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ether anxiety about his health than that he may improve it to the best advantage.
A remarkable case has recently occurred under the notice of the Reporter, which strikingly exemplifies the connection ami affinity which may exist between what are called bilious affections, and those which more peculiarly belong to the nervous system. The patient referred to, had, in consequence of a severe domestic deprivation, been led into ha-' bits of insidious Solace, which, for upwards of two years, seemed to act only upon the liver, producing, at nearly regular intervals of* ten days, vomiting of rote, which was occasionally attended by a species of diarrhea, that assimilated the disorder to the character of cholera. For the considerable period above-mentioned, his only complaint was what, in popular and fashionable language, is denominated " The Bile." After the lapse, however, of nearly two year« nnd a half from the commencement of his career in vinous indulgence, ho was surprised, without nny precautionary or prefatory mirriation, by a seizure which paralysed one-half of his body, dividing it longitudinally into two equal sections, the one dead to all the purposes of sensation or voluntary motion, the other retaining all the functions and privileges of vitality, although in some measure, of course, clogged and impeded by the impotent and deceased half to which it was united. It is now more than three years since he has remained in this," melancholy state; at least, during that time, he has experienced no important or permanent melioration, or any evident tendency towards the recovery Of his corporeal powers. His mind also seems to have shared in the paralysis. This is more particularly evident in the
lapses of his recollection. His memory has been rnaimed by the same blow which disabled one side of his body. His remembrance of things does not appear to be much impaired, but it it Surprising!* so with regard to the denomination's of persons or of places. Whilst with unaffected cordiality he is,shaking hands with art intimate fiieml, he often has forgotten his name. Upon enquiry it appeared that the pernicious habits of the unfortunate patient were still persisted in, which sufficiently accounted for the unbroken protraction of his disorder. In this case nothing can be more evident, than that the bilious, in the first instance, and the nervous complain*, which succeeded, both origirtnted from one source; which may give a hint to those who are much troubled with the bile, especially when it has been Occasioned by the same means as in the instance just stated, that they may he nt no great, distance, unless they seasonahly rcfoim their diet, from a paralytic seizure. Paralytic seizures, there can he little doubt, are more common now than tHey were formerly; probably owing to a more luxurious and effeminate morre 'of living having been in modern time? inure generally adapted. The circumstances and symptoms which often, for a long time before the actual attack of pahy, precede and threaten i;s approach, are surprisingly similar to those which were detailed in the Report of the last month, as the avant couriers of an epileptic paroxysm. Happy are they who in either ci-e hnve discernment to decipher, and resolution practically to apply, the characters of mctrvice, before it be too late to avert the evil which they forebode!
.T. Rr.tit. Gremilie-tfrrel, TlrftvswTctt-Sqtiare, February 22, 1811.
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN FEBRUARY.
Containing official Pitpers and authentic Documents.
Trip, following manifesto of the Cortes General ami Extraordinary to the Spanish nation, explains the present views, policy, and feelings, of that people.
Sr Akiak ps 1—If the Cortes Extraordinary, asicmbka by your free and deliberate choice, and wlUch his been installed solemnly in the royal JiC.o/ Leon, has not before thii day regularly addressed youy. it W'jSS
.mosthiv Mag. No. 210.
from the conviction it frit that iti character and object should manifest themselves to you by it" provident, just, and nece*.ary, decrees and deiitaratiom, rnclier than by studied professions and declarations. To act, end not to profess, was its sacred duty, applying itself with undivided heart and flartd'rri the regeneration and well-being of the sta't?. The Congress declaring and acknowledging the sovereignty of the nation, solemrtly ''swearing In the name of all llrf people to Y 'preserve
preserve the same for Ferdinand VII. king ©f i'p.iiti and the IWies. Sanctioning the constitutional division of three estates, abolishing arbitrary and unjust rules; re-establishing the fr-edum of thought in its original purity; restoring to the citizen one of the nmstsicred rights of" political liberty— that of a Iree press; forming a new gjvcmznetil on a compact and vigorous system; and endeavouring to strengthen the edifice of the state by constitutional laws, which fhey are engaged in framing. In these urgent and laudable occupations the Cortes were diligently engaged, when a novel and most extraordinary rumour, vague and hardly credited in its commencement, but soon, perhaps, through the machinations of the <ommon enemy, obtaining extensive credit, jesoun-Jed in all p.irts or Spain, as well as in many other quarters, and imperiously called for the nit* serious attention on Ihe part of the national Congress.
Pe Hvva-e, O Spaniards! that the tyrant of Europe, panting to subjugate us, now adus treaer.cry and artitice to the unh-ard-of violence hy which he has gotided you into this defensive war; and, considering the ardent ibrce of you: love and loyalty for your adoied jovereign, he endeavours to contravene these sentiments, by insidiously pretending to make restitution to the outraged SpjiuarJs, and to compassionate the state to which he has now /educed th-m. But think not, Spaniards! that tyranis ever are beneficent without iome insidious motive. Ferdinand may be sent to Spain, but he will be surrounded by armed Frenchmen, and by Spaniards who tuft'ei themselves to be seduced by the artifices, or intimidated by the menace-, of Bonaparte, He would come as one of the family of this monster, cither by means of an union with a foreign princess, or as an adopted son of Napoleon; he would come to administer to the will of this execrable prolector, by tndeavouring to obtain a peace of his dictation, or, in other words, to tiiectuate the rum and Fubjugation of the Peninsula. Such is the substance of these rumours; considerations in which are at once compromised the honour and decorum or your Icing—the independence and sovereignty of the pation—and the dignity and salvation of the monarchy. The extravagant request of adoption, which is already said to have bwen inadc in the name of Ferdinand, and which |s inserted in those puMic papers in the pay of Bonaparte, leaves no room to doubt of the design of the usuiper to degrade and vilit) their lawful sovereign in the eyes of Spaniards, for the purpose of forwarding his iniquitous designs. 'Ihus }ou see the moment is arrived, perhaps is nof far distant, •when the nation may be placed in a situation as perilous and complicated, as that which gave birth to it* heroic insurrection, and in Y-nich it would have to display a similar grandeur and cobleacH of chancier.
The Cortes, in considering this most important subject, arc fully aware of the grand character of the people whom they represent, of the worthy aid noble example wh ch they held forth to the rest of Europe! and of the splendid hopes, opposed to the gloomy horrors which are involved in this terrible cor.ttst. They feel that Spannrds musi be aware that the war into which the outrageous tyranny of the Gailic despot has goa-icd them, must be carried on without compromise or relation, and with accelerated force. What can be the object of such a species of conciliation? It will not, Spa* marcs, be for that of your happiness aad repose, or to rrwkc reparation for the various insults and accumulated injuries inflicted upon yi.-u! No, the souls oi tyrarits are never actuated by the impulse of virtue. Napoleon is instinctively malignant. This has been terribly exemplified with respect ta usalteady. He again seeks to enslave us, to render us the unhappy influence of his insatiable ambition. Your a imirabie patriotism, courage, and constancy, have hitherto OKOn* ceited iiia iniquitous projects. Spiin has Successfully resisted him, to whose triumphal car ali the kings oi Europe succumb. i'he Subtle tyra.it nas self-consulted a p'uject tor subjugating Spain $ he feels the ruling viitue or genuine Spaniards is that ot loyalty to their sovercig: s. He beholds the unpractised Ferdinand in his power; he conceive! the expedient of sending him to Spain in the insidious character of an adopted son; hut in effect as a degraded instrument. He knows his influence, and hopes to bring about a tranquil submission by his means. He fiees Liu: America already acknowledges his sway 5 but should this illustrious and devoted missionary oe unsuccessful, he sees at least that the Spaniards will be divided, and the seecs sown of dissension and distrust, and thinks that the waveting and unprincipled ..mon.; us W1U excuse their desertion, under the pretext of adhering to the lortunes Ot b'cruinai/d.
but, Spaniards, all these insidious machinations will vanish like the mists before the aun ot your rectitude and true interests Let u» continue loyal to Ferdinand. What nation h^s e^cr given such proofs of l'jyalty to its sovereign? (Heie a variety of sign'* instances aic cited.) But, suppose BonJp^tc should prevail on the cautive prince to coW Spain j will he be tne same, the adored monarch or our choice? No; Ferdinand Napoleon, can never be Ferdinand fie bourbon. No ; he woold be the servile instrument of I lie Co.sican Attih, encircled by atrocious Uauis, ana degmded Spaniards, ^instead uf tire and generous auujtcts- HU identity would no loijger exist. Vou wouid never hecori e the deceived victims oi sucU an illusion, and the ciown which the tyrant would apparent!) restore, would form s »«* emblem, of mockery and jjttult.
polilicij Political independence* and social felicity Were our objec:s when, at -\rnnjuez, we tried to seat on the Spanish throve, a prince, idolieed by us for his ainuhle and benevolent disposition. Such are still the objects of the Spanish people, lor which they have already sustained a three years' san^uinuy warfare,- and have latterly convened the Extraordinary Cortes of the Sp>nKh monarchy. To defend the country against its actual enemies, and to ■eca-c iti future independence, :s the universal wish of" the people, and the swum duty of their repiesentatives ; they wish for a monarchical constitution, but one hce and equitable, as now contemplated by tbose representatives! Napoleon is deceived as to our rtal objects. Spaniards combat not for vain glory, or for undefined or unjust objects; our political independence, comrstic tranquillity and freedom, and the integrity of our territories, are our real and only objects.
Let us announce to nil Europe, that Spaniards contemplate, with astonishment and admiration, the spirited and generous exertions of our allies. Let us express our gratitude to our brethren in Ameiica, who have with such enthusiastic loyalty asserted the cause of the motner country, and present such a striking contrast to the vile assassins or the crafty tyrant. Let ui evince to the world that the immense power of our common enemy will not avail agaiuBt the impregnable barrier of your heroic virtue, though he should take advantage of the helpless situation of a young and onpractited prince, and convert him personally into the blind instrument of his acrocious projects.
The Cortes, the legitimate interpreters of your wills in this terrible crisis, swear solemnly, in your name, before the Supreme Being, in presence of all the nations of tie earth, and of the august and beneficent ally in particular, nut to lay down their arms, nor afford the enemy a moment of repuse, nor to enter into any concert or agreement with him, until he shall have previously evacuated the territories of Spain, and those of our neighbouring and illustrious ally, Portugal! Unite with us in this solemn oath, all you respectable clergy who wish to maintain the cause of our altars and our holy religion ; all you ennobled Saaniatdi, if you pretend, in imitation of your ancestors, to defend the tfimne and the country; and ail you industrious una commercial citizens, and proprietor* of every description, repine not ac any sacrifices you may make for objects so justly dear to you: recollect and consider the barbarous and profane atrocities of your relentless enemy 1 If any amongst you prefer Hearing the mark of inglorious slavery in your unmanly foreheads, let him fly the land of heroic freedom, and on him be the indignant cunei of the nation.
Given at the Royal Isle of Leon, the 9th of January, 1811.
Alonss Canf.do, Prrsident.
urrAT iiiMTAiN. Xtcap-f.ilavir if tk> Pe, IhrttnUry TrxeeStngt rt'afvt to lie F.ita->„:lr:trt cf ibi Rc^crcy. 1 nou«h the King's illness comrr.eicw1 on the ?>'h of October, very little was heard of ir pu iliclv in London uutil the 30th or Slst, the day b-:ore the me-ting of Parliament. The meeting of Parliiment is, perhaps, the circumstance to which the people i; ind.ttei for inch early information of the state of liis M jesty's health, as we may conclude, from what we have learned in the enure or the discussion, that were it not for the casual omission of the sign manual to the proper instrument, we migot have remained ignorant of ii, until the time appointed for the regular meeting would have made the disclosure unavoidable. On the Is; of November, the Lord Chancellor informed the House of Lords of the melancholy event, and Lord Liverpool moved an adjoorn/ncnt for a fortnight (the shortest period witnin which Parliament can be assembled for the dispatch of business); he moved alio, tnat the House snould be summoned for that day, and that letters should be sent by the Chancellor to the Members, requesting their attendance: those motions' were agreed to without debate or division. A similar notification was made to the Commons by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and similar proceedings adopted. The cause of his Majesty's illness was stated to be concern for the alarming slate of Ms d-ughtcr the Princess Amelia's health j and very c nfident hopet were held out of his speedy recovery.
On the 14th, the physicians attending hil Majesty were examined before the Privy Coumil at lluckinslum-liouse ; and the Par» liament meeting the following dsy, pursuant to adjournment, the Chancellor, in the Lire's, spoke of his Majesty's convalescence, from the favourable symptoms which his disorder began to assume: he moved an adjournment for another fortnight, and was seconded by Lord Moira. Lord Grenville complained of the conduct of ministers; tliey ought to have established the necessity of their meeting in the manner they did by the best evidence— the examination of the physicians by a Committee of that House. He did not desire, however, to oppose the question of adjournment. Lord Grey also spoke to the sume effect. In the Commons, the Chancellor of the Kxchequer moved an adjournment for a fortnight, und spoke of the King's health almost in the same terms which had been used in the Lords: bnth he and Lord Klaon mentioned their confidence to have arisen from the opinion of the physicians. Mr. I'onsonby and Mr. Whitbread censured the manner of proceeding of the minister, but did not oppose
the the adjournment; but Sir Francii Burgett spoke at some length on the necessity of a permanent executive; and therefore, conceiving ic to be the duty of the House ti> sup* ply the defect without low uf time, opposed the proposed adjournment, and, supported by Sir Samuel Romilly, Mr. Elliott, and a few ethers, divided the House on the question. For th^e adjournment for a fortnight, 543— AgaiRst it, ;')ii.—Majority, 885.
When the Lords met on the 39th of November, the examination of the physicians before the Privy Council was laid before them, and an adjournment for another fortnight moved by Lord Liverpool; but this Wis opposed by Lord Spencer and others, who moved as an amendment, that the Home should appoint a committee to examine the physicians, and to report accordingly; ai-J, upon that amendment, the House, alter a pretty long debate, divided, when -there appeared for the adjournment, OU—For the amendment, bo.—Majority, 32. In the Commons, the motion for adjournment, moved by the Chancellor of the J-.>;eh»quer, was op. jn'ieu by Mr. Pnnsunuy, wpo moved also lor (he appointment of a committee to examine (he physicians. The House divided on the question of adjournment.—For the adjournment, 23;1—Against it, 129—Majority, 10-t.
On the division lor the comiriittee, there Was—Against i', vJjO—For a committee, 13?. —Majority, 95
1 he Hou^e of Lords and Commons met on (he l.*>ch of December, ani proceeded to appoint committees to examine the physicians. ]n the Lords ic was appointed by oa.lot; in the Commons, the Ctunccllor of the Exchequer selected a committee from the gentlemen wn both sides of the House indifferently ; each consisted of twenty-one mcuibsrs. Their lordships met Or tire following Monday (17th), but their committee out having finished their labour, adjourned till Wednesday, (19th). The report of the Commons'committee was brought i.p on Monday, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer moved an-adjournment to the following Thursday (SOth), and that the House should, en that day, resolve itself into a committee oil tbe State of the Nation. Cn that day he proposed, to imitation of the mode pursued in 171311-9, by Mr. 1'itt, to move three Resolution.'-, tbe fiist, declarative of the present incapacity of the sovereign; the second, the competency of the two Houses to supply that incapacity; and die third, that the proper mode of doing it should he by Bill: a call of the House was ordered for that day. 6/Ir. Fonso.'by signified iris intention to oppose tbe prcceeding by Bill.
At the meeting of the Lords, on Wednesday the 19th, Lord Liverpool moved" to have the Home called over on Thursday (27th.) Lord Spencer protested against the proceedings in 1788 being admitted as a precedent. Lord Liverpool gate notice of his intention to move foe a committee to search for precedents to
ascertain how far proxies could be admitted to vote on the settlement of the royal authority.
On Thursday (20th), there was a call of the House in the Commons. The Chancellor of the txchequer moved his three resolutions: the first passed unanimously; the second, with the negative of Sir Francis Bui 'ett; to the third, Mr. Poosonby moved an amendment, that an Address should be presented to the Prince of Wales, praying him to take upon himself the office of Regent. On this the House divided—Against the ameodmenr, 26:'—For the amendment, lo7.—Majority for ministers, 112
In the Lords, on this day (20th), the Report was read short, and a debate took place op the mode of proceeding, but without a division.
The Commons met on the following day; apd their Report on tbe State of the Nation being brought up, Lord William Russell moved the previous question on the second resolution, and divided tbe House upon ir. For the resolution, 98—Against it, 15.«—Majority, it.'). The third resolution was also carried, and the House adjourned.
On Thursday (27th) the Lords proceeded in Q manner similar to the Commons. The resolutions were carried by a majority of 26, 1011 voting for ministers, and 74 against tbem. Amendments were moved to the second resolution, hut the division was confined to the third. The Report was ordered to be brought up aext day, and a conference with the Commoiis, after which the House adjourned. On Monday (31st), on the motion of Lord Liverpool, eight Lords ware nominated to hold a conference with the Commons; the conference took place immediately alter, and the lloe.se, after receiving the report, arijournrd.
In tbe Commons, Mr. Spencer Staribepe reported from tbe committee the assent of the Lorxls to their resolutions; after which, the House resolving itself into a committee en Che State of the Nation, the report of the former committee was referred to this somcuitloe by the Chancellor of the Exchequar. He, alter a long speech, moved five distinct propositions as the basis of a bill tor regulating the olrkc ol Regent: the first, appointing the Prince Regont subject to certain rcstiictions and limitations; the second, restraining him from -conferring the honours of the peerage for a certain time; the third, from granting places and pensions; the fourth regulated tbe .king's private property; and the lifth respected tbe management of the household, which was to be vested it) the queen. An amendment to the first resolution was moved by Mr. Laoibc, the purport of which wns to confer the whole power of the crown on the Regent withuut any restriction], which, on a division, was negatived by a majority of 24; 224 voting against tOO for it. The House divided alto on the second
tad and third resolutions, on each of which ministers had a majority of 16. The resolution respecting his Majesty's private property passed without a division, and that concerning the household was not debated that nijjht.
Tuesday, January 1st, the fifth resolution ■was proposed to the House. An amendment proposed by Karl Cower, was, after a long debjte, carried by a majority of 13$ SiJ6 voting for the amendment, X\o against it. The amendment was, that, lor a time to be limited, her Majesty shall retain such portion of the household as may be deemed necessary for the support of his Majesty's royal dignity.
Trie Lords met on Wednesday the 2d, and adjourned till next day, their beint: no comanuoication from the Commons. The opposition members renewed bheir attack on the first resolution, and an amendment, moved by Lord Perchester, gave rise to a very long debate. After the gallery was cleared, Mr, Perceval moved an amendment, the purport of which was, to get rid of the amendment to the fifth resolution, which had been carried against him; but in this he failed, as on a division his amendment was rejected by a majority of three. This gave rise to a mistake in ail the morning paoers; next day it was reported that the division took place on Lord Porchester's amendment.
On the next day, Thursday, January 3, the Lords met, and appointed a committtc to confer with the Comroo.ws, and adjourned after the committee had reported. Lord Liverpool moved, that the resolutions received from the Commons she aid be presented io their Lordships' House sitting in committee, Thursday, the following tUy; he also gave notice of a motion respecting proxies and presents.
The Commons, reported from the com. in it tee, that they ha.l presented their resolutions in conference, and they had signified that they would return an answer by messengers of their own.
On Friday the 4th, an amendment was moved in the Lords by the Marquis or' Lansdowne, the purport ot which was to remove the restrictions, which was carried \>y a majority of 3—Contents, lOj—Nor.-conUnts, 10*.
A division also took place on the second resolution for restricting the creation or peer?. For the amendment, lOo— Against it, 10'^.— .Majority, 6.
The next division was on Lord Liverpool's amendment to the fifth resolution.—For the resolution, 1 10—For the amendment, 9?.— .Majority against ministers, 13.
The other resolutions were passed without a division. On bringing up tiu Report, t lie amendments on the first and second resolution* appearing to contradict each other, the first resolution was restored to in original state by the consent of the Lords on both •ides. The other moluttous were passed without a division.
After the three first divisions strange* were not admitted, but a long discu-imaa hivint; ensued, the House again divided on the question that the committee should adjourn any time during pleasure—^Contents, 102—Non-contents, V9.—Majority, o. That proxies should he admitted—Contents, 99— Non-contents, 102.—Majority, 5 The Re> port was. then received, and the Hoaie ad* jaun.ed at five in the morn n%.
On Monday the ?'h, a resolution of toe Commons, authorizing the Treasury to advance money for the public service without the usual warrant (the JCiti^'s sign manual) was confirmed by the concurrence of the Lords. The Commons having adopted the amendment of the Lords on the second resolution, namely, that of prohibiting the creation of peers tor a limited time by the Regent, the Chancellor of the Exchequer then moved, that deputations from their house should he appointed to wait on the Prince and Queen •vlth the resolutions, piaying the former to accept the Kc^cncar i on the conditions contained in the ic*olulutions, and the latter the care of the King's person. Those resolutions were sent up to the Lords, and received their sanction on the 10th. The Loids appointed certain M-mbcrs of their House to join -the deputation* from the Commons, and, on Fiidav the llthf the answars of the Htiuce a-iu Queen, accept* jog t-.eir respective charges on the proposed conditions, werj reporteil-to both Houses, anal on tsi'it day a resolution to arhx the great seal to a commission for the opening of Parliament passed the Lords, alter a debate aud a division, in which t;iere appeared.fji the Kciolutinn—*Contenti, 5S—-Non-contents, o3. Ft-Majority, 20
This -resolutirvn, on the following Monday, was pa.icti.med by a vate of the Commons, and next day (16th,) Parliament V.m. openrd by a commission drawn up in the Usual form, and running in tie Kind's name, and differing in no respect from former precedents, save that, at the-end, it wa* expressed to-be done by, and vvitu-the consent or, the (Lords and Commons.
On tie same day, the Chancellor cf tn£ Exchequer mo-ved for Wwe to bring in the Kegtiicy Biii, which being -granted, it .was forthwith presented, read a first tunc, and ordered for a second read:ng the n-*t day. On Thursday, the 17th, the Bill Wjs committed, and its clauses on that aud the following day received ample discussion. Several amendments were proposed, but rcjeci,ed. On 'i'fiursday, Mr. k'onscmby anoveJ an amendment u Utz clause ot the ttill, which extend; the duration ot' the restrictions to the 1>: of r'csruarv, VM^t confining it to the 1st of August; this was negatived on a divisjon—For the original clause, 1U4 —For Mr. fr'oasonoy's amendment, 160.—Majority, i**'Aiic sanx gentleman moved an amend