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together again next June, they will lay aside that William R. Mandeville, New Orleans, La.; N. modesty so natural to men of true science, and R. Milner, New Orleans, La.; H. L. Orme, Los not only correct the present error, but, if they Angeles, Cal.; R. H. Reed, Mansfield, Ohio ; meet there in the capital of the nation all the other W. L. Schenck, Osage City, Kan. ; C. M. Smith, specialist organizations to form a confederated Franklin, Ohio; R. M. Swearingen, Austin, Congress, do not permit the repetition of a simi- Texas ; M. K. Taylor, United States Army; G. lar mistake by calling it “ The Congress of Ameri. B. Thornton, Memphis, Tenn.; William M. can Physicians and Surgeons," as has been pro- Welch, Philadelphia, Pa. posed, and which would suggest to all the out

SUBJECTS FOR DISCUSSION AND FOR THE PREPAside world only a gathering of ordinary members

RATION OF MONOGRAPHS. of the profession, but insist boldly on its being called honestly and plainly " The Congress of

1. Quarantine. American Specialists." For it would be a sad re- a. History of quarantine. flection if, after assembling annually on the banks b. Conduct of quarantine stations. of the Potomac and enduring a June sweat for a

c. Sanitation of ships. decade, they found themselves well-nigh for- d. Sanitation of maritime ports. gotten, and all for the wantof a title sufficiently dis- e. Regulation and control by sea and land of tinctive to secure the attention of the learned in all such diseases as yellow fever, Asiatic cholera, parts of the world. Let no one suppose that the Oriental plague, Oriental leprosy, typhus, and foregoing comments are prompted by any feeling typhoid fevers, smallpox, scarlatina, and measles. of opposition to the new association. We are f. The relations of the duration of quarantine as perfectly willing that both specialism and exclu- determined by the natural history of various dissiveism shall have fair play in an open field, but eases, and more especially by the period of incuit is no more than right to claim that every ship bation of their specific poisons. should sail under its own flag.– Fournal of g. Value of heat (dry heat and heated steam) Amer. Med. Association.

and steam in the disinfection and cleansing of

infected vessels. Ninth INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL CONGRESS.

h. Relative value of sulphuric acid and other - The Ninth International Medical Congress, to be held in Washington, D. C., commencing Sep. chloride of mercury in disinfection.

agents, as carbolic acid, sulphate of iron, and bitember 5, 1887:

i. Describe the apparatus for the application PRELIMINARY ORGANIZATION.

of disinfectants. Section XIV. PUBLIC AND INTERNATIONAL

j. Quarantine should embrace not merely deHYGIENE.

tention, but also thorough cleansing and disinfecPresident, Joseph Jones, M.D., of New Or- tion. Whenever necessary, the cargo'should he leans, La. Vice-Presidents, John Simon, 40 Ken.

discharged and thor ughly aired and fumiga sington Square, W. London; B. W. Richardson, k. Structure and conduct of quarantine hospi25 Manchester Square, W. London; J. W.

tals. Thudicum, 11 Pembroke Garden, W. London ;

1. Land quarantine, its value and mode of conA. N. Bell, Brooklyn, N. Y.; J. N. McCormick, duction. Bowling Green, Ky.; J. Berrien Lindsey, Nash

m. The proper structure, ventilation, and conville, Tenn. ; J. F. Y. Paine, Galveston, Texas. duct of railroads so as to prevent the disseminaSecretaries, George H. Rohé, Baltimore, Md.; tion of contagious and infectious diseases. Walter Wyman, United States Marine Hospital n. Shall the General Governments of the civilService. Council, Thomas Antisell, Washington, lized world assume control of all the quarantine D. C.; Le Baron Bottsford, St. Johns, New systems, and by mutual consent reduce the enBrunswick; Henry Carpenter, Lancaster, Pa.; tire subject of quarantine to order and apply the Richard H. Day, Baton Rouge, La.; J. W. most improved methods of sanitation and disinDupui, Baton Rouge, La.; Oscar DeWolf, fection? Chicago, Illinois ; Landon B. Edwards, Rich

0. Shall the government of the United States mond, Va.; James Finney, New Orleans, La.;

assume charge of the entire subject of quarantine Wiley K. Foot, New Orleans, La.; Albert L. and relieve the individual States of the Union of Gihon, Washington, D. C.; E. L. B. Godfrey, all further responsibility of regulating quarantine Camden, N. J.; D. W. Hand, St. Paul, Minn.; either with foreign countries or with each other? Thomas Hebert, New Iberia, La.; Charles H. Hewitt, Red Wing, Minn. ; Joseph Holt, New

II. Military Hygiene. Orleans, La.; Stanhope Jones, New Orleans, a. Food of the soldier. La.; Benjamin Lee, Philadelphia, Pa.; Henry b. Clothing of the soldier. Leffman, Philadelphia, Pa.; J. R. Le Monnier, C. Exercise of rest ; effects of infantry, cavalry, New Orleans, La.; Henry F. Lyster, Detroit, artillery, and bicycle exercise upon the soldier. Mich.; A. W. Leighton, New Haven, Conn. ; d. Shelter. Structure of tents.

e. Water supply of armies; method of testing | IX. Influence of Alcohol upon the Public Health. and improving.

a. Wine. f. Military prisoners and military prisons. b. Malt liquors.

g. The establishment of uniform rules to be 6. Distilled liquors. recognized by all civilized nations for the treat

X. Influence of Narcotics upon the Public ment, food, and clothing of military prisoners,

Health. and for the regular and continuous exchange of

a. Tobacco. all military prisoners.

b. Cannabis indicus. h. Hygienic arrangements of field and gen

c. Opium and its preparations. eral hospitals.

d. Chloral hydrate, chloroform, and ether. III, Naval Hygiene.

XI. Influence of the Electric Light upon the IV. Structure and Arrangement of Prisons and

Public Health.
Treatment of Prisoners.

XII. Influence of the Modern Modes of Travel a. Treatment of prisoners : food, clothing, and

upon Public Health, occupation.

a. Effects of railroad travel in inducing para6. Has the State the right to work prisoners in lysis. swamps and marshes, and cause the destruction

b. Hygienic structure and conduct of railroad of human life by the neglect of all the laws of hy- trains so as to avoid the introduction and dissemigiene?

nation of infectious and contagious diseases. c. Are not deaths occasioned amongst prison- 6. Structure and arrangement of sailing and ers by cruelty, overwork, scant clothing, poor steamships. food, directly chargeable against the officials

d. Hygienic regulations of officers, crews, and composing the government, whether acting in

passengers. behalf of a city, county, state, or government?

XIII. Relations of Filth to Public Health. V. Structure, Hygienic Arrangements, and Ven- a. Relative merits of the various plans of tilation of Buildings.

sewerage and of the disposal of garbage and a. Proper condition of the soil for the location fecal matter. of buildings.

6. Organization of the scavenger force. 6. Relations of building material to moisture c. Best method of disposing of the dead. and to fire.

d. Effects of putrefaction in the dissemination c. Public buildings: legislative halls, depots, of the disease germs of contagious and infectious churches, etc.

diseases, such as cholera, yellow fever, smallpox, d. School-houses and colleges.

measles, scarlet fever, etc. e. Factories.

e. Cremation. f. Dwellings.

XIV. Relations of Disease Germs to the Origin VI. Influence of Agriculture on Public Health.

and Spread of Contagious and Infeca. Influence of overflows on the public health.

tious Diseases, and to Endemic and 6. Importance of drainage; clearage ofswamps,

Epidemic Diseases. marshes, and land generally.

a. Relations of malaria to the public health. 6. Influence of the cultivation of rice on the 6. Nature of the malarial poison. public health.

c. Physical, chemical, and microscopical chard. Influence of cotton, tobacco, sugar, and in-acters of the poison or cause of the following disdigo culture on the public health.

eases: Yellow fever, typhoid fever, typhus fever, VII. Food and its Adulterations.

relapsing fever, measles, scarlatina, syphilis, a. Influence of different methods of preserving

phthisis, Oriental leprosy, elephantiasis, smallfood on the public health.

pox. b. Influence of canned food upon the public

d. Relations of phthisis to the public health. health.

e. Relations of syphilis to the public health. c. The injurious effects of lead, copper, tin,

f. Measures for the arrest of smallpox. zinc, antimony, etc., upon food; said metals

g. Value of cow pox vaccination.

Trans. being used for culinary vessels, dishes, and re

h. Accidents attending vaccination. ceptacles.

mission of the syphilitic virus through the me

dium of the vaccine virus. VIII. Relations of Water to the Public Health. Authors desiring to contribute to the Four

a. Properties of wholesome potable water. teenth ection of the Ninth International Medical b. Water supplies of cities.

Congress should commence their labors at the c. Proper supply to each inhabitant, etc. Trans. earliest practical moment and communicate with mission of disease germs through the medium of

JOSEPH JONES, M.D., Post Box 1500, New Orleans, La.

water.

40 KENSINGTON SQUARE, W. LONDON,
June 8, 1886.

BOOK REVIEWS. My Dear Sir :-I feel myself highly flattered by the invitation with which you honor me, that Diseases of the Digestive Organs in Infancy and I should be one of the Vice-Presidents of Section XIV. of the International Medical Congress

Childhood. By Louis STARR, M.D. P. Blak

iston, Son & Co., 1012 Walnut Street, Philaabout to be held in Washington.

delphia, 1886. To my very great regret, I have no hope that it will be in my power to attend the Congress;

This is a new book, by an author well-known as and I feel doubtful whether, in that state of the The general arrangement of the work is worthy

a teacher in the department of children's diseases. case, you will still think me qualified for the honor you so kindly propose. This I can only

of commendation; and the workmanship-printleave to your judgment; subject to which, my

ing, binding, etc.—excellent. The author, we are answer to your very flattering invitation would, gratified to see, lays great stress on the matter of of course, be, that I should be proud to hold general management of the little sufferer. In under your presidency, any honoring post for fact

, the concluding part of the book is devoted which you may deem me fit.

to that important subject. Feeding enters into Meanwhile, and at any rate, permit me to offer

his therapeutics as preëminently the remedy. you, from this side of the Atlantic, my heartiest Were it not that the doctor has handled dietetics good wishes for the success of the Congress in of the size of the one under consideration as too

so ably, we would be inclined to consider a book general, and of Section XIV. in particular ; and large for the subject. Not that the subject is not believe me, dear sir, with much respect, Your obliged, faithful servant,

one of vast importance, but because brevity is a

great virtue in medical literature. The introduc

JOHN SIMON. Professor Joseph Jones, M.D., 156 Washington tory chapter is devoted to the very important sub

ject of the investigation of disease in children. Avenue, New Orleans, La.

Part second begins with a consideration of dis11 PEMBROKE GARDEN, W. LONDON,

eases of the mouth and throat. Catarrhal, and June 9, 1886.

other forms of stomatitis, find their place in this JOSEPH JONES, M.D., NEW ORLEANS.

portion of the book. Dentition and its difficulMy Dear Sir :- I have the honor to acknowl-ties are next encountered. Simple pharyngitis, edge the receipt of your letter of May 17th ultimo, superficial catarrh of the tonsils, follicular tonsilin which you express to me your wish that 1 litis, suppurative tonsillitis, retro-pharyngeal abshould be appointed a Vice-President of the scess, are all taken up in their turn. The Fourteenth Section of the Ninth International author then passes on to the affections of the Medical Congress, to be held at Washington, in stomach and intestines. These occupy the sec1887.

ond chapter of this part. Gastritis comes in

The section on muIn reply, I have pleasure in informing you that for its share of space. I shall consider it a great honor to fill this office, cous disease is illustrated by a plate illustrative which will be so worthily presided over by your

of the appearance of a glazed tongue and a wormself. I sincerely hope that circumstances will eaten tongue. Intestinal catarrh is duly conpermit me to visit America, and to make your

sidered; and entero-colitis, cholera infantum dyspersonal acquaintance. Yours most faithfully,

entery, tubercular ulceration of the intestine, colic, J. W. THUDICUM, M.D.

and constipation are fully dwelt upon. Simple

atrophy, or marasmus, is ably handled. In 25 MANCHESTER SQUARE, W. LONDON, speaking of the vitally important subject of feed

June 7, 1886. ing that class of infants properly, the author My Dear Sir :— It will give me the greatest states that for a number of years he has made it pleasure to accept the office of a Vice-Presidency a rule to ask for the bottle of every hand-fed inof the Section on Public and International Hy- fant presented for treatment. In this connection giene of the International Medical Congress, to he takes opportunity to strongly condemn that be held at Washington in September, 1887. complicated contrivance, popular of late, consist

I do not know whether this intimation should | ing of an arrangement of glass and rubber-tubing be sent to you direct or to some other officer. I of small calibre in place of a plain gum tip. He therefore send it to you direct, with the request believes, and we think with reason, that the that you will send it to the right quarter.

tubing can never be kept clean. Besides, the Yours always, truly,

child, left to itself, is apt to continue suction long B. W. RICHARDSON. after the bottle is exhausted, thus swallowing a Professor Joseph Jones, M.D., Post Office Box quantity of air. Typhlitis and perityphlitis are 1500, New Orleans, U. S. A.

next considered, followed by intussusception and - Journal of Amer. Med. Association. intestinal worms.

The last-named section is

illustrated by four engravings. The third chap- the above than most writers, but we think more ter is devoted to caseous degeneration and tuber- care to this feature would add greatly to the culosis of the mesenteric glands, or tabes mesen- merit of a work. In conclusion we would add terica. The fourth chapter embraces diseases of that the book is complete and, at the same time, the liver, jaundice, congestion, fatty liver, amyloid, handy for reference, thoroughly modern in its syphilitic inflammation of the liver, and cirrhosis, teachings, and, with a few exceptions, safely to are all treated of. Chapter five embraces dis- be confided in and followed. eases of the peritoneum. This book, we think, is a valuable one, and well worthy of a place in Quiz-Compend of Pharmacy. By F. E. STEWthe library of the physician.

ART, M.D., Ph.G. P. Blakiston, Son & Co., A Manual of Midwifery. By ALFRED LEWIS

1012 Walnut Street, Philadelphia. GALABIN, M.A., M.D., Obstetric Physician This compend, the eleventh of a new series of and Lecturer on Midwifery and the Diseases compends for students, is based upon Professor of Women, to Guy's Hospital, London. P. Joseph P. Remington's “Text Book of Phar. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1012 Walnut Street, macy.” It shows much care in the preparation, Philadelphia, 1886.

and, if well studied by the candidate for graduThe volume before us is one of the latest, if not tion, would certainly go far towards supplying the latest, treatise published on the subject of mid him with a condensed, and, at the same time, wifery. It is fully up to the times. To attempt extensive, review of the subject in hand. abstracting the work to any extent would be a task far exceeding the time and space allotted ; The Principles and Practice of Surgery. By so we shall be compelled merely to note a point FRANK HASTINGS HAMILTON, A.M., M.D., here and there. When speaking of anæsthetics

LL.D., late Professor of the Practice of Surgery, in labor, the doctor says that in the great ma- with Operations, and of Clinical Surgery, in jority of cases chloroform is the one to be chosen.

Bellevue Hospital Medical College ; Consult“Even when it is necessary to give it to the full

ing Surgeon of the Bellevue Hospital, etc., etc. surgical extent, as in obstetric operations, it does

Illustrated with 472 engravings on wood. not appear to involve the same increased risk, as

Third edition, revised and corrected. New compared with other anæsthetics, such as ether, York: William Wood & Co., 1886. which it does in ordinary cases."

« The explanation of this is probably to be found in

The first edition of this work was given to the the physiological hypertrophy of the heart, public in 1872. The favorable reception of that which occurs during pregnancy, and perhaps,

and a second edition a year later, preclude the also, to some extent, in the high abdominal necessity of an extended notice of this, the third

edition. pressure due to the presence of the pregnant uterus.” When discussing the subject of phy

This book will continue to be a favorite one sometra, the author states that he has met with a

with the students who have enjoyed the privicase of the so-called vagitus uterinus during lege of listening to the lectures of its distinguished version, performed on account of contraction of author. And to those practitioners of a conserthe brim. "The child was still-born, but, on

vative turn of mind, who desire a book to which post-mortem examination, partial distension of they may turn and hurriedly review the surgical its lungs was found, such as would generally be anatomy, and necessary steps to be taken in a considered as proof of live birth. This medico surgical operation, it is useful. legal test of live birth is, therefore, open to pos

This edition of the book does not materially sible fallacy under these circumstances.” The differ from the two former which have preceded doctor, under the heading of treatment in con- it, except in the fact that a supplementary chapter genital encephalocele, speaks as follows: For- has been added. This chapter is upon “ The Art ceps will generally slip off the head, and it is of Primary Union, or Union by Adhesion in not usually worth while to attempt delivery by Large Incised Wounds; With a Consideration version, since the child is probably never capable of the Value of Antiseptics in These and Other of prolonged life. For the same reason there is Wounds." no object in puncturing with a small trocar, in In this chapter the author demolishes the order to secure a living child, unless it should be specious claims of the Listerian school, and of legal importance to secure the birth of a child, shows that the favorable results which have even though it lives for only a short time." We been obtained by the antiseptic method of treatshould be inclined to say that it is important to ing wounds, has not been because of the exclusecure a living child for a short time, even if of sion of a multitude of supposititious germs, but no legal consequence, rather than kill it outright. because in the exercise of it, it was necessary to Dr. Galabin is not, perhaps, more oblivious to comply with conditions known and taught by moral law in his treatment of kindred subjects to surgeons more than a hundred years ago.

But let the author speak for himself. He says, since the second edition of this work was issued, page 949: “ The several conditions necessary we discover no change in this present edition. for the union of large wounds by adhesion are The author has as much reliance and faith in the not now for the first time declared. Their first vis medicatrix naturæ and in opium now as he enunciation was made substantially in the latter had when he issued the first edition of his work. part of the last century, and were repeated often He evidently does not approve of laparotomy in by systematic writers. They were part of my the treatment of such wounds. For instance, he earliest lessons in surgery, and have been taught says in the chapter devoted to the treatment of and practised by me during all my professional gunshot wounds of the belly (page 95): “To life up to the present time. I believe, also, that search for a wound in the intestines for the pura strict compliance with these rules constitutes pose of closing its edges with sutures, as recomthe only grounds for the superior success of some mended by Legonest, is, in my judgment, unsurgeons, as compared with the success of others, sound practice,” also, “The very attempt to find at the present day."

the wound in the intestines must insure the adAgain, he says, on page 955, Mr. Lister teaches mission of air into the cavity of the peritoneum, " that under a most thorough system of antisep- and the escape of fecal matter.” In view of the tics, primary union can be secured." “ But he success which has recently attended the operaalso teaches, incidentally, that the wound must tion of laparotomy, Dr. Hamilton's views on this be handled gently, all foreign substances must subject will not be accepted by modern surgeons. be removed, the blood must cease to flow, and provision must be made for drainage. In short, if you will look carefully into his teachings and NEW PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. practice, and the practice of his disciples you The Treatment of White Swelling of the Knee, will see that they omit nothing which I have declared essential to success; and I venture to say

by A. B. Judson, M.D., New York. Reprint

from New York Medical Journal. that if they did, no amount or quality of antiseptics would secure union by adhesion. The influence Incubation of the Larynx for Diphtheritic Croup, of Mr. Lister, backed by his specious theories, by E. Fletcher Ingalls, A.M., M.D., Chicago, secured a return to the old practice of the advo- Ill. Reprint from Journal of American Medical cates of primary union in all its details, and to

Association. this it added antisepsis. But, as to his declaration that the results which he obtained were due The Importance of Early Operations in Surgical to the destruction of certain micro-organisms

Injuries, by R. Harvey Reed, M.D., Mansfield, constantly floating in the atmosphere, and which,

O. Reprint from Transactions of Ohio State being received and propagated upon the raw sur

Medical Society. faces, prevent primary union, or which, conveyed on the Physiological Action of Nitrous Oxide, by into the system by absorption, cause septicæmia; Dudley W. Buxton, M.D., D.S., M.R.C.P. this is only a theory, and one that is far from Reprinted from Transactions of the British being universally accepted."

Odontological Society. Again, he says, on page 957: “ The various manipulations and devices for the purpose of ex

On the Limitation of the Contagious Stages of cluding the germs above enumerated, with others Syphilis, Especially in its Relations to Marnot enumerated, have at one time or another

riage, by F. N. Otis, M.D. Reprint from been suggested by Mr. Lister or his disciples,

Journal of Cutaneous and Venereal Diseases. and, in my opinion, they are all necessary if Mr. Official Report of the Memorial Meeting of the Lister's theory is correct. If it be not correct,

New York County Medical Association in Honor they serve no other purpose than do the walking,

of the Late Austin Flint, M.D., LL.D., held at talking, and gestures of the prestidigitator. They

the Carnegie Laboratory, Bellevue Hospital abstract the attention and conceal the adroit

Medical College, New York, April 19, 1886. manipulation by which the trick is actually per

Reprint from Gaillard's Medical Journal. formed, with this difference, the prestidigitators are not deceived, but deceive their audience ; Rational Medicine and Some of its Problems. while Mr. Lister and his disciples deceive both The Valedictory Address Delivered at the Fifth themselves and their audiences."

Annual Commencement of the Medico-ChiIn some other matters Dr. Hamilton's views rurgical College, of Philadelphia, in Associa. are too conservative. Thus, in his chapters de. tion Hall, April 3, 1886, by Frank Woodbury, voted to the treatment of Gunshot, Incised, and M.D., Professor of Materia Medica and TheraPunctured Wounds of the Abdomen and Ab- peutics and of Clinical Medicine. Published dominal Viscera, notwithstanding all that has by the Alumni Association of the Medico-Chibeen said upon this subject by modern surgeons rurgical College, Philadelphia.

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