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phical Description of their Countries, and concludes his first Book (consisting only of fix Chapters) with the State of Italy when subdued by the Romans, and divided by them into seventeen Provinces. Our Author, like moft of the Italian Writers, applies to the modern Italians whatever he finds in the antient Writers, in Commendation of the old Romans. No other Nation, in his Opinion, is so much as to be compared with his Countrymen for Bravery, Prudence, Learning, Piety, Love of Glory, Brightness of Genius, &c. They once subdued the World, and are capable of subduing it again, were they united under one Head, and not divided into so many small Principalities Notwithstanding the many Praises he lavishes upon them, he cannot help owning, that they are a little too nice in point of Honour, and apt to revenge the least Affront with the Death of their Adversary: that is, in other Terms, as they are most greedy of Glory, when they apprehend themselves any ways Nighted, they moft gallantly hire a Ruffian to espouse their Cause, and barbarously murder the Author, even of an imaginary Affront. But for that small Defect (which, after all, is commendable in its Source, as proceeding from Love of Glory, the predominant Passion of great Souls) they make sufficient annends by their fincere and hearty Attachment to the true Religion ; illum humanæ infirmitatis novum diligens veræ Religiohis studium plane abstergit, says our Author. But in what do they shew this great Attachment to the true Religion? In living up to the Rules and Precepts laid down in the Scripture? This, we must own, is a very idle and impertinent Insinuation, when addressed to a Roman
Canbolic. Catholic. For what have Morals, fay they, or a good Life, to do with Religion? Our Author cells us in what the Italians Thèw themselves sincere Followers of the true Religion. 'Tis true, says he, they suffer Jews to live among them, but they keep their Country clear of all Sects of Heretics. As if those they call Heretics, were worse than Jews, and the persecuting and murdering them, a full Atonement for all their other Murders. Nothing is more inconsistent with, and repugnant to true Religion, than Persecu. tion; and nevertheless, in the Church of Rome, the whole Duty of a Man truly religious is to persecute, massacre, and destroy with Fire and Sword, all those who refuse to admit of their fuperftitious and idolatrous Worship. Tho' our Author cries up his Countrymen on account of their Piety and Religion, such as have travelled into Italy cannot but know, that the Laity there have no Religion at all; tho' they take care to dissemble their true Sentiments, for fear of the Inquisition. As to the Clergy, they are mere Libertines, (even comprising the Cardinals) the most debauched and profligate Fellows in the world. Hence they often make merry among themselves, when they see the Ultramontanes (whom they call Pichia-petti, Schioda-Cristi, &c.) Aock in Crouds, from remote Countries, to visit che supposed Tombs of the Apostles, to which they themselves, excepting some of the meaner sort of People, are very sparing in their Visits. Not many Years ago the Person, whose Office it was to open every day and shut the Gates of S. Peter's Church ac Rome, being suspected of having stolen a Silver Lamp from before the Apostle's pretended Body, alledged in his defence, that he had never set his
Z 2 . foot foot in the Church since the Time he received the Sacrament upon his taking poffeffion of that Eniployment, which he had held for above forty Years. He added, that if any, one could attelt upon Oach, ever to have seen him within the Gates of the Church, since that Time, he was willing to be deem'd guilty. This Story is related by Mr. Fiorelli *, who examined the Prisoner, being then Giudice Criminale, that is, Judge in criminal Cases to Pope Innocent XIII. Julius Scaliger had not so good an opinion of the Piety and Religion of the Ilalians, as our Author has'; for the Character he gives of them is this, Italus Dei contemptor, a Character which fits them much better than that our Author draws of them. As to the Bravery, Courage, and other Virtues of the modern Romans, it will not, we hope, be unwelcome to our Readers to hear them set forth by 2. Settanus, alias Monsignor. Sergardi, an Italian Prelate, whom the Litterati of Italy call, and indeed with a great deal of Reason, the Juvenal of our Age. He feigns, in his sixteenth and last Satyr, to have been in the infernal Regions, and introduces one Ligurinus, an Acquaintance of his, enquiring after the Romans he had seen there, thus :
-Ecquid agunt tenebroso in littore nostri Romulides? Puto enim emuneto te singula naso Olfecise tuo, atque omnes cognoscere larvas...
Seetanus's Answer contains the true Character of our modern Romans.. . .
si.. . Ecquid
6. . In his Book entitled Il Luogo tenente istruito published... At Rome 1724.
Ecquid agunt! Ride : torvo illos lumine figit, Luridus, umbrarum Restor, nigrosque jugales reia Petere, & æternum mandat pulfare flagellum, 11 Ihorum quisquis melius, crepituque fonorus in Lora .quatit, furvæ jam defignatur babenç ci si Auriga, in Siculos si forte erumpere campos kocsi Atque nova thalamos cupiat reparare rapina. rio! Hoc tantum sperare licet : nam. Brutus, & afperie: Ore Cato, Fabius, Curius, fortifque Camillussi Degeneres, Spuriosque vocant, illofque recensente na Albanos inter Cives, equitesque Suurinos, as w e Et merito : nec enim Romano fanguine cretum cut Et genus Afaraci credam,, Martifque nepotem, Qui nunquam timidum vaging liberat enseme, mis Alligat & tunicæ capulum, ne bædere quemquam Sponte sua properet cufpis, male fara duello. Vecordes animi ! lateri discingite ferrum, . .
Atque aptate colos. : Virtus Romana quadriga Aleaque & fædo traductæ in fornice noctes. 3 His utinam contenta foret, sed pectore virus, Condere, & in labro risus disponere amicum , Fallere, adulari, fervos & vilia quæque Muncipia obfequiis & turpi lambere palpo n Nemo magis callet quam vos, &¢,1 in Svit
Our Author in his three other, Books gives us a very minute and exact Description of the various States, Provinces, Dioceses, and Cities of Italy. In relation to the different States, he takes notice of their Form of Government, their Wealth, Power, Extent, &c. As to the Dioceses, he acquaints us when, and by whom they were erected into Dioceses; enumerates all the Bishops of any Notę, by whom they have been govern'd; descends to a particular Account of the most re: markable Churches contained in each Diocese,
with the Names of their Founders, and an Account of the Reliques, and miraculous Images that are worshipped in them. But notwithstanding his Minuteness in other Matters, he takes care never to make the least mention of the Revenues of the Ecclesiastics, in whose hands are the best Estates in Italy. In the Defcription of the Cities, he takes 'notice of their antient and modern Names, their Founders, Riches, of the Number of their Inhabitants, of their chief Edifices, Rarities; and in a word, of whatever they contain worthy of Obseryaa tion." The Reader will find in chis Work, a very exact Description of Italy; and will, moreover, be not a little diverted with the account Our Author gives of the Reliques that are lodged in the various Churches of Italy: we shall enumerate some of them, · In the great Church of Genoa is to be seen the Dish in which Jesus Christ eat the Paschal Lamb: in the Car thedral of Mantua a Spunge dipt in the Blood of our Saviour, together with the Body of the Soldier, who pierced his. Side on the Cross,
This Soldier is worshipped by the Roman CaIbolics, under the Name of S. Longinus. They pretend, that he was converted to the Christian Religion at our Saviour's Death ; that immediately after his Conversion, he dipt a Spunge in his Blood ; and, the following Year, carried it to Mantua, where he established Christianity, and was crowned with Martyrdom. This Story contradicts the Acts of the Apostles, where we read, that Cornelius was the first among the Gentilés who embraced the Christian Religion, However, it was believed by Pope Leo III, who having paid a Visit to S. Longinus, and feen, as our Author cells us, with his own Eyes, the