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Father's glory and the express image of his person, He upholds all things by the word of his power; be made expiation for our sins; he is the Son of God, the Son of Man, Emanuel, Messiah the Lord, our Saviour!
Mrs. Olympas. Some of the family asked me the other day touching that fourth person seen walking in the fiery furnace, into which were cast Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, by order of the Chaldean chief. The pagan king is represented as saying, “I see one like the Son of God walking with them in the midst of the fire."! "How," said they, “ did the wicked king know the Son of God in those days?'
Olympas.' Had our translators been a little better accomplished for the task given them by King James, the question would not have been asked. It reads exactly as follows:-"A son of the gods”-a superhuman or angelic being. Bar Elohim, without an article, in the Chaldee, as in the Septuagint, Huios Theou, can indicate no more than what the Pagan centurion exclaimed, "Truly this was an extraordinary persona son of a god."
We have not yet finished the egress of Noah, nor the incidents of that memorable era. There is the covenant with Noah, and certain family incidents, worthy of your attention,
O tell ' me, Susan, are the names of Noah's wife and daughtersin-law given by Moses?
Susan. I asked mother the other day, and she could not tell me the name of Mrs. Noah. Do you know, father?
Olympas. Her name was Naamah, the daughter of Enoch, who had been translated.
Thomas. Where shall we find that information ?
Olympas. It was; but it is said to be found, and here is a copy of it recently translated. I will read the passage :—"And Noah went and took a wife, and he chose Naamah the daughter of Enoch, and she was five hundred and eighty years old. And Noah was four hundred and ninety-eight years old when he took Naamah for a wife. And Naamah conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Japhet, saying, God has enlarged me in the earth; and she conceived again and bare a son, and he called his name Shem, saying, God has made me a remnant, to raise up seed in the midst of the earth. And Noah was five hundred and two years old when Naamah bare Shem, and the boys grew up and went in the ways of the Lord, in all that Methuselah and Noah their father taught them.” Concerning the pretensions of this work, we may say something again. It is at best only of traditionary authority, and is not entitled to our homage oply so far as it corresponds with one who certainly spake as moved by the Holy Spirit.
AFTER reading the covenant with Noah and Hesh, Olympas made the subject of Covenants the burthen of the conversation for the day.
Olympas. Can any of you give me a scriptural name for this transaction between God and Noah after his devotion at the altar?
William. It is called a covenant.
of you met this word before? William. It has not occurred before this time in the writings of Moses. It is, indeed, often used after this date.
Olympas. But when I asked for a name for this transaction with Noah, I asked for more than the title found in Genesis ix. Has it no other name than a covenant?
Reuben. I think you told us that the Lord alluded to this transaction by Jeremiah when he said, “If you can break my covenant of the day and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season."
Olympas. Yes; in Jeremiah xxxiii. 20, 25, the Lord speaks of day and night as covenanted matters never to be changed; and we know of no other instance in which they are solemnly guarantied, except this one. We therefore regard this Noahic Covenant as a “Covenant of Day and Night,” guarantying their continuance while the earth endureth. What is a covenant, Reuben?
Reuben. A covenant, according to Walker, is a contract, a stipulation, a compact."
Olympas. Or it may be defined, an agreement between two parties on certain terms." The parties may be called covenanter and covenantee. The former stipulates, the latter restipulates or agrees. Covenanter, since the civil wars of England and Scotland, has a sort of political and appropriated meaning, indicating one who takes a covenant; but in common signification it indicates one who proposes and stipulates a covenant; while the covenantee denotes the party who accedes to it. Still you must note here that a divine covenant is not called sunthekee, but diathekee. In a sunthekee the parties meet as equals, but in a diathekee the covenanter may be a father or a king, and the covenantee may be a son or a subject. A full proof of this you have in our lesson. God is here the covenanter, and Noah and all the fowls of the air, and all the beasts of the field are covenantees. Read the text, James.
James. " And I, behold, I established my covenant with you, and with your
seed after you ; and with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you, from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. And I will established my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth. And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you, and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations : I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and
it that I may
the earth. And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud: and I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you, and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look
upon remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth. And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.”
Olympas. Thus you see " all flesh, fowl, cattle, every living thing upon the earth,” are included as one party to this everlastiug covenant of temporalities. It was to be commensurate with time, with the earth, and the present course of nature, and is a guarantee or pledge to animated nature that such a desolation that just ended should never again occur. As a matter for future reference I would now state that it is not incompatible with the nature of a diathekee or scriptural covenant, that the covenantees be both passive and inconscious; nor is it incompatible that they be not only conscious, but active and leading in the transaction. God often propounds every item, and by his authority and supreme benevolence makes it the duty of man simply to acquiesce. What, Eliza, are the items of this covenant ?
Eliza. They are but two:-1st. That all flesh shall never again be cut off by the waters of another flood; and, 2nd. That the earth itself shall never again be destroyed by a universal deluge.
Olympas. And what about Day and Night, Eliza ?