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omit them would be injustice, and to de. the females who are in attendance, if I tail every one, would make my letters, may judge from their habits, are slaves. volumes. Some most beautiful elucida- I shall make a few more observations, tions of the ancient invihology inay be in this room, previous to visiting the found, in the bearded Bacchus, with a next, and hope you will not think ine a female Bacchante of exquisite grace; a todious chronicler. My attention was head of Minerva, another of Jupiter, une much taken by a beautiful subj.ct of two commonly majestic. A very fine bisto- fauns kueeling, one of them playing on a rical subject, representing Minerva as- taunbourin, the other accompanying him sisting the Argonauts to build the famous with small musical instruinents, called ship, Argo; the goddess is scated and krotala, that have been sometimes cono 'finishing a sail, which is extended on a founded by critics, with cymbals. Their yard, and is directing the Argonaut, who forms are somewhat alike, except that is attending very attentively to her, the krotala are smaller and played with while another is busied carving the prow only one hand. It is strongly contested of the vessel. This article, (No. 10), is by various writers, of what inaterials and beautifully finished, and, from the delicate forin the krotala were made; I think froin border of honey-suckle blossom, I have the Greek potts, they much resembled the no doubt but that it formed part of the Spanish castagnets. Apollonius, in his lower ornaments of a superb apartment, Argonautics, describes the krotalon of and placed near the eye. The bas-relief Hercules, as of brass made by Vulcan, at of Venus, in the ocean riding on a sea- the request of Minerva,who gave it to him: Horse, is a subject the ancieuts often re- on the other hand, an ancient commentapeated, both in their poetry and sculp- tor on Aristophanes describes thein cole ture; I have one nearly resembling it a reed split in two, and so fitted together among my antique gems. In one we as to emit a sound from the touch or stroke see, Victory pouring libations to Apollo of the hand. We have other examples of Musagetes; in another two priestesses, in the form, of the ancient krotalon, in the sacrificing vestuients, standing one on tympanum of the temple of Cybele; a staeach side of a candelabruin, which is tue in the engraved Collection, froni the lighted for a sacrifice. With one hand, Museum Pio Clementinum, and in the they support the sacred Gllets which de- gems in my possession, which liave long corate the candelabrum, and with the bandles, like the before-Inentioned comother they raise a small portion of their mentater's description. I am no less deTobe, like the figure of Hope, on the coins lighted with Paris carrying off Helen in u of the Roman emperors, who were ex- car, drawn by three horses (No, 34), a tremely partial to this emblein, which bas relief of elegant design, and correct often appears on their coronation medals cxecution, equal perhaps in these qualities that were struck at the commencement to any in the collection. These cars are of their reign, to signify the hopes of the of great antiquity, and were usually of people from their new sovereign.
two or four wheels, and drawn by various The Roman personification of this di- numbers of horses, from two to twenty, vinity was different from ours; they re- mostly abreast, as may be scen in several present her under the figure of a young Roman sculptures; they named them from and beautiful female, holding up with one the number of horses ihat drew them, as hand the bottom of her robe, and a bigt, when by two; trigæ; quadrige, flower in the other. I beg you will not and so on. In Monfaucon, Willemin, and be waggish on the subject, as I shall re- Rochegianni, are tu be found many repre. sent any indignity offered to her ladyship, sentations of these ancient cars. whom I have adopred as my tutelar A bas relief of onknown antiquity, deity. "The next to this, is one of such (No. 36) representing two persons consequence in proving the knowledge of is navigating the Nile, in a boat, is wore Homer among the Romans, that it would thy of notice, from a very important be unpardonable tu omit it. It is a sin fact, that I hope to establish relative gularly well composed bistorical groupe, to the date of the invention of the in basso relievo cf terra cotta, repre. Corinthian capital. In the fore. senting Machaon, after he has been ground is an hippopotanius, two wounded; the hero is sitting in the tent of crocodiles, some birds, and several Nestor, who is administeriog a medicinal plants of the lotus. In the distnuce are potion to him, as described in the buildings, on the roofs of which are seen eleventh book of the Iliad; the grouping three Ibisses. The whole of this scenery of this fragment of antique art, is uncom- is viewed through two arches, supported monly beautiful, and worthy of reinarl ; by colouins, die two extreme ones of which are fluted in wreaths, and all the talogue; it is either a Canephora, or a capitals resemble the Corinthian. I much Caryatic figure, but cannot be both; if, wish to ascertain the date of this work as he asserts, it did support the portico for the above reason. The singularity of of a temple, I cannot contradict him, the composition, of No. 42, has no pa- but then it is not a Canephora. This rallel in the room; it is a short naked'hus error has arisen from the resemblance man hgure, with the head of an old man, between these two species of figures, but a long thick beard, and the body of a their applications were different. Canechild; holding in each hand the stem of a phoræ, (as their name imports from navémy plant. On each side of this curious com- a basket, and dégw to bear) were young and pound figure, is seated a no less curious noble virgins, who carried a basket on quadraped, whose head is that of an el- their heads, on the festivals of Minerva, derly man, with the breasts of a woman, and were never degraded to the ignoble and body of a sphynx, whose tail termi- situation of the Caryatides, who always nates in a flower.
support heavy and cuhibrous entablaThere are, in this unrivalled collection, tures. Cicero, in his fourth oration some of the largest statues ever found of against Verres, refers to some Canephora terra cotta; one being of the goddess Salus, of his time, and from the chisel of Poboth the hands of which are wanting, but lycletes, but does not mention them as from the position of the arms,it is apparent, being used for columns, but as deposithat the figure held a serpent in the right taries for perfumes and flowers for the hand, and a patera in the left, and is nearly sacrifice, and placed on each side of the four feet high. Another of a Muse, resting altar. The beautiful figure at Lord her left arın upon a pile of writing tablets, Elgin's, is really a Caryatide, and was placed on a square colu:an. Another of found in such a position by his lordship; these statues is Thalin, one that is sup- it is also described both by Stuart and Le posed to have been a votive portrait, and Roy, as supporting a cornice. This I another a female crowned with an in- verily believe to be a Canephora, but I dented diadem, but the characters are cannot recollect any example of CaneLooth unknown to me; the drapery is in a phore being applied to the purposes of fine style, and the whole delicately ex- columns, except in the portico of a grotto, ecuted.
in the Villa Albani, at Rome, which are Such are the contents of this room which supposed to be copies from those menis filled with terra cottas of exquisite tioned by Cicero, of Polycletes, and beauty, both for design and execution, which owe their degrading situation to and is of itself an excellent academy for the ignorance of a modern architect, who the student. On leaving it, we come to the took them for Caryatides, and as such second room, which is devoted to Greek has used them. and Roman sculptures; it is circular and In this room are some beautiful candelighted from an elegant dome, and is ex- labra, one of which is of such excellent cellently contrived for a judicious distri- workmanship, and beautiful design, that bution of light. On the left we are it is scarcely excelled by that inestimable Fleeted with a stupendous colossal head relic, the candelabrum of Sir Roger Newof Minerva Sospita, most admirably cha- digate in the Ratcliffe library, at Oxford, racteristic of tire goddess of the dreadful that has so often been the theme of our shield.
admiration. The triangular base of one A funeral urn, at a small distance, of them, has three genii, with wings, holdheutifully ornamented with equestrian ing each a part of the armour of Mars, his ad pedestran condhatants, of high an. helmet, his shield, and his sword. Cantiquity nud rare beauty, presents itself to delabra, or lychuuchi, (froin aúxvos a the admiring spectator; but passing by candle and exet that sustains.) were things of ginor worth, a brilliant of me among the greatest luxuries of the ancicicat art demands attention; it is a sta- ents. Homer, in his Odyssey, in descritue of a canephora, which the catalogue bing the palace of Alcinous, King of Cortell us was anciently made use of as cyra, speaks of them as being made of a calamo ; and asserts, that it was one of gold; and on many medals of Septimius the caryanides, which supported the por- Severus, and of his sons, are representa tics of it stall temple, dedicated to Bac- tions of Candelabra as used in the temples chus. This is a manifest contradiction, and of Venus of Paphos. They not only used al error into which may have fallen, them as stands for lights, but also as small besides the author of that part of the ca- altars for burning perfumes
Parape some of our readers will favorAmong other beauties in these rooms are w ith sissertation on this interesting sub- two fine vases, ornamented all round with
hachnalinn figures and handles, spring. ing from the necks of swans; the beauty pint decanter, wherein I had put about of design, the elegant voluptuousness of two ounces of Thaines water, and placed the Bacchantes, and dancing nymphs, are it during the whole winter over the firebeyond all praise, they are truly beauty place, in the same temperature as hyapersunified. I must not forget a statue of cinths are commonly kept. Before the à Venus, which is naked to the waist, month of March was expired, they all and covered with drapery from the waist shewed symptoms of vegetation, with the downward. This statue was found in the exception of one acorn, which I had purmaritime haths of Claudins, at Ostia, posely placed in the water, which nearly To you, who are not offended at truth, covered it; this was the first seed to even though it rebels against received opi- swell and burst, but the last that made a nion, I, who fear not the sound of great shoot. The tap root of the most forward names, say, that I have seen a Venus, by seed, was about two inches long, when it Nollekens, superior in beauty to this, reached the water, into which it did not which is colossal, and rather clumsy in directly enter, but grew a short distance the extremities; however, I shall not of. on the surface, then jinmersed in the fend the most fastidious admirer of anci- water to the bottom of the decanter, rose elit art, and perhaps better strike the ba- again to the surface, then down again; lance of merit due to this figure, when I on its touching the side, it continued to assert, that it is certainly the clumsiest of do so, making more than a circle round in all ancient Venuses, and very interior in search of earth, sometimes rising a little grace to that called “ de Medicis." This from the bottom. is the figure at which the respectable ve- In April, the germ protruded from the teran in literature, Mr. Cumberland, (in seed, and in a tew days the plant the tenth number of Mr. Prince Hlvare's emerged, continuing to increase until it “Artist," a periodical paper, of which I produced the foliage and cree in complete shall ever regret the conclusion,) has, le- health, and apparent vigour; one of which velled the shafts of his satire in the fol. I studiously prevented the tap-root from lowing laughable passage. “The living entering the water, which caused the arts (says he, to his friend Hoare) are decay of the tap-root, but exhibited innu. the proper objects of your contemplation: merable lateral shoots, making a wonderin the mean time, the nation has erected ful struggle to live; and the plant actually a noble gallery in the British Museum, existed purely in the vapour, and chewherein to deposit the bones and skele- rished entirely by it. The seed that was tons of the dead arts, collected by Mr. dropped in the water, grew exactly at Townley, and purchased from the public the same time as some I had set in purse. In justice to my country, I will earth, and occasionally examined as to suppose that they are stuck up here for their progress, and did not seem has. the patriotic purpose of convincing the tened in their vegetation like those in the speciators, that it is high time to dismiss vapour, which may arise from the diftheir prejudices, and that it is nothing less ference of their temperatures. In June, than necromancy, and art magic, that I put the decanter into the open air, still should induce them to prefer old lamps to keeping the ground-stopper in, although new: in short, if any gentleman wants a some atipospberic air cominunicated, as Venus for bis saloon, he may go to the the wire that suspended them, though shop of Mr. Nollckens, and not envyrery time, prevented the stopper froin Plook at the statue and mark the express being close. The water becoming black, sion) the long-sided lady of Mr. Town. foul, and turbid, I changed it once due ley, though the state has built a palacering the summer. Each plant made its for her reception," I shall leave you to Michaelaas shoot, and threw out leaves, laugh at my quotation, and continue my and in September the leaves turned off, armiration of such works of ancient art, as in common, and the buds are pow set as descrve it, in spite of all contemners of for the spring: to burst them, I purpose is beauties, who ccrles are all Gutlis, id separating them, and placing them in est for differing from me. Your's, &c. M. good glasses; the acorn is still firinly at
tached to each plant. Although some To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. few vegetables have been raised without STK,
the medium of earth, I do not know that TN the autumn of 1807, I gathered some a tree bas ever betore been produced
I seeds from a full-grown oak, several thus. As the muration of water into of which I immcdia.ely suspended at ligneous substance, which if burned bedifferent distances irom the boltumn of a comes an alkali, capable, by gaivania do