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part of his




A Singular Resolution. catacombs, which he had observed in ism and Chemistry, 1647. He died his thirty years travels into several at Oxford, a short time before the parts of the world. The plates were fire of London. all engraved, and the work juit going to the press when he died.

It is not known what is become of this work. Beside the theological

ritings, he has left a HENRY WELBY was a native of great deal in various treatises, which Lincolnshire, wliere he had an estate are only known by the initials of his of above a thousand pounds a year; name J. G. A most curious one is he possessed in an eminent degree the translated into English, entitled The qualifications of a gentleman. HaWidow of Sarepta ; and 2 tract about ving been a competent time at the good and evil angels. His Melampro- university and the inng of court, he noea, or a discourse of the polity of completed his education by making the the kingdom of darkness, is the most tour of Europe. He was happy in singular of all his works ; 12mo. the love and esteem of his friends, and 1681.

indeed of all that knew him, as his heart was warm, and the virtues of it were conspicuous from his



of humanity, benevolence, and charity. When he was about forty years of age, his brother, an abandoned

proMARK Duncan, an eminent Scots fligate, made an attempt upon his life physician, and early astrological wri- ' with a pistol ; which not going off, he ter, travelled into France when very wrested it from his hands, and found young, and married there ; but upon it charged with a double bullet. being sent for by James I. to be Hence he formed a resolution of retirmade his physician in ordinary, he re- ing from the world ; and taking a turned, though much against the inclina- house in Grub-street, he reserved three tion of his wife, who would not accom- rooms for himself; the first for his diet, pany him, and died soon after at Sau- the second for his lodging, -and the

Besides being a skilful pracii- third for his itudy. In these he kept tioner of phyfic, he was a great na

himself so closely retired, that for forturul philosopher, mathematician, and ty

he was never seen by any divine. One of his sons was the fa- human creature, except an old inaid mous Cerisantes, of whom we shall that attended him, who had only been give an account hereafter, Biography permitted to see him in some cases of is filcnt as to his fiderial practice. But great necessity. His diet was constantBayle mentions the following titles of ly bread, water-grucl, milk and vegetahis works : A Briefe Treatise of ina- bles, and, when he indulged himself thematical Physicke, or, easy Intro- molt, the yolk of an egg. His time, duction to Phyficke by Judicial Aftro. was regularly spent in reading, meditalogy, 4to. 1598. A new and me- tion, and prayer. No Carthufian chanical Explanation of Animal Ac- Monk was e er more constant and ritions, printed at Paris, in 1679. Na- gid in his abstinence. His plain garb, tural Chymistry, or, a Chemical and his long and silver beard, his mortified Mechanical Solution of the functions of and venerable aspect, bespoke him an Nutrition, in three parts; the first ancient inhabitant of the desert, rather printed at Paris in 1681, and the other than a gentleman of fortune in a poputwo in 1617. The History of an Ani- lous city. He expended a great part mal, or the Phänomena of the Body of his income in acts of charity, and explained by the principles of Mechan. was very inquisitive after proper ob

four years




The Philosophical Dreamer. jcéts. He died the 29th of Oct. 1636, and the last two to his fon, whom he in the eighty-fourth year of his age, and took a great deal of pains to instruct lies buried in St. Giles's Church, near in the nature and interpretation of Cripplegate. The old maid-fervant

The old maid-fervant dreams. This work was first printed died, but fix days before her master. in Greek, at Venice, in 1518 ; and He had a very amiable daughter, who Rigaltius published an edition at Paris, married Sir Christopher Hilliard, a in Greek and Latin, in 1603, and adgentleman of Yorkshire; but neither ded some notes. Artemidorus wrote The, nor any of her family, ever saw her also a treatise upon Augiries and anofather after his retirement.

ther upon Chiromancy, but they are
not extant.

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NEAPOLITAN ASTROLOGER. ARTEMIDORUS, famous for his Treatise upon Dreams, was born at ANDREW Argol, a celebrated maEphesus, but took upon him the fur- thematician, was born at Tagliacozzoin name of Daldianus in this book, by way the kingdom of Naples about the year of respect to the country of his mother: 1596. Some difagreeable differences he filed himself the Ephesian in his in his family chliged him to retire to other performances. He lived under Venice, where he became fo conspicuthe emperor Antoninus Pius, as he ous for his mathematical skill, and for himself informs us, when he tells us the certainty of his prediclions in his that he knew a wrestler, who having Ephemerides, which he began there in dreamed he had lost his fight, carried 1620, that the senate constituted him the prize in the games celebrated by profesior of the mathematics in the command of that emperor. He not university of Padua, and in 1636 he only bought up all that had been wrote was enobled by the Order of Knightconcerning the explication of drcams, hood, the greatett mark of distinction which amounted to many volumes, but in that renowned republic for the he likewise spent many years in travel- learned. His astrological labours proing, in order to contract an acquaint- cured him the admiration as well as ance with fortune-tcllers; he also car- the envy of his contemporaries ; and ried on an extensive correspondence although it has been fince discovered with all the people of this sort in the that his method in some directions is cities and affemblies of Greece, Italy, wrong, yet pofterity muit allow him and the most populous islands, collect- great praise for many important and ing at the same time all the old dreans, valuable discoveries. In fact it is the and the events which are said to have usual way of imitators and commenfollowed them. He despised the re- tators to pick out the errors and pub. proaches of those grave supercilicus lish them to the world, while the more persons, who treat the fore-tellers of e- valuable parts they adopt for themtelves vents as cheats, impoftors, and jugglers; without acknowledging the debt. His and frequented much the company of merits are very in partially discused in those diviners for several years. He Partridge's Defectio Geniturum, a was the more assiduous in his study work of the most profound fydercal and search after the interpretation of labour, and not to be too much comdreams, being moved thereto, as he fan- mended or too often read by those who cied, by the advice, or, in some mea- would wish to become real and accomsure, by the command of Apollo. The plished artists. Argol died in 1657, work which he wrote on Dreams con- His Ephemerides have been continued fifted of five books ; the first three to 1700, and reprinted in 4 Vols, were dedicated to one Callius Maximus, Quarto.



Life of an Humourist.

195 One of his most fingular pieces is, a treatise of about fix theers, printed at

Orleans, wherein he distinguished the JOHN Francis Damascene, Abbe different temperaments of mankir.d by D'Auteroche, was a native of Tivoli. their different manner of laughing. The He came to Lyons in Frarice, in 1647, bi, bi, bi, according to this droli eflay', where he became acquainted with a notifics melancholican people; the bi, fon of the famous Dariot, the French be, be, phlegmatic perfons; the ho, bu, Aftrologer, who lent him his father's bo, those of a fanguine dispulition. MSS. From these papers he compiled bis work intitled Astrologia Geoman, tica, one of the most abstrule pieces of fyderial science. Our countryman Salmon, has made fome advantage of this learned Italian's labour, in his JOHN BUSHNELL was an ada Soul of Astrology. Damascene was mired statuary in his time. He was a the first that ever attempted to calcu- scholar of Burman, who having delate the nativity of Jesus Christ, which bauched his servant-maid, obliged Butler has published in English in 8vo. Bushnell to' marry her, who immediIn 1668, he was admitted a doctor of ately left England in disgeft, ftaid two physic at Montpelier, and a member years in France, and from thence went of the College of Physicians at Lyons, to Italy. He lived some time at Rome in 1679. Mr. Valiant, the king's an- and at Venice; in the last city he made tiquary, passing through Lyons to a magnificent monument for a ProcuItaly, in quest of medals and other an- ratore di fan Marco, representing the tiquities, he accompanied him. He siege of Candia, and a naval engageafterwards, in the years 1675 and ment between the Venetians and Turks. 1676, made a voyage to Dalmatia, He caine home ihrough Germany, by Greece, and the Levant, in company


of Hamburg, Some of his with Sir George Wheeler, an Engiií first works, after his return, were the gentleman ; of all which places he has ftatues of Charles I. and Charles II. at given an account: whether his coniti. the Royal Exchange, and Sir Thomas tution was naturally weak, or he had Greiham there above ftairs. His belt hurt himself in this tour, does not ap- were the kings at Temnole-Bar ; he pear, but he never after enjoyed his carved several marble monuments, parhealth. He died at Vevay, a town ticularly one for Lord Alburnham, in on the Lake Leman, in 1686, on his Suflex; one for Dr. Grew's wife, in return home. By the titles of his Chrift-church, London ; ore for Lord works we may suppose hiin to have Thomond, in Northamptonshire; Cowbeen very whimsical. However, to ley's, and Sir Palmer Fairbcin's, in give him his due, he was a person of Weltminiter-Abbey, and cut a head of learning, and of an exemplary life. Mr. Talman. He had agreed to comHe wrote commentaries in Latin, on plete the set of kings at the Royal Exthe Canticles and the Revelation : In change, but hearing that another perthe latter performance, he seems to be fon, (we suppose Cibber) had made tin&tured with the ipirit of the Rosy, interest to carve some of them, Bushcrucians: For, upon chapter 14, v. 18. nell would not proceed, though he had he makes Archbishop Cranmer the an- begun fix or seven. Some of his progel to have power over the fire; and fession afferting that, though he was chapter 16. v. 5. he makes the Lord skilful in drapery, he could not execute Treasurer, Cecil, the angel of the wa- a naked figure, he engaged in an Alexters, justifying the pouring forth of the ander the Great, which lerved to prove third vial.


that VOL. I.

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" After long

that his rivals were in the right, at one had 100l. a year, and the other 6ol. least in what he could not do. His were as great humorists as their father : next whim was to demonstrate the pos- they lived in a large hoase fronting fibility of the Trojan horse, which he Hyde-Park, in the lane leading from had heard treated as a fable that could Piccadilly to Tyburn, which had not have been put in exccution. He been built by the father, but was unundertook such a wooden receptacle, finished, and had neither stair-case nor and had the dimensions made in tim- floors. Here they dwelt like hermits, ber, intending to cover it with stucco. - recluse from all markind, fordid and The head was capable of containing impracticable, and saying the world had twelve men fitting round a table : the not been worthy of their father. cyes served for windows. Before it Vertue, in one of his manuscripts, datwas half completed, a storm of wind ed 1725, begins thus : overset and demolished it; and though expectations I saw the inside of John two vintners, who had contracted with Bushnell's house, che sons being both him to use his horse as a drinking-booth, abroad.” He describes it particularly, offered to be at the expence of erecting and what fragments he saw there, esit again, he was too much disappointed pecially a model in plaister of Charles to recommence it,

II. on horseback, designed to have This project coft him gool. Ano- been cast in brass, but almost in ruins ; ther of veisels for bringing coals to the Alexander, and the unknished London, miscarried too, with deeper kings. Against the wall a large piece coft. These scheines, with the loss of of his painting, a triumph, almost oban estate he had bought in Kent, by a literated too. He was desired to take law-luit, quite overset his disordered particular notice of a bar of iron, thickbrain. He died in 1701, and was bu- er than a man's wrist broken by an in, ried at Paddington, Icavirg two fons vention of Bushnell. and a daughter. The sons, of whom

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first should make known to the jur. A SIMILARITY of studies and vivor the particulars of an after-llate. pursuits, is known to improve a flight Some time after this agreement, as acquaintance into the strictest friend. Michael Mercatus was one morning sip; an instance of which is thus re- early employed at study, he heard the lated by Baronius.

noise of a horse at full gallop coming Mercatus the elder, and Marsilius to his door, and immediately after the Ficinus were friends; the more fo, as of his friend Marsilius proboth professed a veneration for the doc- nouncing these words ; "O Michael, trines of Plato, a proof of which is ex- Michael ! those things are true, they tant, in a learned epiltle of Marsilius are true !" Amazed at such an ada to Michael Mercatus, on the immorta- dress, Michael rose, and opening the lity of the soul. Discoursing one day, casement, recognized the person of his on this subject, as was their custom, friend, whom he called by his name, the disputation as protracted to a late and in a moment ļoft fight of him. hour, and after having exhausted all So extraordinary an occurrence made the arguments that learning and inge him solicitous to learn tidings of his nuity could suggeft, they concluded friend, whom he supposed to be at with a solemn engagement, that, if the that time living in Florence ; upon ensoul was inmortal, and departed spirits quiry made, he was informed that allowed to revisit earth, he who died Marfilius was no more, the time of




see him more,

66 that two

A strange Incident.

197 his decease coinciding precisely with Cap:ain Barnaby went on Chore, was that in which he had been visited by mec by his friend, who welcomed him the apparition of him.

hoine. After some short discourse, Mr. Barnaby's wife said, “ I can tell you

fcme news, old Bootey is dead.' MR. WILKINSON'S APPARITION TO “ That we all know, says he, for we

faw him run into Hell,” meaning

the burning mountain, which so much ONE Mr. Wilkinson, who former resembles that horrid place. This saya ly lived in Smithfield, told his daugh- ing coming to Mrs. Bootev's ears, the ter, taking her leave of him, and entered an action against Captain Barexpresling her fears that fhe naby, of ioool. damages, for fcandal, should never

that and it was tried in the court of King's should he die, if ever God did perinit Bench. The three Captains, Mr. Bell the dead to see the living, he would and all the feamen were there, and fee her again. After he had been gave oath they all saw himn sun, or dead about half a year, on a night was driven into the burning-mountain, when in bed, but awake, she heard mentioning his ccat and buttons, music, and the chamber seemed great- which was produced in court; also the ly illuminated, at which time the faw time of his death, which, by those her father, who faid, Mal, did not I that were with him at that time, antell thee I would see thee again! and swered exactly to every thing as enterdiscoursed with her upon some weigh- ed in their journal.

When all were ty affairs, and then disappeared. heard on both sides, the Lord Chief Juf

tice filmined up the evidence, saying,

or three persons might STRANGE CIRCUMSTANCE, RELAT- be mistaken, but we cannot suppole

that above thirty were :" so the ver

dict was given for the defendant. This CAPTAIN Barnaby, Capt. Bris- circumstance was in the reign of Charles row, and Capt. Brewer, failed toge the second. ther for the island of Lulara, and came to anchor there, and all went on A Singular story of the fame kind is Thore in order to shoot curliews (a related in Sandy's Travels, Book 4, large bird) on mount Stromboli, allo page 248. Sir Thomas Gresham and Mr. Bell, a merchant of Wentworth. fome eminent merchants of London, While there, we saw, say they, two being homeward bound from Palermo, men running with great swiftness; in Sicily, where at that time lived and Captain Barnaby cried out “ Lord one Antonio, surnained the rich, from bless me! the foremost man is Mr. his vast wealth, who had two kingBootey, my near neighbour in Lon- doms in Spain mortgaged to him by don !” he had on grey cloaths, with his catholic Majesty. The wind being cloth buttons of the fame, and theother against them, the ship in which Mr. was in black ; they both ran straight Gresham failed, came to an anchor into the burning mountain, and at a little to the leeward of Siromboli, one that inftant there was such an hideous of the Lipari islands in the Tyrhenian noise as made us all to shudder. And fea, on the north of Sicily, where when we came on board we wrote there is a volcanic mountain, which at it down in our journal, both the day that time was in a constant cruptive and the hour, which was May the 6th, state. One day about noon when the but no date of the year mentioned. mountain began to be a little calmer, We fet fail again, and

Mr. Gretham and some other gentleGravesend the O&ober following. men, accompanied with eight failors,


Ble 2


came to

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