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shals; we dispelled it at eight in the nothing but how to make the best remorning, by a general discharge of all our treat in the best possible order. I think artillery. This military music was suc- it is not too much to estimate the loss of ceeded by that of hautboys, drums, fifes, both armies at 40 000 men: those who and trumpets, with which I treated both were not killed, had died of fatigue. I armies. We then saw Villars proceeding gave some rest to the remains of my through all the ranks. As the French troops, buried all I could, and then can never hear enough of their king; marched to Mons. * My friends," said he to them, as I have There were but 5,000 men in that been told, “the king commands me to place, I opened the trenches ou the. fight: are you not very glad of it?" He 25th of September, and on the 22d of was answered with shouts of, Vive le Roi October, being on the point of assaulring et M. de Villars! I attacked the wood the born-work of Bertamont, Grunaldi of Sars without shouting. I rallied the capitulated. Our troops went into English guards, who, at the begioning, winter quarters; and I, being obliged to were scattered; some from tou much po-t about without intermission, procourage, and others from a contrary rea- ceeded with Marlborough to the Hague, son: my Germaq battalious supported to coax the states-general, who were them. We had nevertheless been over. ready to abandon our cause. I advised whelmed, had not the duke of Argyle, them to say at the conferences of Gerwho boldly clinbed the parapet of the truidenberg, that they would not hear entrenchment, made me master of the of peace unless it were general. I was wood. Al this procured me a ball sure of queen Anne, because I was sure behind the ear; and on account of the of Marlborough; he seconded me adquantity of blood which I lost, all those mirably. I went to report to the enabout me advised me to have ihe wound peror. I submitted to him a sketch of dressed. “ If I am beaten," I replied, “it the state of Europe, of which I could see will not be worth while; and if the French that his cabinet had not the least idea. are, I shall have plenty of time for that." I stated the inclination which I observed What could I have done better than to in several powers to försake us. At a seek death, after all the responsibility distance from danger, people are couwhich I had again taken upon myself on rageous. I was told that I should make this occasion? I beg pardon for this dis a glorious campaign. I replied, that I gression and personality; but one cannot had lost more men than could be given help being a man, To endeavour to me; but yet I would try what I could repair faults committed, is, I acknow. do. ledge, more noble; but to survive one's 1711.--Joseph I. was attacked with glory is dreadful. My business on the the small-pox. There were no good right going on well, I wished to decide physicians at Vienna. They sent to Lintz. that of the duke on the left, which proe for one. The pustules came out in such ceeded but slowly. To no purpose the abundance, that I thought him out of priace of Orange had planted a standard danger. On setting out for the Low on the third entrenchment; almost the Countries, I wanted to take leave of him; whole Dutch corps was extended on the he sento ine word that I had but too ground, killed or wounded. For six much exposed my life, for him already, hours Marlborough was engaged with and that he wanted it elsewhere than for the centre and the left, without any de. the small-pox, I insisted no farther, cisive advantage. My cavalry, which I and set off on the 16th of April. Three sent to his succour, was overthrown on 'days afterwards I was informed of his the way by the king's household troops, death, occasioned by the ignorance of who were in their turn routed by a bat- the faculty of Upper and Lower Austria, tery which took them in AankAt length who disputed all night about the means Marlborough had gained ground without of relieving an inflammation of the me; so that it was easy for me to turn bowels, with which the emperor was the centre of the enemy's army which aftlicted. I sincerely regretted this had been left unsupported in consequence prince, aged thirty-three; the first since of the defeat of the wings. Boufflers Charles V, who possessed genius, and readered the same service to Villars as was not superstitious; and I determined I did to Marlborough, and when he be to serve him even after his death. I hure held himn fall from his horse, dangerously ried to almost all the electors to dispose wounded below the knee, and the victory them to ensure the imperial crown to his spatched from them, he thought of brother, and then went to solicit the

Dutch

Datch to continue their credit in money Gallas, if he had been guilty of any, and and friendship to Charles II. king to regain the court of St. James's. of Spain, wlio became the einperor H ad I acted, as iny good cousin Victor Charles VI.

Amedzus would have done in my place, The protestants did not fail to publish I should have cried out against Marlbothat the court of Rome, which had suf- rough still more loudly than bis enemies, sered some humiliations from Joseph I. and bave refused to see him. But from had bribed his physicians; but no credit policy itself, persons of narrow minds should be given to defamatory libels, and ought to counterfeit feeling. Their deto the authors of privaie anecdotes, as signs are coo easily seen through. They they are called. It has long been the are despised and miss their object. fashion to assert that great personages Gratitude, estecm, the partnership in so die of poison.

many military operations, and pity for a Tallard, more dangerous in peace than person in disgrace, caused me to throw jn war, whom I would not have left prin myself with emotion into Marlborough's soner in England could I have suspecied arms. Pesides, on such occasions, the that lie would there acquire any influ- beart proves victorious. The people, ence, enabled the Tories to triumph, and who followed me every where from the crush the Whigs. Ifis assiduous attention moment I set foot in London, perceived to Mrs. Marsham, the qucer's new fa- it, and liked me the better for this: vourite instead of the duchess of Marl. while the Opposition, and the honest part borough, his insimuating manners, and his of the court, esteemed me the more. In presents of Burgundy and Champagne one way or other, all was over for Austo Right Ilonorable members of parlia- tria. I coaxed the people in power a ment, wbo were umuleurs of those wines, good deal. I made presents; for buying changed the aspect of European affairs. is very common in England. I offered

Marlborough was playing liis last game to procure the recal of Gallas. I deliin the Low Countries. He found means vered a memorial on this subject, and to finisk his military career there with requested clie queen to take other bases glory; he forced the French lines behind at the congress of Utrechs, where her the Senzée, and took the city of Bou. Plenipotenciaries already were, that the chain.

einperor might he enabled to send his On the disgrace' of the duchess, a thither. I received so vague a reply, thousand faulis were discovered in him. that had the court of Vienna believed Ilis pride was denominated insolence, me, they would not have reckoned at all and leis rather too great economy was upon the feeble succour of the duke of İranded with the name of peculation Ormond, who set out to command the and extortion. IIis friends, as may be English, as successor to the duke of supposed, behaved like friends; and that Marlborough, and I should not have lost is saving sofliciout. He was recalled: 10 the battle of Denain. This happened ju me this was a inunderbolt. The French the following manner: Notwithstanding asseinbled on the Rhine: I sent Vehlen my distinguished reception from the with a strong detachment from the Low queen, who, at my departure, presented Countries, and leaving the llague on the me with her portrait, I went and told the 19ıh of July, I collected as expediciously states-general that we had now nobody as possible, all the truops I could at on whom we could rely but themselves; Frankfurt, and took so good a position and passing through Utrecht to make in a camp near Miiblberg, as to cause to my observations, I found the tone of the be hell, and to cover the election to the French so altered, so elevated, that I imperial crowil, which would have been was more certain than ever of the truth of lost had I received a check. The French what I had announced. On my arrival durst not disturb it; this was for me a at the abbey of Anchin, where I assemcainpaign of prudence rather than of bled my army, amounting to upwards of glory.

100,000 men, Ormond came and made Queen Anne threw off all restraint. 'me the fairest promises, and had the She had given an unfavourable reception goodness to consent to my passing the to the Dutch ambassador, and had for- Scheldt below Boucbain. But after bidden Gallas, the imperial minister, her feigning to agree to the siege of Quesnoi, court; assigning as a reason certain ex- he first strove to dissuade me from that pressions which he had employed re- step, and then, without reserve, refused specting ber. Charles VI. ordered me to to concur in it. I said to lim: “ Well wake amends for the awkwardness of sir, I will do without your eighteen thou.

sand and men.” “I will lead them," said pended the continuation of the siege. he, “ to take possession of Dunkirk, Two leagues of ground were too much wliich the French are to deliver to me." for the Dutch corps. Had it not been “I congratulate the two nations," re. for the defection of the English, they plied I, “on this operation, which will might have been defended. The followconfer as much honour on the one as on ing circumstance demonstrated the the other. Adieu, sir." He ordered talepts of Villars, and a kind of fault all the troops in the pay of Eogland to with which I had to reproach myself: follow him. Very feiv obeyed. I had to conceal a moveinent inade on his foreseen the stroke, and had made sure left toward the Scheldt with the greatof the prince of Anhalt, and the prince est possible secrecy and celerity, he of Hesse Cassel.

with his right drew my altention to July the 30th I took Quesnoi. I gave Landrecy, as if he designed to attack the the direction of the siege of Landrecy to lines of countervallation. All at once the prince of Anhalt, and entered the he drew back his right towards his left, lines which I lad directed to be form- which during the night bad easily formed ed between Marcbiennes and Denain, bridges, as the Schelde is not wide at this The Dutch had collected large stores of place. These two wings United, adammunition and provisions at Marchi. vanced unknown to the earl of Albeennes. In vain I. represented to them marle, who attempted with his cavalry, that they would be better at Quesnoi, but in vain, to fight what had passed. only three leagues from Landrecy, and He relied upon nie, but I reckoned upon only ten from us; the economy of these him. On the first firing of his artillery, gentlemen opposed the change. This I marched to his succour, with a strong made me say peevishly, and as I have detachment of dragoons, at full trot, inbeen told, with an oath, one day when tending to make them dismount, if ne. Alexander's conquests were the subject cessary, and followed by my infantry, of conversation, “ He had no Dutch which came up at a quick pace. The deputies with his army." I ordered cowardice of the Durch rendered my twenty of their battalions, and ten squa. efforts unavailing. Had they but main. drons under the coininand of the earl of tained themselves half an hour in the Albemarle, to enter the lines, and ap- post of Denain, I had been in time. So proached Quesnoi with the main body of I had calculated, supposing matters at nay army, to watch the motions of Vild the worst, had I even been deceived by lars. During all these shuffling tricks, the maneuvre of Villars. of which I foresaw that I should be the I found only eight hundred men, and dupe, and which Louis XIV. knew 10- three or four generals drowned in thing of, I made him tremble upon his the Scheldt; and all those who had been throne. At a very small distance from surprised in the entrenchiments, billed Versailles, one of my partisans carried without making any desence. Albeoff Berenghen, under the idea that it was marle, and all the princes and generals the dauphin; others pillaged Champagne in the Dutch service, were taken pri. and Lorraine. Growenstein, with two soners, while endeavouring to rally their thousand horse, levied contributions all troops. The conduct of the former was over the country, spreading dismay, and represented in very black colors to the declaring thai I was at his heels with my states-general. I wrote to Heinsius army. It was then that he is reported the pensionary:" It would be my proto have said: “If Landrecy is taken, I vince, sir, to throw the faults or the will put myself at the head of my no- disasters of that day on the earl of Albebility, and perish rather than see my marle, if I had a single reproach to make kingdom losi." Would he have done him. He behaved like a man of honor, so? I cannot tell. He wanted once to but I defy the ablest general to extricate leave the treneh, but was dissuaded. himself when his troops, after a vile Henry IV, was formerly advised the discharge, ignominiously run away. contrary: he made the sign of the cross, Your obstinacy in leaving your magaand remained where he was.

zines at Marchiennes, is the causes of Villars thinking himself not strong all this. Assure their bigh mightinesses enough to attack me, as I had hoped of the truth of what I write you, of my he would, atteinpted the deliverance of dissatisfaction and profound mortis Denain in another way. I bave mencation." tioned my vexation respecting the niaga- I was obliged to raise the siege of zines at Marchiennes, upon which de- Landrecy, and 10 approach Mons, for

the the purpose of subsisting my army; so regarding the remonstrances of the depu. that I could not prevent Vilars from ties respecting Marchiennes, and confiretaking Douay, Quesnoi, and Bouchain.' 'ding a post of such importance to their

I often examine myself with the utmost troups, the flower of which had perished possible strictness, it appears to me, at Malplaquet. that if I had placed twenty battalions It inay easily be supposed, that I was more in the lines, which would have been the subject of criticism at Vienna, Lonnecessary to defend them, Villars, who don, and the Hague, and of songs at was stronger than I, would then have Paris. Here is one which I thought beaten ine. Out of the lines, posted as pretty, because it gives iny history in I was, I provided for every contingency. very few words : Could I expect that an hour at the Eugene, op'ning the campaign, utmost, more or less, would be decisive Swore with air most furious, of my glory, of the war, and of the sal. He'd march straight way to Champagne, yation of France? The artillery of the To swig our wines so curious. lines, which were thickly planted with The Dutchman for this journey gay it, ought alone to have given me time to

His cheese to Marchienne sent away; come up. Instead of being well served,

But Villars, fir'd with glory, cried : it was abandoned in as cowardly a man

« Faith, wbere you are you'd better bide; ner as the entrenchments. The two

Scheldt's muddy water in, I think, faults wbich I committed were, not dis-,

i Quite good enough for you to drink."

SCARCE TRACTS, WITH EXTRACTS AND ANALYSES OF

SCARCE BOOKS.

It is proposed in future to devote a few Pages of the Monthly Mogucine to the

Insertion of such Scarce Tracts us are of an interesting Nature, with the Use of which we may be fuvoured by our Correspondents; and under the same Head to introduce also the Analyses of Scarce and Curious Books.

.“ Sir Thomas Overbury his IVife; with he be out of court; but, fish-like, breaths

Additions of New Characters, and muny destruction, if out of his eleinent. Neiother Wilty Conceits, nerer before ther his motion or aspect, are regular, but printed." The sixteenth Impression. he moves by the upper spheares, and is London, 1638, 16mo,

the reflection of higher substances. . F this work the characters form the “If you find him not here, you shall in

principal portion. The following Paul's, with a picke-tooth in his hat, & are among the best and inost interesting : cape-cluak, and a long stocking."

"A COURTIER, “ To all mens thinking, is a man, and

"A PEDANT. to most men the finest: all things else are "Hee treades in a rule; and one hand defined by the understanding, but this 'scannes verses, and the other holds his by the senses; but his surest mark is, scepter. Hee dares not thinke a thought, that he is to be found only about princes. that the nominative case governs not the He smeis, and putteth away much of his verb; and he never had meaning in his judgement about the situation of his life, for be travelled only for words. His clothes. He knows no man that is not ambition is criticisme, and his example generally known. His wit, like the ma. Tully. Hee values phrases, and elects rigold, openicth with the sun, and there. them by ibe sound, and the eight parts fore he riseth not before ten of the clock. of speech are his servants. To bea He puts inore confidence in his words briefe, he is a heteroclite, for' he wants than meaning, and more in his pronunt. the plural number, baving onely the sinciation than his words. Occasion is his gle quality of words." Cupid, and he hath but one receit of ma. king love. He followes nothing but in.

"A PURITANE ., coustancie, admires nothing but beauty, .“ Is a diseased piece of apocrypha : honors nothing but fortune. Loves no. bind him to the bible, and he corrupts

thing. The sustenance of his discourse the whole text: ignorance and fat feed · is newes, and his censure, like a shot, de- are his founders bis nurse, railing, pends upon the charging. He is not, if rabbies, and round breeches; his life is

but

but a borrowed blast of wind; for, bes to commend vertue, therefore minds it tween two religions, as betweene two not. All her excellencies stand in her so doers, he is ever whistling. Truly whose silently, as if they had stolne upon her child he is, is yet unknowne; for willingly without her knowledge. The lining of his faith allowes no father: onely thus her apparell (which is herselfe) is farre far his pedigree is found. Bragger and he better than outsides of tissow ; for though flourisht about a time first; his fiery zeale she be not arrayed in the spoile of the keepes him continually costive, which silke-worme, shee is deckt in innocency, withers hiin into his own translation, and a far better wearing. She doth not, with till he eat a schooleman he is hide-bound; lying long abed, spoile both her complexhe ever prayes agamst non-residents, but ion and conditions, nature hath taught is himself the greatest discontinuer, for her, too immoderate sleep is rust to the he never keeps Deere his text: any thiny soule: she rises therefore with chauntithat the law allowes, but marriage and cleare, her dames cock, and at night makes March beere, hee murmurs at; what it the lamb,her corfew. In milking a cow, disallows and holds dangerous, makes him and straining the teats through her fina discipline. Where the gate stands gers, it seemes that so sweet a milk. open, hee is ever seeking a stile ; and presse makes the milk the whiter or where his learning ought to climb, he sweeter; for never came almond glove or creeps through: give him advice, you run aromatique oyntment of her palme to .. into traditions; and urge a modest course, taint it. The golden eares of corne fall he cryes out councels. His greatest care and kisse her feet when she reapes them, is to contemn obedience, his last care to as if they wisht to be bound and led priserve God handsomely and cleanly. Hee soners by the same hand that felld them, is now become so crosse a kind of teach. Her breath is her own, which scents all ing, that should the church enjoyne clean the yearelong of June, like a new-made shirts, hee were lowsie: more sense than haycock, She makes her hand hard with single praiers is not his; nor more in labour, and her heart soft with pity: those, than still the same petitions: from and when winters evenings fall early which he either feares a learned faith, (sitting at her merry wheele) she sings à or doubts God understands not at first defiance to the giddy wheel of Fortune, hearing. Shew hin a ring, he runs back She doth all things with so sweet a grace, like a beare; and hates square dealing as it seems ignorance will not suffer her to allied to caps: a paire of organs blow doe ill, being her mind is to doe well. him out oth' parish, and are the only She bestowes her yeares wages at next glister pipes to coole hia, Where the faire; and in chusing her garments, meat is best, there he confutes most, for counts no bravery i'th' world like decenhis arguing is but the efficacy of his eat. cy. The garden and bee-hive are all ing: -good bits he holds breed good po. her physick and chyrurgery, and she lives sitions, and the pope he best concludes the longer for't. She dares goe alone, against in plom-broth. Hee is often and unfolde sheepe i'th' night, and feares dropke, but not as we are, temporally; no manner of ill, because she meanes nor can his sleepe then cure him, for the none : yet to say truth, she is never fumes of his ambition make bis very soule alone, for she is still accompanied with reele, and that small beere that should old songs, honest thoughts, and prayers, allay him (silence) keepes him more sure but short ones; yet they have their effifeited, and makes his beat break out in cacy, in that they are not pauled with private buuses: women and lawyers are insuing idle cogitations. Lastly her his best disciples; the one, next fruit, dreames are so chaste, that shee dare longs for forbidden doctrine; the other tell them; only a Fridaies dreain is all to maintaine forbidden titles, both which her superstition, that she conceals for he sowes aipongst them. Honest he feare of anger. Thus lives she, and all dares not be, for that loves order; yet her care is she may die in the spring-time, if he can bee brought to ceremony, and to have store of Rowers stucke upon her made but master of it, he is converted." Winding sheet."

“ A PAIRE AND HAPPY MILK-MAID, THE CHARACTER OF A HAPPY LIFE. " Is a country wench, that is so larre By Sir H. W. (Sir Henry Wottos) from making her selfe beautifull by art, « How happy is he borne or taught, that one looke of hers is able to put all That serveth not anothers will, face-physicke out of countenance. She Whose armour is his honest thought, knowes a faire looke is but a dumb orator And silly truth his highest skill!

Whose

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