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Eritrea.

Africa

Italy Estonia.

Europe.

U.S.S.R.. Ethiopia (Abyssinia).. Africa

Italy
Faroe Isles

Europe. Denmark..
Falkland Isles & South
Georgia.

So. America... British Empire. Fiji Islands.

Oceania. British Empire. Finland.

Europe. Republic.. Formosa (Taiwan) Asia..

Japan France.

Europe

Republic. French Equat. Africa.

Africa

France. French India..

Asia..

France. French Indo-China. Asia.

France.
French West Africa. Africa

France.
Friendly Islands, (see Tonga)
Gabun..

Africa.

France. Gambia.

Africa.

British Empire. Georgia

Europe. U.S.S.R.. Germany

Europe. Republic.. Gibraltar.

Europe. British Empire. Goa.

Asia..

Portugal. Gold Coast.

Africa

British Empire. Greece.

Europe Republic. Greenland

No. America.. Denmark, Guadeloupe.

West Indies... France Guatemala

Cent. Amer... Republic.. Guiana, British

So. America. .. British Empire. Netherland.. So. America. . Netherlands.. French.

So. America... France. Guinea, French

Africa.

France.
Portuguese Africa.

Portugal
Spanish
Africa..

Spain.
Hamburg

Europe

Germany. Haiti.

West Indies... Republic Hejaz

Asia..

Kingdom.
Hesse

Europe. Germany.
Holland (see Netherlands)
Honduras.

Cent. Amer. Republic. Honduras, British. Cent. Amer. British Empire.. Hong Kong & Territory Asia..

British Empire.. Hungary

Europe. Kingdom.. Hyderabad

Asia

Seml-Indep'd't. Iceland..

No. Atlantic.. Kingdom... India...

Asia.

British Empire. (British)

Asia.

British Empire. (Native States) Asia.

British Empire. Indo-China

Asia.

France. Iran (Persia)

Asia

Kingdom. Iraq (Mesopotamia). Asia.

Kingdom Ireland.

Europe

British Empire.. Ireland, North. (Ulster) Europe

British Empire. Isle of Man.

Europe

British Empire.. Italy ..

Europe

Kingdom Italian East Africa (see Eritrea, Ethiop ia, Somaliland) Ivory Coast..

Africa...

France... Jamaica

West Indies.. British Empire. Japan (Proper)

Asta.

Empire. Japanese Empire. Asia.

Empire.. Java and Madura Asla.

Netherlands Johore...

Asia

British Empire.. Kashmir (India)

Asia.

Semi-Indep'd't. Kazakh...

Asia.

U.S.S.R.... Kenya and Prot Africa

British Empire. Kirghiz..

Asia,

U.S.S.R. Korea.

Asia,

Japanese. Kuwait.

Asia.

Sultanate Kwang Chau Wan Ayla.

French Lease. Kwantung

Asla.

Japanese Lease.. Labrador

No. America.. British Empire.. LAOS

Asia.

French Protect.. Latvia

Europe.

0.8.S.R.. Lebanon

Asia.

Beirut.. Leeward Islands. West Indies... British Empire. Liberia.

Africa.

Republic.. Libya..

Africa.

Italy Liechtenstein

Europe. Principality Lippe.

Europe. Germany Lithuania

Europe.

U.S.S.R.. Lubeck

Europe. Germany Luxemburg

Europe. Grand Duchy. Macao..

Asia.

Portugal Madagascar

Africa.

France. Madelra.

Africa.

Portugal. Madras (India)

Asia.

Seml-Indep'd't. Malay States, Fed Asia.

British Empire.. Malay States, Unted .. Asia

British Protect. Malta.

Europe

British Empire. Manchukuo

Asia.

Semi-Independ't Manitoba

No. America.. British Empire.. Martinique

West Indies... France Mauritania.

Africa ..

France Mauritius

Africa

British Empire. Mechlenburg.

Europe

Germany. Memel.

Europe.

Germany....
Mesopotamia (see Iraq)
Mexico

No. America. . Republic. •
Middle Congo..

Africa ....

France Miquelon

No. America.. France.

5,618

3,908 Stanley 7,083 210,518 Suva 131,588 3,863, 753 Helsinki

13,880 5,212,426 Taihoku 212,659

39,302,511 Paris, Vichy, (War) 959, 256 3,418.06' Brazzaville

196 300.359 Pondicherry 260,034 22,583,000 Hanoi 1.815.768 14,945,190 Dakar

93,218 408,516 Libreville

4,068 199,520 Bathurst
26.865 3.110.600 Tidis
225,528 79,375,281 Berlin
2

20,399 Gibraltar
1,537 601,000 New Goa
78,082 3.700.267 Accra
50, 257 7,196,900 Athens
736,518 18,000 Godthaab

688 304,209 Pointe-à-Pitre
45,452 3,248,000 Guatemala
89,480

341,237 Georgetown 54,291 171,396 Paramaribo 65,041

37,005 Cayenne 96,866 2,065,527 Konakry 13,944 415,220 Bissau 10,036

140,000 Santa Isabel 288 1,682,220 Hamburg 10,204 3,000,000 Port-au-Prince 150,000 1,500,000 Mecca

2,969 1,469,909 Darmstadt
44,275 1,105,504 Tegucigalpa
8,598

58,759 Belize
391 1,050,256 Victoria
63,810 14,471,543 Budapest
82,698

14,436.148 Hyderabad
39,709 118,888 Reykjavik
1,808,679 352,837,778 Delhi
1,318,346 289,491,241 Delhi
490,333 63,346,537
281,174 23,853,429 Hanoi
628,000

15,055,115 Teheran 140.000 3.670.000 Bagdad 27,137

2,965,854 Dublin 5,238 1,279,745 Belfast

49.308 Douglas 119,800 45,330,441 Rome 184,174 3,981,459 Bingerville 4,450

1.173,645 Kingston 148,756 72,875,800 Tokio 260,644 105, 226,101 Tokio 51,032 41,718,364 Batavia

7.500 613,500 Johore Bahru 84,516 3,646,243 Srinagar 1,047,797 6.796,600 Alma-Ata 224,960 3,500,352 Nairobi 75,926 1,302,100 Frunze 85, 246 22,633,587 Seoul (Keijo) 1,950

50,000 Kuwait 325

220,000 Kwangchow 1.438

1,656,726 Dairen 110,000

4,716
84,457 1,011,695 Piabang
25,402 1,950,502 Riga
3,600 592,812 Beirut
727

93,130 Antigua 45.000 1,500,000 Monrovia 679,358 888,401 Tripoll, Benghazi 65

12,000 Vaduz
469 188,598 Detmold
20,390 2,910,000 Vilna

115 136,413 Lubeck
999 301.000 Luxemburg

6 200,000 Macao 241,094 3,797,936 Tananarivo

314 211,601 Funchal 143.870

47.193.602 Madras 27,540 2,169,313 Perak 22,276 1,918,831 Johore 122

268,668 Valletta 503,013 36,949,972 Hsinking 246,512 700,139 Winnipeg

385 246,712 Fort de France
323,310 370,764 St. Louis
720

419,059 Port Louis
6,197 805.213 Schwerin

1,099 152,000 Memel 763,944 19,478,791 Mexico City 166,096 744,503 Brazzaville 83

520 St. Pierre

221

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12 30.168

7.99 1,875,000

6,533 213,350 18,350

225 297.654 29.326

35,284 175,000 54,000 12,704 735.267 27,985

8,548 42,734 93,000

5,790 309,432 103,934 60,000 499,410 372,559

5,238 523,620 1,309,682 124,556 21.068 37.374

2,083 82,000 412,582 49,647

392 10,429 33,667 90,540 174,854

Moldavia.

Europe

U.S.S.R.. Molucca Isles.

Asia.

Netherlands Monaco

Europe Principality Mongolia

Asia

China. Moravia.

Europe

Germany Morocco (French) Africa

French Protect. Morocco (Spanish). Africa

Spanish Protect. Morocco (Intern. Zone) Africa

Intern. Protect.. Mozambique

Africa.

Portugal ..... Mysore (India).

Asia.

Semi-Indep'd't. Natal.

Africa

British Empire. Nejd The.

Asla.

Kingdom Nepal,

Asia

Kingdom Netherlands,

Europe Kingdom Netherland Indies. Asia

Netherlands. New Brunswick.

No America.. British Empire. New Caledonia.

Australasia France Newfoundland.

No. America .. British Empire. . New Guinea, British. Oceania.. British Mandate New Hebrides (Isl.).. Australasia... Fr. & Brit. Prot.. New South Wales. Australia British Empire... New Zealand.

Australasia. British Empire. Nicaragua

Cent. Amer Republic.. Niger

Africa

France. Nigeria

Africa.

British Empire. Northern Ireland Europe

British Empire. Northern Territory Australia. British Empire. N. W. Territory

No. America.. British Empire. Norway

Europe.

Kingdom.. Nova Scotia.

No. America .. British Empire. Nyasaland Prot.

Africa..

British Empire. Oldenburg

Europe

Germany. Oman

Asia

Kingdom. Ontario.

No. America.. British Empire. Orange Free State. Africa

British Empire. Orkney Isles.

Europe,

British Empire.. Palestine.

Asia.

British Mandate. Panama

So. America. Republic Papua..

Oceania British Empire. Paraguay

So. America... Republio.. Persia (see Iran)

So. America... Republic.. Poland (inc. Teschen) Europe. Republic.. Portugal

Europe

Republic Prince Edward Isl. No. America. British Empire. Principe & St. Thomas . Africa.

Portugal. Prussia..

Europe.. Germany Punjab, India.

Asia

Semi-Indep'd't. Quebec

No. America. British Empire. Queensland

Australia... British Empire. Rajputana.

Asia

British Empire. Reunion..

Indian Ocean France. ... Rhodesia, Northern Africa

British Empire. Rhodesia, Southern. Africa.

British Empire. Riau-Lingga Arch. Asia.

Netherlands.
Rumania

Europe Kingdom..
Russia (see U.S.S.R.)
Russia (pre-war). Europe-Asia. .. Empire..
Saarland

Europe. Germany
St. Helena

Africa

British Empire. St. Pierre Islands No. America.. France. Sakhalin Island (So.).

Asis..

Japan. Salvador.

Cent Amer. Republic Samoa, Western

Oceania

British Mandate San Marino

Europe

Republic Sarawak..

Asia

British Empire. Sardinia.

Europe

Italy Saskatchewan.

NO. America. British Empire. Saxony

Europe

Germany. Schauinburg-Lippe. Europe

Germany Scotland

Europe

British Empire. Senegal

Africa

France. Serbla (pre-war)

Europe

Yugo-Slavia Seychelles Islands

Africa..

British Empire. Shetland Isles

Europe

British Empire.
Siam (see Thailand)
Sicily,

Europe

Italy Sierra Leone

Africa

British Empire. Sikkim (India)

Asia

Semi-Indep'd't. Slovakia...

Europe

Republic Slovenia.

Europe Yugo-Slavia
Society Isles, etc. Oceania.

France.
Solomon Islands, Brit. Oceania. British Protect.
Somaliland, British. Africa

British Empire.
French. Africa.

France..
Italian, Africa.

Italy
Soudan, Ang.-Egyptian. Africa.

British Empire, South Australia

Australia British Empire.. South West Africa. Africa

British Mandate. Spain.

Europe.

Republic.. Spitzbergen.

Europe

Norway Straits Settlements

Asis.

British Empire. Sudan (French)

Africa

France, Sudetenland

Europe

Germany Sumatra

Asla

Netherlands Swaziland

Africa

British Empire. Sweden...

Europe

Kingdom.. Switzerland

Europe Republic..

615,000 Tiraspol
427,211 Ternate

23.973 Monaco
850.000 Urga
2,332,522 Brno
7,093,720 Rabat
795,202 Tetuan

60,000 Tangier 4,995,750 Lourenco-Marques 6.557.302 Bangalore 2,018,000 Pietermaritsburg 3.000.000 Kidayah 5,600,000 Kathmandu 8,728,569 Amsterdam 67,000,000 Batavia

408,219 Fredericton

53.245 Noumea 294.800 St. John's 666,000 Balam sua

54.531 Vila 2,770,348 Sydney 1.640 901 Wellington 1,380,287 Managua 1.809,576 Niamey 20,641,814 Lagos 1,279.745 Belfast

6,973 Darwin

9.723 Regina 2,937,000 Oslo

512,846 Halifax 1,679,977 Berera 582,400 Oldenburg

500,000 Muscat 3.690.000 Toronto 790,800 Bloemfontein

21.600 Kirkwall 1,529,559 Jerusalem 467,459 Panama

337,000 Port Moresby 1,000,000 Asuncion 6,672,881 Lima 34,775.698 Warsaw 7,460.195 Lisbon

92.000 Charlottetown

59.000 Santa Cruz 41,762,040 Berlin 24,018,639 Lahore 3.140,000 Quebec 1,015,927 Brisbane 11,225,712 Jaipur

208,858 St. Pierre 1,376.325 Lusaka 1.385,560 Salisburg

298.225 14,098,850 Bucharest

Peru...

532,000 150.470 35,490 2,184

384 113,575 105,020 594,534 670.500 129,059

970 290,320 150,333 12,234 75,400

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256

POPULATION, AREA OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES-Continued

Area,
Country

Continent Government or Square Popula- Capital or Chief
or State
Ruling Power Miles

tlon

City Syrla and the Lebanon Asia..

French Mandate..

57,900 3,630,000 Beirut Tadzhik

Asla..
U.S.S.R....

55,040 1.332,700 Stalinabad Tanganyika

Africa
British Mandate.

360,000 5,270,484 Dar-es-Salaam Tangier

Africa
Internationalized..

225 60,000 Tangler
Tasmania.
Australasia. British Empire...

26,215 241,576 Hobart Thailand (Slam). Asia.

Kingdom..

221,898 15,976,000 Bangkok Thuringia. Europe. Germany

4,541 1,760,595 Weimar Thibet..

Asia
Ching

463,200 3,000,000 Lhasa Timor Arch

Asia.
Portugal.

7,330 463,796 Dilly
Tobago
West Indies British Empire

114

25,358 Port of Spain Togoland

Africa.
French Mandate.

21,893 780,497 Lome Togoland

Africa.
British Mandate.

13,041 391,473 Lome
Tonga (Friendly) Isl. Oceania
British Protect..

33,785 Nukuslota Tonkin

Asis.
French Protect.

40,530 8,970,464 Hanoi Transjordan

Asia.
Palestine.

37,470 300,000 Amman Transvaal

Africa.
British Empire.

110,450 3,535,100 Pretoria
Trinidad.
West Indies.. British Empire.

1,862 473,455 Port au Spain Tunis.

Africa
France

48,313 2,608,313 Tunis
Turkey..
Europe-Asla... Republic.

294,416 17,869,901 Ankara Turkey (pre-war) Europe-Asla... Sultanate

710,224 21,273,900 Constantinople Turkoman

Asis..
U.S.S.R...

171,384 1,268,900 Ashkhabad Turks & Caicos Islands West Indies.. British Empire.

166

5,300 Grand Turk. 0.8.8.R..

Europe-Asia. Soviet Republic. 8,819,791 192,695,710 Moscow
Uganda Prot.
Africa.. British.

93,381 3,790,689 Entebbe
Ulster (see Ireland, Northern)
Ukraine...
Europe.. U.S.S.R.

170,998 31,901,400 Klev Union of So. Africa. Africa..

British Empire.

472,550 10,160,000 Pretoria United Kingdom. Europe. Kingdom..

94,279 46,213,169 London Uruguay So. America. Republic,

72,153 2, ,545 Montevideo Uzbek..

Asia..
U.S.S.R..

66,392 5,044,300 Tashkent Vatican City, State of.. Europe.. Papal State.

1.6

1,025 Vatican City Venezuela. So. America. Republic

352,170 3,491,159 Caracas Victoria. Australia. British Empire.

87,884 1,887,278 Melbourne Wales, Europe. British Empire.

8,012 2,593,014 Cardiff West Australia Australia, British Empire.

975,920 465,916 Perth White Russia

Europe.
U.S.S.R...

49,022 5.439, 400 Minsk Windward Islands West Indies... British Empire.

821 259,742 St. George's Wurttemberg,

Europe
Germany.

7,532 2,907,166 Stuttgart Yemen.

Asia..
Kingdom.

75,000 3.500,000 Sanaa
Yugoslavia.
Europe. Kingdom.

95,558 16,200,000 Belgrade Yukon No. America.. British Empire.

207,076

4,230 Dawson Zanzibar.

Africa.
British Empire.

1,020 235,428 Zanzibar The Berlin-Rome-Tokio Axis Germany, Japan and Italy signed in Berlin Article Four-With the view to implementing the (Sept. 27, 1940) a ten-year military and economic present pact, joint technical commissions, memtreaty--the Treaty of Berlin-by which they pooled bers which are to be appointed by the respective their totalitarian armaments and pledged to help governments of Germany, Italy and Japan, will one another against the United States if one of meet without delay. them becomes involved with America. The official Article Five--Germany, Italy and Japan affirm English translation of the treaty follows:

that the aforesaid terms do not in any way affect The governments of Germany, Italy and Japan, the political status which exists at present as beconsidering it as a condition precedent of any tween each of the three contracting parties and lasting peace that all nations of the world be given Soviet Russia. each its own proper place, have decided to stand Article Six-The present pact shall come into by and cooperate with one another in regard to effect immediately upon signature and shall remain their efforts in Greater East Asia and regions of in force ten years from the date of its coming into Europe respectively wherein It is their prime pur- force. At the proper time before expiration of said pose to establish and maintain a new order of term the high contracting parties shall at the rethings calculated to promote the mutual prosperity quest of any of them enter into negotiations for its and welfare of the peoples concerned.

renewal. Furthermore, it is the desire of the three govern- In faith whereof, the undersigned, duly authorments to extend cooperation to such nations in ized by their respective governinents, have signed other spheres of the world as may be inclined to this pact and have affixed hereto their signatures. put fourth endeavors along lines similar to their Done in triplicate at Berlin, the 27th day of own, in order that their ultimate aspirations for September, 1940, in the eighteenth year of the world peace may thus be realized.

Fascist era, corresponding to the 27th day of the Accordingly, the governments of Germany, Italy ninth month of the fifte year of Showa (the and Japan have agreed as follows:

reign of Emperor Hirohito). Article One-Japan recognizes and respects the Hungary joined the Axis (Nov. 20, 1940), Rumania leadership of Germany and Italy in establishment (Nov. 23) and Slovakia (Nov. 24). Bulgaria signed of a new order in Europe.

as a member (March 1, 1941). Yugoslavia attached Article Two-Germany and Italy recognize and its signature (March 25) with the provision that respect the leadership of Japan in the establish- Axis troops should not march through the country ment of a new order in Greater East Asia.

and that its sovereignty and territorial integrity Article Three-Germany, Italy and Japan agree should be respected. The regime that signed the to cooperate in their efforts on aforesaid lines. pact with the Axis was overthrown two days later They further undertake to assist one another with and the new Cabinet did not ratify the agreement. all political, economic and military means when The subjugation of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers one of the three contracting powers is attacked by followed. Croatia, carved from a part of vana power at present not involved in the European quished Yugoslavia, joined the Axis (June 15, war or in the Chinese-Japanese conflict.

1941) in a ceremony in Venice.

The Average Father of 32,000,000 in the U. S.

Statisticians of the Census Bureau picture the or non-emergency work. average of 32,000,000 fathers in the United States If he works in an industrial establishment his as follows:

yearly wage is about $1,100 or $1,200 a year. Age: 44.

It is 9 to 1 he is white and 3 to 2 he is a native The odds are 9 to 1 that he is a married man American whose parents were born here. living with his wife and has one to two children He spends about $1,200 a year for family purliving at home. The rest of the fathers are mostly chases in retail stores; he worries over å $480 widowers and a very small sprinkling of divorced annual tax bill, males.

About 2,250,000 fathers each year have the thrill The chances are 3 to 2 that he will live in a city of a childbirth in the home, about 25,000 of which of 2.500 or more.

involve twins, 274 triplets and 2 quadruplets, The odds are 8 to 1 that he has a job in private One father in the United States has 27 children.

Population of Important Foreign Cities

Source: Latest census figures and latest official estimates
City Country Pop.
City Country Pop.

City Country Pop.
Adelaide... Australia.. 322,990 Genoa Italy.

659,665 Odessa. Russia. 604.223 Agra. India.

229,764 Glasgow. Scotland.. 1,126,000 Oporto. Portugal 232,280 Ahmedabad. India. 313,789 Gorky

Russia 644,116 Osaka, Gr'tr.Japan... 3.394,200 Alexandria.. Egypt. 682,101 Gothenburg. Sweden. 2 0,602 Oslo,

Norway 253,124 Algiers. Algeria 252,321 Graz

210,175 Palermo. Italy

434,311 Altona. Germany. 241,970 The Hague Holland 495,185 Para

Brazil 279,491 Amritsar.. India.

264,840 Hakodate..

Japan.
226,500 Paris

France 2,829,746
Amsterdam Holland. 793,526 Halle. Germany.. 220,364 Paris, G't'r.. France. 4,933,855
Amoy.

China. .. 234,159 Hamburg Germany 1,682,220 Peiping China. 1,556,364 Antwerp Belgium 274,406 Hanchow China.

506,930 Pernambuco Brazil. 472,764 Akershus. Norway 236,939 Hankow. China

777,993 Perth.. Australia. 224.800 Athens. Greece. 652,385 Hanover Germany 472,527 Piraeus Greece. 328,299 Auckland. N. Zealand 221,500 Harbin, Manch' k'o 330,436 Plymouth England. 210,460 Avellaneda.. Argentina. 386,000 Havana.. Cuba.

568,913 Poona. India

233,885 Bagdad.. Irag

499,410 Helsinki. Finland 293,237 Porto Alegre Brazil. 321,628 Bahia.. Brazil

363,726 Hiroshima. Japan. 340.100 Portsmouth. England. 256,200 Baku

Russia.. 809,347 Hong Kong.. China. 1,028,619 Poznan.. Poland. 268.800 Bangalore. India 306,470 Howrah. Indla

224,873 Prague. Cz'choslov 848,823 Bangkok.. Thailand 931,170 Hsinking. Manch'k'o 360,294 Rangoon. Burins. 400,415 Barcelona ... Spain.. 1,399,000 Hull..

England... 319,400 Recile.. Brazil. 472,464 Batavia. Java. 437,000 Hyderabad.. Indla.

466,894 Riga.

Latvis 393,211 Bellast. Ireland. 438.112 Istanbul Turkey. 789,346 Rio Janeiro, Brazil. 1.711,466 Belgrade Yugo-Slav. 405,000 Johan'sburg C.of S. Afr. 257,671 Rome.

Italy. 1,348,700 Benares. India

205,315 Kaiyuan. Manch'k'o 317,520 Rosario.. Argentina 514,613 Berlin, Gritrjermany.. 4,332,242 Karachi. India

263,565 Rostov Russia 520,700 Birmingham England... 1,029,700 Kassel, Germany.. 217,085 Rotterdam Holland 612,372 Bochum Germany 303,208 Kazan

Russia..

258,700 Salford England. 201.800 Bogota, Colombia 330,312 Kharkov. Russis 833,432 Saloniki Greece

236,524 Bologna Italy

318,444 Kiel.
Germany. 272,311 Santiago, Chile

829,830 Bombay India 1,161,383 Kiev

Russia

846,293 Sao Paulo. Brazil. 1,151,249 Bordeaux France 258,348 Kobe. Japan. 1,006,100 Saratov. Russia

327,500 Bradford.. England. 289,510 Konigsberg. . Germany. 368,433 Sendal.

Japan

219,547 Bremen.. Germany 342,113 Kure.. Japan.

262,300 Seoul

Korea.

706,396 Breslau.. Germany.. 615,006 Kyoto, Japan. 1,177,200 Sevilla, Spain

238,727 Brisbane Australia.. 326.000 Labore. India

429,747 Shanghai. China. 3,489,998 Bristol England.. 415,100 La Paz Bolivia 250.000 Sheffield. England.. 518, 200 Brno.

Cz'choslov 264,925 La Plata, Argentina 268,000 Shizuoka. | Japan. . 200.737 Brunswick Gerinany..

201,306 Leeds.

England... 491.880 Singapore. Straits Set. 727,564
Brus'ls, G't'r. Belgium.. 912,774 Leicester., England.. 262,900 Soerabaya... Dutch E. I. 313,000
Bucharest... Rumania. 640,511 Leipzig Germany.. 701,606 Sofia

Bulgaria.. 287,095
Budapest
Leningrad Russia 3,191,304 Soochow China

260,000
G't'r
Hungary.. 1,585,678 Lille.
France. 200.575 Stalingrad. Russia

388,000 Buenos Aires Argentina. 2,364,263 Lima... Peru.

500.000 Stalino. Russia. 285,500
Cairo... Egypt. 1,307,422 Lisbon. Portugal 594,390 Stettin. Germany.. 268,915
Calcutta. India 1,485,582 Liverpool. England. 836,300 Stockholm. Sweden... 583,621
Canton.
China.
861,024 Lodz.

Poland.. 665,200 Stoke-on-T.. England... 272,800
('ape Town. . U.S. of Alr. 173,412 Lond'n. Gr'trl England. 8,655.000 Stuttgart. ... Germany.. 459,538
Caracas.
Venezuela 300.000 İLucknow... India

274,659 Sverdlovsk. Russia 400,800
(ardilt.
Wales...

224,850 Lwow. Poland.. 317,700 Sydney Australia. 1,305,040 Catania. Italy.

244,972: Lyons
France 570.621 Tabriz..

Iran.

219,000 Cawnpore. India 243,755 Madras India 647.230 Taihoku. Formosa.

274,157 Chemnitz. Germany. 334,563 Madrid. Spain 1,194,000 Tashkent. Russia.

585,005 Chungking.. China. 635,000 MagdeburgGermany.. 334,358 Teliran Iran..

360,000 Cologne. Germany. 768,426 Manchester, England.. 736,500 Tientsin. China, 1,292,025 Colombo... Ceylon 284,155 Mannheim .. Germany. 283,801 Tinis.. Georgia, R. 519,175 Copenhagen, Denmark. , 843,168 Marseilles. France 914,232 Tokio, G't'r. Japan. 7,094,600 Cordoba.. Argentina, 288,916 Melbourne.. Australia. 1,046,750 Toronto. Canada 631,207 (racow Poland 254,600 Messina Italy

192,051 Toulouse. France 213.220 Croydon England 242,300 Mexico City, Mexico. 1,754,355 Trieste Italy

261,368 Dairen. Kwantung 282,665 Milan, Italy 1.219, 240 Tsingtao. China

514,769
Danzig
Free State
415,000 Montevideo, Uruguay. 682,664 Tunis.

Tunisis. 219,578
Delhi.
India.
447,442 Montreal.. Canada... 818,577 Turin.

Italy

698,096 Dne'p'tr'ysk Russia 500.662 Moscow. Russia 4,137,018 Valencia Spain

352.802 Dortmund.. Germany, 537.000 Mukden Manch'k'o 772,017 Valparaiso. Chile.

263,228 Dresden Gerin any

625,174 Munich,

Germany.. 828,325 Vancouver. Canada 308,340 Dublin.. Ireland... 482.300 Nagasaki. Japan, 230,800 Venice.. Italy

285,833 Duisburg Germany.. 431, 256 Nagoy&.. Japan. 1,249,100 Vienna Germany 1,918,462 Dusseldorf.., Germany.. 539,905 Nagpur India

215,165 Wannsein...China. 210.837
Edinburgh. Scotland. 468,500 Vanking. China, 11,019,148 Warsaw. Poland. 1,265, 700
Essen
Germany. 659,871 Naples.. Italy

925,325 Wenchow. China

631,276 Florence Italy..

354,975, Newcastle.. England. 290,400 West Ham.. England. 259,500 Foochow.. China. 322,725 Nice.

France 241,916 Winnipeg Canada 280, 202 Frankfort. Germany. 546,649 Ningpo. China

218.774 Wuppertal.. Germany. 398,009 Fukuoka,... Japan. 322,000 Nottingham. England.. 278,800 Yawata. Japan... 243,500 Fusliun Manch'k'o 295,036 Novosibirsk, Russia, 278.000 Yokohama Japan.

866.200 Gelsink'ch'n, Germany.. 313,003 Nurnberg Germany. 430.851 Zurich... Switzerl'd. 330,000

United States Trade with Latin-American Countries
Source: Statistical Year-Book of the League of Nations; in American dollars
Millions of dol.

Millions of dol.
Commodity

Commodity

1938 1939 1940 1938 1939 1940

3.0 5.1 Total Exports

489.7 562.5 718.5 Bituminous coal.
40.1 61.6 115.3 Aircraft, including parts

12.01 10.3 Iron and steel mill products

7.5 Automobiles 67.6 69.6 74.5! All other,

94.1 112.5 148.4 Industrial inachinery 53.1 56.3 74.3 Total Imports

447.4 495.8 593.0 Chemical products, 28.7 39.2 55.2 Coffee

133.8 136.2 124.3 Textile manufactures 31 241.8 48.2 Cane sugar.

79.7 75.0 69.7 Electrical much, and apparatus 31.4 34.1 40.6 Copper

26.6 30.1 51.9 Rice, flour, other veg. prod. 34.7 34.5 37.2 Crude petrol., seminn. olls.

18.9 23.3 47.6 Crude petrol., renned olls, 28.3 28.5 25.7 Raw wool

7.8 17.1 46.7 Paper and paper materials 7.7 10.8 22.7 Hides and skins.

9.8 19.0 24.4

12.1 13.2 13.1 Meats, fats, milk, edib. animal prod 14.7 17.8 19.8 Cocoa... Agricultural implements 21.9 16.2 14.4 Sodium nitrate.

10.7 11.2 12.5 Lumber and wood products. 12.8 13.5 13.5 All other..

148.0 170.7 202.8 Rubber and manufactures..

8.4 10.71 12.31

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AVIATION

International Aeronautical Records Source: The National Aeronautic Association, duPont Circle, Washington, D. C., representative in the United States of the Federal Aeronautique Internationale, world sport governing body for aeronautics. The officers of the association are: Charles F. Horner, president; George B. Logan, vicepresident; William R. Enyart, secretary, and John H. Jouett, treasurer. The International Aeronautical Federation was formed (1905) by representatives from Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Spain, Italy, Switzerland and the United States, with headquarters in Paris. Regulations for the control of official records were signed (Oct. 14, 1905). Thirty-eight countries were members of the association (1939). The records presented here are as of Oct. 1, 1941. World records are defined as maximum performance, regardless of class or type of aircraft used. Records accepted by the Federation follow:

WORLD AIR RECORDS Maximum speed over a 3-kilometer course (1.864 miles)-755.138 km. p. h. (469.220 m. p. h.)-Fritz Wendel, Germany, April 26, 1939.

Distance airline--11,520.421 kilometers (7,158.440 miles)-Squadron Leader R. Kellett, Flight Lt. R. T. Gething and Pilot Officer M. L. Caine (one plane); Flight Lt. A. N. Combe, Flight Lt. B. K. Burnett and Sergt. H. B. Gray (second plane); Great Britain, Nov. 5-7, 1938.

Altitude -22,066 meters (72,394.795 feet) Anderson and Stevens, United States, November 11, 1935.

All other records, international in scope, are termed International records and are divided into classes, free balloons, airships, airplanes, seaplanes, amphibians, gliders, and helicopters. In the following tables categories are used and are defined as:

Light airplanes

Light seaplanes
Engine cylinder displacement

Engine cylinder displacement 1st category. 397-549 cubic inches

397-549 cubic inches 2nd category

244-397 cubic inches

Less than 397 cubic inches 3rd category 122-244 cubic inches

None 4th category. Less than 122 cubic inches

None AIRPLANES (Class C) Distance closed circuit (International)-12,935.770 kilometers (8,037.899 miles)-Angelo Tondi, Roberto Dagasso and Ferruccio Vignoli, Aldo Stagliano, Italy, July 30-31-Aug. 1, 1939. (United States)-5,036 kilometers (3,129.219 miles)-Major C. V. Haynes and Capt. w. D. old, U. S. A., A. C. pilots; Capt. W. G. Bryte, Lt. A. C. Brandt, Sergt. A. Cattarius, Sergt. D. L. Spicer and Corp. J. E. Sands, U. S. A., A. O., crew; Dayton, O., Aug. 1-2, 1939.

Distance airline (International)-11,520.421 kilometers (7,158.440 miles)--Squadron Leader R. Kellett, Flight Lt. R. T. Gething and Pilot Officer M. L. Gaine (one plane); Flight Lt. A. N. Combe, Flight Lt. B. K. Burnett and Sergt. H. B. Gray (second plane); Great Britain, Nov. 5-7, 1938. (United States) 8,065.736 kilometers (5,011,800 miles) ---Russell N. Boardman and John Polando, from Brooklyn, N. Y.. to Istanbul, Turkey, July 28-30, 1931,

Altitude (International)-17,083 meters (56,046.473 feet)-Col. Mario Pezzi, Italy, Oct. 22, 1938. (United States)-13,157 meters (42,165.880 feet)-Lt. Apollo Souceck, Anacostia, D. C., June 4, 1930.

Maximum speed (International)-Speed 755.138 km. p. h. (469.22- m. p. h.) - Fritz Wendel, Germany, April 26, 1939. (United States)--speed 567.115 km. p. h. (352.388 m. p. h.)--Howard R. Hughes, Santa Ana, Calif., Sept. 13, 1935.

Speed for 100 kilometers (62.137 miles)) (International)-Speed 634.320 km. p. h. (394.147 m. p. h.)Major Gen. Ernst Udet, Germany, June 5, 1938. (United States)-Speed 470.896 km. p. h. (292.600 m. p. h.) Miss Jacqueline Cochran, Acomita, N. M., April 20, 1940.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 miles) (International) - Speed 524.185 km. p. h. (325.713 m. p. h.) -Furio Niclot, Italy, Dec. 9, 1937. (United States)--Speed 492.341 km. p. h. (305.926 m. p. h.), Miss Jacqueline Cochran, Burbank-San Francisco-Burbank, Calif., course, Sept. 15, 1939.

Speed for 2,000 kilometers (1.242.739 miles) (International)-Speed 533.847 km, p. h. (331.716 m. p. n.), Miss Jacqueline Cochran, Mt. Wilson, Calif.-Mesa Giganta, N. M.-Mt. Wilson, Calif., course, April 6. 1940. (United States) same.

Speed for 5,000 kilometers (3,106.849 miles) (International)---Speed, 404.936 km. p. h. (251.615 m. p. h.),

Nicholas Chebanov and Vladimir Matvelev, Sebastopol course, Aug. 28, 1939. (United States) -Speed 272.030 km. p. h. (169.031 m. p. h.) D, W: Tomlinson and J. A. Bartels, Floyd Bennett-Bolling Field-Floyd Bennett Field course, May 16-17, 1935.

Speed for 10,000 kilometers (6,213.698 miles) (International)--Speed 311.620 km. p. h. (193.631 m. p. h.) -Comm. Rossi and Adjt. Chief Emont, France, Aug. 15-16, 1939.

LIGHT AIRPLANES (first category) Distance, Airline (International)-3,318.198 kilometers (2,061.703 miles)-A. Goussarov and V. Giebov, U.S. S. R., Sept. 23, 1937.*

Speed for 100 kilometers (62.137 miles), (International)-Speed 392.584 km. p. h. (243.940 m. p. h.)Giorgio Parodi, Italy, Aug. 27, 1939. (United States)-Speed 333.179 km. p. h. (207.027 m. p. h.)Clarence R. McArthur, New Orleans,, La., June 26, 1938.

Altitude (International) 9,075 meters (29,773.560 feet)---Herman Ilig, Germany, July 7, 1939. (United States)--5,721 meters (18,769.646 feet)--Grace Huntington, Burbank, Calif., May 31, 1939.

LIGHT AIRPLANES (second category) Speed 100 kilometers (International),Speed 383.388_km. p. h. (238.225 m. p. h.)-S. J. Wittman, U. S., Detroit, Mich., Sept. 19, 1937. United States).

Distance, Airline (International)---5,099.300 kms. (3,168.365 miles)--Andre Japy, France, from Istres to Djibouti, Nov. 30, 1937.*

LIGHT AIRPLANES (third category) Distance, Airline (International)-6,303.840 kilometers (3,917,017

miles)-Horst Pulkowski and Lt. R. Jenett, Germany, from Bengasi, Libya, to Gaya, British India, Dec. 29-31, 1938. (United States) 3,986.944 kilometers (2,477.367 miles)-J. M. Jones, Nov. 29-30, 1938.

LIGHT AIRPLANES (fourth category) Distance, Airline (International)-1,909.833 kilometers (1,186.713 miles)--Heinz Gabler, Germany. Aug. 2, 1939.. (United States)-1,631.878 kilometers (1,014 miles)--Robert E. Bryant, from Miami, Fla.; to Camden, N. J., July 31, 1939.

SEAPLANES (Class C2) Distance, closed circuit (International)-5,200 kilometers (3,231.123 miles)-Mario Stoppani and Carlo Tonini, Italy, May 27-28, 1937. (United States)--2,525 kilometers (1,569 miles)-Lts. B. J. Connell and H. C. Rodd, San Diego, Cal., Aug. 15-16, 1927.

Distance, Airline (International)-9,652,001 kilometers (5,997.462 miles)-Capt. D. C. T. Bennett and First Officer I. Harvey, Great Britain, from Dundee, Scotland, to near Port Nolloth, S. Africa, Oct. 6-8, 1938. (United States) -5,280.015 kilometers (3,281.402 miles)--Lt. Commdr. Knefler McGinnis, U.S. N., Lt. J. K. Averill, U. S. N., N. A. P., T. P. Wilkinson, U. S. N., from Cristobal Harbor, C. Z., to San Francisco Bay, Alameda, Calif., Oct. 14-15, 1935. Maximum speed (International)-Speed 709.209 km. p. h. (440.681 m. p. h.)--Francesco Agello, Italy, Indicates no United States record has been established.

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