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the Gospel, if it does not afford full autho- manner, an invariable command of one's rity to Missionary Societies to use this temper, and an unruffled mind under prokind of instramentality. To read the Gos- vocation, &c. At present the practice will pels and the Epistles, with this subject in be confined to the hospitals at Canton and mind, one is astonished at the amount of Macao; occasional voyages will be required authority, either by direct precept or by sooner or later. Walks for air and exerinference, in favour of it.
cise, after dining, may be improved in call“III. What have been the results of ing at the houses of patients, who will your experience the last two years ? Do receive you with enthusiasm ; the neighyou find that your professional influence bourhood will soon gather round you, fur. avails you in imparting spiritual benefit?" nishing favourable opportunities for speak
If by results is intended conversion of ing on things of the highest importance. souls, I must reply with sorrow, there You will receive calls from persons of va. have been no such fruits, and the affecting rious ranks ; some of whom are persuaded reflection has often occurred, that were my their government is under false impressions mission to end, if admitted to heaven, there respecting you, and who are convinced of is no consoling evidence or hope that one, your disinterestedness, and are willing to one solitary Chinese would there recognise be still more enlightened. When they me as the instrument of his salvation. My leave you, you may say to them, Here professional influence has availed to the are some Christian books, that contain the removal of a larger amount of prejudice, word of God, and explain the doctrines of to the gaining an intimate acquaintance our holy religion; would you like to pewith the Chinese, to the winning their con. ruse them?
Very much, my heart desires fidence, esteem, and affection, and to the it. Are you not afraid ? No; I can put imparting a knowledge of the Gospel, in its them in my large full sleeves. When you spirit, precepts, doctrines, and obligations, meet again, the subject of your books is ant than a long life could have effected in any introduction to free conversation upon your other way. There have been access to the respective religions. Before you are the patients at all times, and opportunities of precepts and the fruits of each. The conspeaking a word in season, have constantly trast is apparent; the avarice, dishonesty, presented, and such are peculiarly season- oppression, cruelty, and degredations of the able, when the patient, relieved of his dis- one; the charity and purity of the other. ease or blindness, wants language to ex- The stupid, filthy, ragged, and mendicant press his gratitude. Then I have often priests of the one; the intelligence, respect. pointed to the source of their blessings, ability, and piety of the other. Mention and assured them, but for love to the is made, apparently accidentally, that your Redeemer they had never known me, or country has no “shinseang,” (idols.) The received his mercies through my hands. idolater starts, and inquires, What then do It has secured for me and my countrymen, you worship? You have now only to follow
F.e. all who speak my language,) an intro- where curiosity leads, to disclose to him duction and influence that otherwise might the fundamental doctrines of the Bible ; not have been enjoyed. The extent of spi. and, not being obtruded but sought, preju. ritual benefits conferred, has been limited dice is disarmed. You return to your rather by my imperfect knowledge of the closet and pray, that the truth now opened language, multiplicity of cares, and, shall I to his mind, the eternal holy Spirit may say it? dormant love for souls, than for lack be sent down to save and sanctify the soul. of opportunities. Par greater results might The above is suggested by what recently have been realised, had there been some one occurred in respect to the chief priest of to share my labours, as it would have left me the Budhist temple in Ho-Nam, in which more leisure to improve these opportunities. are three hundred priests.
"IV. What, in your opinion, are the kind “V. The hardships and difficulties to be of men required as Medical Missionaries; and expected and contended with. Do the the nature of the duties to be performed ?" authorities interfere and annoy you? If
The qualifications expected and required they knew your ultimate motives, would in all true Missionaries, and which are ad. they sanction your continuance ?" mirably expressed by the late Dr. Bogue of The first and greatest hardship to the Gosport, in his “Lectures to Missionary Missionary to China is the government Students,” are also necessary in Medical restrictions. The Missionary to most other Missionaries, (I quote memoriter,)“ Men heathen countries introduces himself as the of good constitutions, good address, ac- ambassador of Heaven--the preacher of the quaintance with human nature, aptness for Gospel ; and, whenever and wherever he is acquiring languages, ardent love for souls, known, it is as “ Jesus Christ's man;" and enlightened, untiring zeal, and, finally, a the people expect that, whenever they spirit of martyrdom. Also, a liberal edu- meet him, he will speak upon the subject cation, ful acquaintance with his profes. dearest to his heart, and most important to sion ; energy of character, affability of them. Fuel is thus added to the flame that
inspired his bosom before he left his native direct and daily to the upper fountain land, and it increases and animates his own whence those are supplied. It is quite as soul, and all within his influence. With well to have the mind prepared with a the implements of moral cultivation, he knowledge of these things, as to have it breaks up the neglected soil, and is cheered filled with expectations never to be realized. as the desert begins to bud and blossom, You make no inquiries after the joys to be and fruits of righteousness appear. Not so, experienced, these you will know when you dear brother, in China. The Missionary bave got your crown, having been faithful arrives at Canton ; he is reported as a clerk unto death. We will take up that subject of some commercial house, which is re- when China has become Immanuel's, and sponsible for his good behaviour ; or, per. we reflect upon the privilege that was haps an interpreter; or a
(a ours, of bearing a humble instrumentality merchant :) one wishes to sell him a cargo in so great and good a cause. Be assured, of tea, another a quantity of silks, or a that these are foretastes of the banquet third invites him to become (secretly) part- above and joys peculiar. The authorities ner in a firm he is about to establish. If, do not interfere in the course at present waving all these, he goes forward in his pursued, though there is no doubt they true character, his conduct is full of enig- keep a compassionate watch" over me. mas to those who supposed the real minis. The Linguist, and How Kwa, the senior ter was a merchant. Thus, much of the Hong merchant, are very favourable to me impetus to his own feelings, and of the first and the institutions. The latter has sub. impressions upon the Chinese, is lost. The scribed two hundred dollars for medicines. soldier must first throw away his armour Probably they both understand my motives. and his weapons, and then fight his battles, Were I openly to harangue assemblies and or carry the sword of the Spirit sheathed. distribute books daily, no doubt my oppor. Let the Missionary be prepared for this tunities for usefulness and influence would trial, for it is great. The Church generally speedily end. has no conception of the magnitude of the Respecting your inquiry about the landifficulties in the way of converting China. guage, both extremes into which writers Every inch of ground has to be disputed have fallen are false. Some who have a with the prince of darkness. You will smattering of it, as if to magnify their here have no weekly prayer-meetings of wonderful ability in acquiring it, have retwenty or thirty fellow-students, whose presented it as almost unattainable to ordi. hearts glow with youthful piety; no meet- nary minds under a reasonable length of ings, as in Exeter Hall; no religious time ; others, finding this not true, have anniversaries to attend ; nor the sacred elo- adopted the opposite extreme, and have quence of such men as your worthy minister, said it was as easy as Latin or Greek. The Mr. James. Fifty or a hundred meet in the medium is probably the truth. No lanchapel on that day, but all around you, are guage taxes the memory more, and in none those who know no Sabbath. The per- is a good ear more essential; many of the petual din of business is interrupted only difficulties, for want of appropriate helps, by the harsher sounds of the gong, and will soon cease. The works of Premare, crackers on an occasional festival; and, Morrison, Marshman, and Medhurst, have instead of finding yourself in an atmos- greatly facilitated the acquisition of it, and phere of holiness, and borne along by the as the number of sinalogues multiply, helps current of active benevolence and piety, of this kind will greatly increase. The you will experience the suffocations of an Chinese Chrestomathy, by my honoured atmosphere of moral death, and the in. brother, Mr. Bridgman, now going through fluence of the malstroom of idolatry, the the press, will be invaluable to the beginner. arethusan, the subterranean current of The Chinese is the most difficult language, heathenism. The romance of missions will but still persons of moderate abilities, i. e. presently be over, and you will feel in a the average of good talent, with good applimanner only known by experience-words cation and perseverance, can acquire it. cannot express it-a life of hard and perse- T. R. College, Esq., President of the vering labour is before you-dreams and Medical Missionary Society, has purchased visions will have passed away-and govern. at Macao a commodious and spacious build. ment, with all its jealousy, will bar you ing, in a convenient situation, and healthy out; and the people, in all their blind. locality, which, besides affording accommo. ness, and recklessness of immortality, will dation for patients, will afford a very desir. surround you; and thus, with all your able asylum for the Agents of the Society, armour, (Eph. vi.,) you are enlisted for a when, by accident or disease, they need to life of hard service. Then, by faith, you avail themselves of it. must stand upon the promises, and take Desiring your prayers for myself and fel. hold of your heavenly Father's hand ; not low-labourers, and for China, having access to those refreshing streams I am, most affectionately, yours, enjoyed in your native isle, you must apply
MISSION PREMISES AT QUILON. 1. Assistant's House. 2. Printing Office. 3. Mission House. 4. Girls' School 5. Church, 6, 7. Readers' Houses. E. Boys' School
QUILON MISSION. Quilon is situated on the Malabar Coast, in N. lat. 8° 49', and E. long. 76° 40', at a distance of 88 miles north-west from Cape Comorin, and 80 miles from Nagercoil. About eight years ago the population of the town and neighbouring villages, consisting of Hindoos, Mohammedans, Syrians, Parsees, and a few Roman Catholics, was estimated at nearly 40,000 ; the number of Hindoos being supposed equal to all the rest taken together. The language chiefly spoken is Malayalim, but the Tamul, also, is spoken by many, and understood by most of the inhabitants.
The moral and religious destitution of the people having, for some time previously, excited the compassion and engaged the attention of the Missionaries at Nagercoil, one of their number, Mr, John Smith, proceeded to Quilon in February, 1821 ; and being liberally encouraged by the British Resident, commenced the Mission there, which has been continued to the present tine. Mr. Smith persevered in the prosecution of his work until the beginning of 1824, when declining health obliged him to leave the station, and return to England. A few months previous to his departure he was joined by Mr. Crow, who having continued to fulfil his duties until 1826, was also obliged to return to England on the same account. The attention and energies of these Missionaries were chiefly devoted to the establishment and superintendence of native schools, and the efforts which they made in this department of labour were attended with an encouraging measure of success.
The Rev. J. C. Thompson, the present Missionary at Quilon, arrived there in November, 1827. As soon as he had acquired a competent knowledge of the Malayalim language, he commenced his devoted labours in communicating the Gospel to the Hindoos; and although at times much enseebled by indisposition, and obliged at one period to visit the Neilghierries to recruit his health, he has zealously persevered in endeavouring, under Divine favour, to promote the great objeets of his Mission. When he arrived at Quilon, the schools were 9 in number, containing 293 boys; and before the close of that year (1827) 2 native female schools were established, containing 46 girls. But in 1832, the number of the boys' schools had increased to 14, those for girls to 10; the number of scholars in the former to 380, in the latter to 190, making a total of 24 schools, and 570 native children and young persons receiving exclusively Christian instruction, no heathen books whatever being allowed in any of the schools. In the same year it was reported, that a more ample supply of school-books, and a more vigilant superintendence than formerly, had been followed by evident improvement in the scholars, who began to evince greater proficiency in reading, and better understood what they committed to memory; and that many of them were able to repeat considerable portions of the New Testament ; such as the Gospel by John, the Epistle to the Romans, and the first Epistle to the Corinthians.
Although the frequent illness of the first Missionaries who laboured at Quilon prevented their acquisition of the vernacular tongue, and they were consequently unable to engage in the direct communication of the Gospel to the natives, exertions were made for this purpose by the brethren connected with the Nagercoil Mission ; and also by the native evangelists and teachers belonging to the station itself. The latter also availed themselves of opportunities to converse with the natives in the bazaars, visited the schools, assisted in the examination of the scholars, and distributed the Scriptures and tracts. In 1831, there were only 5 native assistants, but in the course of that year, Mr. Thompson established a seminary at the station, whereby the number has been since increased to 14.
In 1826, a native congregation was first collected at Quilon, but the number assembling for Divine worship has never been large, although it has considerably fluctuated. Indeed the whole Mission has, from its commencement, exhibited considerable diversity of aspect, and has sometimes appeared rather to retrograde than advance. This is chiefly attributable to the great changes through which the native mind has passed on the subject of Christianity ; at one time exhibiting a tendency to yield unto its claims, and embrace its blessings ; at another to disregard and reject it, in favour of the ancient idolatries and superstitions of the country. During the past year there has been much opposition to the Gospel, in consequence of which the schools and congregation had partially declined. But our brother, Mr. Thompson, with whom the Rev. J. T. Pattison is now associated, has not been discouraged by these apparently adverse circumstances, being persuaded that the conflict between truth and error, by which the native mind is at present agitated, will eventually, under God, be productive of the best results, Meanwhile the brethren are thankful to find that there are some attending on their ministrations, who, with increasing knowledge in Divine things, manifest a decided and substantial growth in grace; that a greater number of persons appear seriously concerned for the salvation of their souls, and anxious to follow and obey the Saviour; and that an improved tone of thinking and feeling is apparent among the readers and teachers, which promises greatly to increase their efficiency and usefulness.
On the first Sabbath of September, 1837, four Hindoos, who had previously been baptised, were united into a Christian church, and at that period there were pine candidates for church fellowship. In the course of the past year 8000 Christian books were distributed over a large extent of country surrounding Quilon, and the people generally received them with avidity and thankfulness.
The preceding statements include the principal points of interest and importance in connexion with the establishment and progress of the Quilon station. It will be perceived, that although there has been a sufficiency of visible encouragement to sustain the hope of a future abundant harvest, the general character of the work in this part of Travancore has hitherto been such as to demand, in a peculiar degree, the exercise of faith and patience, and inore than ordinarily to impress the mind with the necessity of earnest and unceasing supplication to the Lord of the harvest for an enlarged outpouring of his Divine and life-giving Spirit. It is hoped that the claims of our brethren at Quilon, and of the people among whom they are labouring, to an interest in the prayers of the disciples of Christ in this country, may be duly felt and answered, that soon the numbers of those who have been brought to the obedience of faith in this part of India may be greatly augmented, and that the day may be hastened when the kingdom of the Redeemer shall be established there, and throughout the eastern world, in the fulness of its blessing, and its glory.
A representation of the Mission-station at Quilon, accompanies the present
THE ENGLISH CHURCH AND CONGREGATION AT MADRAS. Many appeals have been made to the zeal and devotedness of the Church of Christ, in behalf of the heathen world; and a voice may still be heard from almost every quarter, "Come over and help us.” It is not for the work in general that we now plead ; but for one church and congregation in particular, gathered to the Lord Jesus Christ in a distant land—the English church and congregation at Madras.
Christians of various denominations united in building the chapel in the year 1810, when there was a lamentable destitution of religious instruction at Madras; and soon after, a