Abbildungen der Seite

"Never mind;" “ I care not.” Such ing the infallible consequences of pro. procrastinators are perhaps incorrigible, crastination. Let us all revolve in our and must be given over to their volun- minds, the desire we feel that others tary nalady.

should perform their duties to us, from The sanguine and the listless, make which we will learn how essential the a false estimation of time. They are not prompt discharge of ours is to them. By absolutely averse to discharge their du- acting on these principles, the wise and ties, but, they defer them froin minutes virtuous will be saved from the dangers to bours, from hours to days, from days and dishonour of a vicious prucrasti, to weeks, from weeks to months, from nation. months to seasons, and from seasons to years, consoling themselves by repeat

For the Monthly Magazine. ing," Tis time enough yet :" till all their OBSERVATIONS und SPECULATIONS, by e allotted portion of time has expired, and FRENCHMAN, on the ADVANTAGEOUS left their duties, not only unfinished, but SITUATION of EGYPT, as a STAPLE OF unattempted.

CENTA E for the TRADE of all NA"''Tis time enough yet," is a sluggard's TIONS; with a BRIEF ENUMERATION motto, not less absurd than untrue. of the PRINCIPAL COMMODITIES that Considering wisely, there was never yet pass through Egypt on their way to time enough for any thing. Time, the EUROPE, greatest gift of Heaven and nature, is (Concluded from vol. 49, p. 549.) held by a tenure so precarious and eva SENNA. The leares procured from nescent, that no one knows how large or w a tree of the genus of cassia (case small his share is decreed to be. He is sia lanceolata), growing in the neigir therefore a spendthrift, who but wastes bouring countries of Upper Egypt, Senna, a moment.

and Nubia, on uncultivated and dry hills, A man who possessed only an uncer. or ground into which the water of the tain and decreasing income, is deemed Nile does not penetrate. There are a nadman if he squander it away on toys two species of this tree, one wicka and unsubstantial trifles, instead of turn. sharp pointed leaves, and another ing it to interest and accumulation with leaves more roundedi and shaped

The consequences of procrastination, at the top soinewhat like a lancet; in embrace all the intermediate stages of other respects they are inuch the same, human ill, includedobetween slight in- and their purgative powers seem to be convenience, and total destruction, nearly equal. The shells, supposed Through it, children have been chastised, to be as efficacious as the leaves, and and people of all ages have incurred losses by some eren preferred on account of and privations. By procrastination, their greater mildness, are the hulls or merchants have lost bargains; mechanics capsules of the seeds of both sorts of have lost employment; and the laborer senna; they generally contain grains of bas lost subsistence. By it statesmen this seed, though commonly such as liave bare lost places; competitors have lost not attained to full maturity. We are rewards; fathers have lost sons; and informed by Mr. Delile of on aprignuin, mothers have ruined daughters. Pro- indigenous in the same places as the crastination has lost the lover his inistress, senna, with the leaves of which it is very and has involved thousands in the disa frequently mixed; luckily however that grace of violated promises and broken substitution is immaterial, as the leaves Hows. In short, by procrastination, ge- of the aprignum are likewise of a laxative nerals have failed of victory; and kings nature. The quantity of senna carried bave lost thrones !

from Upper Egypt to Bulac and Cairo, Finally, the remedy is to be declared. and from theuce exported to every part of Let the person who is addicted to this Europe, is immense; while Persia, and the slaameful propensity, solemnly resolve, Asiatic provinces of the Ottoman empire, at all tiines to perform his duties before have likewise a share. The yearly expor. he gratifies his love of present ease; and tation to Europe is valued at 30,0001. and let ong not only resolve, but act, by dis- on the whole, this article constitutes a charging instantly what he may have to very profitable branch of Egyptian trarle.

Tamarinds. The caravans from Nubia Effectual aid for the eradication of carry the fruit of the tamarind trees in this defect of character, will be obtained round cakes: this tree, the flowers of from reflecting on the uncertain duration which resemble those others bearing pods, si buman existence; and by well weigh, grows spontaneously without requiring

ару any cultivation, to a great height in all the Galbanum, a resinous gum, extracted fertile and watered countries of Nubia from a plant of galbanum called the and Abyssinia; and in the gardens of bubon, which bears its fruit in clusters, Cairo and Rosetta, it may be seen in the and grows without any cultivation in the most beautiful perfection. Europe re- southern parts of Egypt, as also in Arabia ceives almost as large a quantity of ta- and Persia. It is brought to Cairo by anariwds as of senna. The druggists of the Red Sea. European dealers used Marseilles have a particular method of formerly to receive great quantities of this preparing item, by which their purgative drug at Marseilles, and some of the harpower is increased, and themselves ren- bours of Italy. dered less harsh and grating to the taste, Bdelliun, a resinous gum of a reddish than in the unprepared staie. A consi. brown colour, comes from the southern derable portion of them is consumed in parts of Persia, and from India, and Egpyi, where the inhabitants frequently may be hac in abundance at Bagdad and use them as a cooling medicine in fevers, Cairo. and similar diseases, mixed with common Asufædita, the concrete sap of the sugar or syrup, to sweeten them.

root of a plant of the genus ferula, Gum drabic is the concrete juice dis- growing in Persia, Candahar, and the tilling from a species of mimosa, growing northern parts of Indostan; it is car. in l'pper Egypt, and the interior coun- ried but in small quantities to Cairo, tries of Africa. Some trees of this passing through Mascate, Mecca, and species grow near Cairo, and the ca. Sucz. The yearly importation at Mar. ravans bring considerable quantities of seilles, by the way of Alexandria, used this drug to that place: Marseilles alone to be worth 2001, used formerly to receive from Alex Gum Sagupenum. This gum, of a resiandria as much of this gum as was valued nous substance, very inuch resembles asa. at 15,000l. every year.

fodita, and is also the sap of a plant of the Cum Gedda differs but little from that genus ferula, growing in Arabia and just described, and is the siinilar produce in the southern and eastern parts of of a tree of the same kind: it is brought Persia: the sagapenum is more frequently from Nubia by the caravans, and also from found at Bagdad than Cairo, and comes Arabia by the way of Suez. The quan- to us by the way of Alexandria. The tity annually carried to Marseilles used merchants of that place send small quan, to be worth 20,0001.

tities of it to Marseilles, and some of the Turkish Gum, is, like the above-men- Italian sea-ports. tioned, a native of the nether parts of Sarcocof, or Flesh Gum, is said to be Africa, and is supposed to be produced produced by a plant, or rather a shrub by the very same tree that furnishes the growing in the southern parts of Persia, common gum Arabic, from which it and in Ethiopia and Arabia. Greater little differs, except in size and transpa- quantities of it are to be procured at rеnсу.

Bagdad than at Cairo. Capal Gum, is exactly the same subs Incense, frankincense. This perfume, stance as that called in the Levant trade used in religious ceremonies both by the Sandarach. This resin, generally used in moderns and the ancients, constitutes Persia as wax, is obtained from a kind of now, as in furiner times, a very prominent thya, (named thya aphilla by Mr. Des- article of the trade of Egypt. It is care font, in his Flora Arlantica), growing in ried froin Arabia and the eastern coast Arabia and the south of Persia. The of Africa to Suez, and from thence to European merchants buy laige quantities Cairo, from which city it is dispersed of it at the markets of Caio. I am through all the provinces of the Ottoman in possession of several pieces, each not empire, and every part of Europe. Liless than two inches in bulk, in some of vorno, Trieste, and Venice, used to which insects are enclosed, and among import considerable quantities, and the others a fretting worni,

portion received at Marseilles, partly Ammoniac, or Gum Amaniac, a resinous in the shape of concrete drops, and partly gum, is procured by culung a certain in powder, amounted every year to about species of ferula growing, spontaneously 10,0001. in the deserts of Libya, in Arabia, and Myrrh, This resinous aromatic sub. in the eastern and souther parts of Per- stance comes with the caravans that sia. It is brought paitly by land to arrive at Cairo from the interior parts of Cairo, and partly by sea to Suez. Africa: a great deal is consumed in


Turkey, and much likewise is sent to annual importation at Marseilles wis Lirernu, Trieste, Venice, and Mar- estimated at 5 or 6,0001. seilles: the last-mentioned place had for Gold Dust. The same caravans carry its share formerly to the value of froin that valuable dust as it is gatisered on 150 to 2001.

the borders of the rivers in the inner Balsam of Mecce. Many of the pile parts of Africa, to Egypt, in very consigrims returning from Mecca, bring small derable quantities; and it is therefore quantities of this balsam with them, supposed that this metallic substance is and value it at a high price. That it as plentiful in the imer parts of Africa was sold by the ancients for its weight in as in America. gold, is, however, well known: though very O strich Feathers. Besides the large little is brought into Europe, it may easily quantities of ostrich feathers wbici are be procured at Cairo. The American received at Marseilles from Tripoli and balsam is justly preferred, as being less Tunis, Alexandria also supplies the same expensive, but not less efficacious. place every year to the value of from

Aloes. There are different kinds of 2000 to 2, 2001. aloes; some are brought to Suez by sea, Myrobolans, the fruit of a tree growing and others are carried to Cairo in ca. in Indostan, and much used for physic tarans from the interior parts of Afri- in Europe, comes in inuch greater qualse ca; much of it is sent to the ports of tities round the Cape, than by the Red Turkey and Italy. The quantity for. Sea. The merchanis established at Cairo merly received at Marseilles may be va- were in the habit of sumetimes buying łued at from 150 to 2001. every year, and transporting them to Marseilles,

Turmeric is the root of a plant growing Leghorn, Trieste, and Venice, at very in the East Indies, particularly in the low prices. island of Ceylon, and the coast of Mala- Pellelory, the root of a plant called bar; from thence it is carried to Mecca, antheniis pyretrum, growing in Arabia, and afterwards to Suez. It is in great is received in very trifling quantities in repute in India, as well for its medicinal Marseilles from Egypt. virtues, as the ineans of heightening the Worm Seed (artemisia judaica), the colour of cochineal. Very little of it seed of wormwood growing in Arabia, comes to Marseilles, or the Italian ports. is also conveved to Marseilles by the

Poison-Nuts (strychuus nux vomica), way of Egypt in small quantities : some the fruit of a tree growing in Ceylon call it semen contra or santonicum. and the coast of Malabar, and trans- Hermadaciyls, the roots or bulbs of a ported by water to Egypt: used to be species of iris tuberosa, growing in Ara. purchased at Marseilles to the yearly bia, passing through Egypt, comes in amount of from 100 to 1501. ; small quantities to Marseilles.

Ebony Berries (cocculi indici), the Ginger (zedoary or selual). These small fruit of a plant (monospermum roots, which have hitherto come to us cocculus) growing in the East Indies, directly froin India, may also be proand carried by sea to Egypt, were an. cured at Cairo, where they are indeed nually exported from that country to often bought by Furopean merchants; Marseilles, in quantities equal to the and this is the case with almost all the value of 1000l.

productions of Indostan, which are gea Ebony is not at present brought into nerally to be found in Egypt. Egypt by the caravans from the inner Slaves. It is not here necessary to menparts of Africa in the same quantity as tion the negro slaves carried every year formerly, which may either be the con- by the merchants of Barbary and Nubia sequence of the decrease of its consump- Sina to Cairo, and hence spread over tion, since hard and flame-coloured every quarter of the Ortoman dominous; woods from America are in equal estima. their value hemg much inferior to those tion, or of the scarcity of the trees which purchased by Europeans on the West produce it in these countries.

coast of Africa, for the use of the West Ivory. The teeth of the elephant are India settlements. The number of black brought of different sizes into Egypt by slaves seen at the markets of Cairo is ihe caravans from the inner parts of very trifling; for the Turks prefer white Africa; some of these teeth weigh more slaves in every respect, and Europeans than a hundred pounds. Great numbers are quite excluded from that detestable were sent to the Italian ports; and she trade. MoniuLY Mac. No. 203.



MEMOIRS of the IATE REV. ples of false grammatical construction

which are given in it from Hunie, and: By the Rev. Joseph BEALEY. other authors of established celebrity. In: THE lale Rev. Dr. Barneś was born the summer of 1768, the Rev. Thomas

at Warrington, in the county of Barnes, for so he was now become, left Lancaster, on what was then called the the academy; having gone through his first, but now the thirteenth, day of Fe- course of studies there with great honour bruary, in ihe year 1747. His maternal to himself, and given full satis action to grand ather was the Rev. Thomas Bline his tutors, both by las general behaviour, ston, an eininently pious and useful miand by his proficiency in all those branches nister of the gospel among the Non.con. of learning to which bis attention had formists, for whom the Protestant dis- been directed, and which are usually senters' present place of worship at Park studied by candidates for the ministry Lane, near Wigan, was originally built. among the Protestant dissenters of this His father, Mr. William Barnes, died kingdom, in their inost respectable sewhen he was young; nut more than three mineries of estucation. His first settle. years old. This mother, however, Eliza- ment in the ministry, which took place heth Barnes, daughter of ihe above-inen, immediately upon his leaving the acade. tioned worthy divine, was a very pious my, was at Cockey Moor, near Bolton, and excellent woman; and, under her in his native county; and in the following tender care and good instruction, he was, year, he was there regularly set apart to in his early youlli, brought under very ihe sacred office, by ordination, for serious impressions of religion. In con- which service he continued, through lite, sequence of the viows and feelings which a strenuous advocate. From his Girst were this excited in his inind, he soon entrance upon the work of the Christian discovered a strong inclmation to the ministry, be applied to the discharge of sacred office of the Christian ininistry. its important duties with uncommon zeal He was accordingly enlucated with a view and diligence, and his labours were to this employment, first at the grainmar. crowned with correspondent success. school in his native town, onder the During his continuance at Cockey Moor, puition of the later Rev. Mr. Owen, who which was nearly twelve yenrs, the conis well known to have heen an excellent gregation was much more than doubled, classical scholar; ther, under the care probably more thao trebled in oumber of of the Rev. Philip Holland, who kept its members, under his pastoral care; a very respectable hoarding-school at and he was an eminently useful labourer Bokon, in which place he went in the in the vineyard of his niaster, though in year 1761; and hence lie reinoved, in a plain country situation. In May, the suminer of 1764, to the academy at 1780, he removed to Manchester, and Warrington, of which the Rev. Dr. Aikin becaine connected there, in the pastoral was, at that time, principal tutor, a relation, with one of the largest, most gentleman equally distinguished by his wealthy, and respectable congregations learning and piety, and for whose ine- among the Protestant dissouters, of what mory his pupil, the subject of this me- is called the Presbyterian denomination moir, always expressed the highest vene. in this kingdom; and in this connexion ration. He was also upon terms of very he continued during a period of opwards considerable intimacy, during his acade- of lhirty years, to the time of bis death. mical course of studies, and particularly Here also be approved himself a faithful, in the latter part of it, with the late Dr. zealous, and affectionate pastor, and want Priestley, who was then a tutor in the held in very high estimation, not only by Jepartment of the langunges and , belles. the people of bis jinmediate charge, but lettres, in the Warrington Acadeiry, and also by the inhabitants of the town in assisted him materially in soiae parts of general. His regular duty only called the Radiments of English Grainmar, born to perform one public service on the which the doctor published about this pe sabbath ; but, nor long after his settlenied, particularly in collecting the exam- ment in Alanchester, in the winter of

. . . . 1732,

1782, he voluntarily undertook an even- ohject of his attention to the time of his ing service or lecture, which soon began death, and in the conduct of which his to be very nunerously attended, and assisiance las betri generandy considered which he regularly continued every sab- and acknowle/lyed to be of gri at use, bath evening in the winter season, till The Rev. Dr. Barnes undoubtedly pose the declining state of his health, in con- sessed boch natural abilities and acquired Junction with the circumstance of his attainments, which Qualified him to bare having the whole seguiar duty of the conte distinguished himsell in the literary world, gregation devolved upon him, through and he had a considerable raste for those the indisposition of his colleague, induced studies and pursuits which might have his friends, about the middle of lagt led to this result; in proof of which is winter, to insist upon his entier déclin may be mentioned that he was one of the ning the lecture, or having assistance first promoters of the Manchester Liteprocurest for bim in the other parts of rary and Philosophical Socie:y; and that che duty, in which circumstances lie chose for several years, he took an active part the former alternative, thinking it the in its proceedings, and wrote several Riore expedient measure, upon the whole, papers, which were published in the early though the evening lecture was his fir- volumes of its memoirs, which his friend, Fourite service, and that which he thought Dr. Percival, who was certainly a commore useful than any other ishich he per- petent judge of their merit, considered formed. It has, for several years past, to be su far creditable to his literary re. been attended by an audience amounting putation, that he repeatedly urged bria to upwards of 2000 in number, consisting to revise and enlarge them, and to pube chiety of respectable, serious, and atten. lish them in a separate volume; but with tive hearers, of different denominations this recommendation, though it caine of religious professors. In the beginning from so respectable a quarter, he never of the year 1784, the subject of this me- complied. Some circumstances after moir had the degree of D.D. conferred wards arose, which, lovether with che mula upon him by the University of Edinburgh, tiplicity of liis other engagements, induupon the voluntary, and, on his part, ced him to disconiinue his allendance of unsought recommendation of friends, the meetings ofthe society just mentioned, who were well able to appreciale bis lite- and since that time he him not taken any tary attainments, and whose testimonial further part in its proceedings. He was to the cousequently reflected upon him a good classical scholar, reag and studied great honour. Of this measure the late the New Testamneut in particular, in the Dr. Percis al was the principal promoter. original Greeli, with great care and mis Not long after ibis, the Rev. Dr. Barncs mure critical attention; was able to read *as induced, by the solicirations of his the Hebrew Scriptures of the Old Testa, friends, to undertake, in conjunction with ment with considerable ease, and had a his colleague in the pastornd office, the very general knowledge of what is called Rev. Ralph Harrison, the important polite literatere; but he did not devote charge of an academical institution in much attention, at least in the latter part Manchester, upon which he entered in of his lite, to philosophical subjects as the suminer of the year 1786, and over it was a matter of principle with him to which he presided, as principai, with make all his studies subservient to the great credit to himself and utility to the great object of ministerial usefulness; public, till the year 1798, when he de. and amidst all his other engagements and termined to resign it, in consequence of avocations, le always discharged ine the difficulty which he had for some duties of his sacred office with uncune time experienced in maintaining in so mon zeal, fidelity, and diligence. Ille large a town as Manchester, where there was very remarkable for the regular dise are so many temptations to dissipation, tribution of his line, for the strict applia that regular and strict discipline which cation of it to the several du!!es and en. he wished to support. His actire mind, gagements to wluch it was allotted, for however, was always ready to einbrace ponctuality in the observance of all his every opportunity :f usefulnes; analier appointments, and for beglecting no sine his retirement froin tie academy, he be geperson or object in which his altongan to take a lively interest in the con- tion was due. He had an uncommonly cerns of the Manchester Tofirmary, fertile mm, great quickness of concep. *hich coutioued to be a very favourite 'tion as well as readiness of expression,


« ZurückWeiter »