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15 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Declare unto us this parable.
16 And Jesus said, Are ye also yet without understanding ?
17 Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth in at the belly, and is cast out into the draught ?
18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man.
19 i For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies :
j Gen. vi. 5 ; viii. 21.
i Mark vii. 17.
and wicked teachers. By whatever plau left the vices of the heart unremedied. sible arguments men may be deluded into And it is here to be remarked, that "the the belief that they may innocently sanc- heart” of which our Lord speaks is not tion them by attending on their ministra- the heart of any individual exclusively, tions, our Lord's words fully decide the nor of the Pharisees, nor of the Jews, question.
but the HEART OF MAN; and so this is a Verse 15. Declare unto us this parable. most unequivocal declaration and proof - This is an instance in which the word of the fall of man's nature from that ori. parable is used to signify any figurative ginal state of “righteousness and true hoor enigmatical speech. The disciples had liness,” in which it was first created. It only a general conception of our Lord's is similar indeed, both in its generality meaning, and desired a further explana- and import, to the testimony of Jeremiah tion; but our Lord's words, “ Are ye also on the same subject: “The heart is de. Yet without understanding,” convey a
ceitful above all things, and desperately mild reproof, that, after so long an atten- wicked ; who can know it?" and to that dance upon his instructions, they had not of Solomon: “The heart of the sons of at once thoroughly comprehended his men is full of evil.” This indeed could meaning ; also intimating perhaps, that not be a new doctrine ; the whole scheme they were not themselves sufficiently freed of our redemption is built upon it: for if from that superstitious importance which the first Adam had not been a fountain of the Jews in general attached to distinc- sin and of death to his posterity, we had tions of meats.
needed no second Adam to be a fountain Verse 19. For out of the heart.-Never of salvation and holiness. was a stronger and more humbling pic. Evil thoughts.—This is feebly rendered ture drawn of the corruption of human by Doddridge, evil reasonings ; and not nature. Of whatever evil we can con- happily by Campbell, malicious contriceive, of whatever evils manifest them
Evil thoughts appear to compreselves, and spread desolation and misery hend both those wicked imaginings upon through society, the human heart is the which corrupt minds love to dwell, and fountain. The seat is there; they all also evil desires and purposes, and secret spring from that source; and on this is mental oppositions of temper to persons grounded the necessity of that renewal of and to truth, which, our Lord had already the heart, that entire regeneration of the taught, subjected men to condemnation as will, affections, and all other moral facul- effectually as the overt acts to which they ties of the soul, upon which our Lord in- usually lead. “Evil thoughts” is a more sisted in opposition to the Pharisees, who extensive term, and includes all that can be placed holiness in external acts, and meant by either “evil reasonings,” or 20 These are the things which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.
21 g * Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.
22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.
23 But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth
24 But he answered and said, 'I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
"malicious contrivances.” The terms gard her, as though in denial of her used are general, and do not affect strict request, that her faith might in the result precision.
be more illustriously displayed. Blasphemies.-Calumnies and detrac- Send her away, for she crieth after us.tions, which, when impiously directed Dismiss her, by granting her request, for against God and sacred things, are strictly she is overwhelmed with distress, as is denominated blasphemy, and when against manifest by her cries. Those who think others, evil speaking. See note on Mark that the reason why the disciples thus
urged our Lord, was that they might rid Verse 22. A woman of Canaan.-St. themselves of a clamorous petitioner, do Mark calls her “a Greek,” that is, a them little credit, and there is not the Gentile, “a Syro-Phenician by nation.” least reason for so uncandid an interpreSyro or Syrian Phenicia was so called tation. That they wished her request to from its being formerly included in the be granted, is clear, from our Lord's kingdom of Syria. It was that part of reply; and that her cries had excited a the coast of Canaan on the Mediterranean deep commiseration in her case, may be in which the cities of Tyre and Sidon well presumed : and it is pleasing to nowere situated; and is in the Acts and the tice this instance of the triumph of beneGospels termed “the coasts of Tyre and volent and charitable feelings towards a Sidon,” as in the preceding verse. This Gentile and a Canaanite over the Jewish woman is called a woman of Canaan be- prejudices of the disciples; it was a proof cause that country was still inhabited, at that they had begun, at least, to imbibe least in part, by the descendants of the spirit of their Master. Still, however, Canaan, of whom Sidon was the eldest for the first time, our blessed Lord, in
Canaanite as she was, she had appearance, but in appearance only, was heard of Christ, or seen his works, and deaf to the voice of a suffering and beacknowledged him to be the Messiah, the lieving suppliant, and answered, I am not Son of David, hy which title she ad- sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of dresses him, and thus declares her faith. Israel. His personal mission whilst on
Verse 23. He answered her not a word. earth was to them, and he had not yet -He knew the strength of her faith, and accomplished it. So far, however, were the extent of the trial to which it might the Gentiles from being excluded from safely be put; and he appeared to disre- the scope and purpose of his minist***
25 Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me.
26 But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs.
27 And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table.
28 Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman,
earth, that he was even then training up adopted it only to bring forth the pious apostles to “preach the gospel to every perseverance of this affectionate mother creature ;” and in a few instances, even into so strong a light as to shame those during his stay on earth, he extended who should, hereafter at least, indiscriboth temporal and spiritual mercies to minately apply it. He only could safely individuals of different nations.
apply so severe a proof to this good Verse 25. Then came she and worshipped woman; for he well knew the strength him, 8c.-Perhaps the foregoing reply to of that resolution with which her faith the disciples was made in the hearing of had inspired her. the woman, waiting with intense anxiety Verse 27. And she said, Truth, Lord; yet the result of their application in her the dogs, &c.—Her humility is such that behalf; but as she had not been dis- she spurns not at the offensive title ; she couraged by his apparently repulsive is too intent upon the case of her daughsilence, neither was she driven to despair ter: for this she knew too well, that if not by those still more forcibly repelling relieved by Christ, there was no hope in words, I am not sent but to the house of any other; and, instead of cavilling at the Israel. Still, the pressure of her case, reply, she, with admirable readiness, and her mighty faith, which yet persua- prompted by the working of a heart intent ded her that the Son of David must have
upon its object, finds a reason for urging mercy upon her, urges her to a more her request in the very terms of the refusal, direct attempt. She came and worshipped —“Let the full provisions of THE TABLE him, throwing her whole case upon his be reserved for the children; but at least compassion in one burst of agonized feel- let the CRUMBS of thy mercy be vouching,-Lord help me.
safed to me.” Nai is sometimes a particle Verse 26. But he answered and said, &c. of beseeching, as Philemon, verse 20, vai, -From the known character and com- aðende, yea, brother, I beseech thee, brother, passionate conduct of Christ, as displayed and answers to the Hebrew ss. The in all former instances, the conclusion in rejoinder of this extraordinary woman every mind would be, “Now this pleading may therefore be taken to import, “ Still mother must prevail in behalf of her I beseech thee, Lord, to help me, for even daughter; that daughter is afflicted with the dogs eat of the crumbs,” &c. Or, if the most grievous calamity; that mother vai be understood to mark assent, there is is distressed to agony, and lies imploring an ellipsis to be supplied, as, “ Truth at his feet who never yet rejected a Lord; but nevertheless grant my request, prayer, and her faith is equal to her yap, for, even the dogs eat of the crumbs earnestness.” But a further trial awaited which fall from their master's table.” her; and the reply of our Lord rose even This sense is, however, well expressed by to seeming austerity, and Jewish morose- the yet in our translation. ness :- It is not meet to take the children's Verse 28. O woman, great is thy faith. bread, and to cast it to dogs. “Dog” was -For the manifestation of the power of the common term of contempt used of faith in man, and to commend this great every Gentile, by the Jews; but our Lord principle to all, the faith of this Canaan
great is thy faith : be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.
29 m And Jesus departed from thence, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there.
30 , And great multitudes came unto him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus' feet; and he healed them :
31 Insomuch that the multitude wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see : and they glorified the God of Israel.
ite was put to so severe a test; but the Saviour ; and presses its plea until it trimoment that end was answered, the com- umphantly carries off the blessing. passion of our Lord, which throughout Verse 30. The maimed.—.Not deprived the whole scene had been rising still of one or more limbs, but the use of them higher, at once breaks forth in its fulness by distortion or paralysis. The maimed of grace and power. Be it unto thee even as are by some distinguished from the lame, thou wilt ; and her daughter was made whole by referring the infirmity of the former from that very hour; as she found upon to the arms, and that of the latter to the her return to her house. It is here most feet; by others the “maimed,” kullous, instructive to mark the character of the are supposed tò have suffered distortion faith which our Lord thus commends and of the limbs; and “the lame,” xwrous, to rewards. It was not faith merely in his have been rendered so by accident rather Messiahship, though that was the ground than disease. of its higher exercises ; it was grounded Verse 31. They glorified the God of upon the knowledge which the woman Israel.—The place where these astonishhad attained of his character, as mani- ing miracles were wrought was near the fested in his acts of power and compas- sea of Galilee ; yet, in a desert place into sion; and on this it rested all through the which the multitudes had followed him : trial to which it was subjected. To his and if we consider the number and nature ABILITY and his kindness the piercing eye of the miracles suddenly effected upon all of that faith looked through all the veils who came or were brought to Christ ; the with which even our Lord himself had joy which the afflicted persons themselves surrounded them: he was silent; he must have manifested at their instant and refused the intercession of his disciples; perfect relief from the most melancholy he answered in the contemptuous lan- infirmities, as blindness and dumbness, guage of the Jews to her own imploring and from the most painful sicknesses and supplication ; yet still she received no infirmities; the absence of the Pharisees, DIRECT denial. The language was con- whose captious and detracting remarks temptuous, but to faith it seemed not to did not here interpose to prevent the full sound like his own; and still she reso- flow of those grateful feelings which the lutely clung to the full persuasion that people at large had so often manifested, he was “ full of grace and truth.” Such we cannot wonder that the deserts of Gali13 true faith in its highest exercises in lee were made to resound with the high all. It looks through every thing simply praises of the God of Israel. To this multito the love, Pity, and power of the tude, so well disposed, and many of whom
32 Then Jesus called his discip es unto him, and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat : and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way.
33 And his disciples say unto him, Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multitude ?
34 And Jesus saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven, and a few little fishes.
35 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground.
36 And he took the seven loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude.
37 And they did all eat and were filled : and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets full.
38 And they that did eat were four thousand men, beside women and children.
39 And he sent away the multitude, and took ship, and came into the coasts of Magdala.
CHAPTER XVI. 1 The Pharisees require a sign. 6 Jesus warneth his disciples of the leaven of the Pha
risees and Sadducees. 13 The people's opinion of Christ, 16 and Peter's confession of him. 21 Jesus foresheweth his death, 23 reproving Peter for dissuading him from it : 24 and admonishes those that will follow him, to bear the cross.
1 THE Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven. o Mark viii. 1.
a Mark viii. 11; Luke xii. 54–56.
we may believe were afterwards gathered Verse 37. And they took up of the broken unto the Christian church, and numbered meat seven baskets full.—The word here with true believers, our Lord further rendered basket is otupes, and differs from showed his compassion by working a mira- Koplos, the basket before mentioned. cle similar to that by which he fed the The latter was suspended from the five thousand near Bethsaida. From shoulder, the other was carried by hand, seven loaves, and a few small fishes, after and was probably of smaller dimensions. giving thanks, and distributing them to the Verse 39. The coasts of Magdala.—These disciples, as in the former instance, he were on the eastern side of the Sea of supplied their wants, after they had ex- Galilee. pended their provisions, having been with him three days. See notes on chap. xiv. CHAPTER XVI. Verse 1. The Phari
sees also with the Sadducees came.—These