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RAILROAD EQUIPMENT, Weight and borse-power of different types of locomotives, including the modern electric tractor, and also the weight, size and cost of freight cars, ordinary coaches, parlor and sleeping cars.

RECENT HEAVY LOCOMOTIVES
Total Weigat on Diameter

Heating Size of Tractive
TYPE.

Road,

Weight. Drivers. of Drirers. Surface. Cylinders. Effort. (a)

(Pounds.) (Pounds.) (lachrs.) (8q. Ft.) (loches.) Pounde.) Triplex...

Erie...
853, 050 761,600

6,886 36x32 160.000 Ballet. A. T. & SF. 616.010 550.000 57

6,579 28x38x32 111,600 Mallet..

Northern Pacific. 462,000 401,000 57 5,538 26x40x30 87.600 Mikadog.

Pennsylvania 331,000 249,000 61% 5,508 24x32 57.319 Mikado...

L.$.& M.S....... 322,000 245.000 63 4,730 27130 56,050 Santa Fé.. CB. & Q..... 878, 700 301.800 60 6,161 30x32

71,500 Consolidation.... Wheel. & LE... 268,500 236.000 57 3.517 26x30 55,900 Santa Fét..

Baltimore & Ohio 406,000 336,800 58 5,573 30x32 84,500 Mountaint.

Missouri Pacific.. 296,000 208.000 83 3.451 28128 50, 400 Mountain... Chesap' ke & Ohio 330,000 239,000

4,132 29x28 58,000 Pacific... Pennsylvania..... 293, 200 189.500

3,680 26r26 38, 400 Atlantic Penusylvania..... 240,000 133, 100

2,856 23% 126 29, 427 Ten-wheel.

Southern Pacific. 222.000 173,500 69 2,400 23x28 36,500 Mogul

Central New Eng. 202,500 202, 510 51 3.332 22x28 45, 200 Switching

Mlinois Central 166,000 166,000 63 1,560 21x26 32, 450 Balticf......

Chemin de Fer du
Nord......
225,000 119,000

176x25%
80

32, 362 This is the largest and most powerful locomotive ever built and is the so-called Triplex Compound, which was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Erie Railroad and was completed in April, 1914. This is a new type of articulated locomotive and goes beyond the

Mallet articulated type by the addition of another pair of cylinders and another group of driving wheels, making three coinplete engines in one locomotive unit. Each engine has lour driving wheels on each side, the complete locomotive, therefore, having twelve driving wheels on each side, eight of which are Uuder the locomotive Itself and four under the tender. This Triplex locomotive has 89 per cent of the total weight of the engine and tender on drivers. The large stallet locomotives have but about 65 per cent of the total weight on drivers. This locomotive is used for pusher service on the tight-mile grade of the Erie east of Susquehanna, Pa This is a grade of 56 feet to a mile and the new locomo live handles the same weighi of train up this grade that was formerly handled by two Cousolidation and one Mallet engines. * This is the largest non-articulated locomotive ever built, One of the most powerful passenger locomotives recently built is the Mountain

type locomotive built in 1913 for the Missouri Panific. This Mountain type locomotive replaced a Pacisc type loco motive, which was frequently

aided by a pusher. The new locomotive can take a passenger train weighing 820 tons (from 12 to 14 cars) up a grade of more than 100 feet to the mile. This is from 50 to 75 per cent. a heavier train than it was possible to haul with the type of locomotive which was replaced.

These are now considered the standard locomotives for heavy freight and passenger service under ordinary conditions. The Mikado is replacing the old Consolidation locomotive in freight service. The Pacific type is for heavy fast passenger business.

This is the largest passenger locomotive in Europe. (a) Tractive Effort. This is the effort exerted by a locomotive in turning its wheels by the action of the steam against the pistons which, through the media of the crossheads, rods, etc., causes them to revolve and the locomotive to move along the rails. The drawbar pull which'a

locomotive actually exerts at any given time depends upon its speed upon grades and other things. The formula for a simple locomotive for the tractive effort is

T 0.85 P X Caxs

D where T - tractive effort in pounds, P= boiler pressure in pounds per sqnare inch, C-diameter of cylinders in inches, S-stroke of piston in inches, D= diameter of driving wheels in inches.

HEAVY ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES.
ROAD.

Weight on Drivers.Mar.Guar.Speed
(Pounds.)

Desig. Eur Trall. (Miles per hour.)

Type.

Load. (Tors) • Vew York ('entral

200.000

60
D. C.

1,00 Boston & Jaine...

192.000

45
A.C.

7307 New llaven....

1:34,700

A. C. This is the newest type of electric locomotive in use and is an eight-motor aruculated 600-volt locomotive.

tIncludes weight of electric locomotive.

D.velops 40,000 tractive power up to 6 miles per hour. The engine is for switching service and is unique in having a centre cab control.

APPROXIMATE COST OF LOCOMOTIVES.

Average Weight. TYPE. Service.

Average Weight
(Poun is.)

Cost.
TYPE. Service.

Cuet.

(Poga.ls.) Mallet... Freigiit. 500.000 $31,301 Allantic.. Passenger. 184,000 $15,000 Mikado Freight. 250.000 17.500

Switching.

Switching. 195,000 15.500 Pacific... Passenger

280.000

23,000
WEIGHT AND COST OF CARS.

Width.

Length,
TYPE.
Weight.

Metght.
Capacity.
(Inside Dimensions. )

Cost. 36,000 lbs 100,000 lbs. 40 ft. 6 in., 8 st. 10 in. Steel Coal (gondola).. 46,000 lbs. 110.000 lbs. 46 ft.

8 ft. 9 in. 2 st. 64in. Flat..

34,000 lbs 100,000 lbs. 40 ft. 2 in. 9 ft. Day Coach (steel) 112,000 lbs. 80 Passeng's 78 ft. 3 in. 10 ft. 14 ft. 5 in. Sleeping Car (wood).. 115.000 lbs. 27 Berths. 72 ft.6 in. 8 ft. 6 in. 9 ft. 6 in.

16,000 Sleeping ('ar (steel). 152.300 lbs 24 Berths. 72 ft. 6 in. / 9 ft. 9 in. 9 ft. 6 in 26.000

*Steel undertrame, steel side frames and steel roof.

.Box

8 ft.

8.000

FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES. (Report of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce of the Department of Commerce.)

EX PORTS. MERCHANDISK AND SPECIE EXPORTED FROM THE UNITED STATES DURING THE FISCAL YEAR

ENDED JUNE 30, 1914.

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Domestic Merchandise.

Domestic Merchandise. Abrasives. $9,114,632 Musical Instruments......

$3,358.631 Agricultural linplements. 31,965,789X:ral Stores

19,882,1.5 Aluminuin, and Manufactures of.

1,101,9-01 Nickel, Nickel Oxide and Matte.Ibs 28.895,242 9.408,709 Animals....

5,803,659 Oil Cake, Oil Cake Meal......... 1,530,369.450 21,667,12 Brass, and Manufactures of..

7,472,4:
6Oils : Animal

galls. 1.49, 00 $24.933 Breauistuffs : Corn...... .bush. 9.380.855 7,008,028 Mineral, Crude

146,477,349 6.812.512 Oats

..bush. 1,859,919 757,527 Mineral, Hefined or Manuf'di. 2,185,133,798 145.361.884 Wheat .bush. 92,393,715 87,953,456 Vegetable.....

16.951.486 Wheat Flour.. 11,821,181 54,154,17Paints, Pigments, and Colors...

7,256,318 Cars, Carriages, and other Vehicles

Paper, anıt Manufactures ot..

90.663,6:34 and Parts of...

51,676,292 Paraffin, Parattin Wax........ Ibs. 186,357,798 6.516,338 Chehurals, Drugs, Dyes, and Medi

Provisions : Beef Products...... lbs. 148.487,828 14,969,339 cines,...

97,079,092
Hog Products.. lbs.

980,216,593 118,557,366 Clocks and Watches and Parts of.

3,013,149
Dairy Products.

9,965.934 Cral: Anthracite...... tons 3,959.114 20.881,3738eeds: Clover....

.. lbs. 4,640.85

691,437 Bituminous... .tons +15,704,966 +39,039,640 Cotton...

Ibs. 14,342.384 :15,115 Copper Ore Matte and Regulus...tons 77,410 3,257,089

Timothy..

lbs. 12,4x0,294 668,118 Manufactures of..

146,292,550
All other..
Ibs

1,59,075 Cotton, Uninanufactureil..........Ibs. 4,760,940,538 610,475,301 Soap..

4,939.002 Manufactures of..

51,467,933 Spirits, Distilled. .proof galls. 1,784,918 2,97%.839 Earthen, Stone, and China Ware...

4,353,241 Starch.

lbs.

76,713,779 1,895,230 Fertilizers..

tong 1,539,479 11,978,734 Molasses, and Syrup...........galls. 18,632 969 1,667,137 Fibres, Vegetable, and Textile Grasses,

Sugar

Thes.

50.595,726 1,839,983 Manufactures of.... 12,575,470|Tobacco. Unmanufactured. lbs. 44%, 749,982

33,96:1,670 Figh...

12.849,113
Manufactures of.

7,459,811 Fruits and Nits.. 31,650,508 Vegetables,

6,936, 100 Furs and Fur Skins..... 14,962,371 Wood, and Manufactures of

103,179,610 Glass and Glassware. 3,729,6:3Wool, and Manufactures of.

4.790,087 Glucose or Grape Sugar, .llis. 199,530,874 4,865.919 Hay....

tons
50,149 827,405 Total Exports, Domestic .........

$2,399,684,095 Hides and Skins.. lbs. 19,437,135 9.8117,253 Exports, Foreign Merchandise....

34.895,123 Hop...

24,262,896 6,953,529 India Rubber Manufatures.. 19,441,220 Total Exports, Domestic & Foreign

$2.364,579,148 Instruments for Scientific Purposes..

1,760,861 Iron and steel, Manufactures of

251,480.677
Specie: Gold...

$112.038.5:9 Leather, and Manufactures of.

57,566,261
Silver.....

54,965,0:3 Malt Liquors.........

1,485,176 Marble Stone, and Manufactures of.. 2.146.78 Total Exports, Domestic & Frien

$2.531, 82,100 Total value automobiles, and parts of, exported in 1919, $25,657,994; in 1913, $31,953,533; la 1914. $33,198.806.

Does ont include fuel or bunker coal laden on vessels in the foreign trade which aggregated during 1914, 7,811,913 tons, valued at $25,571, 487.

IMPORTS. MERCHANDISE AND SPECIE IMPORTED INTO THE UNITED STATES DURING THE FISCAL YEAR

ENDED JUNE 30, 1914.

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Merchandise

Merchandise. Animals

$21,712,111 Leather, and Tanned Skins, and ManArt Works.. 35,010,449 ufactures of..

$25.087.179 Automobiles and Parts of...

1,439,576 Malt Liquors...

-galls. 1,171,293 9,67.029 Briatles lbs. 3,437,155 8,196,469 Meats and Dairy Products..

38,760,89 Cement, Portland, Hydraulic, 100 lbs. 1287, +85 121,970 Olls,..

47,020.573 Chernkcals, Drugs, Dyes, and Medicines 94,519,912 Paper, and Manufactures of.

27,3 3,810 Clocks and Watches, and Parts of.... 4,999.159 Stock, Crude...

8,571.207 Coal, Bituminous... .tons 11,046,734 12,867,470 Rice

lbs. 97,664,917 7.473,707 Cocon, Crude, aad Shells of.. ... lbs. 176,267.646 20,797,790 Silk, Unmanufactured

100,930,095 Coffee ..Ibs. 1,001,529,317 110,725,392 Manufactures of.

35, 454,286 Copper.and Manufactures of (not ore)

40.549.270 Spices

lbs. 57,574.199 5.595.509 Cork Wood, and Manufactures of....

6,499.639 Spirits, Distilled... .proof, alle. 4,160,843 1,963,848 Cottoa, Vomanufactured........ lbs. 123,346,899 19,456,588 Sugar...

lbs. 5,060,521,873 101,649,375 Mannfactures of 70,704,823 Tea......

Jbs. 91,130,815 16,735, 302 Earthen, Stone, and China Ware.

10,699,118 Tin, in Bars, Blocks, or Pigs, Ibs. 100,177,962 39,429,479 Feathers, Arificial Flowers, etc.

8,825,176 Tobacco, Leaf,

lbs. 60,107,519 35,029,055 Fertilizers....

93.150.146
Manufactures of..

5,357.806 Fibres, Vegetable. Unmanuf't'd. tons 418,432 54,319,995 Toys....

9,084,019 Vegetable, Manufactures of... 89,104,239 Vegetables.......

15.133,635 Fish.. 18,758,143 Wines

10,111,669 Fruits and Nota... 63,491,958 Woorl, and Manufactures of.

62.433,039 Furs, and Manufactures of.....

8.810.321 Wool, Unmannfactured..

lbs. 237.648,869 53.190.267 Glass and Glassware.......

8,191,833
Manufactures of.

34.991,204 Hair, Usmanufactured.

lbs. 15,168,102 3,369.978 Hals, Bonnets, and Materials for. 19,102,245 Total Merchandise...

1,493.925,657 Hides and Skins, other than Fur..Ibs. 861,030,686 190.989, 707 Indis Rubber, Gutta-Perrha, and Sub

Specie: Gold.....

$66.538,659 stitutes for, Unmaliufactured......

76.162.220
Silver...

30,826,604 Iron and Steel, and Manufactures of..

31,790.851 Jewelry and Precious Stones 34,442,-31 Total linports ...

1,990,790,920 Lead and Mauufactures of (rontents )....

Ibr. 60.186.7981 1.997.65 Figures cover period from October 3, 1913, to June 30, 1911.

FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES--Cutinurria
VALUE OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF MERCHANDISE, 1901.1914.
YKAR
EXPORTS.

Tutal Exports
ENDING
l'otal Exports.

E.xress of
Imports.

Exce or
JUSR 30. Domestic.
Foreigis.

Imports.

Exprim. impris. 1901. 81,460,469.806 $27,302,180 :B1,487,764,991 $823,172,100 $2,310,937,156 -664,59,26 1902

1.356,481,561 26,237,510 1,381,714,401 403,320,948 2,283,040,349 478,398,453 1.403

1.392,231,502 27,910,377 1,420,141,679 1,025,719,237 2,445,860,916 394,432,442

1,435,179,017 23,048,364 1,460,8:37,271 991,087,371 2,451,914,642 464,739,900 1305

1,491,744,841 20,817,025 1,018,561,606 1,117,613 071 2,636,074,737 401.048.095 1900

1717,953,382 10,911,113 1,743, 64,500 1,220.503,843 2,970,428,343 517,300,007 1907

1,853,716,034 27,133,044 1,880,851,078 1,434,421,425 3,315,272,503 446,429,633 1:403

1,534,780,357 25,986,989 1,860,773,346 1,194,341,793 3,055,115,038 666,431,554 1909

1.638,355,593 24.655,511 1,663,011,104 1,311,920,224 2.974,931,328 351,090,880 1010

1,710,083,498 34,900,722 1,744,984,720 1,557,819,988 3,302,804,7018 187,164,732 1911

2,01:3,519,035 35,771,174 2,049,320,1991,527,226,105 3,676,546,304 524,094,094 1912

2,170,319.82 34,002,681 2.204,322,409 1,653,364,934 3,857,687,343 551.057.475 191

2,428,001,358 37,377,791 2,465,881,149 1,813,008,234 4,279.893,383 652.870,915 1914

2,324,684,025 34.895,123 2,364,079,14% / 1,893,9:25,657 4,258,504.805 470,553,491 The imports and exports of specie are not included in the above table. VALUE OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OR MICRCHANDISE INTO AND FROM THE UNITED

STATES DURING FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1914.
COUNTRIES
Imports. Exports.
CENTUK

Experia Austria Hungary.. $20,1!0,834 $22,718,255 Brazil

$101,429,073 Azores and Muleira Islands....

5:7,181
940,723 Chile...

9,782,123
Belgium
41,035,532 61,919,894 Colonbia

16,051,1: Bulgaria, 308,810 396,731, Ecuador

8,595, 456 Dinin

3,269,73 15,6:0, 1:15 Guianas: Finland.

116.57
3,902,910 British

110.603 1,700,$ 0 France.. 141,445,252 159,818,924 Dutch

1.26.50 Germany

189,919,136 344,797,376 French Gibraltar....

15,110
7:3,038 Paraguay

64,631
Greece.
3,8 6,544 1,123,50 Peru ...

19,175, 1:3 2,141.95 Iceland and Faroe Islands.

86,813
15,855 Uruguay

7,115.134 5,441.466 Italy 56,407,671 74,235,012 Venezuela..

9,763.069 5,401,26 Malta, Gozo, etc..

1,81:
6,0th Alerì ..

1,747,810
Netherlauds.
36,994,010 112,215,673 China,...

39,390,978 Norway 9,197,265 9, 5, 10 German Chins...

686,473

150 Portugal 6,165,0:5 5.4:3,048 Japanese China.

789,999 Rumania, 491,120 2,301,317 chosen (Korea)

8,191 1,966,453 Russist in Eurote.

90,31.18+ 80,088, 4: East Indies: Servia and Montenegro

1,949,838
9,462 British ludia.....

73,630,800 10.854,591 Sain.. 21,5.5, -67 30,387,56 Straits Settlements

26,307,00 Sweden... 11,590.107 14,644,294 Other British..

11,964,187 Switzerland 23,379,699 1,019,602 Dutch

5,834,361 Turkey in Europe... 8,296,595 2,160,989 French

161. 3 Unit:d Kingdom.. 293,101,804 594,17 ,863 Uongkong...

305.840 10,96,914 Beranda.... 65,119 1,613,816 Jamaa

107,355,547 31,205.53 British Honduras.... 2,099,.75 1,69,49 Persia

1.918,00 Canal:.... 160,6,709 344 714,81 Russian Asia.

9,458,973 1,914,505 Newfoundland and Labrador. 1,315,-79 5,735,026 Slan.....

146,513 Central American States:

Tukey in Asin.

12.546,55 1.1.4.750 Costa Rica. 8,570.36+ 3,501,386 Australia and Tasmania,

17.155,534 45.975, 19 Guatemala 4,073.612 3,601, 13 New Zealand..

5,195,06 Honduras.. 3,130,3:3 473.512 French Oxenia..

694,170 1.05.12 Nicaragua.. 1,393 2,6.9,031 German Orelun.

14.30 l'anal&.. 4 509,719 92,478,231 Philippine Islands..

18,149 312 Salvador.. 1,15321 *,153,139 British West Africa.

63,111 Mexico... 92,690,566 38,748,793 British South Africa.,

2,469.89 West Indies :

British Est Africa.

51,621

311.9.1 Barbados... 259,115 1,412,934 Canary Islands..

17756 Jamvict... 6,101,913 5,651.12: French Afrie..

844,505 Triuidad and Tobago. 3,45,614 Gerinan Africa.

134.959 Other British 1.714.1271 3,224,342 Liberia

ile 1:1 131,303,194 68,594,128 Mudagascar

13.095 Dunish 29,374 890).966 Morocco. ...

149,176 Dutch.

61,95

96,10 Portuguese Africa... French 59,968 2,033,523 Turkey in Africa--Egypt..

13,511, 33 Iti 691.807 5,310,705 Italian Africa, ..

80%O Susto Domingo.

3,576,84 4.917,901 Argentina..

45,123,988 45.1:9.099 Total (incluling smaller places Bolivia

70
1,115,555 Mint listei)

$1.993.995, 57 .364.579.148

6,287

Cuba ..

PANAMA. The Republic of Panama has a total area of 32,380 square miles with a population of 419,029 people, and is over five hundred miles in length and varies from thirty-seven to one hundred and ten miles in width. It lies between Costa Rica and Colombia, with the Caribbean Sea on the north and Pacinc Ocean on the south, The Panama Canal Zone runs across this republic. Panams has a single republican form of government with the regular division into legislative, executive and judicial branches. There are seven provinces: Bocas del Toro, Chiriqui, Veraguas, Colon, Los Santos, Cocle, and Panama as political subdivisions. The capital city ls Panama. Panama has no navy and no army, but has a National police corps of one thousand men. A steam launch serves the purpose of a revenue cutter. The commerce or 1913 was as follows: Imports, $10,400.000: exports, $2,467,556. Panama has two hundred and two miles of railroads in operation, ninety-six post-offices, and thirty-seven telegraph offices. A contract has been let for a wireless station at Colon. There are excellent educational advantages in the republic. In 1912 there were 364 sehools having an attendance of 14,511 pupils.

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FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES-Continued.
IMPORTS OF FOREIGN AND EXPORTS OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN MERCHANDISE.
CUSTOMS

CUSTOMS
DISTRICTS.
Iinports. Exports.

CUSTOMS
DISTRICTS.
Imports, Esports.

TO STRICS.

Imports. Exports. Atlantic Coast Mexic'. Border

Michigan $26.346,651 $102,575,052 Distriets.

Districts,

M't'na & Idaho 9,621,814 3,268,940 Crmneeticut.... $5,318,596 $8,617 Arizona ....... $16,899,594 $7,377,310 Ohio

11,696,199 18,310, 21 Georgia ... 6,269,676 110,594,981 Eagle Pass..... 4,904,721 617,618 Rox hester,

3,950,404 6,062,691 Maine and New

8,659,57: 3,359,702 St. Lawrence... 52,156.444 84,098,670 Hampshire... 8,770.935 7,859.947|Laredo.....

6,309,092 5,255,789 West'u. Verm'nt 19,830,386 9,90, 779 Maryland ..... 34 459,494 109,690,231 Total..1914.. 32,812,909 16,630,9 Wisconsin..... 3,441,468 100,934 Massachusetts. 159,915,9701 63,715,181

1913.. 27,059.

24,99.,645 Total. .191... -905,:73,412 341,103,20 Xew York ..... 1,040.380,526 864,5-46.338

22,612,299 27, 193,816

1913.. 153,61:.541 401,997,318 North Carolina 4,134, 459 25,870.851 Pacific Coast

1919.. 137,882,121 392,370,708 Pillud Iphla.. 96,433,412 65,182,514 Districts.

Interior DisPorto Rico.... 3,88,419 8,679,KM2 Alaska

567,399 1,124,239

tricts. Rhode Island.. 2,993.066

5,998 lawail.
6,282,558 915,945 Colorado

516,35 Sou h Carolina 5.511.191 20,829,302 Oregon.

8,830,291 13.806,960 indiana ..

754,093 7,177.904 25,625,25581 Francisco. 67,111,0) 63,374,909 Iowa .....

251,:91 Total ..1914.. 1,374,690,578 1,304,104,797 Brn Cali, cruia 4,908,548 2.010,280 Kentucky

1,0:7,682 1913.. 1,375,8 19,835 1.315,811,300 Washington... 55,391.565 55,012,915 Minnesota. 6,307,809 1912.. 1,263, 104,684 1,282,679,331 Total. .1914.. 13,151.367 136,943, 14 Omaha

996.917 Golf Coast Dis

1913.. 128.8:15,064 136,256,469 Pittsburgh. 2,759,571 tricts.

1919. 111,438,360 197,542,331 Bt. Louis.... 9,583, 59 25,979 Flora 9,906,925 41.838.9 Norton Border

Tennessee

479,408 Galveston 19,245,02 955, 767,808 Districts.

Utah & Nevada 98.492 6,914.963 60.805,641 Buffalo ..... 30,305,617 87,676,161 Total. J914.. 22,708,857 25,92 New Orle:ins 89, 82.621 193,8:9,961 Chicago

38,6 0,90 8,-87,001

1913.. 93,978, 19 239.339 Sa ine 1,992,4031 24,13 593 Dakot: ...

9,966,833 38,509,083

1912.. 21,097,117 562,364 Total..1914. 190,372.031 566,347,662 Duluth and Su

Grind tot').1914 1,893,426,687 2,764,579,148 1913.. 103,619,409 543,076,978 perior ..... 5,r15,091 13,374,368

1918 1,818,008,934 9,465,884,149 1912.. 92,244,523 463,973,559|| Kart'n Vermont 8,319,1721 10,605,317

19121,663,264,034 2,204,39,409 GROWTH OF UNITED STATES EXPOR IS. FISCAL YRAR ENDING

Asia and Africa and
Europe.
JUNK 30.
North America, South America.

Oceavia. Other Countries.

Total. 1903

$1,283,600.155 $324,674,660 $$:,583,919 $148,574,047 $20,340,566 $1,860,773,346 1909

1,146,755,821 809.475,64 76,561,680 101, 463,560 19.03,434 1,663,011,104 1910,

1,1:15,914,551 365,520,069 9,246,820 111,751,900 18,5:1,380 1.744.984,720 1911

1,305,215,778 457,039,179 108.394,894 151,489,741 93,60,607 4,049,320,199 1919

1,341,732,789 516,837,597 13,310,451 189,38,148 24,043,424 9,204,392,409 1913

1,479,(174,761 617,413,013 140,147.993 194,159,465 99,08 917 9.465.884.149 1914

1,486,498.799 599,644,962 124,539,909 196,994,033 27,801.515 2,364,679.148 1913. Dometic exprts by great classes: foodstuffs 11 cru le condition, an I find animals, $181,907,266; fro.intuffs, partly or wolly ma ufactu--d. $191,204,973; crude materials for use in minnfacturing, $731, 755,613; manufactures for further is in manufac.uring, $109.06.94; manufactures ready for consumption, $:76,297,360; miscellaneous, $8,531,897; tolni, 99, 190,506,358.

COMMERCIS VITII CUBA, PORTO RICO, HAWAII, AND THE PHILIPPINES.
FISCAL YEAR
EXPORTS FROY THE UNITED STATES TO

IMPORTS INTO THE UNITED STATES FROM-
ENDING
JUNE 30.

Cuba. Porto Rico. 1 Hawail. Philippines, Cuba. Porto Rico. Hawail, l'hilippines. 1907

$19 305,274 $25,686,285 $14.435,795 8,661.424 $97.441,690 $29,070,133 $29,071, 13 $11.510,488 1904

4,161,306 22,677,376 14,633, 717 11,461,72 83,284,692 25.891,261 41,410,505 10,161,923 1909

43, 14,56 23,2 3,170 17,125,113 11,182,1 76 96,72,193 96,391,38 10,399.040 9,483.988 1910

52,858,758 26, 479,100 90,229,017 16,788 9 19 122,599.037 32.095,788 40,161,488 11,317,897 1911

60.709,062 34,671,953 21.925,177 19, 1:3, 113 110,309,468 34,765, 409 41,901.651 17,400.398 191:.

62,203, 51 38,470,963 94,6-47,905 23.130,1.53 120.154,3:6 42,87,401 55,076,070 93,257,199 1913

70,581.161 13,135.005 80,644,689 25,38 1.793 126,088,113 40,529,665 42,713,184 21,010,248 1914

68,884.498 39,518 368 25,273,412 27, 01,557 131,303,794 84,493.180 411,678,580 18,162,312 The ipinents ci mercha id se from the United States to Alaska in 1914 w.18 $72,461,793; to the United States from Alaska, $21,817,408.

MANUFACTURES OF CREATER NEW YORK.
THE Census Omce in October, 1911, published the following tabular statement, giving aggregate
regarding manufactures in Greater New York in 1909, compared with 1904:
BOROUGHS OF MAN-
BOROUGH OF

TOTAL,
HATTAN AND THE BRONX.

BROOKLYN.

GREATER NEW YORK.* 1909. 1904, 1909. 1904. 1909.

1901. Number of establisaments..,

19,769
15.975
5,218
4,182
25,938

20.839 Capital.

$822,726,000 $620,526,000 13:362,337,000 $313.452.000 $1,364,353,000 $1,042,946,000 Cost of materials used. Salaries and wages..

$725,458,000 $507,030,000 3235, 132,000 3230,809,000 $1.292 155,000 $818,029.000

$332,438,090 $238,839,000 $89,474,000 $68,056.000 $445,772,000 $321.150.000 Miscellaneous expenses $206,799,000 $190,648,000 $46,855,000 $78.470,000 $269,034,000 $206,825,000 Value of products. Value added by manu

$1,431,089,000 $1,043,252,000 3417,223,000 $373,463,000 $2,029,693,000 $1,526,523,000 facture (prod'cts less cost of materials)..

$705,633,000 $536,222,000 $182,091,000 $142,654,000 $937,538,000 $708,494,000 Employés:

Number of salaried
omnctals and clerks.

77,849
51,716 15.844

9.932

97,453 63,586 Average number wage

earners employed
during the year. ...
399.792 339,221 123.8831

104.995 55 1.0021 464,716 Including alsn the Boroughs of Queens and Richmond.

Only establishments contacted under the factory system were inclu! 1 in the centris Those distingiilsher as neighborhond, hand, and bullding Industries, and small establishments having an product of less than $500 were excluded.

annual

FOREIGN CARRYING TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES IN AMERICAN AND FOREIGN VESSELS. TOTAL UNITED STATES IMPORTS AND

EXPORTS. (From Report of Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce of the Department of Commerce.)

9.6

BY SEA.

Tolal by YEAR ENDED

By Land

Land aud JUNE 30.

Per Cent.in
In American In Foreign

Vehicles.
Vessels.
Total,

Sea.
American
Vessels.

Vessels. 1901

$177.398,615 $1,974,536,796 $2,161,935,411 8.2 $ 159,001,745 $2,310 937,156 1902, 185,819,987 1,919,029,314 2.104,849,301

8.8 180, 191,048 2,285,040.3 49 1903. 214,695,032 2,026,106,388 2,240,801,420

205,059,496 2.445,860,916 1904.

229,735,119 2,001,203,514 2,230,938,633 10.3 220,976.009 2,451.914.642 1905.

290,607,946) 2,103,201.462 2.393,809,408 12.1 242,265,329 2.636,074,737 1906.

322,347,205 2,367,667,354 2.690,014,559 12.0 280,412,387 2.970.426.946 1907.

318,331,026 2,684.296, 291 3.002,627,317 10.6 312.645,186 3.315,272,503 1908. 272,513,322 2,520,739,864 2,793, 253,186 9.8

261,861,952 3.055,115,138 1909

258,657,217 2,462,693,814 2,721,351,031 9.5 253,580,297 2.974,931.328 1910.

260,837,147 2,721,962,475 2,982,799,622 8.7 319,132,528 3.301.932.130 1911 280,206,464 2,930,436,506 3,210,642,970

8.8 365,903,334 3,576,546,304 1912.

322,451,565 3,109.018,858 3,431,470,423 9.4 426,116,920 3.857.587.343 1913.

381,032.495 3,392,028,429 3.773,030,924 10.0 505,831.459 4.278.892,383 1914

368,379,2171 3,417,085,308 3,785,464.525 9.7 473.040.280' 4,258.504.805 In the year 1865 merchandise carried in American vessels was 27.7 per cent. of total; in 1875, 26.2 per cent.; In 1885, 15.3 per cent.; In 1895, 11.7 per cent. Merchandise and specle to 1879, Inclusive; merchandise only after 1879.

FREIGHT TRAFFIC MOVEMENT."
PRODUCTS OF AGRICULTURE, ANIMALS, MINES, FORESTS AND MANUFACTURES.
(For year ended June 30, 1912. From reports of the luterstule Commerce Commission.)
Tonnage

Tonnage
COMMODITY.
Originating
COMMODITY.

Originating on Road.

on Road, Products of agriculture: Tons. Products of forests:

Tons. Grain.. 39,299,166 Lumber..

60,773, 766 Flour.. 8.629,207 Other products of forests..

39,373, 705 Other mill products,

7,081,347 Hay.. 6,828,297 Total..

100,147,471 Tobacco

981,666 Cotton..

4,952,661 Manufactures: Fruits and vegetables. 12.879, 492 Petroleum and other olls

10.660,052 Other products of agriculture 10, 124,653 Sugar..

3,232,723 Naval stores.

1,108,955 Total. 90,776,489 Iron, pig and bloom.

12,411.460 Products of animals:

Iron and steel ralls.

3,358,777 Live stock..

14,147,014 Other castings and machinery 10.604,728 Dressed meats. 2,345,721 Bar and sheet metal, .

13,444,318 Other packing-house products 2,359,873 Cement, brick and lime.

35,696.289 Poultry, game and fish. 769,289 Agricultural implements.

1,453,362 Wool. 406,529 Wagons, carriages, tools, etc.

1,194,308 Hides and leather 1,139,284 Wines, liquors and beers.

3,882,828 Other products of animals.

3,807,461 Household goods and furniture. 2,024,892 Other manufactures.

40,875,956 Total...

24.974,171 Products of mines:

Total..

139.948,653 Anthracite coal.

67.142,632 Bituminous coal. 290.925,103 Merchandise..

38,329,467 Coke...

31.752,483 Miscellaneous-other commodities. 37.567,887

87,316,472 Stone, sand and other like articles. 77.776,534 Grand total.

1998,282,525 Other products of mines.

11.595, 163 Total......

566,538,387 Does not include returns for switching and terminal companies. tor the total freight tonnage (1,786,071,066 tons), including tonnuge received from connecting roads and other carr lers, there wero 58,906,607 tons unassig ned.

Ores......

NATIONAL RIVERS AND HARBORS CONGRESS. The objects of this Congress shall be collection, preparatlon and presentation to the Congress of the United States such statistics and other information bearing upon the question of the im provement of the rivers and harbors of all the Nation as will secure for such purpose an annual approprlation by the said Congress of not less than fifty million dollars. To educate the people

to the importance of the fact that the National Government, having assumed the control and improvement of the rivers and harbors of the country, 1s unequivocally bound to discharge these obligations promptly and by sound business methods, chler among which is the placing or annual appropriations for rivers and harbors on a parlty with other great appropriatlon bllls.

The membership of this Congress shall consist of commercial, manufacturing and kindred organizations, waterway Improvement associations, corporations, companles, and individual citizens engaged or interested in commercial or Industrial enterprises, who may subscribe to this Constitution and contribute to the support and prosecution of the objects of the Congress. President Hon. Joseph E. Ransdell, Lake Providence, La. Secretarys. A. Thompson, Washington, D. C.

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