Abbildungen der Seite
[ocr errors]

with the assistance of the Prior, of the manner p. 169. : of manufacturing the Wax and the Honey. There are two sorts of Wax, the one dark, and pitchy, and the other fine, of a sweet Smell, much of the nature of Turpentine. With a natural Glue they stop up all the Holes, that no Air, nor Infect may disturb thein in their

Their Glue. Cells. This gives occasion to the Count to tell a very diverting Story relating to the Defeat of a Snail, who had attempted to rob the Hive, and how he was killed and buried. Then

Their Wax. the Description of the Wax, and the Usefulness of it is shewn to build their Cells, and to close them withal, when their Maggots are putting on their Chrysalis. The Honey is gathered off of all sorts of Flowers, and the grea

Honey. test Harvest is in the hottest Days. Rain is observed to be very prejudicial to the manufacturing of this precious Liquid, which in a dry Day is sucked into their Proboscis, and emptied again into the Cells designed for the Reception of it.

The Count having made an end of his De-0.18. scription of the Honey-Bee, and of their Manu-The Wilda factures, the Prior undertakes to give an ac- Bee. count of the Wild-Bee, by some called Drones; and Hornets, which, he says, are not by far so industrious, &c. as the Garden-Bees. Their Work, notwithstanding, is mighty curious, and different from that of Garden-Bees, or Wasps, and the Detail che Prior descends to, is as entertaining as what he has before said concerning the Honey-Bee. We cannot omic one preţty Singularity. The young Hornets being a lazy kind of Folks, one among them, stouter than the rest, and whose Habitation is at the upper end of their Town, puts out half its body

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

out of its House every Morning, at half an Hour past seven, precisely, and there sounds such an Alarum, that the whole Colony begin to stretch, and finally to get out. The Difcourse goes on, gives an account of their Policy, and relates all the fine things that once upon a time

were said before of the Bees. T which, by the by,che The J--It's incredulous Dr. Derham will hardly be brought obferv. to believe. See Philos. Trans. Numb. 382. no

more than the famous Mr. Leeuwenhoek. Vid. Cont. Arcan. Natur. Epist. 133.] The Conversation ends with an Account of the Profits

of Bee-hives, and where the best is to be had. Conv.VIII

In this Conversation are to be examined the Fly, the Gnat, the Gryllotalpa, the Ant, and the Formica-leo ; which the agreeable Countess takes to be a great deal for one setting. The Count, whose Province is to describe the Fly, observes the innumerable Quantity of Eyes each kind is endued with, and relates several curious Experiments to prove this Truth, and their use, froin the great Leeuwenhoek, and Neuwentyt. The Count mentions also the pretended Spunges on the Soles of their Feet, to affist them to walk on smooth Surfaces: All the other parts of the Fly-kind are examined with great Fidelity, and Accuracy. A curious Aca

count is also givèn of the Production of Galls, Galls,

wherewith Ink is made, and shews from the P. 198. most fagacious Malpighi, that they are nothing

else but Excrescences of the Oak, caused by Insects which terebrate the Gems of some Branches, and therein deposit their Eggs, which become Maggots. The Parent Fly in thrusting in her

Eggi . In Philof. Trans. Numb. 172. there is a curious Account of a Arange sort of itingless Bees in America, which have a different way of working from ours, and whose Honey is much pleasanter thaņours, ,

Flics. Cacul

[ocr errors]

Egg, throws, it is likely, some lchor that diverts the Sap of the Tree, and causes that Excrescense which increases in proportion with the Maggot, till it is time for it to make its way out,' and fly away. (See Pbyf. Theol. by Dr. * Derham, B. VIII.6.6. N. z. &c.) Cochenille, Cochenille, Kermes, &c. come next under Consideration, Kermers, and are likewise proved to be occasioned by &c. Insects. (See a curious Account of a Polis-Coca cus in Philof. Tranf. N. 421.) The Gnats turn is Go now come, and these give the Chevalier as much Diversion as any of the other Insects, and a with good reason, [one only thing excepted, The J--it's which is, that they are made to ourliye the ). Year.] The Count having performed his part, the Prior begins his Task, which is to give an Account of the Gryllotalpa, and the Ant. A Description of the former by the witty Countess, who gives it a French Name, answering to ours, viz. Mole-cricket. This Account of them is The Gryls but short, because of the Prior's small Acquain-lotalpa tance with them. These being soon dispatch'd, the Ant is described next, and that in few the Anti words. [Here the Prior, and the most accu- p. 211. rate Leeuwenboeck are like to disagree again about their Policy. See Leeuwenb. Contin. Ar... can. Naturæ Epift. 133. where you will like

The J.-&tis wise see the Reasons of the Ant's laying up Prowok vision; and our great Dr. Derbam, with all judicious Naturalists, is not likely to be of another Opinion.] The Prior having made an end, the Chevalier entertains the Company with what he knows of the Formica- leo. This The Fora is an Insect much of the size of a Hog-loufe ; and mica-leo, the Reader is made acquainted with the several Changes it goes thro'. This Animal lives upon Ants, Pulices, $c, and has a singular way of


P.221. making them fall into its Clutches. The Trap

he builds for that purpose is here described, as well as his manner of preparing for his Cbryfalis-state, from which it comes out a beautiful Dragon-Fly, (or Libella.) The Chevalier takes notice that there is another kind of Libella, which originaliy comes from the Water; (standing Water, I suppose.) .

The Lady introduces the learned Company Conv. IX. ; Muscles.

*• into a Room, where several drinking Glasses P. 227. being on the Table, they fall to examine very

critically what is in them, which appear to be Muscles, (a Shell-Fish.) Here is shewn how they move, feed, and spin the Cordage about them. This gives the Company occasion by way of digression, to speak of various sorts of what they call Silk. That of the Pinna Marina, (a large kind of Muscle) which is wrought at

Palermo ; that of Spiders, whereof a Pair of p. 232. Gloves and Stockings were presented to the -, late Dutchess of Burgundy. The Snail is now

brought on the Carpet, and the Mechanism of t'its House is shewn, together with its Eyes, its manner ofCreeping, its Slime, Teeth,andGeneration; where, by the by, is shewn that they are Hermaphrodites,and lay Eggs; the manner how · it repairs the Breaches in its House, if not too

large ; and a great many other curious things

that have at the same time a relation to the seThe J--it's veral kinds of Cochleas. See some very cuObj.

riousOblervations concerning the Horn of ShellSnails by the learned Mr. Ray in che Philos. Trans. N. 50.] TheChevalier defiring to know the Origin

of Pearls, the learned Count acquaints him that it The Origin is probably the Effect of some Disease in the of Pearls. Fishes wherein they are found. The Prior obp. 248. ject

against-the Count, that when Crabs and Crabs, is

1. Lobo

Lobster's shed their Shells (which they do once a Year, and cover their whole Bodies just then, with a Slime, which hardens in time) there are then found in them a kind of Stones, very improperly called Crabs-eyes, which diminish as the new Shell hardens; and that the Pearl might be such a Stone: but the Count easily solves that Difficulty. The Chevalier now shews the Count some petrified Shells,found at a great distance from the Sea, which are proved to have been the Effect of the Deluge.

THE Birds, which furnish Matter for the Con. X. two subsequent Conversations, open this ; and p.256 the Prior, with an Eloquence becoming his Birde Cloth, shews, in a few words, the various Wonders of the feathered Kind. The Lady takes upon her the Talk to explain the Nidifi. cation of most kinds of Birds, by reason her: Ladyship daily attends a charming, large, and well-stock'd Aviary she has in her Garden. She observes, vthat all Birds of one kind build their Nests exactly alike, and use the same Materials. And what is remarkable,a Hen Canary-bird for want of Cotton, or Raw Silk, which the Lady had forgot to furnish her with to build her Nest, pluck'd the Feathers off the Cock’sBreast to line it withal. Several pertinent Reflections are afterwards made upon the Actions of Birds, which are much the same as the learned Dr. Derbam's, from the 4th Cbap. of the VIIth Book, to which we refer our Readers. · The Count now gives an anatomical Defcription of an Egg, wherein are likewise giveno. physical Reasons for its Texture. The Prior p. 270, takes notice, that those Birds whose Parents feed them when chey are hatched, till they are strong enough to take their fight, and seek for : themselves, are generally but few in number ;


tomical Dee The Egg.

« ZurückWeiter »