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ing friends to liberty; for, be assured, that, FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPERS. if they could destroy the navy of England CONTINENTAL WAR. - Eightieth Bulthey would; and, though it is possible that letin of the Grand French Army. they might love liberty themselves, if they
(Concluded from page 224.) could get it, they would not stir one inch
The Einperor of Russia remained three to save us froin dungeons and chains; but, wecks at Tilsitt with the King of Prussia. on the contrary, when they saw us manacled,
On receiving advice of the battle of Friedwould laugh at our folly. This tender feel
land, they both left the place with the ut. ing, Gentlemen, for the interests and hò.
most haste. nour of foreign nations, is a feeling of
No. I. modern date in the English patriot's breast. The General in Chief Benningsen, to his Er. The motto, which I have taken for this pa. cellency the Prince Bagrathion. per, contains the sentiments of cne of those,
After the torrents of blood which have who assisted in overturning the kingly go- lately flowed in battles as sanguinary as frevernment of England. His were not no quently, repeated, I could wish to assuage tions of universal equality amongst nations. the evils of this destructive war by proposing The men of that day understood what liberty an armistice, before we ealer into a conflict, was, full as well as my friend of the Inde
into a new war, perhaps still more terriple pendent Whig. They were no court sy than the former. I request you, Prince, to cophants. They spared not their blood in make known to the chiefs of the French arthe cause of liberty at homne ; but, never my this inteution on my part, of which the did it enter into their minds, that all nations
consequence may have effects more salutary, were entitled to equal rights upon
as a general congress has already been proThey gave up pone, no not one, of the
posed, and may prevent a useless effusion of rights or the honours of England ; but, they human blood. You will afterwards transrestored, re established, and confirmed those mit to me the result of your proceedings, rights and honours, which the preceding and believe me to be with the most distinpusillanimous kings had suffered to wither guished consideration, your Excellency's and decay.
most humble and most obedient servant: There are some other important points, B. BENNINGSEN. upon which I shall, in my next letter, trou
No. II. ble you with some observations, such, for His Ercellency the Prince Bagrathion to the instance, as the danger, which this writer General in Chief Benningsen. apprehends, from the closing of the Ameri
General,--The General Commander in can ports against us, in which he happens Chief has addressed to me a letter relative to most harinoniously to coincide in expres- the orders which his Excellency has received sion with those whom, I hope, he most from his Majesty the Emperor, directing despises. The character of the Ameri me to communicate its contents : I think I cans, too, and especially that of their
cannot better comply with his intentions sea-faring people, he has adventurously ta than by transmitting to you the original. I ken upon him to vindicate. The probable request you, at the same time, to send me number of our seamen on board of Ameri
your answer; and accept the assurance of can ships I shall be able to state with a little
the high consideration with which I am, more accuracy than lie has done. In the General, your most humble and most obemeanwhile, suffer me to exhort you, not to dient servant,
BAGRATHION. June let your resentment against our calumniators 6-18th. carry you one inch towards an indifference with respest to the fate of our country from 81st Bulletin of the Grand French Army. without ; for, be assured, that if a
Tilsit, June 21.-At the affair at queror were to take possession of it, we Heilsberg, the Grand Duke of Berg passed should be the principal sufferers, and not along the line of the 3d division of cuiras. they, who would readily enlist in his ser. siers, at the moment when the 6th regiment vice, and who would be gladly received, as had just made a charge. Col. d'Avary, ready-made instruments in his works of ra commander of the regiment; his sabre dyed pacity and plunder.
in blood, said, “ Prince, review my regiI am,
ment, and you will find that there is not a Gentlemen,
soldier whose sword is not like mine." Your faithful friend, Col. Borde Soult was wounded ; Gui honene,
and obedient Şervant, Aid-de-Camp to Marshal Lasnei, was Bulley, 13th Aug: WM. COBBETT. wounded. 1907.
(To be continued.)
and that no circumstance might be wanting DISPUTE WITH AMERICA, Proclamation to mark ite character, it had been previously
by Thornas Jefferson, President of the ascertained, that the seamnen demanded were United States of America. Given at the native citizens of the United States. Having City of Washington, July 2, 1807. effected his purpose, he returned to anchor
During the wars which, for some time, with his squadron within our jurisdiction. have unhappily prerailed among the powers Hospitality, under such circumstances, ceaof Europe, the United States of America, ses to be a duty; aud a continuance of it, firm in their principles of peace, have en with such uncontrouled abuses, would tend deavoured, by justice, by a regular discharge only, by multiplying injuries and irritations, of all their national and social duties, and to bring on a rupture between the two paby every friendly office their situation bas tions. This extreme resort is equally opadmitted, to maintain, with all the bellige posed to the interests of both, as it is to asrents, their accustomed relations of friend surances of the most friendly. dispositions on ship, hospitality, and commercial inter the part of the British government, in the course. Taking no part in 'the questions midst of which this outrage has been comwhich animate these powers against each milied. In this light the subject cannot but other, vor permitting themselves to enter present itself to that government, and tain a wish but for the restoration of gene strengthen the motives to an honourable réral peace, they have observed with good paration of the wrong which has been done, faith the neutrality they assumed, and they and to that effectual controul of its naval believe that no instance of a departure from comnianders, which alone can justify the its duties can be justly imputed to them by government of the United States, in the exa any nation. A free use of their harbours ercise of those hospitalities it is now conand waters, the means of refitting and of strained to discontinue. - In consideration of refre:hinent, of succour to their sick and suf these circumstances, and of the right of fering, have, at all times, and on equal prin every nation to regulate its cwn police, to ciples, been extended to all, and this too provide for its peace, and for the safety of amidst a constant recurrence of acts of insu- | its citizens, and consequently to refuse the bordination to the laws, of violence to the admission of armed vessels into its harbours persons, and of trespasses on the property of or waters, either in such numbers or of such our citizens, committed by officers of one of descriptions as are inconsistent with these, or the belligerent parties received among us. with the maintenance of the authority of the In truth these abuses of the laws of hospita- | law's, I have thought proper, in pursuance lity have, with few exceptions, become ha of the authorities specially given by law, to bitual to the commanders of the British issue ibis my proclamation, hereby requiring armed vessels hovering on our coasts, and all armed vessels bearing commission under frequenting our barbours. They have been the government of Great Britain, now withthe subject of repeated representations to in the waters or harbours of the United their government. Assurances have been States, immediately and without any delay given that proper orders should restrain them to depart from the same, and interdicting within the limit of the rights and of the the entrance of all the said harborurs and resteet due to a friendly nation : but those waters to the said med vessels, and to all orders and assurances have been without ef.
others bearing commissions under the authofect; od instance of punishnient for past I sityof the British gorernnent.--and if the wrongs-has taken place. At length, a deed, said vessels, or any of them, Hall fail to detranscending all we have hitherto seen or part as aforesaid, or if they, or any others, so suffered, brings the public sensibility to a se interdicted, shall hereafter interthe harbour's rious crisis, and our forbearance to a neces or waters aforesaid, I do, in that case, forbid sary pause. A frigate of tke United States, all intercourse with them, or any of them, trusting to a 'state of peace, and leaving her their officers or crews, and do prohibit all harbour on a distant service, has been sur supplies and aid from being tirnished to them prised and attacked by a British vessel of su or any of them “And I do declare and make perior force, one of a squadron then lying in known, that if any person from, or within our waters, and morering the transaction, thie jurisdictional limiis of the United States, and has been disabled front service, with the shall afford any aid to any such vessel, conloss of a number of men killed and wound trary to the prohibition contained in this ed. This enormity is not only witbout proclamation, either in repairing any such provocation or justitiahle cause, bar was vessel, or in furnishing her, her cívicers, or committed with the avowed purpose of ta crew, with supplies of any kind, or in any king by force, from a ship of war, belong manner whatsoever, or if 20 print shall asing to the Juited States, a part of her crew, sist in wavigating any of the said arned les
šels, unless it be for the purpose of carrying | Emperor of all the Russias, has, on his part, them in the first instance, berond the limits appointed Prince Kourakin, his actual Privy and jurisdiction of the United Sites, or un- | Connsellor; Meinber of the Council of less it be in the case of a vesse! Forced by dis State, and of the Senate; Chancellor of all tress, or charged with public siispatches, as the Orders in the Empire; Ambassador Ex. hereinafter provided for, such person or pet traordinary, and Pienipotentiary of his Masons shall, on conviction, suffer all the pains jesty of all ihe Piussias to his Majesty the and penalties by the laws provided for such Emperor of Austria; Knight of the Russian offences --And I do hereby enjoin and re Order of St. Andrew, of St. Alexander; of guire all persons bearing office, civil or mi. St. Aube ; of the first class of the Order of litary, within or under the authority of the St. Wolodimir, and of the second class of the United States, and all others, citizens or in. Prussian Orders of the Black and Red Eagle ; habitants thereof, or being within the same, of the Bavariau Order of St. Hubeit; of the with vigilance and promptitude to exer: their Danish Order of Dannebrog, and the Perfect respective authorities, and to be aiding and Union, and Bailiff and Grand Cross of the assisting to the carrying this proclamation, Sovereign Order of St. John of Jerusalem; and every part thereor, into full effect.- and Prince Demety Labanoff Vau Rostoff, Provided nevertheless, that if any such vese Lieut. General of the Armies of his Majesty sel shall be forced into the harbours or wa the Emperor of all the Russias į Knight ters of the United States, by distress, by the of the first class of the Order of St. Anne, dangers of the sea, or by the pursuit of an of the Military Order of St. Joris, and of enemy, or shall enter them charged with dis- the taird class of the order of Wolodimir... patches or business from their government, The abovementioned, after exchanging their or shall be a public packet for the conveyance full powers, have agreed upon the rolowing of letters and dispatches, the commanding | Articles:Art. I. From the day of exofficer immediately reporting bis vessel to changing the ratification of the present treathe collector of the district, stating the ob- ties, there shall be perfect peace and amity ject or causes of entering the said harbours between his Majesty the Emperor of the or waters, and conforming himself to the French and King of Italy, and bis Majesty régulations in that case prescribed under the the Emperor of all the Russias. — Art. II. authority of the laws, shall be allowed the Hostilities shall immediately cease at all benefit of such regulations respecting re points by sea or Jand, as soon as the intellipairs, supplies, stay, intercourse and depar- 1 gence of the present treaty shall be officially ture, as shall be permitted under the same received. In the mean while, the high conauthority. --in testimony whereof I have tracting parties shall dispatch couriers ex caused the Seal of the United States to be
traordinary to their respective generals and affixed to these presents, and signed the commanders.-Art. III All ships of war or same. Given at the City of Washington, other vessels, belonging to the high conthe 2d day of July, in the year of our Lord, tracting parties or their subjects, which inay 1807, and of the sovereignty and indepen he captured after the signing of this treaty, d nce of the United States the thirty-first ; shall be restored. In case of these vessels
THOMAS JEFFERSON, By the President.---- being sold, the value shall be returned. JAMES Madison, Secretary of State. : Art. IV. Out of esteem for his Majesty the TREATY BETWEEN FRANCE AND Russia. Emperor of all the Russias, and to afford
Tiraty of Peace letween his Majesty the to him a proof of his sincere desire to unite Emperor of the French, the King of Italy, both nations in the bands of immutable cunand his Majesty the Emperor of all the fidence and friendship, the Emperor NapoRussias. Donc at Tilsit, July 7, 1807. leon wishes that all the countries; towns, and
His Majesty, the Emperor of France, | territory, conquered from the king of Pri's. King of Italy, Protector of the Confederation bia, the ally of his Majesty the Emperor of of the Rhine, and his Majesty the Emperor all the Russias, should be restored, namely, of Russia, animated with the same int rest that part of the Duchy of Magdeburg, siin putting an end to the devastations of war, tunted on the right bank of the Rline, the haie, for this purpose, nominated and fur Mark of Prignitz; the Uker Mark; the nished with full power on the part of his Middle and New Mark of Braudenburg, Majesty the Emperor of France and King of with the exception of the Circle of Kotons, Italy, Charles Maurice Talleyrand, Prince of in Lower Alsace; the Duchy of Pomerania; Benevento, his Greit Chamberlain, and dii. Upper, Lower, and New Silesia, and the nister of Foreign Affairs, Grand Cross of the County of Glaiz; that part of the District Legion of Honour, Knight of the Prussian of the Netze, which is situated to the northOrder of the Black and of the Red Eagle of ward of the road of Driesen and SchneideWe Order of St. Hubert.-His Majesty, the muhl, and to the corthward of a line drawa
from Schneidemuhl through Waldau to the the Ducby of Warsaw, the territory between Vistula, and extending along the frontier of the present contines of Russia, froin the Bug the circle of Bromberg, and the navigation to the mouth of the Lassona, sball extend in of the river Netze and of the canal of Brem a line froin the mouth of the Lassona along. bery, from Driesen to the Vistula' and back, the towing path of the said river; and that must remiu open and free of all tolls ; 'Po. of the Bobra, up to its mouth; that of the merelia; ihe island of Nogat; the country Narew from the mouth of that river as far, on the right bank of the Vistula and of the as Suradiz; froin Lissa to its source near the Nyat to the West of Old Prussia, and to | village of Mien; from this village to Nur. the Northward of the circle of Calm ; zeck, and, from Nutzeck to the mouth of Ermeland. Lastly, the kingdom of Prussia, that river beyond Nurr; and finally, along as it was on the 1st of January; 1772, togethe towing path of the Bug upwards, to exa ther with the fortresses of Spandau, Stettin, tend as far as the present frontiers of Russia. Custrin, Glogau, Breslau, Schweidnitz, This territory is for ever united to the EniNeisse, Brieg, Kosel, and Glatz, and in ge. | pire of Russia.--Art, X. No person of any neral all fortresses, citadels, castles, and rank or quality whatever, whose residence or strong holds of the countries above-named, ) property may be within the limits stated in in the same condition in which those for. the above-mentioned article, nor any inhatresses, citadels, castles, and strong holds bitant in those provinces of the ancient kingmay be at present; also, in addition to the dom of Poland, which may be given up to above, the city and citadel of Graudentz. his Majesty the King of Prussia, or any per Art
. V. Those provinces which,' on the 1st son possessing estates, revenues, pensions, of January, 1772, formed a part of the or any other kind of income, shall be niokingdom of Poland, aud have since, at differ lested in his person, or in any way whatever, est times, been subjected to Prussia (with on account of his rank, quality, estates, rethe exception of the countries named or al- venues, pensions, income, or otherwise, or luded to in the preceding article, and of in consequence of any part, political or inilithose which are described below the oth ar tary, which he may have taken in the events. ticle), shall become the possession of his of the present war.-Art. XI. All contracts Majesty the King of Saxony, with power of' and engagements between his Majesty the possession and sovereignty, under the title of King of Prussią and the ancient possessors, the Dachy of Warsaw, and shall be govern relative to the general imposts, the ecclesias-. ed according to a regulation, which will in tical, the military or civil benefices, of the sure the liberties and privileges of the peo creditors or pensioners of the old Prussian ple of the said Dachy, and be consistent government, are to be settled between the with the security of the neighbouring states. Emperor of all the Russias and his Majesty --Art. VI. The City of Baotzic, with a the King of Saxony; and to be regulated by territory of two leagues round the same, is their said Majesties, in proportion to their restored to her former independence, under acquisitions, according to articles V. and IX. the protection of his Majesty the King of ---Art. XII. Their Royal Highnesses the Prussia, and his Majesty tbe King of Saxony; Dukes of Saxe Cobourg, Oldenburg, and to be goretned according to the laws by Mecklenburgh Schwerin, shall each of them which she was governed at the time wher be restored to the complete and quiet pos. she ceased to be her own mistress.----Art: session of their estates ; but the ports in the VII. For a communication betwixt the king: Duchies of Oldenburgh and Mecklenburgh dors of Saxony and the Dachy of Warsaw shall remain in the possession of French çar. his Majesty the King of Saxony is to have risons till the definitive treaty shall be signed the free use of a military road thrungh the between France and England. - Art. XII states of his Majesty the King of Prussia. His Majesiy the Emperor Napoleon accepis This road, the number of troops which are of the mediation of ihe Emperor of all ihe allowed to pass ai once, and the res: ing.' Russias, in order to negociate and conclude a places, shall be fixed by a particular agree. definitive treaty of peace between France ment between the two sovereign , unter and England; however only upon coudi. the mediativa of France.-Art. VIII, Ne- tion that this mediation shall be accepted by ther his Majesty the King of Prussia, his England in one month after the exchange of Majesty the King of Saxony, for the city of the ratification of the present treaty. -- Art. Dautzic, sirull oppose any obstacles vilist XIV. His Majesty the Einperor of all the efer to the free navigation of ihe Vistulaitis Rossiás being desirolis on his part to manider the 113 me of tolls, rights or duties. fest hou atdently lie-desires to establish the Am. IX. In order as tareas på siste to estas most intimate and Tasting relatons betwe 'n blish a natural bụundary between Ritssia and the two Espervis, acknpwiedges his Majesty
Joseph Napoleon, King of Naples, and his occupied by the troops of the Grand SeigMajesty Louis Napoleon, King of Holland. nior, till after the exchange of the ratifica
--Art. XV. His Majesty the Emperor of all tions of the future definitive treaty of peace the Russias, acknowledges the Confederation between Russia and the Oitoman Porte. of the Rhine, the present state of the pos- | Art. XX'II. His Majesty the Emperor of sessions of the princes belonging to it, and all the Russias accepts the mediation of his the titles of those which were conferred Majesty the Emperor of France and King of upon them by the act of confederation, or Italy, for the purpose of negociating a peace by the subsequent treaties of accession. His advantageous and honourable to the two said Majesty also promises, information be powers, and of concluding the same. The ing communicated to him on the part of the respective plenipotentiaries shall repair to Emperor Napoleon, to acknowledge those that place which will be agreed upon by the sovereigns who may hereafter become mem two powersi concerned, there to open the bers of the confederation, according to their : negociations, and to proceed therewith.rank specified in the act of confederation.- Art. XXIV The periods, within which the Art. XVI. His Majesty the Emperor of all , high contracting parties shall withdraw their the Russias cedes all his property in the troops from the places which they are to right of sovereignty to the Lordship of Jevor, evacuate pursuant to the above stipulations, in East Friesland, to his Majesty the King as also the manner in which the different of Holland.--Art. XVII. The present treaty stipulations contained in the present treaty, of peace shall be mutually binding, and in shail be executed, will be settled by a special force for his Majesty the King of Naples, agreement.--Art. XXV. His Majesty the Joseph Napoleon, bis Majesty Louis Napo Emperor of the French, King of Italy, and leon, King of Holland, and the Sovereigns bis Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, of the Confederation of the Rhine, in al- mutually ensure to each other the integrity liance with the Emperor Napoleon.—Art of their possessions, and of those of the powe XVIII. His Majesty the Emperor of all the ers included in this present treaty, in the Russias also acknowledges his Imperial state in which they are now settled, or furHighness, Prince Jerome Napoleon, as ther to be settled, pursuant to the above stie King of Westphalia. Art. XIX. The palations. --Art. XXVI. The prisoners roade Kingdom of Westphalia shall consist of the by the contracting parties, or those included provinces ceded by the King of Prussia on in the present treaty, shall be restored in a the left bank of the Elbe, and other states mass, and without any cartel of exchange on at present in the possession of his Majesty | both sides.-Art. XXVII. The commercial the Emperor Napoleon.Art. XX. His relations between the French Empire, the Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias en Kingdom of Italy, the Kingdoms of Naples gages to recognize the limits which shall be and Holland, and the Confederated States of determined by his Majesty the Emperor the Rhine, on one side; and the Empire of Napoleon, in pursuance of the foregoing Russia on the other, shall be replaced on the XIXth article, and the cessions of his Majes same fuoting as before the war.--Art. ty the King of Prussia (which shall be noti XXVIII. The ceremonial between the two fied to his Majesty the Emperor of all the courts of the Thuilleries and Petersburgh, Russias), together with the state of posses with respect to each other, and also their sion resulting there from to the sovereigns for respective ambassadors, ministers, and enwhose behoot they shall have been establish voys, mutually accredited to each other, ed.--Art. XXI. All hostilities shall imme- shall be placed on the footing of complete diately cease between the troops of his Ma- equality and reciprocity.- Art. XXIX. The jesty the Emperor of all the Russias and present treaty shall be ratified by his Majes. ihose of the Grand Seignior, at all points, ty the Emperor of the French, King of Italy, wherever official intelligence shall arrive of and liis Majesty the Emperor of all the Rusthe signing of the present treaty. The high sias; the ratifications shall be exchanged in contracting parties shall, without delay, dis this city within the space of four days.patch couriers extraordinary to convey the Done at Tilsit, 7th July, (25th June), 1807. intelligence, with the utmost possible expe -(Signed) C. Maurice TALLEYRAND, dition, to the respective generals aud con Pr. of Benevento.---Prince ALEXANDER manders --Art. XXII. The Prussian troops KOURAKIN.-Prince Dimitry LABANOFF shall be withdrawn from the Provinces of Van RosTOFF. -A true Copy, (Sigued) Moldavia, but the said provinces may not be C. M. TALLEYRATD, Prince of Benevento.
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