« ZurückWeiter »
answered, saying: Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you; but
go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. And while 10 they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage; and the door was shut. After- 11 ward came also the other virgins, saying: Lord, Lord, open to us. But he answered and said : Verily, I say unto you, I know you not. 12 Watch, therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein 13 the Son of Man cometh. -For the kingdom of heaven is as a man 14 travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and deliver
therefore to mojsten their wasted our Lord's beautiful parable as at torches with new oil.
this moment: And the door was 9. Not so.
These words were shut." supplied by the translators, as is 12. I know you "not, i. e. I acshown by their being in Italics. knowledge you not as belonging to Some critics propose to drop them, my friends. and read the sentence thus: “ Lest 13. Watch, therefore. This is the there be not enough for us and you, important lesson and moral of the go ye rather to them that sell and parable, and applicable to all ages. buy for yourselves ;” but being Íf the disciples of Jesus were to be omitted in the original as spurious, prepared for his coming, whether by Griesbach and others.
his spiritual manifestation in their 10. Marriage. Marriage feast.- heart, or his external corning at the And the door was shut. The follow. subversion of the Jewish church ing is a description of a Hindoo and state, so ought we of these latwedding by Mr. Ward :—"After ter times to be likewise watching waiting two or three hours, at and waiting unto prayer for his length, near midnight, it was an moral triumph in our souls, the nounced, as if in the very words of growth of his kingdom among men, Scripture, Behold, the bridegroom and the approach of that last solemn cometh! Go ye out to meet him. event which will be a coming of All the persons employed now him to our spirits individually. lighted their lamps, and ran with
"Let all your lamps be bright, them in their hands to fill up their And trim the golden flame; stations in the procession; some of
Watch! 't is your Lord's command,
And while we speak he's near; them had lost their lights and were Mark the first signal of his hand, unprepared, but it was then too late And ready all appear.” to seek them, and the cavalcade The last clause of this verse, whereinoved forward to the house of the in the Son of Man cometh, is probabride. The bridegroom was car- bly spurious, and has therefore een ried in the arms of a friend, and rejected by most biblical critics. placed on a superb seat in the midst 14. The kingilom of heaven is. of the company, where he sat a These words were introduced by short time, and then went into the the English translators, and have house, the door of which was iin- been well superseded in some vermediately shut and guarded by Se- sions with the clause, the Son of poys. I and others expostulated Man is.--Travelling into a far counwith the door-keepers, but in try. Or, simply journeying abroad, vain, Never was I so struck with or into another country.--As Jesús
15 ed unto thein his goods; and unto one he gave five talents, to another
two, and to another one; to every man according to his several abili16 ty; and straightway took his journey. Then he that had received
the five talents went and traded with the same, and made them other 17 five talents. And likewise he that had received two, he also gained oth18 er two. But he that had received one went and digged in the earth, 19 and hid his lord's money. After a long time, the lord of those ser20 vants cometh and reckoneth with them. And so he that had received
five talents came and brought other five talents, saying: Lord, thou
deliveredst unto me five talents; behold, I have gained beside them 21 five talents more. His lord said unto him: Well done, thou good
and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will
make thee ruler over many things; enter thou into the joy of thy 22 lord. He also that had received two talents came and said : Lord,
thou deliveredst unto me two talents; behold, I have gained two oth23 er talents beside them. His lord said unto him: Well done, good
and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will
make thee ruler over many things; enter thou into the joy of thy lord. 24 Then he which had received the one talent came and said: Lord, I
had in the preceding parable incul is no room either for pride or descated watchfulness, in the following pair. God metes out to all an equione he enjoins the careful use of table lot, nor gives here too much, the smallest as well as largest gifts. nor there too little. -His goods. His money or prop 18. Went and digged in the earth. erty. Masters sometimes furnished Moved, it would appear, by vexatheir slaves with capital to be em tion or timidity, and sloth. The -ployed in traffic. This custom is useless efforts made by the heedless said to be still continued in the East, and idle often cost as much pains and in Russia.
as would the well-directed labors 15. Talents. The talent has been of industry and business. The variously estimated from eight to money was buried to prevent its fifteen hundred dollars. It stands being stolen. This individual rephere for an indefinitely large sum resents that class which, dissatisfied of money. According to his several with their abilities and opportuniability. According to each one's ties, refuse to employ them at all to capacity for business. Took his any good purpose. journey. In the original, the same 21. Well done. The plaudit beverb which in its participle form is stowed by audiences upon those rendered in verse 14, travelling into they approved at the circuses or a far country, Mankind are vari- amphitheatre.--Make thee ruler over ously endowed by the Creator with many things, i. e. will raise thee to more or less privileges, opportuni- bigher trusts.--Enter thou into the ties, and influence, according to joy of thy lord. Referring, as is suptheir power of using them, None posed, to festive entertainments preare left entirely destitute. There pared for the faithful servants.
knew thee that thou art an hard man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou hast not strawed; and I was afraid, 25 and went and hid thy talent in the earth; lo, there thou hast that is thine. His lord answered and said unto him: Thou wicked and 26 slothful servant, thou knewest that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I have not strawed; thou oughtest therefore to have 27 put my money to the exchangers; and then at my coming I should have received mine own with usury. Take therefore the talent from 28 him, and give it unto him which hath ten talents. For unto every 29 one that hath shall be given, and he shall bave abundance; but from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath. And 30
24. An hard man. Unfeeling, un- whilst those who abuse them lose just.—Reaping where thou hast not even what they have. Instead of sown, &c. Proverbial phrases, de- the phrase, that which he hath, some scribe a man of extortion.-Strawed. authorities read, what he seemeth to Strewed or scattered.
have. The maxim here laid down 25. I was afraid. This is the fa- is true both in temporal and spirittal excuse upon which thousands ual affairs, not by any arbitrary deare wrecked. They profess to be cree of God, but by the natural and afraid lest they should not be ade- irresistible working of his proviquate to their obligations, and do dence.
This parable suggests nothing lest they should not do all. many valuable thoughts. 1st, That They live like heathen, lest they God variously endows his creashould not succeed in living like tures; verse 15. Variety is the law Christians. Miserable timidity! of the universe. 2d, Those who 26. Thou knewest, &c. This
possess much, of them more will sentence is better expressed in the be required. The rich, and gifted, interrogative form: Thou knewest and influential are envied, but with that I was a hard man? Thou how little reason! They bave to oughtest at least then to have given render a heavier account than othmy money to those who would have ers; verse 20. 3d, Nor will those paid for its use. The unfaithful who have little be released from servant was condemned out of his their accountableness for that, beown mouth.
cause it is little. Because we can 27. To the exchangers, i. e. to the do but little good, or gain but little brokers, or bankers, who exchanged knowledge, or be of but little sermoney, and also received it on de- vice, or make but little progress in posit at interest, and loaned it to oth- virtue, it is no excuse why we ers.-Usury. An odious sense is now should fall behind in that little ; attached to this word. The original verse 24. 4th, For our acceptance simply means interest; without spe- with God depends not so much on cifying that it is exorbitant or not. the amount we accomplish, as 29. The expressions where used the degree of fidelity we manifest
. are of a proverbial kind. Mat. xiii. Compare verses 21 and 23. 5th, It 12. The general sense is, that those is unreasonable to complain of the who use well their opportunities Divine government. It is wickedare favored with additional ones, ness and sloth that are the chief
cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
murmurers in this world ; verse 26. The judgment here described is 6th, There is a PROBATION, and a a general one, without particular RETRIBUTION, and he that over reference to time, or rather coverlooks either, loses sight of a grand ing all time and eternity; a judgand solemn fact of his being; verses ment of the souls of men, both in 15, 19, 23, 30. 7th, Perhaps there this and all future states. The is as much or more danger of neg- great and all important principle of lecting or abusing the one talent, ihe Divine government, which is as the two, or the five; verse 18. embodied in the Christian religion, The genius that runs to waste in a is here powerfully portrayed in a Byron or a Buonaparte is a meteor scenic or figurative representation; that startles the world with its ob- viz., THAT ALL liquity, but how many one talents, REWARDED ACCORDING TO THEIR how many moderate abilities, gifts, DEEDS, WHETHER and opportunities are squandered Men are to be judged by the laws of unobserved and unreproved! 8th, Christ, both in this life and the The gain of moral power and ex next. That judgment has already ternal privileges is in a constantly commenced, wherever the sound of accelerating ratio, while the vicious the Gospel has gone. The Chrissink at the same rapid rate ; verse tian world is in a constant process 29. 9th, Men are usually reward- of judgment before its great Mased out of their own labors. They ter. Commencing in time, triare paid in kind. They who laborumphant over death, this judgment for this world have this world's re will reach into eternity and last ward. They who labor for virtue forever; being fully perfected in find it to be its own exceeding great that world where the illusions of reward. Goodness and love will sense will vanish, and the secrets be rewarded with nothing less than of the heart will be revealed. The a heaven of the same ; verses 21, question of time, therefore, or 22. 10th, There is a reward for whether Jesus refers to one period virtue, and a punishment for sin, or another, is of ininor importance. a glorious reward, a bitter punish- For belief and for practice, the ment. Let those who are deaf grand point to know is, that we to other and higher motives to shall be judged according to our goodness at least obey these ; ver- lives, and so rewarded either with ses 23, 30.
happiness or punishment, and that 31–46. This sublime passage the incipient retributions of the seems to be an expansion of chap. present state are prophetic of a xvi. 27. In chap. xxiv., and thus more solemn and searching judgfar in xxv., the coming of the Son ment in the spiritual world. of Man has been described ; but In regard to the particular form now a new topic is introduced, a in which these principles are exdescription of what would take pressed, it is necessary to consider place when he had come. We are the peculiar circumstances of Jehere favored with an account of sus' hearers. They were Jews. what would occur when his king. They were cherishing haughty and dom had been established, and his revengeful passions. They revelled religion had gone into operation. in the visions of victory over their
When the Son of Man shall come in his glory, and all the holy an- 31 gels with bim, then shall be sit upon the throne of his glory, and be- 32 fore him shall be gathered all nations; and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats; and 33 he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand : Come, ye bless- 34 ed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. For I was an hungered, and ye gave me 35 ineat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink; I was a stranger, and ye took me in; naked, and ye clothed me; I was sick, and
Roman masters and the whole Gen- would be subjects of his kingdom, tile world. Our Saviour most but the whole world would be sumpointedly rebukes this vindictive moned to his judgment.-Sheeptemper. When the Messiah's throne goats. Moral distinctions are elseshould be erected, and not Jews where imaged by these animals. alone, but all nations, should become Ezek. xxxiv. 17. Zech. x. 3. The his subjects, he would especially re- use of this figurative language plainward the humane and pacific, pot ly shows that our Lord was uttering the selfish, ambitious, and hard a parable. hearted. The above considerations 33. On his right hand, &c. Alluexplain the prominence given in sion is here made perhaps to a custhis parable--for such it essentially is tom of the Sanhedrim, by which --to the merciful and philanthropic the acquitted and the condemned virtues. It was not that these were were thus placed respectively. the only requirements of his king 34. Ye blessed of my Father. A dom, or that the happiness and clear evidence that the Father is misery of men here and hereafter the original and unrivalled source of would be adjudged solely according all the blessings descending through to their discharge of the social obli- Jesus and enjoyed under the Chrisgations, but that the Jews, with their tian dispensation.- Prepared for brilliant temporal expectations of a you, &c. As Bloomfield observes, conquering Messiah, were exceed no countenance is here given to the ingly liable to forget that Love to doctrine of Absolute Decrees, or Man, the sentiment of Human Election, or Predestination ; for it is Brotherhood, was to be one of the a Hebraism merely, and it is clear most glorious features of the new from the context that the true meanadministration.
ing is, that the kingdom of heaven 31. See note on Mat. xvi. 28. was all along prepared for those All the holy angels with him. A fig- who should approve themselves ure, as some suppose, descriptive of worthy of acceptance. the assistance of God's providence. 35, 36. An hungered. Hungry.-Then, i. e. when he had come, Ye took me in. Entertained me.then or thenceforward, such and such Naked, i.e.comparatively destitute things would také place.—The of clothing. The characteristics of throne of his glory. Or, his glori- love and mercy belonging to the ous throne.
new dispensation are brightly de32. All nations. Not Jews alone picted, because, with their existing