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but being of a liberal way of thinking, she con calculated to promote the cause of general descended to extend her favours to all those utility. But to make use of a vulgar but sig. who chose to pay a very handsome price for vificant proverb, I found that I had got Out of them. I blushed for the depravity of human | the frying pan into the fire; for the lady was so Dature, when I recollected how admirably this charmed with the reformation which she supgirl had worn the mask of innocence.
posed she had wrought in my sentiments and My third letter came from a lady who sigoed opinions, that she fraukly offered to live with herself Rationalia; it contained a long account me as my mistress, purely, as she assured me, of the writer's sentiments and opinions on the for the benefit our example would be to the subject of matrimony, which was, she declared, world; and the very plain negative that I was of human not of divine origin; and of all bu- obliged to give to tbis proposal, put her pbiloman institutions the most senseless and unjust. sophy fairly to fight; and as I did not wish What right (she asked me) could one rational that the loss of her temper should be followed being have to monopolize to himself or herself || by that of my politeness, I took my leave not only the persou but the affections of an- while she was in the midst of a torrent of reother? That natural love of variety, and ab- || proaches. horrence of restraint, which is implanted in the My fourth epistle came from a lady who dehuman mind, must infallibly prevent the suc- scribed herself as very yonng, very pretty, and cess of such an attempt; but as, in the present very desirous of marrying for a very particular state of society, we could not indulge ourselves | reason. There was a romantic simplicity in in following the dictates of nature and of rea- ber letter that struck my fancy not a little, son, she was willing, provided I proved in and I lost no time in paying my devoirs to ber. other respects perfectly agreeable to her taste, | I found that she had not exaggerated either to submit to a ceremony which ought to be her youth or beauty; for she was, in fact, a abjured by every one who would wish to arrive perfect Hebe. She received me with great at a state of perfectibility. As it never once modesty and propriety, and I began to fancy seemed to strike this lady that I could have that her wish for matrimony arose from a deany possible objection to her, I confess that | sire to avoid the spares to which the young my curiosity was raised to see her, and as she and beautiful are liable; but I confess I could had given me an address, I waited on her the hardly keep my countenance when I found out next day; but I felt no temptation to repeat my mistake. my visit; for independent of her philosophi The poor girl had been infected with the cal opinions, which are the reverse of my own, scribbling mania. She wrote a romance, which I neither liked her person nor her manners. has been published, and of which the Reviewers The former might bave served a statuary as a have spoken in high terms; and somebody model for Thalestris, and the latter were has persuaded her that if she was fortunate equally coarse and dictatorial. She did not enough to have ber works revised and correct. seem to have the smallest idea of delicacy, ) ed by a man of gevius and learning, she would which was, she assured me, a weakness that acquire both fame and fortune. She related every rational woman ought to be above feel- || this to me with the greatest simplicity, and asing. She felt in berself a capacity of increasing | sured me that if I thought myself clever enough the happiness of a fellow being, and she was to undertake the task of revising her manucertain that I could not converse with her scripts, she would marry me with all her heart; without being sensible of her preferableness to but as the office of corrector of the press is the paiu unmeaning triflers on whom I had not, I believe, a very pleasant one, and as I hitherto bestowed my time and attention. I would much rather see a proof of my wife's could not be so rade as to undeceive her, and affection for me, and attention to my happiI was rather at a loss how to put an end to ness, than of her literary abilities, I told her my visit, when luckily I recollected that it is a that I had a perfect horror of all scholastic maxim in the new school, that we ought always pursuits, and that the very sight of a Printer's to prefer what appears to ourselves the greater devil would put me in a fever. This settled good, without regarding how far our doing so the matter at once, and she dismissed me with. may affect the happiness of others. I there-out much ceremony. fore gravely told her, that the perasal of her My last visit was to a widow, whose letter letter had entirely overturned my prejudices informed me that she had found the holy state in favour of the marriage state; and that I su agreeable, that she longed to enter it again. would not be guilty of so much injustice to | This lady was about forty-five; her person, Bociety as to attempt to monopolize to myself without being handsome, was very pleasing; the person and the affections of a woman so ll and her manners convinced me that she had
seen the world. I was very much struck with accustomed to genteel life, and might repeather, but a piece of information that I have edly kave settled could she bave consented to since hau, has put all the Cupids to Aigbt. descend to marry an inferior in point of situaYou must know, Mr. Editor, that she has tion, but her pride was such that she could not buried four husbands, and as I think that she reconcile herself to move in a lower spliere of may literally, not metaphorically, be called a life than what she has for so many years been killing charmer, I am firmly resolved that I used. Her temper and vivacity gain her the will not make the fifth.
love of all who know her; and I am confident I have received letters both from Scotland her grateful heart would more essentially and Ireland; but nothing should tempt me to prompt her to exercise ber utmost endeavours enter into a treaty with a fair one from the to prove a comfort and happiness to one whom latter country.
This observation does not she will consider as her benefactor and proproceed from any degree of illiberality, for I am tector. If you are disposed for further com. convinced that the ladies of that country are munication, have the goodness to direct to as amiable women as any in the world; but
X. Y. Z. at
In the mean time I there is one never failiny trait in an Irish remain your humble servant.” * woman's temper that would not accord with Now, Mr. Editor, the reason I have troubled my plan,-and that is the want of medium. you with the letter of my fair X. Y. Z, is, that Warın and in passioned, they act in general from the disappointments I have met with, I rather from impulse than a sense of duty; || am resolved to treat with such ladies only as while their native haughtiness renders them may favour me with real names and address. very tenacions of either a real or a supposed If X. Y. Z. will do this, or appoint au interslight. It must indeed be admitted in their view, I shall be most happy to treat with, or favour, that they do as they would be done wait upon her. by, for there is no sacrifice which an Irish
There is, I confess, a fair correspondent of woman is not capable of making for the man
yours about whom I feel no small share of of her heart. The Scottishi belles are indeed || curiosity, thougb she bas not condescended to cool and prudent enough to satisfy even the take any votice of me; the person I mean is most reasonable man; but as I should not Miss Delia Doleful, whose letter to you was wish to undertake a long journey for the sake published in your Magazine of February last. of seeing any lady who might not after all I chanced to meet with it the other day, and I approve of me, or whom (pardon, fair readers, I should be glad to have her address, if you can my want of gallantry) I might not approve of, I give it to me.
I should be happy to engage I think it is best to decline the negociations
with X. Y. Z. in serving our country in the which those ladies would have done me the honourable and forlorn hope of matrimony, honour to enter into.
but many things fall out between the cup and Out of the number of those ladies who have the lip. I would like to have two strings to favoured me with letters, there is but one my bow, and there is a certain something in whose epistle remains unanswered; and as I the style of Miss Doleful's letter that perwas much pleased with it, I will transcribe it suades me I should like the writer of it; but
whether she would like me remains to be tried; “ Sir, -The various disappointments you
but I assure X. Y. Z. that I shall not take any appear to have met with in your addresses, || steps to discover the fair Delia if I can bring I should have expected would have induced matters to a conclusion with her. you to abandon the enterprize altogether;
Will you, Mr. Editor, allow me the favour but as you still continue in the wish for a you granted in a former justance, of having social partner, I think I conld introduce to my letters addressed to your office. And beyou one whose manners and education per
lieve me your obliged servant, fectly accord with your situation in life. Ac
LANCELOT LASTHOPE. cording to your statement in your letter, she is not a Lucioda in youth and beauty; nevertheless, rather prepossessing than otherwise,
* As some of our readers may be inclined to and twelve years younger than yourself. The | beg leave seriously to assure them, that it is copied
think that this epistle is merely apocryphal, we great obstacle to her marrying hitherto has been want of fortune (a consideration you
verbatim from one now in our possession ; only
that from motives of delicacy to the writer we have seem to despise, which is not generally the case suppressed the address, which was actually sent with men of fortune). She has always been to Mr. Lasthope.-EDITOR.
THOUGHTS ON THE EARTH'S ASSUMING ITS PRESENT FORM AND
To the appearance of the bigh ground | per stations in the different systems, thence called Whitcliff, near the town of Ludlow, in their spherical form : so I conceive that the Shropshire, the following ideas owe their ex solid and rocky part of the.globe was the same, istence. These extensive bills chiefly consist and encompassed by the sea. But wheu this soft of a hared grey sand-stone, abounding with the substance was sufficiently agitated, or its parwreck of fishes: among those of the crusta ticles blended to a certain degree, by a process ceous and testaceous kinds, I found lobsters, beyond the reach of human reason to define, it cockles, razor-shells, barbacles, and oysters; leaves little room to doubt hut a general fixa. also a number of broken stones, apparently |tion of the rocky matter took place, and did petrified fishes of the finny tribe, are con (as salt made one of its principal constituent fusedly scattered over the face of the country. parts) in its transmutation, from fluidity to From the deposition of these phenomena, I stony firmness, give itself avother figure. Thus have endeavoured to reasou back to the forma it contracted in most places now covered by tion of the earth, and have drawn therefiom the sea, and pushed itself forward where it the subsequent conclusions.
appears ahove its surface; and the water rol. First, that this wreck did form parts of fishes ling off from the projecting parts, found itself of the same kinds as are now found in the sea; a resting place on the indented sides; and were once alive in, and on this ground; and thus again restored the spherical form of the though there never was a greater quantity of planet, so far as its quantity would allow. water in the globe than at present, yet this That the tract of land which gave rise to hill was immersed in the ocean : consequently these observations was once a bed of sand, is the whole island, with all the continents and demonstrated by its laying exposed to the air lands, now above its surface, and the exterior and frost on the highways to repair wbich it is of the world, to use Milton's languags, was often used, where it soon loses the power of « sea without shore."
adhesion, and resumes its original looseness, The hypothesis of the superficial part of the leaving the shells perfect, and entirely disenglobe having been all water, I shall endeavour cumbered from any other matter, which shells to sustain on the following basis of reasoning. are of the same kind as belong to fish now The solid mass of matter we call laud, I
found in sucb sands; therefore, when the peconceive was once soft, and in consequence
trifaction of the rocky matter took place, all smoothly round; in that state the quantity
the fish that were lodged in the sands that of water now in this planet was sufficient to became fixed, must be involved in the same bury it many fathoins beneath its surface; at fate, and although the exuviæ of fish are found wbich period, the exuviæ above-mentioned, in many sorts of stunes, yet in the calcareous and all such as are found on hills and plains, i rock, and most others, they lay in masses, in different parts of the world, were living which from their heterogenity appear to owe animals, the only inbabitants of this globe, and their situation to accident; but in sand-stone probably continued so for many ages.
they are in general more regularly distributed, The conjecture of the globosity and softness more perfect, and the same species that now of the land will be corroborated when it is con in babit sands to which these stoves bear the sidered that the natural figure of all fluid nearest resemblance when pulverized : and as bodies are round; of which the sun, planets, it is known, beyond the possibility of doubt, aud their satellites, are a proof; although that these animals cannot exist in any other some parts of them appear to be fixed, and than sea water, so it must be an equal truism project beyond the regular limits of a sphere, that the lands whereon such wreck is found still the liquid and soft substances are con must have been immersed in that element for pelled to restore their rotundity as far as pos an immense space of time. sible, by changing their situation, to obtain Nor do I think that this first creatior., which the equilibrium : this is exemplified on the I have supposed to be the inhabitants of the globe we in habit. Now, from the circularity sea, and such as dwelt beneath the surface of of the heavenly bodies, we may rationally con the sands, were all destroyed when the land clade, that all the matter of this world, and became a fixed substance, particularly the for. perhaps all the planets and suns of the uni. mer, and the Deity thereby compelled to ą. verse, were in a fuid state when they were new creation : there are plausible grounds to Bung from the band of the Deity to their pro- || suppose that many regious even of sands,
No. XIX, Vol. III.N.S.
with tbe various layers of earth, did not un fast. To this the principal part of the unevendergo any change, or its inhabitauts receive ness of ibe earth's surface may owe its origin : injury; I mean those which were situated on av ingenious eye will often see this idea illus. the contracting sides of the earth, and were trated, when he looks from an eminence over not listed above the surface of the water; the an extensive plain, in which a few hills are particles of sands in which they dwelt being thinly scattered, thougb the imagination will too large to be brought to the point of adhe. be considerably assisted, if the beholder ever sion, like those whose constituent parts were saw ships, or other large bodies sinking in of tiner atoms, as stones may increase in their the sea, as they generally turn on their sides, density in proportion to the minuteness of or descend by an inclination of the head or the particles whereof they are composed. So steru ; then to finish the description, he must it is probable these rocks which are now the couceive a sudden freezing of the water to hardest, were most weighty and ductile before take place, and suspend the ships partly imcrystallization ; sand-stone being far inferior
mersed. to most others in hardness, and some of them of a hill which rises like an hemisphere so loosely conjoined as barely to adbere to where the strata are regular and uvshattered, gether, but from the largeness of their inter- they are continued with equal thickness, from stices only, did these masses become a proper
the top down the sides, until they are abruptly residence for the animals now found therein ; | bruken off. Now bad these beeu formed by as the more heavy and finer part of the stony the sediments of water resting on an iuclived substance, which are now the hardest rocks, | plain, according to the theory of Monsieur Buf. consisting of smaller atoms, prevented the li ton, or had their extremities been quite sost admission of a sufficient quantity of air to when lifted from the regular surface, the support life, and consequently were unin layers of the sides must have been thivner habited, and in all probability covered with than at the top; and that in proportion as a thick coat of coarser particles of stone and those sides were inclined to the horizon. eartby matter equally firm, as the sands now The violent runnings off of the sea from beneath the sea ; and the wreck of fishes the land when the continents immerged which are found in mountains composed of therefrom, must cause many masses of the these finer particles might be drawn into | skeletons of the inhabitants to be collected them by the motion of ihe water, when the where that element met with any obstruction rocky body was in a state of softness; for the in burling them towards its present repository; occan meeting with no resistance, moved re. and such are often found in different places gularly round the globe, from east to west, ex on the earth. This, some of the most incept the variation which was caused by the genious and learned men have laboured to attraction of the sun and moon; by tbis action shew, was produced by the general deluge, of the sea, ibe exuviæ of its inhabitants might or what is called Noah's flood : the earth, be distributed and blended for some depth it seems, was at that time covered with over the whole mass : or if that was prevented the water one hundred and fifty days, too by the coats of sand which covered it, it short a period for oysters, muscles, &c. to might at the time of fixation, by its rolling arrive at a state of maturity, and be estamotion and boiling up of the internal matter, | blished in such large beds. This food, it is envelope some marine with other substances, to be proved, did not make much alteration on that laid on its surface.
the face of tue land, as the trees, and most The fissures of rocks seem to be the natural probably other plants, continued alive, standeffects of concretion or crystallization ; tbe | ing in their places, and the former not dislayers in hills and rising grounds being in ge-rubed of their foliage; which is coufirmed by peral parallel witb the surface, is presumptive | the dove's returning with the leaf plucked proof that the exterior of the rocky mass was from the olive-tree, a convincing proof also, fixed some time before the interior, wbich by there was uo great commotion or agitation of being pushed forward as it formed caused | the waters; therefore those shells were not those parallel and vertical cracks: at other driven on the land at that time by its vioplaces, by bursting the incrustated part asunder | Tence;
force sufficient to do this in large chasms, many of the pieces of fixed would have thrown down and torn up all the matter became insulated, some of which were trees, and have sent them foating on the sunin the act of overturning, and being immersed | face, from whence a leaf might have been as by the motion of the fluid on which it rested, easily gathered at the middle, or any period of and in this floating state, the soft matter the deluge, as at its decrease. seems to have become solid and held them No theory I imagine, but the supposed ro.
tundity of the land, its softness and concre- il of twenty miles long, and about ien wide, tion, can account for the wreck of fish being which was immediately filled with the Avid found on mountains ; when we consider the body, the sinking fixed masses forced up, and ocean must bave diminished near four miles formed these bills; for whoever examines the in perpendicular height all over the world, if it soil and face of the country, particularly the ever did cover the tops of the hills in their parts bordering on the confines of the moun. present state; and how can we conceive a ca tains on the north and south, will, I imagine, vern to be left void in the globe capable of ab have little room to doubt, but they were once sorbing such a quantity of that element, more, l united, rended asunder, and the matter perhaps, than is now contained in this planet? | which constitutes these bills obtruded itself por, I conclude, will it be less difficult to between. think, how mountains could he formed by the If the land was not soft and had altered its currents of the water, admitting there had shape by crystallization, it would be difficult been enough to immerse them, particularly to form an idea how any loose or sandy subwith such pointed or rugged heads and sides stance could gradually collect, according to as those are found to have that were pushed Monsieur Buffon's theory, and form itself through the coarse layers of earth and sands across the globe, so as to resist the impeunder which it crystallized : the sediments of tuosity of the ocean, or by any other means water may create banks, but never could pro- | than that of a general concretion, as nothing duce a rugged mountain.
less than a mass of solid rock could stop it; But when we place ourselves between two particularly when the narrowness of the land bigh bills of hard rock, which have not been be observed that joins North and South Amedefaced by time or accident, and compare rica ; for it should be considered, that all them on either hand, you will often find the banks formed in the sea owe their origin to convex parts of the one exactly to correspond some obstruction the current meets with in with the concave of the other, which most pursuing its regular course. clearly shews that they have been rended That the great mass of solid matter we calt asunder; now if we conceive the exterior of land, was once in a state of fluidity will, in my the earth to be first incrustated as before
humble opinion, receive considerable support mentioned, the motion caused by the fixation from the resemblance which many soft bodies of the matter beneath, the pushing forward of bear to various parts of stones, when they these parts which now appear above the become firm, and none bas falley within my sea, and contraction of the most of what is | sphere of observation that strikes more forcibly still under it, did compel the projecting sur (however unpbilosophical it might sound) ihan face to expand in proportion as its elvation is to be found in a soap manufactory; the augmented the circumference of the globe ; | liquid in which the oils, rezins, &c. are diswhich was an effort of matter to return solved, being drawn from lime, and strongly again to its primitive circular figure; | impregoated with the vegetable alkali and therefore divided the rocks, as we burst marine salt, may be expeeted to produce some the rind of a twig by the bendivg it to form a resemblance, between a body thus composed boop; tbus the mountains as they advanced and that of the marble, from whence the in height retired from each otber.
menstruum chiefly derives its fixing quality : At the time of fixation, it is reasou able to when these materials are sufficiently impregsuppose, from the irregular compression of nated with the salts contained therein, it bethe solid exterior parts on those beneath in comes when cold a solid substance, throwing a fuid state, the latter must at some places off as it fixes all the watery matter more than be pressed up through many of the chasms, is vecessary to give it a proper degree of firmand so high as to become mountains. To this ness : in the soap called by the manufacturers the hills called Dartmoor, in Devonshire, ap mottled, the idea will receive more support pear to owe their origin : this range, consist than froin any other, by being placed in a larger ing of granite and other heavy stone loaded vessel to congeal, and remaining undisturbed with ore, probably had its station beneath the by the maker until it be quite firm ; then if calcareous rock, red sand-stone and . slate, || it be cut in a direction perpendicular to its which compose the chief part of the county; base, it will have all the appearance of a variebut the land opening for the causes before gated piece of marble: its transparency in given, the south part of it sinking into the the channels where the liquid has been great chasm now the British, and the north forced through in its way to the bottom, by into that called St. George's Channel, caused the congelation of the soap, will be found to 2 rent or fissure in the middle of the county l' resemble strongly the crystalline veins of the