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28 it to them, saying: Drink ye all of it; for this is my blood of the
new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. 29 But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit
of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my
Father's kingdom. 30 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the Mount
passover, or the cup of Hallel, or giveness of sins, because it puts the blessing.–Drink ye all. Rather, seal of truth on his Gospel, and reall ye ; as meaning the disciples, not veals the love of God for the sinner, the cup. It is a singular fact, that, and melts his heart to penitence by notwithstanding this injunction was the touching appeal of a crucified given as if prophetic of future abuses, Redeemer. There is remission of the cup is not tendered to all at the sins under Christianity, because the catholic communion, but it is re- most persuasive motives are addressstricted to the clergy. Luke and ed to men to induce them to repent Paul add, after both the bread and and reform, and thus fulfil the condithe cup, these words of Jesus: “This tions on which alone God, under any do in remembrance of me."
dispensation, forgives the transgres28. For this is my blood of the new testament, i. e. this represents 29. Until that day when I drink it my blood of the new covenant, new, &c. i. e. in a new manner, or of for so should the last words be ren a new kind; meaning, either that he dered, signifying the new dispensa, should not again participate in a tion of religion, in contradistinction social repast, until after his death to the Mosaic one. As the first cove and resurrection, when his Father's nant had been sealed with blood kingdom would be more fully estabsprinkled by Moses upon the peo- lished; or that he should not again ple, so would the second likewise unite with them in such an enterbe ratified, as it were, by the death tainment on earth, but share with of its Founder.—Which is shed for them the honors and happiness of a many, i. e. for all, not only for Jews, better world, figuratively expressbut for Gentiles. For the remission ed by drinking wine with them.of sins.
“ The Gentiles being in The counsels and consolations, an uncovenanted state were regard- with the prayer, John xiv.-xvii., ed by the Jews as unholy, and were are supposed by Carpenter to called sinners. See Gal. ij. 15. intervene between this and the When, by faith in Christ, they en- following verse. tered into the Christian covenant, 30—35. See Mark xiv. 26 they became holy, and their sins are 31, Luke xxii. 39, and John said to be forgiven. Thus the blood xviii. 1. of Christ is said to have been shed 30. Sung an hymn. Or, psalma
for the remission of sins. These It was customary to sing or chant words, in the institution of the eu. psalms during the paschal supper, charist, are only to be found in Mat- and at its close. The ones used thew, who wrote for the Jewish be were from cxiji. to cxviii. inclu, lievers, and would be understood by sive, and sometimes others also, them." The blood of Christ con as those from cxxvi. to cxxxvii. tributes to the remission and for- Jesus and his disciples chanted a
of Olives. Then saith Jesus unto them: All ye shall be offended 3. because of me this night; for it is written: "I will smite the Shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad.” But 32 after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. Peter 33 answered and said unto him: Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended. Jesus said unto 34 him: Verily, I say unto thee, that this night, before the cock crow,
Hallel, or song of praise, a fitting him, on account of the events soon conclusion to the new and beautiful to happen, so as to desert bim. rite they had observed. What is Like a wise and kind friend, he translated, sung an hymn, is one warps them of the impending diffiword in the original, which means, culties. For it is written. Zech. literally, having hymned. From the xiii. 7. The words of the old account above given of the Lord's prophet were about to be verified. supper, we infer, Ist, That it was When the leader was seized, his instituted in remembrance of our followers would disperse. Lord. 2d, That it is therefore a 32. But he would encourage their means of spiritual improvement. hearts by the promise of his resur3d, And also an end, inasmuch as it rection and a future meeting with is kept for Christ's sake, to glorify them in Galilee.-Go before you. him amongst men. 4th, That it is The pastoral image of the precedin accordance with human nature, ing verse is continued in this exwhich has ever delighted to com- pression. John x. 4. memorate the lives and deaths of
33. The individuality of Peter's the great and good. 5th, And that character is beautifully preserved consequently all those, of whatever in every part of the New Testaage, who feel their obligations to ment. This resolution was a magJesus as their spiritual benefactor, Danimous one, but he little knew cherish a living faith in him as the his own strength to carry it into Son of God, resolve to keep his execution, though he had been commandments, and profess his schooled by failures before. The name, are entitled to a place at his eventual tempering and harmoniztable, wherever it is spread. 6th, ing of so impetuous à spirit was a And that the representation of the noble trophy of the power of the supper as an awful mystery, fencing Gospel. it up in an enclosure of creeds and 34. The strong emphasis and cliarbitrary rules, and observing it with max of Jesus' reply have not escaped an exclusive, sectarian spirit are the critics. He told him that verily melancholy deviations rom the he would not only be offended, or affectionate simplicity of its origin. desert bis Master, but that he would Let this feast of love be kept with the deny him, not only once, but thrice, pure aim for which it was institut- and on that very night, and even beed, in remembrance of him who fore the cock-crowing. As cocks died to give us life.
were not allowed in Jerusalem, it 31. All ye shall be offended because has been asserted that Peter could of me. Carpenter renders it, “All ye not have heard one. The difficulty will fall away from me,” i. e. they has been removed in various ways: would stumble, or lose their faith in that the law was evaded, and that
35 thou shalt deny me thrice. Peter said unto him: Though I should
die with thee, yet will I not deny thee. Likewise also said all the
disciples. 36 Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane,
and saith unto the disciples: Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder. 37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and be38 gan to be sorrowful and very heavy. Then saith he unto them: My
soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death; tarry ye here, and
these fowls were sometimes kept in and we are told that Jesus “ ofttimes the city, as is proved by a story in resorted thither.” According to the Talmud, and would therefore be modern travellers, very aged olive heard, which is the most probable trees are still standing on the ground. view; that one might be heard, in —Sit ye here, &c. He seeks retirethe silent night at the house of Caia- ment even from his disciples. He phas near the city wall, from resorts to prayer as a relief and some neighboring village; that the remedy for his overburdened spirit. phrase, before the cock crow, means All the circumstances of this scene before cock-crowing,' as descriptive possess a naturalness and reality, of a certain hour; or, that refer- which leave upon every candid ence is made to the sounding of the mind the liveliest conviction of the trumpet at the changing of the Ro- honesty and truthfulness of the hisman watch, which, as it took place tory: at the times of the cock-crowing, 37. Peter and the two sons of was called by that name. There is Zebedee, i. e. James and Johň. no discrepancy between Matthew These three were his most intimate and the other Evangelists in the friends, and often selected to be his expression once and twice; for Mat- confidants.-Began to be sorrowful thew speaks only of the last crow- and very heavy. This translation ing, but Mark and Luke of the first lacks the power of the original, and last.
which expresses an agony of an35. But the rash disciple is not guish. convinced of his liability to fall, 38. Exceeding sorrowful, even unand only breaks forth into new to death, To explain this scene, protestations of fidelity. Cowper's very unreasonable suppositions have lesson from this scene is sensible been made. 1. As that Jesus then and instructive :
contended with the great prince of “ Beware of Peter's word,
darkness. But there is certainly Nor confidently say,
no mention of it. 2. Or, that the I never will deny thee, Lord;'
spiritual aid from heaven, with But, 'Grant I never may.'"
which he had been sustained bith36–46. Mark xiv. 32-42. Luke
erto, was now withdrawn.
This xxji. 40_46.
impeaches the goodness of God 36. Gethsemane. Literally, place towards one whom he called beof oil-presses, referring to the olive loved, in whom he was well pleasoil there manufactured, It was ed, and to whom the spirit was givsituated across the brook Kedron en not by measure or time. 3. from Jerusalem, under the Mount Again, that Jesus at this crisis bore of Olives, John caļls it “a garden,” the wrath of God for the sins of
watch with me. And be went a little farther, and fell on his face, and 39
mankind. But as to the former ambiguously the cause of his anpart of this idea, there is no evi- guish. His distress was great in dence that he was suffering under proportion to the refinement of his the anger of the Deity, for we are character, his exact foresight of his told, in Jobn x. 17, that his Father dreadful sufferings, his consciousloved him because he laid down ness of being misunderstood and
and an angel or spiritual wronged by men, and his knowlinfluence from on high strengthen- edge of the sea of woes that was ed him in the dark hour. Luke xxji. rushing on his beloved country for 43. As to the notion that he was their rejection of the true Messiah. now suffering vicariously for man, The picture is heightened by Luke, or instead of inan, like Atlas, under xxii. 44; though it is not probably the weight of an incumbent world meant that he sweat blood, but of sin, there is not a single word of sweat as freely as if bleeding.–Tarit whispered in any of the narra- ry ye here, and watch with me. Jesus tions, and it is to be regarded as a in his distress and forebodings is far-fetched and groundless conjec- strengthened, as the afflicted always ture. The plain and scriptural are, by the presence of his dearest view is, that the agony of Jesus friends. Blind and unsympathizing was not supernatural, but that it as they were, he leaned on them, was similar to what martyrs have since the strong in their despairing endured, and greater only as his hours find comfort even in the sensibility was more tender, his weak. It was night too, when lonedestitution of sympathy greater, and liness is most felt, and fear puts on the cause for which he was about its most portentous shapes, and the to suffer immeasurably more im- rustling of a leaf terrifies the bold portant. He was a man of sorrows, heart. exposed to a combination of evils. 39. Alittle farther. Luke says, “a The clearly-seen horrors of his ap- stone's cast," or throw. He would proaching crucifixion, with all the pour out his heart alone.- Fell on aggravating circumstances of the his face. What intensity of feeling treachery, desertion, and denial of and earnestness of supplication are his disciples, the wickedness of his here depicted! The Saviour prosenemies, and the deadness of the trate on his face in prayer ! If it world, in which he stood solitary, be possible, let this cup pass from me, and without sympathy as to his &c. Cup was often used to express plan of spiritual salvation, were one's lot, or calamities. Mark says, sufficient, for the time, to cloud and “the hour,” xiv. 35. Jesus was no greatly distress his mind. His previ- stoic or fakir. He prayed, with huous references to his dreadful death, . man feelings, to be delivered from Mat. xvi. 23, xx. 22, Luke xii. 49, the grim and hideous fate before 50, his pain at the baseness of Ju- him, if compatible with the purdas, verse 22, John xiii. 21, and his poses of God; but if not, that he direct mention of the cup of suffer- might be totally resigned, and idening which he must soon drink to tify his will with his Father's. He the dregs, verses 39, 42, reveal not would have preferred that it should
to the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter: What! 41 could ye not watch with me one hour? Watch and pray, that ye enter
not into temptation; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. 42 He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying: O my Fa.
ther, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy 43 will be done. And he came and found them asleep again (for their 44 eyes were heavy); and he left them, and went away again, and prayed 45 the third time, saying the same words. Then cometh he to his dis
have been otherwise, if it could his sorrows, in words apparently have been; but, as it was, he would suggested by his own conflict with resolve his preference into the Di- trial and temptation. vine pleasure. Is not this the very 42–44. It is evident from the essence of submission and obe- history that it was the apprehension dience ? not compliance, where of something future, not a present there is no opposition, but a delib- evil, as popularly believed, not the erate, unreserved yielding of one's burden of the world's sins, which own will to the better will of God? weighed down his spirits. He was “Though he were a Son, yet learn- suffering prospectively. The aned he obedience by the things he guish of his soul is affectingly laid suffered.”
open in this scene, where “ he turn40. Asleep. We are to remem- ed repeatedly from man to God, ber that it was now the dead of from heaven to earth, seeking some night, that they were worn out relief, some support, amidst the horwith fatigue and excitement, and rors that environed him, and for that even their grief and distress a while seeking it in vain.”—The had a natural tendency to make example of Jesus on this occasion them sleep, as is proved by many is admirably suited to the wants of medical authorities. So Luke, who weak and sorrowing humanity. He has been supposed to have been encased himself in no stoical indifa physician, says, with wonder- ference. He treated the evils of life ful reality, that they were “sleeping as evils. He showed that the highfor sorrow."-Saith unto Peter. Be- est excellence consists not in an incause he had been the most vehe- sensibility to sorrow, but in adherment in his declarations of attach- ing to duty in spite of it. “He sanc
The question is imbued tified the passion of fear, and hallowwith a mournful sensibility. ed natural sadnesses, that we might
41. Watch and pray. Good ad not think the infelicities of our navice at all times, especially appli- ture and the calamities of our temcable when danger and temptation poral condition to become criminal, the most overwhelming were at so long as they make us not to ornit hand.—That ye enter not into temp- a duty.” To the tempted, despairtation, i. e. so as to be overcome ing, and suffering, his conduct afby it.-The spirit indeed is wil- fords the happiest encouragements. ling, &c. This remark shows the See Heb. ii. 10, 18, iv. 15, v. 2, 8, kind construction Jesus put upon in some of which passages his tritheir conduct. Whilst he admon- als are represented as having a ished them to be on their guard, he beneficial effect also upon his own apologized for their indifference to character.