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FRIDAY, October 25, 1782. The supplemental ordinance for regulating the post-office of the United States of America, was read a second time, being debated by paragraphs, and some amendments made : Ordered, That Monday next be assigned for the third reading.
MONDAY, October 28, 1782. The supplemental ordinance for regulating the post-office, was read a third time, and passed as follows:
A supplemental ordinance for regulating the post-office of the United States of America. Whereas, since the passing the ordinance for regulating the post-office of the United States of America, it hath been represented that the allowance thereby made of commissions to a deputy post-master, on the money only arising from the postage of letters, would in many instances be inadequate to the service; and that the provision that all the dead letten should be registered and preserved, will occasion great and useless trouble and expense; and no provision is made therein for the deputy post-master with the main army; in order therefore to remedy the defects of the before-mentioned ordinance :
Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, and it is hereby ordained by the authority of the same, that it shall and may be lawful for the post-master general for the time being, to allow to his respective deputies such commissions as he shall think their respective services may merit, not exceeding 20 per centum on the postage of all letters, making the same allowance for free letters as if they paid postage: and that intead of registering and preserving all dead letters, from time to time, remaining in the general post office, it shall be sufficient and the post-master general is only required to preserve such of them, the contents and enclosures of which may be valuable.
And be it further ordained by the authoriry aforesaid, that the act of the United States in Congress assembled, respecting the post-master at head quarters of the army, passed on the 11th day of March, 1782, be, and the same is hereby revived and declared to be in full force.
And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, that it shall and may be lawful for the post-master general for the time being, to allow and pay to any informer, one moiety of the penalties which may be recovered upon his information, for offences against the 4th and 5th clauses of the before mentioned ordinance for regulating the post-office of the United States of America.
Done, &c. Congress resumed the consideration of the report of the committee, on the letter of the 19th of August from the commander in chief, &c. and after debate,
Ordered, That the letter of the 19th August from the commander in chief and the papers accompanying it, the report of the late committee, and the motions on the subject, be referred to a new committee of five : the members, Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Osgood, Mr. Montgomery, Mr. Boundinot, and Mr. Duane.
TUESDAY, October 29, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Osgood, Mr. Izard, Mr. Bland, and Mr. Duane, appointed to consider and report the most just and practicable means of reducing the expenditures of the United States :
Resolved, That the quarter-master general be allowed 15 rations per day:
That the deputy quarter-master with the southern army be allowed 12 rations per day:
That all assistants in the quarter-master's department be allowed, each of them, two rations per day:
That the wagon-master, commissary of forage for the main army, and commissary of forage for the southern army, be each allowed five rations per day:
That the deputy wagon-master with the southern army, be allowed four rations per day:
That the wagon conductors be each of them allowed a ration and an half per day:
That the directors of the artificers be allowed each of them three rations per day, and the sub-directors each of them two rations per day:
And that the foregoing rations shall be inclusive of what the several officers aforesaid may be entitled to draw in the line of the army.
On a motion made by the delegates of Maryland,
Resolved, That Congress do, in behalf of the United States, accept all the right, title, interest, jurisdiction, and claim of the state of New-York, as ceded by and contained in the instrument of writing executed for that purpose by the agents of New-York, dated the 1st of March, 1781.
On the question to agree to this, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Carroll, Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,
| Maryland, Mr. Hanson,
ay Rhode-Island, Mr. Arnold,
ay ay Howell,
Hemsley, ay Connecticut, Mr. Huntington,
Virginia, Mr. Madison,
N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
Blount, New-Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,
S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
Dickinson, ay ay
ay ! div.
WEDNESDAY, October 30, 1782.
“That it be resolved, that nothing in the resolve passed yesterday, be understood to operate towards preventing the determination of any dispute that has arisen or may arise concerning territory, between the state of New York and
any other state or states in the union, by the 9th article of the confederation, in the same manner as if the cession had not been made.”
A motion was made by Mr. M`Kean, seconded by Mr. Howell, that the motion be postponed.
And on the question for postponing, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Bland, Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood, ay > * Maryland, Mr. Hanson, Rhode Island, Mr. Arnold, ay
Carroll, ay ay
N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
no Delaware, Mr. M‘Kean,
Georgia, Mr. N. W. Jones, no >
On the question to agree to the main question, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Williamson, Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,
| Pennsylvania, Mr. Smith, Rhode Island, Mr. Arnold,
Delaware, Mr. M'Kean,
ay Maryland, Mr. Hanson, New-York, Mr. Duane,
ay ay L'Hommedieu , ay}ay
Hemsley, ау. New Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,
Virginia, Mr. Madison,
dir Witherspoon, ay $ ay
no no no no
no no no
A-Caroáng, M. Willamson,
18.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
Georgia, Mr. N. W. Jones, no Se the question was lost.
The secretary at war, to whom was referred a letter of the 25th, from lieutenant colonel Cambray, having made report:
On motion of Mr. Gervais, seconded by Mr. Duane,
Resolved, That the secretary at war inform lieutenant-colonel Cambray, that Congress entertain a high opinion of his merit and military talents, and of his zeal and activity in the service of the United States; and that he has leave of absence for a term not exceeding twelve months, to visit his family in France.
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Bland, Mr. M.Kean and Mr. Dickinson, to whom was referred a pote from the hon. the minister of France, dated the 28th, respecting supplies of provisions sent to the enemy from NewJersey:
Resolved, That a copy of the information be transmitted without delay to the executive of New Jersey, with request that it may be laid before the legis. lature of the said state ; and that a copy be sent to the commander in chief, with directions to take speedy and effectual measures to suppress the said per picious clandestine commerce.
FRIDAY, November 1, 1782. The committee, consisting of Mr. Bland, Mr. Jackson and Mr. Howell, ap. pointed to make enquiry into the causes of the detention of goods purchased in Holland, having brought in a report: On motion of the delegates of South-Carolina,
Resolved, That so much of the report as respects commodore Gillon be dismissed: that the several papers mentioned therein be referred to the superintendent of finance, and if it shall appear to him that the United States have gred cause of action against commodore Gillon, in behalf of the state of SouthCarolina for damages on the subject matter of the report, that the superintendent of finance take measures for having such dispute between the United States and the said state, settled according to equity and good conscience, by arbitrators to be appointed by the governor of said state and the superintendent of finance, the delegates of the said state engaging that it will submit to such a inode of determination.
On a report from the secretary at war,
Whereas several pay-masters of the Virginia line are now prisoners of war, and from their dispersed situations are incapable of attending to settle the accounts of their respective reginnents; and lieutenant Charles Stackly having been appointed by a meeting of the Virginia officers to receive their warrants for the poneys advanced on account of pay and subsistence :
Resoleed, That the secretary at war is empowered to issue his warrants, on account of the officers of the Virginia line, for pay and rations, in favour of the said lientenant Charles Stackly, as pay-master to the line, until the commanding officer thereof shall report that it is organized into regiments, and that the several pay-masters are acting.
SATURDAY, November 2, 1782. The committee, consisting of Mr. Duane, Mr. Ramsay and Mr. Wharton, to whom was referred a letter of the 1st, from the secretary at war, report,
“ That they have had a conference with the two deputies of the Catawba bation of Ladians: that their mission respects certain tracts of lands reserved
for their use in the state of South-Carolina, which they wish may be so secured to their tribe as not to be intruded into by force, nor alienated even with their own consent; Whereupon,
Resolved, That it be recommended to the legislature of the state of SouthCarolina, to take such measures for the satisfaction and security of the said tribe as the said legislature shall in their wisdom think fit.
Ordered, That in consideration of the fidelity of the said tribe in the cause of the United States, the secretary at war make the said two deputies presents, not exceeding the value of 200 dollars.
On motion of Mr. Duane, seconded by Mr. Witherspoon,
Resolved, That the several matters now before Congress be referred over and recommended to the attention of the United States in Congress assembled, to meet at this place on Monday next.
MONDAY, November 4, 1782.
Mr. James Madison,
North-Carolina, Mr. Abner Nash,
John Lewis Geryais. Their credentials being read, the states proceeded to the election of a pre-: sident; and the ballots being taken, the hon. Elias Boudinot was elected.
On motion of Mr. Duane, seconded by Mr. Izard,
Resolved, That the thanks of Congress be given to the hon. John Hanson, late president of Congress, in testimony of their approbation of his conduct in the chair, and in the execution of public business.
On the report of the secretary at war, to whom was referred a motion of Mr. Williamson, respecting the North-Carolina troops :
Resolved, That the commander of the southern army be instructed to retain, in the public service, so many of the late 18 month's drafts, of the state of North-Carolina, as he shall think the public safety may require ; and that a proportionate number of officers shall be continued in full pay, for the command of those troops, while they are in the field, the resolution of the 7th of August, notwithstanding; and that they then retire on the same principles or emoluments on which they would have retired had not the operation of the said resolve been suspended.
TUESDAY, November 5, 1782. On motion of Mr. Howell, seconded by Mr. Osgood,
Resolved, That all committees appointed by the last Congress, and having business before them, be, and they are hereby, authorized to proceed in the same, and that they make report as soon as may be.
The credentials of the delegates of New Jersey, were read; by which it appears, that at a joint meeting of the council and assembly at Trenton, on the 30th of October, 1782, the hon. E. Boudinot, A. Clark, I. Elmer, S. Condict, and Frederick Frelinghuysen, were elected, and any two or more of them empowered to represent and vote in behalf of that state in the Congress of the United States of America, from the 5th of November, 1782, to the 5th of Now vember, 1783, unless a new appointment shall sooner take place.
Ordered, That the secretary at war lay before Congress, as soon as may be, a particular state of the invalid corps.
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Montgomery, Mr. Bland, Mr. Carroll, Mr. Dyer, and Mr. Witherspoon, to whom were referred a letter of the 16th of September last, from gov. Clinton, a deposition of Joel Bigelow, and a memorial of Charles Phelps, with sundry papers therein enclosed and referred to :
Congress took into consideration the report of the committee, consisting of Mr. Clymer, Mr. Carroll, Mr. Clark, Mr. Livermore, and Mr. Law, as entered on the journal of the 17th of April last; and the resolution proposed by this committee being read and debated,
A motion was made by Mr. Howell, seconded by Mr. Dyer, to postpone the consideration of the resolution proposed by the committee, in order to consider the following proposition :
" That the preliminary required of the people, inhabiting the territory called Vermont, by a resolve of the 20th August, 1781, as indispensably necessary to the recognition of their independence, has been complied with on their part."
A division was called for, and on the question to postpone the consideration of the resolution proposed by the committee, and the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Duane, N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman,
- ay ay
Wharton, Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,
Maryland, Mr. Carroll, Rhode Island, Mr. Arnold,
Virginia, Mr. Madison,
ay New York, Mr. Duane,
ay L'hommedieu, no}
ay S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
ay New Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,
ay ay Pennsylvania, Mr. Smith,
ay Wynkoop, ay
ау So it was resolved in the affirmative.
THURSDAY, November 7, 1782. On the report of the committee, consisting of Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Osgood, Mr. Montgomery, Mr. Boudinot and Mr. Duane, to whom were referred the letter of the 19th of August from the commander in chief, the report of a committee thereon, and motions of Mr. Williamson and Mr. Rutledge relative thereto, and also another letter of the 25th of October, from the commander in chief, with a copy of a letter to him from the count de Vergennes, dated 29th of July last, interceding for captain Asgill:
Resolred, That the cominander in chief be, and he is hereby directed to set captain Asgill at liberty.
FRIDAY, November 8, 1782. On motion of Mr. Madison, seconded by Mr. Dyer,
Resolved, That the commander in chief be instructed to call, in the most pointed terms, on the British commander at New-York, to fulfil his engagement contained in his letter of the 13th day of August last, " to make further inquisition into the murder of captain Huddy, and to pursue it with all the effect which a due regard to justice will admit."
A motion was made by Mr. M Kean, seconded by Mr. Duane, in the words following:
"To prevent any misconstruction which might arise from the preceding resolutions of Congress :
Be it declared, and it is hereby declared, that the commander in chief or the commander of a separate army, is, in virtue of the powers vested in them re