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posture of our affairs naturally having long missed the world, have divides itself into two branches, ended in misleading those who our domestic and foreign relations; professed them. The effort the and our foreign relations are sub. Russian nation is now making may divided into three distinct parts, ripen their condition into freedom. relating to the three wars; in the Bonaparte idly flattered himself, result of which we may be deemed that the pepple whom he had de. more or less parties concerned. nominated barbarians and slaves 1. The contest in the north of were dead to all patriotic feelings ; Europe, in which we are rather that their minds were degraded cheering, but deeply interested and even below the love of liberty : anxious spectators, than immediate bui, to his bitter disappointment, agents. 2. The conflict in the he discovered that there is a senti. peninsula, carried on wholly by ment of patriotism, an instinctive our own resources, though aided love of soil triumphant over the by our allies. 3. The war with the vices of positive institutions; he United States, in which we are found, that what for the last principals, and for the management tyenty years has been advanced is of which we are exclusively re- utterly false ; that before a nation sponsible.-With respect to the enters into foreign wars, it begins first of these, the war in the north to speculate on domestic polity, and of Europe, (truly denominated the to pry into the mysteries of the child of the great effort in the comparative anatomy of its own peninsula, which enabled subjugated frame. He has been taught, that Europe to reflect on and to arouse habit and custom are sufficient to its energięs,) there can be but one resist an adversary approaching feeling of unqualified admiration with the specious offers of free. of the heroism of the great nation dom, of happiness : they are suffithat sustains the conflict. There cient to resist him, not because he can be but one sentiment of joy, is unable to fulfil his promises, but that at a time when the tyrant of because he is a foreigner and an the world anticipated an easy con
invader. The contest will not be quest; when he vainly thought fruitless, if we obtain the re-estathat one decisive batile would sub- blishment only of this great axiom due his foe; when he imagined that in national character, which some he knew his man, and forgot that convulsions of the world have ala change of circumstances might most shaken to its base. This, rouse a nation in arms against him; however, fortunately, is not all that when he fancied, that if he bullied we may fairly expect. It is futile and cajoled the court, the crown to deny him: wonderful abilities, was at his mercy; but, advancing which on former occasions have in the full confidence of victory, lie delivered him from almost inevi. found a countless population 10' table aestruction ; yet it is imposdispute his road I say, when we sible, looking at his present perilous look at all these circumstarces, condition, for any man so to chas. there is no man that must not feel tise his feelings as not, at least, to his heart burn with transport- hope. Contemplating the subject there is no man that can avoid re in this point of view, and giving joicing at the overthrow of those ministers full credit for being gofalse philosophical principles, which, verned by the soundest principles
of policy with regard to Russia ; self from any supposed concurrence, admitting that they intended, and Had the battle of Salamanca, in its have accomplished what was best, consequences, not stretched beyond yet every individual must see that the field on which it was fought, it a question arises (to which I do not still should meet my warmest now require a reply, because a fit praise : such was the ever-glorious occasion may in future be appoint- conflict of Talavera:—but to the ed), a question of great magnitude, heroes who achieved the first of viz. How happens it, that after these triumphs, I must measure this treaty with the court of Stock out (if indeed its glory be not be. holin has been concluded, and after yond all measure) a very different hearing for six months' the dread. meed of applause, for its conseful note of preparation, Sweden quences were such, as to raise the has not yet brought a soldier into most sanguine hopes in the most the field to assist Russia in a mutual desponding bosom. I know that struggle? This, I say, is a que. it is impossible for any man not știon of much importance. I do filling an official station to show not ask now for information; but that more strenuous efforts might looking at the congratulatory have been made, or that, if made, address upon the point, I think they would have been successful ;. it necessary to notice the sub- and on a former occasion I speject before I give my vote. I cially guarded myself from giving most unequivocally applaud the any decided opinion upon the sublanguage held out by ministers at ject. Thus much, however, I must the commencement of the northern say, that if there remain in the conflict. Engage,' said they, in power of ministers any effort yet this war for your own interest-we unemployed, or any aid not yet
will aid you, as far as we can—but afforded, by the accumulation of · depend 'not on our pecuniary or forces, to push our exertions in the military aid in the north ; but we peninsula to the utmost stretch, will employ the French forces in it ought to have been applied the peninsula, and then we shall, in to that best of all purposes at fact, contribute more to your suc the commencement of the war. cess than if we paid a subsidy into All I require is, that I should be your treasury, or sent an army into convinced that every practicable your territory. Such was the in attempt has been made. This truth ducement held out to the emperor at least is obvious, that the imagiAlexander, to strain every nerve in nation of man could scarcely conRussia, and should not such lan- ceive a situation of affairs more guage be equally an inducement to favourable for a great and decided us to strain every nerve in the pe- effort than at the present moment. ninsula? (Hear, bear!) My bosom Never since the commencement echoes back every word of applause even of the revolutionary war were that is applied to the distinguished the powers and resources of France exploits of our gallant army and its so fully employed; the hazard on immortal leader ; but when I am her part so great, the advantage on called upon to say that any hopes, our side so decided, or the object properly indulged at the com- for which all Europe has long mencement of the campaign, are looked in vain, so near its accom, fully gratified, I must guard my- plishment. While the forces of
Bonaparte are wasting, and his to each other by so many ties, by strength withering in the north, O consanguinity, by common lanthat we had the means of following guage, should have a common inteup our glorious achievements in rest. But with regard to the United the peninsula! What might not be States, as well as other powers, I the result with such a general fight. must observe, that when once the ing in such a cause ? a general of die was cast, and war was ineviwhom it is not too much to assert, table, it was our duty to be more that if all Europe were his theatre prompt and vigorous in our meaof action, and if all Europe could sures, in order to attempt to bring supply him with means, he would the disputes to an early termination, not be unworthy of the command; When urged upon the subject of ma general of whom it is not the America, I know that ministers offspring of wild imagination to say, will reply, that their motives for that a small augmentation of force clinging to the last to conciliation would not only have made Madrid were two-fold: Ist, That they had the centre of his operations, but he friends in the United States; 2d, would have penetrated beyond the That before we venture on hostiliEbro, and from the Pyrennees ties, we ought to take care that we would have beheld with triumph are indisputably in the right. In the free and fertile provinces of both these points I concur; for I Spain, that to him were indebted have ever thought that the most for peace, happiness and liberty. Splendid victories that ever glitterEnough has transpired to show us ed on the page of history were tarthat discontents of a serious nature nished and obscured, if justice did prevail in France; and while the not hallow the cause in which they emperor Alexander is detaining were achieved. I admit that it is Bonaparte far beyond his calcula- also right to teinper your conduct tion in the north, a blow might be by a cơnsideration of the party that struck in Spain that would shake favours your cause in the hostile the tyrant's throne to its foundation. state. The hon. gentleman have What is called the economy of war, ing entered at large into the Amewhich restricts and husbands efforts, rican question, next referred to the I have always believed the most case of the catholics in Ireland, and mistaken policy. The great and concluded a most eloquent speech bold efforts that bring a war to a with saying, I give my cordial speedy termination, are not only assent to the general tenour of the the most advantageous for the na- address; the object of which is, to tion, but the most beneficial to pledge the heart and soul of the mankind. If the doctrines that I house, and the heart and soul of have stated apply to the contest in the country, by all the means and the peninsula, I confess they appear resources that belong to it, to proto me to be still more applicable to secute contests which, I believe on the third contest in which we are my conscience, there is no honour. engaged, and of which we possess able mode at the present moment the exclusive management, I mean of terminating ; and that, in order the war we are waging with Ame- to conclude them hereafter with rica. I will not detain the house by due regard to the character of the expressing what every man feels, an nation, it is necessary to pursue anxious wish that two nations allied them with energy, and spirit, and
resolution ; for, as the honourable them a reason for wishing for peace, seconder has ably stated, the more should we not be told that we were strenuous the attempts, the more anxious for it, not because we speedily the end desired,-a safe wished peace, but because we could and honourable peace, will be not carry on the war? And if such attained. Vigorous efforts will ever was the inference, would not this be found the best æconomy; for cause the French government to the expenses of war are to be ter- insist on much higher terms before minated, not by indecisive and mi- peace could be obtained ? He betigated hostility, but by exertions lieved there was scarcely an inin which the whole soul of the stance, except during the American nation is engaged and interested. war, where parliament interfered,
Lord Castlereagh very ably vin- and made a peremptory call on dicated the measures of govern- government, or on the ministers of ment, and declared that every the crown, to offer terms of peace. where, and in every quarter, the But these things did not stand on prospects of this country were most the same footing as they did in the briliant and happy.
present instance. The war was not Mr. Whitbread showed the pro- then a war between two indepenpriety of taking the opportunity of dent countries, but between this a time at which the different con. country and a distant part of our tending powers had all experienced possessions, the inhabitants of which reverses, to set on foot negotiations were anxious to procure their indefor peace, and proposed as an pendence, and by acceding to whose amendment to lord Clive's address, wishes our king must have given that the warlike parts be omitted, away a great part of his own emand that his royal highness the pire. He (Mr. Ponsonby) doubted prince might be entreated to at- much if a king could make such an tempt the general pacification of alienation of his territorial domiEurope.
nions, without the advice of his Mr. Ponsonby began by assuring parliament. An alienation of terthe gentlemen opposite, that it had ritory naturally and necessarily never been his intention to offer required the advice of parliament any amendment, neither did he to give it validity ; and he did not know until that evening any thing believe that any minister would of the amendment of his honourable have ventured on such a measure, triend (Mr. Whitbread). There without the advice and consent of was no man in England more a parliament. friend to peace than he was ; but Some other members spoke, after then he must be convinced, before which the address was carried. he adopted it, that the mode Dec. 1.-On the question of pointed out was the way of attain- bringing up of the report of the ing it. His conscientious opinion address, previous to its being prewas, that should his honourable sented to the prince regent, friend's address be carried, instead Mr. Creevey objected to it till of the address of the noble lord, the further time was given for the con. effect would be to place peace at a sideration of the subjects contained much greater distance than it now in it. In the times of William and was. When we talked of the di- Anne, five, six, or eight days were stresses of the people, and made allowed between the speech and the
Under the present cir- much anxiety as any other gentle cumstances, such a delay was more man could do, that peace might be important than ever. But it was procured as soon as possible, connot merely on account of the vari. sistent with our honour and safety. ety of matter, being no less than He was satisfied, however, that three wars, that he protested whenever it was to be made, it against the carly introduction of must be by the act of the governthe report, but on account of a ment, and that it ought not to apmost remarkable omission. He pear a measure forced upon his alluded to that part of the speech majesty's ministers by the vote of which spoke of the supplies. It that house, or by the mere consi. did not say one word with respect deration of the distresses of the to the revenue, nor to the state of people. No person could shut the commerce of the country : a his eyes to the situation and incool and laconic demand of assist terests of our manufacturers; and ance was made, unaccompanied the ministers must feel that they with one syllable of financial state incurring a serious responsiment. To show that such a style bility, if they omitted to proffer was perfectly new, he would beg peace, should a favourable oppor. the clerk to read the part of the tunity present itself. speech to which he alluded, and After an extended debate or con. the corresponding parts of two versation, Mr. Creevey's motion other speeches. It was not his in- was negatived, and the address tention to go through all the agreed to. speeches which had been made by Dec. 3.-Earl Bathurst, in mov. all our kings (a laugh). He should ing the thanks of the house of lords content himself with referring to to lord Wellington, for the vic. two, one delivered at the beginning tory of Salamanca, observed, that of the French war in 1794, and the whatever opinions might be enterother in the year 1804. (The tained of the conduct, on the part clerk here read the three passages.) of government, of the campaign of He thought that the house would the peninsula, he was satisfied there agree with him that these state. could be but one sentiment on the ments were much more satisfactory ability and skill, the brilliant tathan the present, which appeared lents and sound judgement, dito him a novel and extraordinary splayed by the marquis of Wellingmethod of making a demand. Was ton: nor could he for a moment it possible that the prince could be entertain a doubt that the motion acquainted with the finances and with which he should have the ho. the commercial distress of the coun nour to conclude, would be unani. try? It would be much better to mously agreed to. It would be acquaint the
regent with this dis necessary for him to take a short stress, than quietly and immediately retrospect of the campaign, and of to obey the novel suggestion con. the object lord Wellington had in tained in this speech. He would view. Ciudad Rodrigo and Al. move, therefore, that the address meida being in our possession, his be brought up this day week. plan was, after Badajoz had fallen,
Captain Bennet seconded the to march without delay into Andaamendment.
lusia, in order to raise the siege of Mr. Wortley professed to feel as Cadiz, and to compel the enemy to