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lor of the Exchequer could not reduce it, let its expenditure, to lay its taxes on equally, and the Ministers put him in tliat Right Hon. allow all to go dowu together, not to ruin Gentleman's place, and he would reduce it only one class. The people ought to come twenty millions. As for public property, be forward, aud he hoped that they would, to exwanted to have a slap at ali public properties; postulate with Parliameut when it was openand after that he would compromise with the ed, in order to obtain a reductiou of expendis public creditor on the best terms he could, ture. Nothing but that could give us any great but so that every person should bear his fair relief ; and to show that he was in earnest, he. share of the public burdens. He wanted to bad drawn up such a petition as he thought see the energies of England relieved from the ought to be sent to Parliament. He had pressure on them, so that she might not si. I taken considerable pains with it; but he did leptly suffer the aggraudisement of other not think that he should propose it for their Powers. He should oppose the amendment; consideration at that tiine. (Let us have it; and he hoped they would now unanimously give it us now, and a general call of the meetpetition agzinst the duties on malt and beer; ing for the Hon. Baronet to read the petition.) be hopeul, too, that they would succeed in He accordingly read it as follows getting them taken off; and that next year he should meet them to petition for the abolition
To the Honourable the Commons of the of some other taxes. (Bravo, bravo.)
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Sir William INGLEBY, the other county
Ireland in Parliament assembled, Member, they offered himself to the notice of “The Humble Petition of the People of the the neet ag, and was received with some County of Lincoln, marks of approbation. He was glad to meet " Showetu,-That your petitioners are the county ou any terms, but he thought it not plunged into distress absolutely intolerable : very liberal in the Sheriff to refuse to call a that in a county so highly favoured by nacousty meeting. It was not perhaps a regular ture, all the proofs of decline, decay, poverty, aunty meeting, in the absence of the Sheriff ; and misery,are seen in their strongest colours ; bat he felt much gratitude to the magistrates that farmers, tradesmen, and shopkeepers, are who had signed the requisition for the meet. become one mass of insolvents ; that thouing, and under whause guidance they had as- sands of virtuous, and industrious, and frugal sembled. Ile bad been sorry to hear, on a families are either ruined, or are on the verge Recent occasion, when he bad met a body of of ruin ; and the consequent want of employ. bis constituents at Grantham, that they were ment amongst the labouring classes bas led to in so bad a state : and since that time, he had a state of want and misery such as no peuple busied himself in finding out some plau to give on earth, much less Eoglish people, ever bethem relief.
He had drawn up something fore had to endure. which he should probably submit to the meet. " That your petitioners ascribe this dis, ing, if he were not afraid of interfering with graceful and fearful state of things to the the results of that day's proceedings; and if changes in the value of money, arbitrarily that were the case, be should propose it at some made by your Honourable House, and unac, other and more suitable opportunity. What companied with a reduction of the taxes; they wanted was, a great reduction of taxation, because, by that change, the taxes have, which at present was enormous iu its amount. during the last fifteen years, Deen more than If they could get the malt and beer duties doabled in amount. akes off, that would be ove step, one point ** That your petitioners, therefore, pray that rained, and they might afterwards gain an. your Honourable House will cause to be etder. He hoped he should meet the county at made a great and immediate reduction in the are future time to submit his propositions to taxes; and that you will be pleased to begin the freeholders. The distress in Lincolushire by totally abolishing the burdensome and as very great, but it was not so great as in cruel taxes on malt, hops, leather, soap, and those parts of the kingdom where manufac. candles, (laughter,) all of which are intolertures were established ; and he had lately been ably oppressive to farmers, to labourers, and Pesiding in one of these, where he knew that w all the tradesmen and others depending on the people were almost starving at his own the cultivation of the land. duar. Even in Lincoln, the distress was greater “ And your petitioners will ever pray." than he was aware of; till be bad met some It went a little beyond the requisition, as the agriculturists at Grantham, a few days the meeting would have seen. The distress, belcre, he could not know it to be so great as as he had described it, was intolerable, though he haul found it to be without attempting he might possibly have used too strong lansomething for their relief. As to what had guage. (it is correct.) The Hon. Baronet been said about the Guveroment vot reducing concluded by saying, that he hoped to see the the tases, and not touching public property, he time when the repeal of taxation, such as he kuew that the taxes had for some tine past heen prayed for, would be carried into effect. (Appaid out of the capital of the farmer. If not takes plause.) out of the capital of ibe farmer, be was sure Sir ROBERT HERON begged to set the Hon. that they could got come out of their profits, Barvnet right as to county meetings. A and he did not know why they should be county meeting was legal when called by the suited to enrich the tax-gatherer and the fund- magistrates as well as when called by the kulder. If the country was iu such a bad state Sheriff or by the Lord Lieutenant, and that that its resources were no longer'equal to its was as much a county meeting as if the Sheriff wants, the Goveruinent was bound to reduce bad presided.
this would ouly be like a drop in the ocean. magistrates and in his own name, returned the desert There were many other taxes which must be his thapks to the meeting. He congratulated at and inost unjust change, by violent operation, Col. Johnson, they would cease to see the ex- CALE their property and the property of all the inciseman walking through the land, or standing on the base
Mr. Cholmeler differed from the Hon. aware of the true situation of the country. He Baronet in not thinking the country in such also expressed his satisfaction at the respecta. 's 10 desperate circumstaoces as be scemed to sup. bility and great numbers of the meeting. pose. He might, indeed, think our circum Mr. T. SMITA said a few words to recomstances desperate if he could not trace the mend Parliamentary Reform to the attention measures which caused our distress; but of the meeting, but the cold had made the every measure which had produced evil, was farmers so impatient, and their usual dinuer distinctly known, so that the steps which it huur having nearly arrived, they cut Mr. Smith was necessary to retrace, to restore our pros. very short. He said that they could not experity, were plaioly before us. There was no pect any reform in the expeoditure as long as cause to despair, though he, for one, must the Parliament was woreformed, and he theresay that he thought the agriculturists had fore hoped they would next petition for Parliapartly been the caizse of their own distress. mentary Reform. (How, how ?") They had partly caused it Before the meeting broke up, by their extreme apathy. Like charity, they Colonel SIBTHORPE proposed that they should had believed and hoped, and suffered all. The consider the propriety of calliug another reason why the Ministers bad not taken off the county meeting, to discuss the question of ter kucai. taxes on malt and beer was, that they, like the general distress. (Bravo.) other people, were ready to attend to the inost Colonel Johnson would readily agree to this dail, a obe clamorous. The Ministers had given relief to the proposal, but he hoped the meeting would those who had been constantly and steadily not be called till the weather was warmer. asking it of them. Now, the agriculturists The CHAIRMAN then read the petition and feel s Pet could hold out no longer, and, as had been the amendment, and afterwards put them to illney, to said, the contest was soon coming between the the vote, when the amnendment was rejected, and listen fundbolders and the landlords. If the agricul- no person but the mover, that we could see, buke turists did not take care of their own interests, holding up his hand for it'; and the petition, they might be sure the Ministers would pass as at first proposed by Col. Johnson, was them over. He formed this opinion from the unanimously agreed to. eagerness be noticed in several weekly and Col. Johnson stated, that the petition daily journals, to decry the agriculturists; and would soon be ready forsigpature, and be in particular there was one journal which he hoped the people would sigo it numerously. noticed because of its great influence, but it would subsequently be sent round to the which displayed most lamentable ignorance different market towns, and would lie there for a Litter te on all questions connected with the agricul signature. tural interest. Its sentiments, too, were those Sir W. INGLEBY moved the thauks of the of wishing to destroy that interest. It seemed meeting to the gentlemen who first signed the to think ibat the gentlemen of that part of requisition for calling a county meeting, and rbe country were born under a feuny atmo- also to the magistrates who had, on the sphere, and could not compreheud their own Sheriff's refusal, called the county together interest. But he would add, that the meet. and also to Mr. Handley, one of them, for bis kietour ing would regard him as thick-witted if he able and impartial couduct in the chair. did any more than touch ont such a topic in Sir C. F. BROOM HEAD seconded this motion, such weather. He wislied to see the malt and which was carried by acclaination. beer duties repealed, but be was afraid that Mr. HANDLEY, in the name of his brother repealed; many other laws which must be the persons present on the propriety of their amended; and ibere were many other causes proceedings; he was pleased to see so pumer. of their distress of more importance than these ous and respectable an assembly; he was glad duties, to which he could unt even allude. of their unanimity, and he sincerely trusted There was the currency also, which had added, that the next time they met he should have to as they all knew, one-fourth to all their congratulate them on the success of their excharges, and bad increased the value of all ertions, and on having obtained the object they public taxes and salaries. By an arbitrary had then met to petition for. He hoped, with
the had been He too. altered in its value. (The meeting expressed ers' monopoly would be done away; and that some impatience at being detained.). Mr. he would seil most beer who brewed it the Cholmeley therefore concluded by expressing best and cheapest. (Great applause.) Mr. his satisfaction at the respectability of the Handley then declared the meeting dissolved. meeting, and declared, though he had not Long before this period the people had gone very sanguine hopes of attaining their object, away in coosiderable numbers, under the inyet the consequence of that meeting would be fluence of the cold and damp ground, it being important, and it would not, he hoped, be covered with snow. In a few minutes the without some effects on the authorities of the Castle-yard was entirely clear, every body ap.' country.
pearing anxious to get into warmer quarters. Mr. Healy exi ressed his satisfaction at hearing what had fallen from Sir W. Ingleby, as he had been one of the Hoo. Baronet's 1u. Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's-court; and, tors, and had taken some paiņi to make liim published by him, at 183, Fleet street.
to reset He attentist
made the usual ang
e as less od beter
Q for Para
ity together in my Register your very long, very this main your "constituents," as you call them, “ lity of gain to rob him of his share, e object When you abused me, in one of your e respecto COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER. ering, Vol. 69.-No. 5.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 30T1, 1830. [Price 7d.
landowners; and it shows at once the
alarm and the imbecility of their minds. oald act &
To the Gentry, Clergy, Freeholders, and
I endeavoured in my last letter to
Commons, February, 1826, when the Bill for and low price, may exist together; and
happiness may also exist together : I
from a scarcity and high value of money,
a LESSENING of the quantity of money, On his Third Letter to the People of
as Mr. Locke calls it, is always produc-
tive of misery; and I at this moment
describes as too probably consequent
upon it. Mr. Locke says : “ The peo-
gone, will be jealous of each other, tedious, and very stupid third letter to “ and each suspecting another's inequawho may well be called your Essex-" will be employing bis skill and power calves, and who deserve all that they " the best he can to retrieve it again, are now getting, and a great deal more," and bring money into his own pocket for having chosen you to represent them," in the same plenty as formerly; but
while there were men like me in the “ this is only scrambling amongst ourthe kingdom. My principal reason, how-“ selves, and helps no more against our
, for publishing your letter is, that " wants, than the pulling of a short I may have it on record. I remember" coverlet will, amongst children who
“ lie together, preserve them from the harangues to your CALVES; and I re “ cold; some will starve, unless the member how the beasts bellowed out“ father of the family provides better, applauses upon you.
You are both" and enlarges the scanty covering. properly punished now; and your pu-" This pulling and contest is usually mishment gives great satisfaction to me.“ between the linded man and the merBefore I go further, I shall insert your “ chant, for the labourer's share, being letter: and when I have done that, I " seldom much more than a bare subshall make some remarks upon it. I “ sistence, never allows that body of beng my readers to muster up their “ inen time or opportunity to raise their patience, and to get through the whole; “ thoughts above that, or struggle with for, confused mass as it is, it expresses “ the richer for theirs, unless when some the shuffling opinions and feelings of " common and great distress, uniting the cowardly and greedy part of the;" them in one universal ferment, makes
banks of the st sigada meeting, bad, a
them, for e chair.
starve; and many are starving, I am" in their wretched abodes, they will ens abro convinced, for the want of it, and they " soon tell you that labour is the source 1 hing instea have suffered, and are suffering to such “ of all wealth ;--they will tell you that your SEIT an extent, that statesmen must be blind" the miner explores the bowels of the BXHITE if they do not see that the people will" earth in search of the richest trea• METACTUL
the stone that builds the man- tmcL; NO sweep all like a deluge. I am amazed sult of labour; the ploughman breaks densa they do not see that any alternative is the sturdy turf to extract the fruits ANY
“them forget respect, and emboldens by whose labour the whole are sup“ them to carve for their wants with ported and fed ; or when we see men “armed force, and then sometimes they actually fainting and maddening under “ break in upon the rich and sweep all the deprivation of their proper suste- "iseren
, tia “ like a deluge. But this rarely hap- nance ? Is that the way to give secu“pens but in the mal-administration of rity to those who derive all their key
; and neglected or mismanaged govern- i wealth, all their share of the common “ment.” The whole of this passage is stock, and so large a share from the marvellously descriptive of our present labour of men who are thus oppressed ? kufree for te unhappy state, and of the danger that See the accounts of the Huddersfield stages of awaits us. I ask whether, from the meeting of manufacturers and operafirst moment of the LESSENING of the tives; from which it appears there is too a CALAP, QUANTITY of money by Peel's Bill (and much reason to apprehend that the tra- mn'ered this lessening has been adMITTED to be gedy of Ireland in 1822, will be exone-fourth, but I say, one-half), the hibited in that and other manufacturing jealousy of one another, which Mr. towns, and there is in their present situst the peop! Locke so strikingly describes, did not ation too close resemblance now: and citi, son take place, and if it does not exist to a see also the following extract from a s, il soon great degree now? The landed man letter of Geo. Beaumont, to the editor Lisans Only and the merchant, the manufacturer, of the Leeds Patriot, of December 26, su cheapnes the different traders, masters and men, 1829, which will give you an idea of wax alendar landlords and tenants, and their labour the sentiments which distress has helped ers, are all pulling against each other; but to give birth to in that portion of the sun are no this scrambling amongst ourselves, as community :he says, helps nothing against our wants. "Sir,-1 can assure you, the geneThe father of the family must give us a “ rality of labourers consider that all we; or w sufficiency of covering, or some will " wealth flows from them. Visit them atture or te soon forget respect, and want will em sures ; bolden them to carve to their wants “ sion, as well as the polished marble with armed force, and break in and that beautifies the temple, is the res preferable to the course they are pursu of the field, and the weaver in fata metre ing. They must know, I think, that “ tered rags produces the firm fabric the distress is owing to the insufficiency" that decorates the pampered lord. of the currency necessary for the affairs “ Sir, it is high time to be honest if of the country; at least they admit that one dare ; the truth has been too they have caused a contraction of the “
long concealed, nay, were the real currency, and that such contraction has “sentiments of the operative manufacoccasioned a great pressure upon the “ turers made known to the public, it INDUSTRY of the country, though they “ would alarm the most callous and indeny the extent of it. But WHY IN “ different. It would fill the minds of FLICT AT ALL A GREAT PRESSURE upon. " the wealthy with terror." the INDUSTRIOUS CLASSES ? What
It does appear to me an infafuation is the use of having a contracted cur- that nothing can account for, that, in rency, a smaller quantity of money in spite of all this inisery before their eyes, circulation? Does it add to our secu- and such proof, such Admission of the rity when it throws all the industrious cause, our statesmen still go on LES classes into difficulty, when it almost sening the quantity of money, and destroys that portion of the community pluming themselves upon what they
call cheapness ; though they ought to they must be real low PRICES, and not know, the fact is demonstrable from Low prices from the high value of their own admissions, that such cheap- MONĖY; the REAt Low prices are those ness is only dear money, an actual which are comparatively low, arising SCARCITY of money; and I may fairly out of the superior skill and industry of apply that term to the total inadequacy the producers, and the facilities they of our present currency to give a suf- enjoy; if the prices become low, in feient money-price for the products of consequence of the high value of money, industry and the wages of labour. They the weight of taxation must be felt do all they can to deceive the people proportionably heavier, and the preswith the term cheap, as applied to sure upon industry so much more sebread or manufactured goods. I am vere. Now, the statesmen, authors of bound to believe they deceive them. Peel's Bill, want to make us believe selves first, they certainly do all thiey that the present low prices are the can be deceive the people, as the peo- effect only of skill and industry, and of ple will, however, soon find out. The cheap raw produce ; at least such apa people, I say, will soon discern that PEARS to be their object, for the fall in CHEAP BREAD means only dear money, price consequent upon the increased and that such cheapness and starva- value of the currency, is always kept tion are constant attendants upon each out of sight when subjects are discussed, other, and that such cheap inanufaea which ought to induce a careful discria tares and ruin are no less constant mination of the several causes of low allies. What matters it that bread is price. I say such statesmen are singu. at a low price, if the man's pocket is larly mistaken, or else they are in the empty of money; or what matters it habit of doing what, I believe, some that a manufacturer or merchant sends politicians think perfeetly justifiable, cheap manufactures abroad, if his ven- but which I certainly do not, and which, ture ends in loss instead of profit? I at all events, must be bad policy in the AI CONFIDENT THAT NEITAER MANUFAC- end. I mean, that in order to carry a TURER NOR MERCHANT WILL MAKE ANY great question, such as, in the estimate PROFIT TILL MANUFACTURES RETURN A of some people, the perpetuity of Peel's Big MONEY PRICE; NOR WILL WORK- Bill, they think they may employ their KEN AND LABOURERS OF ANY DESCRIP- eloquence to confound instead of enTION HAVE COMFORT AND PLENTY TILL lighten their auditors; to confuse and TECIR LABOUR BEARS A HIGH MONEY perplex the subject, instead of to clear PRICE ; NOR WILL ANY TRADE PROSPER and simplify it. TILL ALL PRODUCTS OF INDUSTRY FROM
Mr. Huskisson said, the other day I TEE PLOUGH, TAB LOOM, AND THR sail, may call it, in the House of Commons : BEAR A HIGH MONEY PRICE. This seem "What would this country have been, ing paradox grows out of our peculiar if the prices of our manufactures had sitaation. A rise in the MONEY price, continued at the same amount as durWould be in effect no advance in the ing war? We are now the greatest REAL price, either of commodities or " manufacturers in the world. Would labour, but would operate in a direct " that have been our situation if we had contrary manner.
li would be a dimi- “ not been able to compete with our tution of taxes, by diminishing the value “foreign rivals in the market of the of the money in which taxes are paid; “ world? It was to the change of price but this will appear more and more “ that we owed this advantage of our clearly as I proceed. And here I en- « present situation, in being able to sell ter the list with some statesmen, “ our woollens and cottons abroad, the upon a point on which they consider “ price of which was regulated by the themselves strongest, and on which price at home." Now it is evident, many think they are strongest. They that his argument and statement here say, if you have not low prices foreign would lead his auditors to believe that es will uodersell you : 80 say I, but the low price he spoke of, was the sole