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subjects who succeed to real property in American |
or British possessions, respectively, to have three
years in which to sell the property and to with-
draw the proceeds without paying excessive

March 11-In Tokio, French Indo-China and Thai-
land (Siam) signed a pact ending their border
dispute which had developed into undeclared war.
Thailand gets from French Indo-China approx)-
mately 24,750 square miles of rice-producing area
in Cambodia and Laos. This gives back to her
part of territory she lost in 1904 and 1907-the
town of Battambang, but by special agreement
Indo-China retains the famed Angkorvat ruins of
a civilization more than 2,000 years old.
-The U. S. Court in Milwaukee, Wis. fined the
American Society of Composers, Authors and
Publishers $5,000 after it had entered a plea of
nolo contendere to a charge of violating Federal
anti-trust laws; 19 corporations affiliated with
ASCAP were fined $750 each. Gene Buck, presi-
dent, E. C. Mills, chairman of the administrative
committee, and John G. Paine, general manager,
were fined $1,500.

March 13-Tom Mann, 84, British labor leader,
died in Grassington, Yorkshire.
-Near Bond Head, Ontario, seven persons were
killed in a collision of two military planes from
the Canadian Navigation School in Goderich.
March 14-Fifteen Netherlanders convicted of ter-
rorism, espionage and sabotage were put to death
in The Hague by a German firing squad.
March 15-U. S. Attorney General Jackson told
Congress that, although deportation warrants
had been issued against more than 8,000 aliens,
more than 6,000 of these cannot be ejected "be-
cause of conditions beyond our control."
March 16-High winds, and cold, in east North
Dakota and west Wisconsin killed 66 persons, of
whom 38 were in the Dakota country.

March 22-The Grand Coulee (Wash.) Dam began
to operate its first generator, two years ahead of

March 24-On Jolo Island, 12 Moros, who dug their
own graves in the jungle, then garbed themselves
in white for burial under Mahometan rites and
challenged Philippine constabulary soldiers to a
fight, were killed in the ensuing battle.
-In Shanghai, eight employes of the Central Bank
of China were killed and 63 injured by exploding
bombs set, the police said, by enemies of the
banks backed by British or American capital.
March 25-C.I.O. strikers at the McCormick (Har-
vester) plant in Chicago and at the steel plant in
Bethlehem, Pa.-both engaged on defense con-
tracts were routed by the police, to enable the
A.F. of L. members to take strikers' places.
There was violence, and tear gas was used. On
March 26, an order for the immediate reopening
of the strike-bound Allis-Chalmers plant at Mil-
waukee was given by Secretary Knox and William
S. Knudsen, director-general of the OPM.
-A Pensacola, Fla., Naval airplane beheaded Mrs.
Robert Phillips, 35, mother of four children,
when it dived toward a turnip field where she
was working near Robertdale, Ala.
March 28-The Otter, of the Canadian Naval
Patrol, a former "luxury" private craft, took
fire and was destroyed off Samboo light, at the
mouth of Halifax, Nova Scotia, harbor; 19 of the
crew lost their lives.

March 28 Rumania decreed the expropriation of
all urban real estate owned by Jews, as "an act
of national reconstruction." Those baptized
before 1911 or those who were wounded or
decorated in battle and their descendants were
made exceptions.

-In Cape Province, South Africa, Rear Admiral G. W. Halifax and nine others were killed in a plane crash.

east of Honghai Bay, 100 miles northeast of Hong Kong. They are pushing inland from similar previous landings.

March 29-In the Catacombs under Alexandria, Egypt, Alan Rowe, director of the Alexandria Museum, has unearthed a gold-ornamented body of a wealthy young Egyptian woman of the Roman period." Although only the woman's skeleton remains, the skull contains the gold tongue and eyes that were inserted after death. On the body were various gold rosettes, two golden necklaces and some golden fingernail coverings..

-A passenger train on the Pennsylvania Railroad-Japanese forces in China landed at Kitchioh Bay, -The Buckeye-bound from Cleveland for Pittsburgh in a blizzard was wrecked at Baden, near Rochester, Pa., by a loose rail; 5 persons were killed, 114 hurt. E. W. Smith, Vice President of the road, said: "All spikes on both sides had been pulled from the outside rail, next to the river. One end of the rail, the end facing the oncoming locomotive, was moved 22 inches. The bolts had been removed from the splice bars." March 17-The U. S. Supreme Court approved dismissal of the suit of Arthur E. Morgan for reinstatement with back pay, as chairman of the Tennessee Valley Authority. He had been dismissed by the President in March, 1938, after a row which began when the former Antioch College president charged his two colleagues, David E. Lilienthal and Harcourt Morgan, with improperly administering TVA affairs. -In Washington, Paul Mellon presented to the nation, and President Roosevelt accepted, the National Gallery of Art, founded by the late Andrew W. Mellon of Pittsburgh, containing his collection of paintings and sculpture, and also those of Samuel H. Kress.

-Six men attached to the aircraft carrier Yorktown were killed in a collision of two planes they were maneuvering over the Pacific Ocean. March 19-Following a preliminary pact between the Dominion and Ontario Province, representatives of Canada and the United States signed in Ottawa an agreement for the development of power throughout the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence basin, and providing for a deep waterway from the head of the Lakes to the harbor of Montreal. It is to take the place of the treaty rejected by the U. S. Senate in 1932, and it is similar to that of the Niagara Convention of 1939 and the St. Lawrence deep waterway treaty of 1932. March 20-In Argentina, 6 military airmen were killed in the crash of an American-built Martin bomber on a practice flight between Buenos Aires and Villa Mercedes, San Luis Province. -The Rockefeller Foundation report for 1940 listed the closing of many European institutions of learning and research which it formerly aided: the flight of Jewish and anti-Nazi teachers and students from Germany and German-occupied lands; the interference of German authorities in university and school curricula in the effort to impose a Nazi "cultural program"; the arrests and disappearances of teachers and students who opposed this program, and the impossibility of sending money to support still worthwhile projects in the war zone because of U. S. Treasury Department restrictions. March 21--Georgia, by a State law, went on Eastern Standard Time. The law makes the Alabama line the boundary of Eastern time. Heretofore. the time line has run north and south through Atlanta, with the eastern part of the State on Eastern time and the western on Central time.

March 31-The U. S. Supreme Court, four to three, ruled that the Government is not the special kind of a "person" created by the Sherman anti-trust act but is simply a "juristic person" and therefore is not entitled to sue alleged price-fixing combinations for triple damages under the Sherman anti-trust law, as a private individual or corporation can. The decision blocked a Justice Department suit to collect $1,053,474 from tire manufacturers accused of conspiring to fix "collusive prices" in 1936 and 1937.


April 1-Nearly 400,000 soft coal miners stopped work; 80,000 kept on digging, because their employers signed a retroactive stipulation with the Union. Of those out, 350,000 are in the Appalachian area and the rest are in Utah, Illinois, Indiana and Alabama. Work is going on in Washington, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Wyoming and Kentucky. The Appalachian area consists of Michigan, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Tennessee and eastern Kentucky.

April 2-The Dominican government took over control of its customs service under the Sept. 24, 1940, agreement with the U. S. The customs receivership had been in the hands of American officials since 1905 to guarantee payment on the Dominican Republic's dollar bonds.

Four men were killed and wounded in fighting between union and non-union miners in Harlan County. Ky.

April 3-An Eastern Air Lines plane, with 16 persons aboard, bound from Miami and West Palm Beach, Fla., for Daytona Beach, Fla., was caught in a storm and made a forced right-side-up landing in a pine swamp ten miles west of Vero Beach, Fla. Rescue of the 13 passengers and three crew members was made with small flatbottom boats. Among the injured was Dr. George W. Crile, of Cleveland.

April 4-In Washington, D. C., a Federal Jury found the American Medical Association and the Medical Society of the District of Columbia, guilty of Anti-Trust Law violation, but acquitted 18 individual defendants. The governmen charged that the two organizations and

individual physicians entered into a conspiracy in restraint of trade and interfered with operations of Group Health Association, a cooperative organization giving medical service to government employes for a monthly advance fee. April 5-Colombia and Venezuela signed a border treaty under which the frontiers are defined, after a century of controversy.

April 7-A navy patrol bomber plane with two officers and eight enlisted men aboard, from Chambers Field, bound for Quonsett Point, R. I.. plunged into the Atlantic two miles off the Virginia Coast, north of Machipongo Inlet; all were drowned.

April 8-Hongkong announced the Chinese recapture of Swabue, which the Japanese took on March 24.

-In the first heavy raid since Feb. 26, Japanese planes attacked Kunming, Chinese terminal of the Burma supply road, starting fires and damaging the British Consulate.

April 9 The U. S. Conciliation Service announced that soft coal operators whose decision will affect 68 per cent of the nation's $1,000,000,000-a-yearbituminous industry have agreed to a contract incorporating a flat $7 a day basic wage, with the United Mine Workers of America. Southern operators in the Appalachian area refused to accept the agreement, holding that they must retain a 40 cent differential which existed under the old wage scale. They bolted two joint NorthSouth Conferences, despite appeals by President Roosevelt; on April 23 the strike was referred ("certified") to the National Defense Mediation Board.

April 10-The New York Tribune and the Cincinnati Enquirer celebrated their respective 100th birthdays. The first named daily is now the Herald-Tribune. During the century The Enquirer missed an edition only once. The night of March 22, 1866, fire destroyed the Pike Opera House and the newspaper plant. The bound file contains a blank sheet in place of the issue of March 23.

April 13-In San Juan, Gov. Swope signed (effective in 90 days) the Puerto Rico Land Authority Bill, which asserts that "the Legislature through the instrumentality of this act states that land in Puerto Rico is to be considered as a source of life, dignity and economic freedom for the men and women who till it." The Act limits corporate (mostly sugar) land holdings to 500 acres. April 14-Long-term convicts, John Waters, 30. Joseph Riordan, 26, and Charles McGale, 42, killed John Hartye, 55, a guard in Sing Sing (N.Y.) Prison hospital, and crawled 800 feet through a steam tunnel to liberty. Miller McGovern, another patient in the hospital, died of fright during the shooting melee. The trio were challenged at the Ossining, N. Y., railway station by Policeman James Fagan, 32, who shot Waters to death and was fatally wounded by one of the felons. The latter were rowed across the Hudson by a shad fisherman, at pistol point, and then took to a rocky trail in Palisades Interstate Park, where they were caught by State troopers and Park police.

-In Beverly Hills, Calif, James Roosevelt, 33, took as his second wife Miss Romelle Theresa Schneider, 25, a nurse he met in a Rochester, Minn. hospital.

April 15-In Mexico, an earthquake which killed 84 persons and injured 263, and was centered in the area of Colima on the coast, caused damage reported as far as 500 miles to the east-near the Gulf of Mexico-and 150 miles to the north and the south. A tidal wave, caused by the quake, was reported from several coastal towns. The 12,750-foot Colima volcano erupted, sending lava over the Colima area and setting fire to nearby forests.

-In Port au Prince, Congress setting as legislative assembly elected Senator Elie Lescot, Haitian Minister at Washington, President of Haiti. The vote was 56 to 2.

-Governor Lehman of New York signed the Wicks bill (an amendment of supplement to the old railroad anti-sabotage law which has been on the books of the State since 1881). Originally it applied only to steam railroads and contained penalties up to ten years in jail if the safety of any person was endangered by an act of sabotage and up to five years in jail if safety was not involved. These penalties were left untouched in the Wicks amendments, which now include all trolleys, buses and subways, publicly or privately owned, in the scope of the law.

--In a coal mine fight, near Middleboro, Ky., four men were shot to death and a score or so wounded.

April 16-John Arena, 42, editor of "La Tribuna," was found shot to death in Chicago. He had

given to the Dies (Congressional) Committee information about the activities of Ovra, Italian Fascist secret police, in American defense industries. Arena, who became an American citzen six months ago, told the Dies investigator that Ovra agents had been obtaining national defense secrets from steel and other industrial workers. Chicagoans of Italian descent, he said, had been "coerced" into paying money into an "espionage fund."

April 17-Three employes of the Chungking-controlled Bank of China in Shanghai were shot and killed and others kidnapped in a new outbreak of terrorism.

-David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican artist, was acquitted in Mexico City on a charge of directing the machine-gun attack on the home of Leon Trotsky May 24, 1940.

April 18-Japanese forces took Ningpo, China, a trade and political city and treaty port, 200 miles south of Shanghai, in Chekiang Province. It was one of the first ports opened under the 1842 Treaty of Nanking.

April 19-France notified the League of Nations of her intention to withdraw.

-Floods and wind storms killed a number of persons and damaged property in Missouri, Oklahoma, Illinois, Kansas, Arkansas and Nebraska. -Hindu-Moslem riots at Ahamadabad, 300 miles north of Bombay, British India, were quelled after 56 had been killed and 318 wounded by the police; there were 400 arrests.

April 20-New Jersey forest fires driven by high winds, destroyed 68 residences before the flames split toward the east and west on nearing Lakewood, one of the 45 places menaced by the flames. Soldiers at Fort Dix, N. J., confined the blaze to 8,000 acres in that region. More than 70,000 acres of forest were burned in two days, and there were extensive woodland blazes also in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, New York and Massachusetts. In Plymouth County, Mass., fire destroyed a church, à Coast Guard station, and 500 summer residences. April 21-Andrew Jackson Houston, 87, last surviving son of Gen. Sam Houston, was appointed U. S. Senator from Texas to fill the unexpired term of the late Morris Sheppard. April 22-Japanese occupied the city of Foochow, China.

April 23-Col. James A. Moss, 68, of Washington, president of the United States Flag Association, was killed in New York City in a collision of a taxicab and a bus.

April 24-The New York Court of Appeals ruled, 4 to 2, that a strike to prevent the use of mechanical music in place of "live musicians" at theatrical performances was illegal. The ruling was in an injunction proceeding by which Operaon-Tour, Inc., sought to restrain the American Federation of Musicians and the International Alliance of Theatrical State Employees and Moving Picture Operators from interfering with the opera company's productions in which recorded or "canned" music was used.

April 26 In New York City, Deputy Police Inspector John W. Kenna, 50, shot himself to death-the 117th suicide in the Police Department since 1934.

April 27-Daylight Saving Time in New York City
and most of the State went into effect at 2 a.m.
April 28-Gen. I. M. Angarita was elected by the
Congress to be President of Venezuela.
-The U. S. Supreme Court upheld the Interstate
Commerce act which bars the exclusion of
Negroes from Pullmans and other first-class ser-
vices on railroad trains.

April 29-Western Australia experienced severe earthquake shocks. Buildings in Perth and in distant towns were shaken.

April 30-In Oklahoma, a law against criminal syndicalism (passed following a revolt in Seminole County against the 1917 draft) has been resurrected, and three men have been convicted, fined and sentenced to prison on proof of membership in the Communist Party.


May 1-William Esposito and Anthony, his brother, were convicted of murder in New York City. They killed policeman Edward Maher and payroll carrier Alfred Klausman, in a holdup, Jan. 14 last. They were sentenced to death in the electric chair.

May 3-The fossilized bones of a dinosaur 4-leg creature 100 feet long were discovered in Alberta Province, Canada, in the North Saskatchewan Valley, near the city of Edmonton. The dinosaur was alive 6,000,000 years ago.

May 4-The birthplace (Dec. 28, 1856) of Woodrow

Wilson, in Staunton, Va., was dedicated as a National Shrine by President Roosevelt. -Britain went on daylight saving time. France also shifted the clock an hour ahead, making two hours ahead since the February decree. May 5-Gen. Plutarco E. Calles, ex-president, returned to Mexico after five years exile. President Cardenas put Calles and three of his followers aboard a plane April 10, 1936 for the United States, charging them with meddling in government affairs.

May 6-In the City of Washington, Heinrich Simon, 61, of Frankfurt, Germany, fugitive editor of the Zeitung, died from a skull fracture. Police said he had been assassinated when he left his apartment for an evening stroll.

-Sailors who strike on a merchant ship in a safe domestic port are not guilty of revolt or mutiny, a U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in Philadelphia.

May 8-Capt. R. S. Rivas, of Bolivia, on a goodwill flight from New York to La Paz, was killed when his plane fell in rising from the airport at Washington, D. C.

May 9-In reorganizing the Spanish Government, Gen. Francisco Franco dismissed Miguel Primo de Rivera, brother of the late founder of the Falange organization, and put in his place Manuel Mora as civil governor of Madrid. -Benjamin Brewster, 33, a New York broker, and his wife, Leone de Baron Lyon Brewster, were burned to death when their new airplane hit a mountain and crashed near Beavertown, Pa., on the way to Warren, O.

May 10-Airplane (hydroplane) service between the United States and British Malaya was begun by the arrival at Singapore of the 42-ton California Clipper. It returned to Manila May 12. -A two-day Japanese air raid on Chungkin, China, killed 230 persons; hotels and foreign embassies were damaged.

May 12 The Chrysler Corporation laid off 12,000 workers in its Dodge division because of a shortage of materials supplied by the New Haven Foundry Company, whose United Automobile Workers (C.1.0) employees are on strike in New Haven, Mich.

May 13-Frank Hague, 65, was elected to a seventh term as Mayor of Jersey City. N. J., and to an eighth term as City Commissioner.

-A. C. Williams, 22, a Negro, was shot to death by a lynching mob at Quincy, Fla. He had been in custody, charged with attacking a 12-year-old

white girl.

May 14 The United States Congress approved (275 to 63 by the House on the Conference report) a crop loan bill, under which the Government will lend to the growers up to 85 per cent of parity prices for wheat, corn, cotton, tobacco and ricethat is, a purchasing power compared with nonfarm commodities, based on the averages for the period August 1909 to July 1914. The President signed the measure May 26.

May 15-Fires which, it is said, started in several places in a lumber yard adjoining the Cramp shipyard in Philadelphia, where work is in progress on $113,000,000 of Navy defense contracts, consumed a vast amount of lumber. The watchman, Michael Reagan, 72, was burned to death. In the back of his head was a hole, attributed by the police to a saboteur.

-The 35,000-ton U. S. battleship. Washington, was put into commission at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, five months ahead of schedule the country's 17th ship of the line. The keel was laid

on June 14, 1938. May 16-The River Rouge plant of the Ford Motor Company announced an increase in the wages of 53,024 of the 85.000 employees, ranging from five to 15 cents an hour, a total of $6,000,000 a This is in addition to the $7,000,000 inyear. crease given the workers in the plant since the first of the year, it was stated. -Storms did much damage in Illinois and Ohio: five Army men were killed when they tried to land near Nelsonville, Ohio.


May 17-In Santiago, Chile, a delegate to the Radical Convention was assassinated by a Fascist youth who wounded another delegate. Mobs inJured others. The attacks were made while mass inauguration of 800 Radicals was in prog-Fire destroyed 20,000 volumes in the library o Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia. -In Albania, a Greek, Michailoff Vasil Laci. 19. fired his pisto! at an open automobile carrying King Victor Emmanuel of Italy and Albanlar Premier Shevket Verlaci from Tirana to the airport. The bullets hit a rear tire. The King took another car to the airport and flew to Rome. The youth was hanged.

May 19 A two-day strike of 91,000 anthracite

miners in the Pennsylvania areas ended in an agreement which, retroactive to May 1, the date of the expiration of the old contract, provides for a 712 per cent wage increase until Oct. 1, 1941, when the increase will be raised to 10 per cent. The miners also will receive a token payment of $20 for each person employed in the industry a year or more to cover vacation expenses. May 20-President Roosevelt announced that two years trial of a next-to-the-last Thursday Thanksgiving Day had not fulfilled trade expectations-so, beginning, with 1942, he would see to it that Thanksgiving went back to its old place on the calendar-the last Thursday in November. May 21-The United Automobile Workers-C.I.O.. in victory over the American Federation of Labor at an election supervised by the National Labor Relations Board, won the right to bargain exclusively for more than 80,000 hourly rated and production workers at the Ford Motor Company's River Rouge plant. The vote was 51,866 to 20,364.

May 22-Navy trucks and station wagons, driven by uniformed sailors and marines, carried an estimated 200 to 250 non-striking shipyard workers through the machinists' picket lines at two of the 11 San Francisco Bay area yards that have been tied up by a strike since May 9.

May 23-An explosion in the Panhandle Coal Mine, near Bicknell, Ind., killed 14 of the men who were working 325 feet underground; 17 others on the same level but 2,500 feet away walked to safety 21⁄2 miles through side passages.

May 24-Several hundred Japanese have left the Republic of Panama under the terms of the new Constitution, and the exodus is continuing. mostly to Costa Rica.

May 25-At Bombay, British India, communal rioting has caused 40 deaths and injuries to 140 persons since May 22.

May 26 The U. S. Supreme Court, 4 to 3, ruled that Congress has power to regulate primary elections for the nomination of candidates for Federal offices. The decision covers congressional primaries in the States.

May 27-A fire of undetermined origin on the longest pier in New York harbor (2,280 feet) destroyed 30 freight cars, 2 barges (on one of which the watchman was burned to death) and great quantities of creosoted piling, all intended for export, at the Greenville, N. J., Pennsylvania Railroad, Bayonne terminal. May 28-Harry Bridges, Pacific Coast labor leader, whom the Government seeks to deport, testified at his hearing in San Francisco that he is not now and never has been a member of the Communist Party or affiliated with it. He contradicted the testimony of nine government witnesses placing him in Communist party meetings or in Communist party headquarters in San Francisco and New York. He admitted membership in the I.W.W. for a few months in 1921 and cooperation with the M. W. I. U. during the 1934 general strike in San Francisco, but denied membership in the M. W. I. U. He testified the following day that he had falsified his age when he first went to sea in 1915, because he was only 15 then and his parents objected. When he applied for citizenship in New Orleans, in July, 1921, he added a year to his age. Bridges denied that he knew certain men were Communists or that he believed it now even when the govern"Every labor leader is ment said they were. called a Communist at some time or other," he said. -A Federal Jury in Philadelphia failed to agree as to the guilt or innocence of ex-U. S. Judge J. W. Davis and Morgan S. Kaufman, Scranton lawyer, who were charged with corrupt criminal conspiracy with William Fox, bankrupt film producer, to obstruct justice and defraud the government. Fox, who had pleaded guilty, testified for the prosecution. According to Fox's testimony, he lent Davis $27.500 in 1936 while several cases connected with his bankruptcy were headed toward the Federal Circuit Court, in which Judge Davis was then active. Davis denied that he had ever borrowed money from Fox. May 30-Ex-King Carol of Rumania and Mme. Lupescu arrived at Havana from the Virgin Islands.

-Ex-King Prajadhipok, 47, of Thailand (Siam) an absolute monarch, who was legislated out of office March 2, 1935, died on his estate in the County of Surrey, England. His annual income was estimated at $1,500,000. He had reigned nine years, three months.

-France decreed confiscation of all property of Gen. Charles de Gaulle. "Free French leader. May 31 On the Jersey City waterfront, just across the Hudson from New York City, a fire which

death in a stampede into the city's largest shelter.

Japan extended formal recognition to the newly established government of Croatia.

June 8-Fire in Wheeling, W. Va., laid waste the plant of the Machine Products Company which was making, on U. S. Government order, parts for bombs and machine guns. Fire in Jacksonville, Fla., caused an estimated $800,000 damage, destroying two of the Clyde-Mallory Line's three terminals.

first was seen in a cattle pen in the th Street stockyard, destroyed a 167-foot granary containing 300,000 bushels of wheat, hay and grain; half of the six-story Mid-Hudson warehouse; 1,300 feet of cattlepens; 18 freight cars, a tugboat and 13 barges; two automobiles; a wooden pile driver and 442 steers, 1,265 sheep and 414 calves. May 31-In Shanghai, a man in an automobile stole $2,500,000 from the post office. The currency (Chinese) was on its way to banks and was being loaded into armored cars by Chinese when a sedan entered the post office grounds and the Japanese, who was driving, ordered them to transfer the money to his car. -U. S. Secretary of State Hull announced in writing, to Quo Tai-chi, Foreign Minister of China, that when peace is restored in that country the U. S. would move for the relinquishment of her special extra-territorial rights in China, dating-In from the early American treaties.


June 1-Whatever new order of peace and justice is to arise from the war must safeguard the rights of the individual, Pope Pius XII said, in an address broadcast throughout the world from Vatican City. "To safeguard the inviolable sphere of the rights of the human person and to facilitate the fulfillment of his duty should be the essential office of every public authority," the Pope said. "Does not this flow from the genuine concept of common good which the state is called on to promote? Hence, it follows that the care of such common good does not employ a power so extensive over the members of a community that by virtue of it the public authority can decide on the beginning or ending of human life, determine at will the manner of man's physical, spiritual, religious and moral movements in opposition to the personal duties or rights of man, and, to this end, abolish or deprive of efficacy his natural rights to meterial goods."'

June 2 Over 60 persons who had taken refuge in a public dugout were killed when a Japanese plane squadron bombed Chungking, China. There were 300 casualties. The British Embassy was bombed, and the French Consulate was demolished.

-The Chief Justice, Charles Evans Hughes, resigned, effective July 1.

-Lou Gehrig, 37, the "Iron Man" of baseball, died from a form of spinal paralysis, in New York City. The ailment forced his retirement as Yankee's first baseman in July, 1939. June 3-Col. Kunio Akiyama, official spokesman for the Japanese Army in China, announced that 36,134 Chinese were killed and 20,000 captured in fighting along the Yellow River in Shansi Province.


June 4-Kaiser Wilhelm-Wilhelm II-former German Emperor and King of Prussia, died in exile on his estate in Doorn, The Netherlands. He was born Jan. 27, 1859. He was crowned Emperor June 15, 1888; he fled from Germany Nov. 11, 1918. His first wife, the Empress Augusta Victoria, died in Berlin, April 11, 1921. Nov. 5, 1933, he married - Princess Hermine of Schoenaich-Carolath. At the bedside at the end were his wife, his daughter, the Duchess of Brunswick; his grandsons, Louis Ferdinand, Karl and Franz Joseph, and Franz Joseph's wife, the Princess Henrietta. Absent was the Crown Prince, who left last week when it appeared that his father was rallying: three other members of the family, all grandsons, had fallen with the German armies in the present war. The body was buried in the Castle Doorn. June 5-Floods in the Pittsburgh area killed several persons. Homes were swept from their foundations, two river boats sank in the Monongahela, and six barges were carried downstream, impeding navigation. The waters rose above the 25-ft. flood stage where the Monongahela and Allegheny meet to form the Ohio River. June 6 The California State Assembly, 54 to 26. overrode Gov. C. L. Olson's veto of legislation to outlaw labor's hot cargo" and secondary boycott weapons during the national emergency. The State Senate, 34 to 5, overrode the veto last week. The measure makes it unlawful for a person to bring economic pressure on an employer in efforts to induce him to refrain from doing business with or handling the products of any other employer because of a dispute between the latter and his employes. It is to remain in effect until July 1, 1943.

June 7-The new Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. Mary was burned by 60 Japanese planes in an attack on Chungking. Hundreds of persons were made homeless, following up the June 5 raid in which 700 Chinese were suffocated or crushed to

--Six U. S. Army officers were killed when their plane crashed near Lyman, Wyo., on the way from Salt Lake City to Chicago.

June 9-A rifle fight at the International Harvester Co.'s coal mine, south of Benham, Ky., in which C. I. O. and A. F. of L. men took part, killed one man and wounded eight others.

Washington, Southern and Northern Coal operators and the United Mine Workers of America accepted a National Defense Mediation Board plan for settling a dispute among the various factions. June 10-Charles ("The Bug") Workman, charged with the murder of Arthur (Dutch Schultz) Flegenheimer, pleaded non vult"-no defense-and was sentenced to life imprisonment in Newark, N. J. Schultz and three of his gang were shot to death in a restaurant in Newark, Oct. 23, 1935.

-Bob White, 31, a Negro, was shot to death in the court room in Conroe, Tex., where a jury was being drawn to try him for an attack on a white woman. Her husband was charged with murder and was released under $500 bond. The Negro had been twice found guilty. His first conviction was reversed by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, his second by the Supreme Court of the United States. A jury later acquitted the husband.

June 11-Chungking's western suburbs were raided by 53 Japanese bombing planes. It was the fourth attack of the month.

June 12-The electric chair in the Sing Sing State Prison ended the lives of Harry Pittsburgh Phil') Strauss, 31 and Martin ("Buggsy") Goldstein, 36, members of the Brooklyn murder syndicate, who were convicted of the murder of Irving Feinstein, another member of the gang, Sept. 4, 1939. Strauss and Goldstein were the first members of the gang to be put to death. June 15-In Guatemala City, Margarita Pop, 47, was executed by a firing squad-the first woman in that country to be thus killed by court order. She had been convicted of murdering a woman. -At Chungking, 30 Chinese were killed in a dugout by a Japanese bomb.

June 16-Japanese and Russian delegations have agreed on border demarcation between Manchukuo and Outer Mongolia, which is the RussoJapanese neutrality pact Japan recognized as being under Soviet control.

-In Washington, D. C., the body of Miss Jessie Elizabeth Strieff, 23, a stenographer from Iowa employed in the War Department, was found in the garage of a private home in the Washington University section of the Capital. She had been attacked and strangled.

June 17-Japan broke off, at Batavia, negotiations which had been going on for 20 months with the Netherlands Government for an economic agreement as to The Netherlands Indies, relating to materials and goods, general trade relations, Japanese immigration, shipping investments, aviation and communications.

June 18-In Southern California, completion of a $200,000,000 project was signalized by turning the water of the Colorado River into the faucets of homes in Los Angeles (392 miles distant) and into Pasadena, Burbank and several other places. Construction of the water supply system was begun in December, 1932. The aqueduct originates at Parker Dam. Water is pumped across the Mojave Desert, then lifted 1,617 feet into the San Bernardino Mountains by pumps. -By a vote of 37 to 5 the Iceland Legislative Assembly elected as Regent, for one year, Sveinn Bjoerrsson, ex-Minister to Denmark.

At Chungking, an exchange of notes between China and Britain announced the delimitation of the Burmese-Chinese boundary. It had not been defined since the British annexation of Upper Burma in 1885.

-In Rumania, 15 government officials were killed when a plane crashed after starting from Bucharest for Sofia.

June 19-Lyman Epps, who sang at the funeral of John Brown, slavery abolitionist of pre-Civil War days, celebrated his 101st birthday. At his home near Lake Placid, N. Y. In good health, he took his daily walk to the village, a distance of a mile, and also helped a neighbor cut wood

-The United Mine Workers of America and associations of bituminous coal operators in the Northern Appalachian area, signed a wage agreement.

June 20-The old U. S. submarine, 0-9 which had been recently reconditioned at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, went down, with 33 men, in a deepdiving test off the coast of Maine, 24 miles east of Portsmouth, N. H., beyond the Isle of Shoals. The craft failed to come up. She was in command of Lieut. Howard J. Abbott, 31. Efforts at recue were under Admiral Harold P. Stark, Chief of Naval Operations. The craft was located as being about 440 feet below the surface, to which cork insulation from the interior of the hull had risen, showing that at least part of the submarine had collapsed. A Navy sea-burial service was held, June 22, and the O-9 and its dead were left where they were.

-In Washington, the Ford Motor Company signed a contract with the United Automobile Workers (C. I. O.) covering 130,000 employes in plants all over the United States. About 85,000 are in the River Rouge plant. The company granted the Union virtually everything it asked and threw in the union shop and check-off. It agreed to pay a wage equal to the highest in the industry, with individual pay adjustments ranging from 5 to 30 cents an hour, and to abolish the service department.

June 21-Young King Peter, the refugee ruler of
Yugoslavia, arrived in London, accompanied by
Prime Minister General Dusan Simovitch, Minis-
ter of Foreign Affairs, Momcilo Nincitch and M.
Knezevitch, who, before the flight from Belgrade,
was Minister at Court.

June 22-Byron Patton (Pat) Harrison, 59, U. S.
Senator for Mississippi and a National Demo-
cratic leader, died in the Emergency Hospital,
Washington, D. C.. after an operation for the
removal of an intestinal obstruction.
June 23-In the City of San Salvador, Mrs. Floren-
cia Marroquin Perez died at the age of 126.
widow since 1871, she is survived by five sons, the
youngest being 71 years old.


June 24-The three-day National Eucharistic Con-
gress opened in St Paul, Minn., with 50,000
Roman Catholic worshippers in attendance. Den-
nis Cardinal Dougherty of Philadelphia was in
charge, as the Legate of Pope Pius XII.
June 25-The page was closed on 90 years of rail-
road history in New York City when the last strip
of track of the New York Central was torn from
its bed at 11th Avenue and 29th Street. The new
West Side line of the railroad, either depressed or
elevated, now runs 13 miles from Spuyten Duyvil
along or near the east bank of the Hudson River
to Spring Street. The improvement, was begun
in 1929 and the work involved and removal of
640 buildings, including two churches and two
schools and eliminated 105 grade crossings.
June 29-Pope Pius XII, in a world-wide radio
broadcast in celebration of the Feast of St. Peter
and St. Paul, said that, though saddened by the
"tempest of evil, of suffering and of anguish that
now rages over the world," he saw some comfort-
ing sights, among them the courage shown in
defense of the fundamentals of Christian civiliza-
tion, intrepid patriotism, heroic acts of virtue,
chosen souls ready for every sacrifice, whole-
hearted self-surrender and widespread reawaken-
ing of faith and piety.

-The 44-ft, cabin cruiser, Don, left Dyers Cove
on Great Island, on the Maine coast, with 35 men
and women, bound for a picnic on Monhegan
Island. A fuel oil explosion destroyed the boat
and all aboard.

-C. I. O. machinists voted unanimously to end their strike against Oakland and Alameda shipyards, where they struck May 10.

-Ignace Jan Paderewski, 80, former Premier of Poland and a distinguished pianist, died from pneumonia, in New York City.

June 30-The Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, at Hyde Park, N. Y., was dedicated by the president. He had given the building, contents and site to the United States Government in a deed which became effective at midnight of June 30.


July 1-The Thibetan government at Lhasa has
been notified by a special council of lamas, that
the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama has been
found at Li-Hwa. 90 miles west of Tachenlu on
the Thibet-China road. The child, born Dec. 2,
1938, is named Tuden Dochi.
-In New York City, at 4 P.M., when the official
temperature was 92 degrees, the Weather Bu-
reau's thermometer, in a vacuum container on a
high point in Central Park, registered 125 de-
grees. Pilots of transports at altitudes of 10,000
to 15.000 feet reported to LaGuardia Field that

they were flying through temperatures of 55 to 65 degrees; 82 degrees was reported up to 6.000 feet. The ground temperature at the field was 94 degrees at 1:35 P.M.

July 2-In Nairobi, Kenya Colony, Equatorial Africa, a jury acquitted Maj. Sir Henry J. D. Broughton, 57, of the charge of slaying the Earl of Erroll, 39, who was found shot to death in his automobile Jan. 24. The Earl, who was High Constable of Scotland, was an acquaintance of Mrs. Broughton.

July 4-Independence Day was marked by 628 reported accidental deaths in the United States, of which 384 were automobile mishaps.

July 6-A strike of 150,000 soft coal miners in the Southern Appalachian field was averted by the signing in Washington of a 2-year collective bargaining compact between the operators and the C. I. O. The agreement provides for elimination of the 40-cent daily wage differential between Northern and Southern mines, for vacations with pay, and for extension of the "union shop" to the mines of the Harlan County (Ky.) Coal Operators Association, last of the big coal fields to be organized and the last holdout among the Southern group. The basic daily wage, North and South, is now set at $7. The Northern rate had been $6: the Southern, $5.60.

-Peru and Ecuador have renewed their border war. July 7-Robert J. Kirby, 52, principal keeper at Attica (N. Y.) State Prison since 1931, was appointed warden of Sing Sing Prison to succeed Warden Lewis E. Lawes, who is retiring on a pension.

July 8-Marshal Petain, in his official instructions
to the Commission that is to draw up a new
French Constitution, said that majority repre-
sentation and parlimentarianism had just been
defeated, but had been condemned "since a long
time by general evolution." One of the first
problems to solve in giving France a new re-
gime, he said, consisted in replacing the
"sovereign people-exercising absolute rights in
total irresponsibility-by a "people whose rights
are derived from their duties."

July 11-The United States Navy published notice
of mine planting operations at the entrance to
New York Harbor in an area northwest of Sandy
Hook Light Station. The mines are loaded and
are marked by four spherical buoys painted red.
July 14-The United States Senate Pensions Com-
mittee was informed by the Social Security Board
that 60 per cent of Americans over 65 years of
age depended on charity or their relatives for
support: 40 per cent of the nation's elderly
citizens live upon their own earnings, savings,
pensions and annuities. The other 60 per cent
are dependent upon charity and relatives. Half
of the women over 65 who are employed are in
domestic service at $3 to $5 a week.
July 18-More than 200 fires were reported in
Washington (State) forests, and travel was
banned in a 10,000-acre area- because of the
condition in the Rapid River section of the
Snoqualmie National Forest. It reported 30 fires.
The worst swept 5,000 acres and sent many fire
fighters fleeing into the river.

July 20 Chinese regular troops and Communist
units have been fighting in areas of North China,
in Northwest Hopen Province, Eastern Shantung
Province and near Tangshan on the Lung-Hai

July 22 A typhoon swept Tokio and Eastern
Japan, leaving thousands of persons homeless.
and killing 15 or more. In Tokio, 76,000 houses
were flooded. The damage was severe in an area
of 150 miles in length, extending to the south-
west, destroying 50,000 homes.
July 24-In Brooklyn, the County Court dismissed
a murder indictment against Chester B. Duryea.
70, who had been found guilty of shooting to
death his father, Brig. Gen. Hiram Duryea,
starch manufacturer, May 5, 1914. He had been
in the Matteawan State Hospital for the Criminal
Insane until March, 1940, when he was released
on the plea that he was sane enough to stand
July 26-In France, Marx Dormoy, Socialist leader.
Minister of the Interior in Leon Blum's Popular
Front Cabinet, was killed in a hotel by a time
bomb in his bedroom. He was there under "police

July 28 In the border warfare with Ecuador, Peru
troops have seized Matapalo Island, which was
occupied by Ecuadorean troops in March, 1938.
July 29-Peruvian planes were officially reported
to have bombed the towns of Machala, Puerto
Bolivar and Pasaje, causing deaths and injuries
among the civilian population.

July 30-A. C. Wenzel, President of the Chicago
Air College, Inc., was one of four persons killed

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