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accomplished, that the (1) Scrip- || might believe. For these things 36.
ture might be fulfilled, saith, “I were done, that the Scripture 29. “ thirst.”
Now there was set a should be fulfilled, “ A (I) bone vessel full of vinegar : and they
(6 of him shall not be broken." filled a spunge with vinegar, and And again (m) another Scripture 37
put it upon (i) hyssop, and put it saith, “ They shall look on him 30. to his mouth. When Jesus there- “ whom they pierced.”
fore had received the vinegar, he said, “It is finished :” and he bowed his head, and gave up the
blessed Son our Saviour Jesus
Christ; so by continual mortifylegs might be broken, and that
ing our corrupt affections, we 32. they might be taken away. Then
may be buried with him; and came the soldiers, and brake the
that through the grave and gate legs of the first, and of the other
of death, we may pass to our which was crucified with him. 33. But when they came to Jesus, and joyful resurrection, for his inerits
who died and was buried, and rose saw that he was dead already, again for us, thy Son Jesus Christ 34. they brake not his legs : but one
our Lord. Amen.
The Epistle. 1 Pet. iii. 17. 35. out blood and water. And he
that (k) saw it bare record, and It is better, if the will of God be
For Christ 18.
D. 28. (b) “ The Scripture.” Perhaps Psalm
Ixix. 22. “When I was thirsty, they gave
é) sa He that saw it," i. e. St. John,
the testimony of an eye-witness. 5.36. (1) “ A bone,” &c. In Ps. xxxiv. 19, 2c. is this passage :
" Great are the “ troubles of the righteous, but the Lord « delivereth him out of all. He keepeth “ all his bones, so that not one of them is “ broken.” And to this passage St. John might allude. It was also a provision as to the paschal lamb, that not a bone of it should be broken. Exod. xii. 46. “ Thou shalt not carry forth aught of " the flesh abroad out of the house, “ neither shall ye break a bone thereof."
So Numb. ix. 12. in directing how they
bone of it." And St. John might mean to point out our Saviour as the true Paschal Lamb. He is called “ our passover,” i Cor, v. 7.
(m) “ Another Scripture,” viz. Zech. v. 37. xii, 10. “ I will pour upon the house of
David, and upon the inhabitants of « Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of
supplications : and they shall lock upon “ me whom they have pierced ; and they « shall mourn for him,
one that “ mourneth for his only son; and shall “ be in bitterness for him, as one that is « in bitterness for his first-born."
also hath once suffered for sins, || souls, were saved by (r) water. the just for the unjust, that he The like figure whereunto, even 21. might (n) bring us to God, being baptism(s), doth also now save us
put to death in the flesh, but (not the (t) putting away of the 19. quickened by the (0) Spirit: by filth of the flesh, but the answer
which also he went and preached of a good conscience towards
unto the (P) spirits in prison ; God,) by the resurrection of Je. 20. which sometime were disobedient, sus Christ: who is gone into hea. 22.
when once the long-suffering of ven, and is on the right hand of God (9) waited in the days of God; angels and authorities and Noah, while the ark was a pre- powers being made subject unto paring, wherein few, that is, eight him.
v. 18. (n) “ That he might bring us to (t) “ Not the putting away,” &c.
“God." According to Isaiah liii. 5. he i. e. not the outward ceremony, but the was wounded for " our transgressions, thing signified ; purity of life, and its “ he was bruised for our iniquities; the necessary consequence, a conscience void « chastisement of our peace
(that is, of offence. The meaning of this (not whereby we obtained peace) was upon very clear) portion of Scripture seems to “ him; and with his stripes we be this: if we must suffer, it is better it “ healed.” In Matt. xx.28. our Saviour should be for good deeds than bad, and says, that he came “to give his life a ran- from evil-doers rather than from God, as " som for many.” In Matt. xxvi. 28. he to which we have our Saviour for an es• speaks of his blood << shed for many
ample, who was persecuted even unto “ for the remission of sins.” In Col. i. 14. death, and yet was raised again to life we are said to have“ redemption through by the Spirit of God; which Spirit, “ his blood, even the forgivenness of sins." however, though it will ultimately reward And 1 John iv, 10. God is said to have to the utmost those who adhere to God, “ sent his Son, to be the propitiation for and will ultimately take vengeance upon « our sins.” In Heb. ix. 28. it is said, those who revolt from him, yet is it a that “ Christ was once offered to bear the spirit of forbearance, which gives man « sins of many."
opportunity to repent, and does not at (0) “ The Spirit,” i.e. probably, the once execute punishment ; for it was this divine Spirit.
self-same Spirit which warned the sinners v. 19.
() “The spirits in prison," i. e. the of the old world in Noah's time, and gave sinners of the old world, who were under them 120 years in which to repent, and bondage to sin.
then at the end of that time brought such 0.20. (9) “ Waited." God forebore 120 a destruction upon the world as left only
years before he sent the flood, to give eight persons alive. It is consistent, time for repentance. See Gen. vi. 3. therefore, with God's ways, notwith“ The Lord said, My Spirit shall not standing the warning he has given by " alway strive with man, for that he also Christ's coming, to forbear for a time “ is Aesh; yet his days shall be 120 to execute his judgment, and to suffer his years," i. e. I will spare him for that
opposers to triumph ; but their punishtime.
ment, if they repent not, is not the less 0. 20. (v) For “ by water."
certain, and will not be the less heavy: should perhaps be “ from the water." And as the ark in Noah's time saved v. 21. (6) “ Baptism." Baptism into Christ, those who had deserved God's favour, so
if we a& up to our duty, saves us from will baptism into Christ give the same eternal destru&ion, as effectually as the salvation now. And this is the more ark did Noah from destruction here : or certain, because God has given such an St. Peter might mean, that baptism into assurance as cannot fail, viz. the raising Christ would save the converts from tem- Jesus Christ from the dead, and putting poral destruction here, as certainly and him at his own right hand, above all effe&ually as the ark did Noah.
angels, principalities, and powers.
the (y) other Mary, sitting over The Gospel. Matt. xxvii. 57.
against the sepulchre. Now the 62. When the (u) even was come, next day, that followed the day there came a rich man of Arima.
of the Preparation, the chief thea, named Joseph, who also priests and Pharisees (z) came to58. himself was Jesus' disciple: he gether unto Pilate, saying,
“ Sir, 63. went to Pilate, and begged the " we remember that that deceiver body of Jesus. Then Pilate com- “ said, while he was yet alive,
manded the body to be delivered. “ After(a) three days I will rise 59. And when Joseph had taken the
« Command there. 64. body, he wrapped it in a clean " fore that the sepulchre be made 60. linen cloth, and laid it in his own sure until the third day, lest
new (x) tomb, which he had hewn “ his disciples come by night and
“ the people, “ He is risen from 61. sepulchre, and departed. And as the dead :" " so the last error
there was Mary Magdalene, and “shall be worse than the first."
(u) “ The even.” The latter part
of the day of preparation, on which our Saviour was crucified; before the hour at which the Sabbath was considered to begin. St. Mark, in speaking of Joseph's application, says, “When the
even was come,” (because it was the preparation, that is the day before the Sabbath), “ Joseph,” &c. " came," &c. And St. Luke, after mentioning his application, and the laying the body in the sepulchre, says,
and that day was “ the preparation ; and the Sabbath drew v. 60. (x) “ New tomb,” &c. According to
John xix. 39, 40. Nicodemus brought
grave with the wicked,” from his being
factor, but like that of a rich man. 9.61.
(y) “ The other Mary.” The wife of Cleophas, (John xix. 25.), and mother
of James the less, and of Joses, (Mark
40.) (2) “ Came," &c. This is not men- v. 62. tioned by any of the other Evangelists : but it may be observed, that this Gospel was written chiefly for the use of the Jews; that the Jews from all quarters would be at Jerusalem at this time, because of the feast of the
passover. And St. Matthew could hardly have dared to have stated this fact, had it not been notoriously true. In the next chapter, Matt. xxviii. 15. he says, the chief priests and elders told the soldiers to say, “ his “ disciples came by night, and stole him away
whilst we slept." " And this " saying is commonly reported among “ the Jews unto this day.” He refers, therefore, to a report which he
says subsisting when he wrote his Gospel. How would his whole Gospel have been impeached had there been no such report? And if there was then such a report, it proves a watch was set, and confirms this account?
(a) “ After three days.” That is, ac- v. 63. cording to the Jewish mode of expression, on the third day. Rehoboam ordered the people to come after three days, when he meant them to come the third day. 2 Chron. X. 5.12. And the disciples are said to have assembled “ after eight days," when they really met the eighth day. John xx. 26. According to Matt. xx. 19. our Saviour told the twelve disciples he should rise again the third day.
65. Pilate said unto them, “ Ye have 10 For in that he died, he died
“ a watch; go your way, make unto (f) sin once : but in that he 66. “ it as sure as ye can.' So they liveth, he livech (8) unto God.
went, and made the sepulchre u Likewise reckon ye also sure, sealing the stone, and set- yourselves to be dead indeed unting a watch.
to (b) sin : but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
i Cor. xv. 20. EASTER DAY.
Christ is risen from the dead :
and become the (i) first-fruits of [At Morning Prayer, instead of the Psalm,
O come let us sing, &c. the following An- them that slept.
21 For since by man came 1 Cor. v. 7.
death : by (k) man came also the
resurrection of the dead. Christ our (b) passover is sa- 22 For (1) as in Adam all die : crificed for us : therefore let us
even so in Christ shall all be made keep the (c) feast,
alive. 8 Not with the (d) old leaven,
Glory be to the Father, and to neither with the leaven of malice
the Son : and to the Holy Ghost; and wickedness : but with the
As it was in the beginning, is unleavened bread of sincerity and
now, and ever shall be : world truth.
without end. Amen.
(6) “ Our passover,” the true Paschal (1) “ First-fruits.” By Lev. xxiii. v.20: Lamb. As the blood of the paschal 10, II. the Israelites were ordered “
“ to lamb saved the Israelites when the angel “ bring a sheaf of the first-fruits of your of the Lord destroyed all the first-born “ harvest unto the priest, and he shall in the land of Egypt, and the houses of wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be the Israelites, being sprinkled with that accepted for you.” So is Christ the blood, were “passed over” by the destroy- | first-fruits of the dead, the first that has ing angel, so will Christ work a more been raised from the dead : and as the important deliverance for his followers. first-fruits of the harvest procured ac. See ante 99. note on Mark xiv. 1. ceptance with God, so will be procure
(c) “ The feast," i. e. of the passover acceptance for his followers : and his be. and unleavened bread.
ing raised, is a proof that all his followers (d) “Old leaven," i.e. figuratively ; shall be raised also. not with impure tempers, habits, &c. (k)
“ By man,” i. e. Adam ; by man, 9.21(e) See post, note on Rom. vi.
i. e. Jesus Christ. (f) “ Unto sin,” i. e, on account of (1) “ As," &c. The meaning is, the v.22sin
2; to overcome it, to shew how of. influence of our Saviour's righteousfensive it is to God.
ness shall be as extensive as that of (8) “ Unto God," i. e. to promote Adam's transgression : the one subgodliness.
jected all to death ; the other shall give (b) “ Dead indeed unto sin,” i. e. as to all the opportunity of rising to eternal free from its controul and dominion as if life. really dead.
Christ hast overcome death, and with him in glory. Mortify there- 5.
The Gospel. John xx. I.
The (9) first day of the week
are above, where Christ sitteth sepulchre, and seeth the stone 2. on the right hand of God. Set taken away from the sepulchre.
your affection on things above, Then she runneth, and cometh to 2. 3. not on things on the earth. For Simon Peter, and to the (s) other
ye are (n) dead, and your (6) life disciple whom Jesus loved, and 4. is hid with Christ in God. When saith unto them, “ They have Christ, who is our life, shall ap
the Lord out of the pear, then shall ye also appear “ sepulchre, and we know not
(m) “ If," &c. St. Paul had been considering them as identified with our Saviour; circumcised with him ; dead with him ; buried with him ; and risen again with him. Col. ii. 11, 12, 13. 20. And this means, if you are really to be considered as having risen with him, then seek, &c.
(n) " Are dead.” Are to consider yourselves, till our Saviour's appearance, as in a state of death ; to indulge no sinful desires, &c. He uses the same argument, Rom. vi. 2,&c. “How shall we, that “ are dead to sin, live any longer there. “ in ? He that is dead, is freed from sin.”
(0) “ Your life is hid,” &c. Your time for enjoyment is suspended till Christ's appearance :
it is to that you are to look forward ; that is to be your
time of happiness. This implies that he had in view some appearance or coming of Christ, which was to happen in their times : no doubt that period so often referred to, “ the day of the Lord," " the “ coming of the Lord.” See ante 25. note on Rom. xiii, 11. and ante 29. note on Luke xxi. 25.
6). “ When ye lived in them,” i. e. v.7. “ when your
was in them,” in opposition to their present state, when they were to be considered as dead to fleshly lusts : and their life, according to verse 3. was to be considered as hid in Christ.
(9) “ The first day of the week,” i. e. v. 1. the day after the Jewish Sabbath ; the day which answers to our Sunday.
(r) “ Mary Magdalen.” According v. I. to St. Matthew and St. Mark, Mary the mother of James the less went with her : and according to St. Mark and St. Luke, they went with spices to anoint the body. Matt. xxviii. 1.-Mark xvi. i.-Luke xxiv. i. They did not, therefore, expect that he was about to rise again. Mary Magdalen's attention to our Saviour, even after his crucifixion, was most natural : he had cast out from her seven devils, Luke viii. 2.—Matt. xvi. 9. and had raised her brother Lazarus from the dead, John xi. I to 44.
(s) “ The other disciple," &c. i. e. v. 2. St. John the Evangelist : so that St John is here relating what he himself personally knew.