 5. 1912. Los Angeles.. Flat
3 11.75 April 9, 1910. Los Angeles... Simplex
6 35.62 July 4. 1910. . Indianapolis. Benz.
10 25.17 July 4, 1910, . Indianapolis.
14 06.72 March 19, 1911.. Los Angeles... Lozier.
18 22.60 March 19, 1911.. Los Angeles.. Lozier.
36 35.80 March 19, 1911.. Los Angeles.. Lozler.
54 50.20 May 30, 1912. Indianapolis Flat.
100 miles.. 1 13 37.25 May 30, 1912.. Indianapolis Flat.
150 miles.. 1 49 52.84 May 30, 1912. . Indianapolis, Fiat.
2 25 59.52 May 30, 1912. . Indianapolis Flat.
250 miles. 3 07 13.94 May 30, 1912.. Indianapolis National..
3 48 49.30 May 30, 1912. . Indianapolis National..
350 miles.. 4 25 15.27 May 30, 1912. . Indianapolis National.
5 04 14.23 May 30, 1912. Indianapolis National
5 44 04.54 May 30, 1912. Indianapolis National... Dawson.
500 mlles.. 6 21 06.03
Time. April 16, 1910. . Los Angeles.. Marmon
1 16, 1910. . Los Angeles... Marmon. April
Time. August 8, 1914.. St. Louis, Mo Simplex.
46.20 August 8, 1914.. St. Louis, Mo. Simplex.
1 32.60 Disor).
3 miles. September 14, 1912. Cleveland, O., Simplex
2 27.81 Disor).
4 miles. September 14, 1912. Cleveland, O.. Simplex
3 17.02 Disbr0W.
5 miles. September 14, 1912.. Cleveland, O.. Simplex
4 06.58 Dispro.
10 miles. September 14, 1912.. Cleveland, 0. Simplex
8 17.02 April 14, 1912.. San José. Cal. Simplex.
13 30.00 14, 1912.. San José, Cal April
17 57.40 12, 1914.. Portland, Ore July
22 07.20 Detroit, Mich. Simplex, September 29. 1912.
45 32.00 25, 1912.. Columbus, O.. Mercer August
1 15 52.50 Mercedes.. September 7, 1914.. Bright'n Beac
1 40 15.00 August 25, 1912.. Columbus, O.. Mercer
150 miles. 2 30 51.00 4, 1913, Columbus, o. Mason Special. Mullord.
200 miles. July
3 21 48.00 24-HOUR TRACK RACES. DATE. Place. Car.
Distance. October 15, 1909. Brighton B'ch. Stock Chassis Lozier. Patschke & Mulford.. 1,196 miles, October 19, 1910, Brighton B'ch. Class "C" Stearns Poole & Patschke.. 1,253 miles. April
8. 1911. Los Angeles... IClass"C''Sp'dway, Fiat Verbeck & Hirsh.. 1,491 miles.
IMPORTANT TRACK AND ROAD RACES. February 26-Los Angeles, Cal., Vanderbilt Cup, 294 miles over Santa Monica course-Won by Ralph De Palma (Mercedes), 3h. 53m. 41s., average speed 75.6 miles per hour; second, Barney oidfeld (Mercer), 3h. 55m. ls.; third, W. H. Carlson (Mason), 4h. 2m. 398.; fourth, Earl Cooper (Stutz), 4h. 4m. 38.
February 28-Los Angeles, Cal., International Grand Prize, 404.248 miles over Santa Monica course-Won by Edwin Pullen (Mercer), 5h. 13m. 30s., average speed 77.2 miles per hour; second,
AUTOMOBILE RACES AND RECORDS-Continued. Guy Ball (Marmon), 5h. 53 m. 238., average speed 68.4 miles per hour; B. Taylor third, (Alco), 6h. 8m. 298., average speed 65.6 miles per hour; fourth, R. De Palma (Mercedes), 6h. 9m. 8s., average speed 65.5 miles per hour.
May 30--Indianapolis, Ind., 500-mile motordrome race-Won by Rene Thomas (Delage), 6h. 3m. 45.998., average speed 82.47 miles per hour; second, Arthur Ďuray (Peugeot), oh. 10m. 24.298., average speed 80.99 miles per hour; third, Albert Guyot (Delage), 6h. 14m. 1s., average speed 80.20 miles per hour; fourth, Jules Goux (Peugeot), 6h. 17m. 24.40s., average speed 79.49 miles per hour; arth, Barney Oldfield (Stutz), 6b. 23m. 51.54 s., average speed 78.15 molles per hour.
July 3-Tacoma, Wash., 200-mile race-Won by Hugh Hughes (Maxwell), 2h. 41m. 52 2-5s.
July 4-Sioux City, Ia., 300-mile road race-Won by E. Rickenbacher (Duesenberg), 3h. 49 m. 28., average speed 78 miles per hour; second, S. Wishart (Mercer), 3h. 51m. 208.; third, R. Mulford (Duesenberg), 4h. 26s.; fourth, Gil Anderson (Stutz), 4h. im. 548.; orth, C. Patschke (Marmon), Ah. 2m. 563.; sixth, W. Knipper (Delage), 4h. 22m. 328. Lyons, France, Grand Prize of the Automobile Club of France, 467.6 miles-Won by Lautenschlager (Mercedes), 7h. 1m. 18 1-58.; second, Wagner (Mercedes), 7h, 9m. 548.; third, Salzer (Mercedes); fourth, Jules Goux (Peugeot).
July 30-Galveston, Tex., 50-mile race-Won by Ralph Mulford (Peugeot), 39 m. 448.
August 21 and 22- Elgin, ., 305 miles, Chicago Automobile Club Trophy-Won by Ralph De Palma (Mercedes), 4h. 5m. 1.48., average speed 73.6 miles per hour; second, G. Anderson (Stutz), 4h. 5m. 45.28.; third, R. Mulford (Peugeot), 4h. 8m. 16.69.; fourth, B. Oldfield (Stutz), 4h. 15m, 239. Elgin National Trophy-Won by R. De Palma (Mercedes), 4h. 6m. 188., a verage speed 73.5 miles per hour; second, Edwin Pullen (Mercer), 4h. 7m. 288.; third, B. Oldfield (Stutz); Spencer Wisbart (Mercer) led at half the distance at an average speed of about 78 miles, when his car ran into a tree, killing him.
September 5-New York City, Brighton Beach track, 25-mile race-Won by R. De Palma (Mercedes), 24m. 8 2-58.; second, McCarthy (Peugeot); third, Bergdoll (Bergdoll Sperial). 50-mile race---Won by R. De Palma (Mercedes), 50m. 42 1-58.; second, Le Cain (Chevrolet); third, Galvin (Buick).
September 9—New York City, Brighton Beach track, 100-mile race-Won by R. De Palma (Mercedes), lh. 40m. 158.; second, Bergdoll (Bergdoll); third, Jessup (Chevrolet).
SWIMMING. (Complled by Otto Wahle, Chalrman Swimming Committee, Metropolltan Association, A, A. U.)
A. A. U. Championships-The Amateur Athletic Union championship competitions were held in various parts of the country, one or more events being allotted to each club. The event, date, place and result follow:
Indoor-50 yards-Held by Chicago A. A., Chicago, Ill., April 29 (20 yards bath) --Final won by A. C. Ralthel, Illinois A. C.; H. J. Hebner, minois A. C., second; Kenneth Huszagh, Chicago A. A., third. Time--24 3-5s. 100 yards-Held by Illinois A. C., Chicago, Ill., April 30 (20 yards bath)-Won by H. J. Hebner, Illinois A. C.; A. C. Ralthel, Illinois A. C., second; E. W. McGillvray, nilinois A. C., third. Time--55 3-58. 220 yards-Held by Illinois A. C., Chicago, Ill., April 20 (20 yards bath)-Won by H. J. Hebner, Illinois A. C.; Perry McGullvray, Illinois A. C., second; J. C. Wheatley, New York A. C., third. Time2m. 23 2-58. 500 yards-Held by Pittsburgh A. C.. Pittsburgh, Pa., April 18 (30 yards bath)-Won by H. J. Hebner, Illinois A. C.; Perry McGillivray. Illinois A. C., second; J. C. Wheatley, New York A. C., third. Time--6m. 22 4-58. 400 yards, four-men relay-Held by New York A. C., New York City, May 2 (25 yards bath) --- Won by Hinois A. C. (A. c. Ralthel, 58 3-5s.; William Vosburgh, 59 1-58.; Perry McGillivray, 578.; H. J. Hebner, 58s.). Time-3m. 52 4-58. New York A. C., first team, second (H. E, Vollmer, lm.; Walter Ramme, im. 3-58.; J. C. Wheatley, im. 1 4-58.; N. T. Nerich, 1m.). Time-4m. 2 3-5s. New York A. C., second team, third (P. Roberts, J. H. Reilly, P. Herbert, R. W. Bennett). 150 yards, backstroke-Held by Illinois A. C., Chicago, II., April 30 (20 yards, bath) --Won by H. J. Hebner, minois A. C.; Russell Dean, Brookline s. C., second; c. B. Pavlicek, University of Chicago, third. Time-1m. 49 4-58. 200 yards, breaststroke-Held by Chicago A. A., Chicago, Ill., April 29 (20 yards bath) - Won by M. McDermott, Illinois A. C.; C. Chapman, University of Illinois, second; J. Heraty, University of Pennsylvania, third. Time-2m. 43s. Fancy diving from ten-foot springboard-Held by New York A. C., New York City, May 2--Won by C. Wohlfeld, Illinois A. C., place number 6, 158.7 points; Arthur McAleenan, Jr., Yale Swimming Assoclation, second, place number 9, 146.61 points, W. P. Heyn, Chicago A, A., third, place number 19. 131.31 points. Plunge-Held by Brookline s. C., Brookline, Mass. -Won by Arthur Wood, Brookline Gymnastic A. A,, 70 ft. 1 in. Soccer water polo-Held by Chicago A, A., Chicago, Ill., April 29--Illinois A. C. defeated Chicago A. A. by 4 to 2 goals. Outdoor --440 yards-Held by Columbia Y. C., Chicago, Ill., September 5 (irregular course) -Won by H. J. Hebner, Illinois A. C.; Clement Brown, Hamilton Club, second; J. Evers, Illinois A. C., third. Time--6m. 223. 880 yards---Held by New York A. C., at Travers Island, N. Y., August 29 (110 yards tidal salt water) - Won by L. J. Goodwin, New York A. C. Time
12m. 55 3-5s. J. H. Reilly, New York A. C., second. Time-13m. 48. H. E. Vollmer, New York A. C., third. Time-13m. 128. One mile-Held by Glenmore A. C. at Steeplechase Park, Coney Island, N. Y., September 1 (80 yards salt water) - Won by L. J. Goodwin, New York A. C. Time-25m, 42 1-58. H. E. Vollmer, New York A. C., second. Time--26 m. 3-58. J. H. Reilly, New York A. C., third. Time-27m. 189. Long distance, 10 miles in the Mississippi River-Held by Missouri A. Č. at St. Louis, Mo., September 7-Won by Herman Laubis, Missouri A. C. Time
-1h. 48m. 258. Perry McGillivray, Illinois A. C., second. Time--lh. 49 m. 34s. Davey Jones, Memphis, Tenn., third. Time-lh. 52m. 30s. Chauncey Heath, Missouri A. C., fourth. Time 1h. 53 m. 15s. High diving-Held by Columbia Y, C., Chicago, Ill., September 5-Won by c. Wohlfeld, Illinois A. C., place number 4, 152.8 points; A. E. Downes, New York A. C., second, place number 3, 151 points; G. w. Galdzik, Chicago A. C., third, place number 9, 145.5 points.
METROPOLITAN SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIPS. Indoor-100 yards--Final won by N. T. Nerich, New York A. C.. Time-59 2-5s. Walter Ramme, New York A. C., second. Time-59 3-5s. J. C. Wheatley, unattached, third. 220 yards -Final won by N. T. Nerich, New York A. C. Time-2m. 33 4-58. J. C. Wheatley, unattached, second. Time-2 m. 36s. L. J. Goodwin, New York A. C., third. 500 yards--Final won by z. Toblas, unattached: Henry Knecht, West Side Y. M. C. A, second; A. J. Palenscar, unattached, third. Time-7m. 17 2-58. Fancy diving from the springboard-Won by A. E. Downes, New York A. C., place number 6, 150.11 points; Arthur McAleenan, Jr., Yale Swimming Association, second, place number 9, 145.49 points, J. F. Dunn, New York A. C., third, place number 17, 125.84 points. Outdoor-440 yards--Won by J. H. Reilly, New York A. C. Time-5m. 59 2-58. H. E. Vollmer, New York A. C., second. Time-om. 1s. L. J. Goodwin, New York A. C., third. Time -6m. 1 2-59. 880 yards-Won by J. H. Reilly, New York A. C. Time-12m. 34 2-58. L. J. Goodwin, New York A. C., second. Time---12m. 34 4-59. John Zimnoch, New York A. C., third.
One mile-Won by L. J. Goodwin, New York A. C. Time-28m, 58 2-58. H. E. Vollmer, New York A. C., second. Time--30m. 24s. Paul Sutherland, unattached, third. (Rough water.) High diving-Won by A. E. Downes, New York A. C., place number 3, 151.42 points; K. Behrens, City A. C., second, place number 7, 140.15 points; F. Sponberg, New York A. C., third, place number 8, 138.5 points.
CENTRAL ASSOCIATION CHAMPIONSHIPS. Indoor--50 yards-Won by A. C. Ralthel, Illinois A. C.; H. J. Hebner, Illinois A. C., second; N. A. Buck, Chicago A. A., third. Time-259. 100 yards- Won by P. McGillivray, Illinois A. C.: Wm. Vosburgh, nl. A. C., second; F. Harless, Chicago A. A., third. Time-56s. 220 yards-Won by H. J. Hebner, Illinois A. C.; E. W. McGlivray, Illinois A. C., second; R. Struder, Norihwestern Unlversity, third. Time-2m. 218. 500 yards-Won by P. McGillvray, Illinois A. C.; I. Wood, Northwestern t'niversity, second; J. Evers, Illinois A. C., third. Time-7m. 91-58. 880 yards--Won by P. McGullivray, Illinois A. C.; William Vosburgh, mlinois A. C., second: 1. Wood, Northwestern University, third. Time--12m. 32s. One mlle-- Won by M. McDermott, Illinois A. C.; C. Simonson, Evanston Academy, second; J. Evers, Illinois A. C., third. Time--25m. 49 4-58. 150 yards, backstroke - Won by H. J. Hebner, Illinois A. C.; Pavlicek, University of Chicago, second; M. R. Mott, IIInois A. C., third. Time--Im. 56 2-5s. 200 yards, breaststroke-Won by M. McDermott, Illinois A. C.; G. H. Taylor, University of Wisconsin, second; S. Taylor, Chicago A. A., third. Time2m. 43s. 400 yards, four-men relay-Won by Illinois A. C. in 3m. 48 1-58. (William Vosburgh, A. C. Ralthel, P. McGillivray, H. J. Hebner). Plunge-Won by Lichter, Chicago A. A., 60 ft. in 21 3-58.; McDonald, University of Illinois, second, 60 ft. In 23 4-58.; Princell, Hamilton Club, third, 60 ft. In 24 4-5s. Fancy diving-Won by C. Wohlfeld, Illinois A. C., 440.55 points; N. P. Heyn, Chicago A. A., second, 431.30 points; F. A. Bornamann, Chicago A. A., third, 399.90 points. Soccer water polo--Illinois A. C., 8 goals; Chicago A. A., 3 goals. Outdoor-Held at Indianapolis, Ind., July 29 (110 yards course) –50 yards--Won by A. C. Raithel, Nlinois A. C.; Hebner, Illinois A. C., second; N. A. Buck, unattached, third. Time-258. Plunge for distance-Won by Arthur Reitman, Ninois A. C., 75 ft., Buck, unattached, 70 ft.: N. M. Lyons, Cincinnati, 68 ft. 440 yards--Won by H. J. Hebner, Illinois A. C.; McDermott, minois A. C., second; Raithel, Illinois A. C., third. Time5m. 48 3-58. July 30-100 yards--Won by Ralthel, Illinois A. C.; Hebner, Illinois A. C., second; Buck, unattached, third. Time--56 4-58. 200-yard breaststroke-Won by McDermott, Illinois A. C.; Jacobson, Illinois A. C., second; Parker, Cleveland S. C., third. Time--- 2m. 53 4-58. 880yard swim--Won by Hebner, Illinois A. C.; McDermott, Illinois A. C., second; Wood, Northwestern University, third. Time-12m, 35 3-58. Fancy diving-Won by C. Wohlfeld, Illinois A. C. Water polo-Won by Illinois A. C. team. July 31-220 yards-Won by McGillivrey, Illinois A. C.; Hebner, Illinois A. C., second: Wood, Northwestern University, third. Time--2m. 33 2-58. One mile -Won by McDermott, Illinois A. C.; Wood, Northwestern University, second; Buck, unattached, third. Time--27 m. 19 4-58. High diving--Won by Heyn, unattached; Briggs, Detroit Y. M. C. A., second; Buck, unattached, third.
NEW ENGLAND ASSOCIATION CHAMPIONSHIPS. Indoor-Held at Brookline, Mass., April 27-100 yards--Won by Leo Handy, Brookline G. A. A.; Phil Nason, Brookline G. A. A., second; Ben, James, Brookline S. C., third. Time-1m. 38. Relay race, 320 yards, four men-Won by Brookline G. A. A. (R. McKinnon, Phil. Nason, W. Browning, Leo Handy). Time--3m. 91-59. Fancy diving-Won by E. A. Church, Brookline S. C.; F. Jouanet, Brookline S. C., second; W. Browning, Brookline G. A. A., third. Plunging-Won by I. S. Jaqulth, 71 ft. 1 1-2 in.; Arthur Wales, Brookline G. A. A., and George Meehan tied for second, with 66 ft. Wales won plunge-off. Outdoor-Held at Charles River Basin, September 7-100 yards--Won by Leo Handy, Brookline G. A. A.; A. E. Church, Brookline S. C., second; R. Bacon, Brookline S. C., third. Time-lm. 2 4-58. 440 yards-Won by Leo Handy, Brookline G. A. A.: Tom Nelligan, Brookline S. C., second; Howard McKinnon, Brookline G. A. A., third. Time6m. 48s. 880 yards-Won by Edward Duffy, Brookline G. A. A.; Ben. James, Brookline S. C., second: J. Wolyniec, Brookline S, C., third. Time--14m. 40 4-58. One mile-Won by Edward Duffy, Brookline G. A. A.; C. E. Shumway, East Brookline S. C., second; Fred Wegener, East Brookline S. C., third. Time--32m. 32s. Diving---Won by J. Kennedy, Brookline S. C., 117.4 points; Elllot Church, Brookline S. C., 116.3 points, second: W. Browning, Brookline G. A. A., 116.2 points, third. Three miles, held September 12--Won by George Meehan, Brookline s. C. Time-lh. 36 m. 21s.
MIDDLE ATLANTIC ASSOCIATION CHAMPIONSHIPS. Indoor-220 yards - Won by Ronald Reilly, Atlantic City H. 8.; S. N. Shryock, University of Pennsylvania, second: F. J. Creamer, third. Time2m. 38 4-58. Outdoor-100 yards---Won by E. G. Schaal, Philadelphia S. C.; J. K. Shryock, Philadelphia S. C., second: Ronald Reilly, Hygela S. C.. third. Time-618. 440 yards - Won by G. E. Tomlinson, Philadelphia S. C.; Harry Latz, Hygeia S. C., second; Robert Dippy, Philadelphia S. C., third. Time-6m. 12 2-5s. One mlleWon by G. E. Tomlinson, Philadelphia S. C. Time--27m. 41 4-58. Robert Dippy, Philadelphia S. C., second. Time--29 m. 269. Harry Latz. Hygeia s. C., third. Time---30m. Fancy divingWon by E. G. Schaal, Philadelphia S. C.; Ronald Reilly, Hygeia S. C., second; H. W. Furlong, Central Y. M. C. A., third.
SOUTH ATLANTIC ASSOCIATION CHAMPIONSHIPS. Indoor winners--50 yards - Preston Petre, Doyle A. C. Time-27 2-58. 100 yards-F. C. Bamman, Washington s. C. Time--lm. 4s. 220 yards-Preston Petre, Doyle A. C. Time--2m. 48 3-5s. 160-yard relay- Washington S. C. (Rutherford, Ellason, Bamman and Ainsley). Time -1m. 26 3-5s. Plunge Harlan, Washington S. C., 60 ft. In 36 2-58. Fancy diving-E. B. Ainsley, Washington S. C. 80 yards, backstroke--W. E. Duck, Central Y. M. C. A., lm. 38. 80 yards, breaststroke-J. Ginsberg, Doyle A. C., 1m. 38.
COLLEGE SWIMMING, Intercollegiate championships, held by College of the City of New York, March 6. Resnlts: 50 yards-Won by Paul Roberts, Yale; S. H. Ouerbacher, University of Pennsylvania, second; C. Schaellt, Yale, third. Time-25 4-58. 100 yards- Won by Paul Roberts, Yale; E. J. D. Cross, Princeton, second: P. Mayer, Yale, third. Time--59 4-58. Plunge for distance-Won by Smith, Yale. 69 ft. 6 in.; Kottek, Columbia, second, 68 ft. 6 in.; Keyes, Yale, third, 67 ft. Fancy diving Won by Arthur McAleenan, Yale, 62 1-6 points: W. H. Friessell, Princeton, second, 60 1-3 points; F. H. Barrett, Columbia, third, 59 1-2 points. 220 yards-Won by E. J. Cross, Princeton; Steiner, Yale, second; Riemer, C. C. N. Y., third. Time-2m, 37 3-58.
Conference championships, held by Northwestern University, Chicago, March 20. Results: Plunge for distance--- Won by McDonald, Illinois. Time--23 3-55. Distance--60 ft. (Conference record). 40 yards, Anal heat-Won by Pavlicek, Chicago: Wood, Northwestern, second; Nelson, Northwestern, third. Time--21 2-59. 200-yard 'breaststroke, final heat--Won by Taylor, Wisconsin; Scoles, Northwestern, second; Chapman, Illinois, third. Time2m. 47 3-58. 150-yard backstroke, anal heat-Won by Pavlicek, Chicago; Scoles, Northwestern, second; Beaumont, Wi
nols, third. Time2m. 2 4-5s. 100 yards, final heat-Won by Griffin, Illinois; Strader, Northwestern, second; Neff, Chicago, third. Time-1m. 32-59. 220 yards-Won by Wood, Northwestern; Green, Illinois, second: Neff, Chicago, third. Time2m. 47 4-58. 440 yards-Won by Griffith, Illinols; Wood, Northwestern, second; Nefr, Chicago, third. Time-6m, 7 4-58. Relay race---Won by Northwestern (Strader, Pritzer, Nelson and Wood); Illinois, second; Chicago, third. Time-lm. 29 2-58.
DUAL COLLEGE MEETS.
February 12-Philadelphia, Pa.; Princeton 32, Pennsylvania 21.
February 14- Chicago, III.; Northwestern University 36, Chicago 22. Providence, R. I.; Brown 38, Cornell 15.
February 20—Princeton, N. J.; Princeton 38, Columbia 15. New Haven, Ct.; Yale 40, Pennsylvania 13. Chicago, Ill.: Northwestern 43, Illinois 15. Boston, Mass.; Amherst 31, Harvard 22.
February 21--- Annapolis, Md.; Naval Academy 48, Baltimore City College 10. Chicago, Ill.; Chicago 37. Illinois 21.
February 25--Providence, R. I.; Brown 34, Harvard 19.
February 27--Princeton, N. J.; Yale 31, Princeton 22. New York City: C. C. N. Y. 31, Williams 22.
February 28--Annapolis, Md.; Naval Academy 44, University of Pittsburgh 18. Madison, Wis.; Northwestern 39, University of Wisconsin 19. Providence, R. I.; Columbia and Brown tled, 26 1-2 each.
March 7-Madison, Wis., Chicago. 43, Wisconsin 15., Annapolis, Md.; Naval Academy 47, Columbia 15. Amherst, Mass.; Amherst 38, Brown 28, Williams 5.
March 21--Urbana, N.; Illinois 34, Princeton 27. Water polo-Princeton 3, Illinois 1.
Water polo-Princeton won, with 3 games won; Yale, second, with 2 games won and i lost; Columbia, third, with 1 won and 2 lost.
INTERSCHOLASTIC SWIMMING. National Interscholastic Championships, held by New York A. C., New York City, April 5, 50 yards, final heat-Won by Philip S. Herbert, Horace Mann School: H, E. Vollmer, Stuyvesant High School, second; P. Davidow, De Witt Clinton High School, third, Time-278. 100 yards, final heat-Won by Leo A. Handy, Brookline High School, Brookline, Mass.; H E. Vollmer, Stuy. vesant High School, second; Philip's. Herbert, Horace Mann School, third. Time-lm. 3-5s. 220 yards, final heat-Won by Leo A. Handy, Brookline High School; J. Smith, De Witt Clinton High School, second; W. Carlan, Brookline High School, third. Time-2m. 43s. 220-yard relay- Won by Phillips Andover Academy, with team composed of A. L. Rosener, W. H. Waring, T. A. Fitzgerald and C. E. Bradley; De Witt Clinton High School, with team composed of J. Smith, P. Davidow, W. Fitzgibbons and R. Zllewitz, second; Poly, Prep. team composed of C. Shields, D. Johnson, R. Macdonald and M. Redmond, third.' Time--Im. 54 2-58. Plunge for distance-Won by Arthur E. Wales, Brookline High School, 68 1-2 ft.; John Remey, Poly. Prep., 57 ft., second; Montaville Flowers, Jr., Horace Mann School, 54 1-2 it., third. Fancy diving-Won by Francis Jouannet, Brookline High School; Walter Burnham, Commercial High School, second; Leon Emanuel, Townsend Harris Hall High School, third.
New York City High School Championships, held by Public Schools Athletic League at Colum. bia College, New York, March 13. Point score: De witt Clinton won with 27 points; Townsend Harris Hall was second, 18 points; Erasmus Hall, third, 8 1-2 points; Commercial of Brooklyn, fourth, 4 points. 880-foot relay --Won by De Witt Clinton (Fitzpatrick, Zilewitz, Smith and Davidow); Townsend Harris Hall, first team (Wade, Munson, Amar and Bosworth), second, Erasmus Hall '(J. Horgan, F. Fay, G. Cramp and R. Long), third. Time-2m. 49 3-58. Fancy diving -Won by Leon Emanuel, Townsend Harris Hall, 137 points; W. Birnham, Commercial, 134 points, second; G. Chambers, De witt Clinton, 125 1-2 points, third. Plunge for distance--- Won by G. R. Heyer, Morris Heights School, 58 ft.; Fields, De Witt Clinton, second, 51 ft.; R. Barnhardt, Sturvesant, and P, Horgan, Erasmus Hall, were tied for third place, with 50 ft, each. 100 yards-on by R. Long. Erasmus Hall; W. Fitzgibbons, De Witt Clinton, second; J. Seymour, De Witt Clinton, third. Time-Im. 54-58, 220 yards-won by J. Smith, De Witt Cunton; Wade, Townsend Harris Hall, second; Munson, Townsend Harris Hall, third. Time-2m. 48 3-58. 50 yards-Won by P. Davidow, De Witt Clinton; Bosworth, Townsend Harris Hall, second; P. Hamilton, Stuyvesant, third. Time-27 4-58.
NEW YORK INTERSCHOLASTIC DUAL MEETS. November 21, 1913--High School of Commerce 34, De Witt Clinton 19. November 26-Manual Training 36, High School of Commerce 17. December 6-Stuyvesant 27, Erasmus Hall 26.
December 12--Townsend Harris Hall 27, Manual Training 26. De Witt Clinton 28, Erasmus Hall 25.
January 4, 1914-High School of Commerce 33, Stuyvesant 20.
January 5--Poly. Prep. 37, High School of Commerce 16. De Witt Clinton 30. Townsend Harris Hall 23.
January 9-De Witt Clinton 31, Stuyvesant 22.
LONG DISTANCE SWIMS. May 7-Philadelphia, Pa.: Charles Durborow swam from Walnut Street wharf, Philadelphia, to Chester, Pa., about 16 1-4 miles, in 5h. 50m.
May 30--Charles Durborow made the same swim as on May 7 in 5h. 35m.
June 27 Philadelphia, Pa.: Sam. Richards was declared the winner over Charles Durborow in a race from Walnut Street wharf, Philadelphia, to Chester and return. Both had to give up owing to a change in the tide. Richards remained 13h, 13m. in the water; Durborow 12h. 52m. Richards led Durborow by about 1-2 mile and retired about 1 mile from Philadelphia.
July 13-Philadelphia, Pa.; Louise Debus swam 5 mlles in 2h. 48m. In the Schuylkill River; Florence McLoughlin (10 years old) swam 9 1-2 miles in 3h. 22m. 258. In the Delaware River.