Abbildungen der Seite



20 cts.,



per 15.,

Cost of the graduation, masonry, and super. ||structing the road, the capital to be ex- 2600


147.77 structure of the wbole road. pended before any of the advantages of the 1000

27.46 152.97 ESTIMATED COST OF GRADUATION AND project can be realized will be $257,556 83. 1800


It is true that the business of the roau 500


might be commenced with a small redue.
Graduation of


1st Division,
road hed, 498,64 23 |tion of the above expense, but if the antici 1200


175.53 miles, Masonry, 5544 00||pated success attend the work, the above 11400

21.12 221.13 2nd Division, Graduation of sum may be regarded as outlay for the first



233.73 road bed,

471,29 05 13 14 w.les, year.

900 5906 50


If the above estimate shows a greater ex 10045

15.84 936.93 $108449 83 penditure necessary than was first expected


15.31 268.96 1100 13.73

271.82 Making an average per mile of $4189 64 by the friends of this work, ihey may at

13100 tribute the cause mostly to two things, the

13 20

204.57 for the graduation and masonry. first to the rise of labor of every kind, on 15500

10 56

335.57 The superstructure of the road is esti

5662 public works, and secondly, to the price of


344.06 mated to cost as follows, per mile, viz : iron which has risen nearly 100 per cent. 11500

5.28 355.56 11,038 ft. Lineal Measure of rails within the last six months,


Level 355.56 or string pieces at 3:00 cents per foot lineal,

My estimate of the value of the work, 1

$403 04 11,038 ft. lineal measure of ground

think very liberal and more particularly so, 136.757 feet, or 25 imo miles. sills at an averaged price of 31

as it was designed to push the gradua- The curvature on this road may be said

tion and rnasonry to completion by the || 1o be gentle, there being no curve of a less

360 36 cis. per foot, 1,450 cross-lies al average price of coming fall.

radius than 666 feet, and but a short disI will here remark that the estim:ite for tance, comparatively, at this rate. The

296 00 157 tons of iron 21 inches broad

the graduation and masonry above is taken || straight part of the road is to the curved

from that furnished you previous to the le: Il parı, as 7.10 nearly. and inches thick at 80,00 dolls. per ton, delivered on the road, 1789 60 ting of the work, in which the road was die

vided into sections, and each section esti. 1000 lbs. 01 41 inch spikes at 10 cis.

As it is designed to use steam by Loco. 100 00 mated separately. Tue work already let is

motive Engines, for the motive power on a fraction under the estimate. Small nails for plates. 4 CO

This road, I will take the result of experi

GRADES, CURVATURES AND DISTANCES. 760 plates for joining of rails at

ence in the application of this power, and

The distance from Blossburg, where this $35,00 per thousand, 26 60

apply it to the grades and curvatures of road commences to its termination at the lihis road to show what may be done on it Laying rails per mile including

State line, near Lawrenceville, is 25,97 in the way of transportation. transporiation of timber and

miles. The total descent in that distance iron, also dressing off the road

1st. It has been ascertained that the is 355,56 feet, reckoning from the grade of grades are all descending from the coal bed and opening drains,

960 00

the road at its commencement to the termi-mines, and that the average of them is Road crossings,

20 00
Qation of the same at the State line.

13.73 feet per mile.
From Blossburg to Covington, a dis.
$3964 60

2nd. That there is no curve of a less tance of 5 miles, there is a descent of 149,43|| radius on the road, than 666 feet. RECAPITULATION.

feet, makiug considerably more than j pari Graduation and masonry for whole

3d. It has been proved that a locomotive of the total descent in į of the distence. distance,

108,443 33
The maximum inclination of the grade | water and fuel will draw 112.5 tons on a

steam engine of 71 tons weight, including 27 miles of superstructure at line is 39.07 feet per mile and this extends llevel road, at a speed of nearly 12 miles

$3964 60 cts. per mire, 107,044 20 only 3737 feet, and occurs 14 miles below This extra distance is allowed


hour. The traction exerted in this case Blossburg. for second track at the Turnouts.

is therefore · 112.5 X 12 = 1350 lbs. This

The average grade from Blossburg to traction is the measure of the adhesion, ex5 turnouts and fixtures at $140

Covington, is 29.88 feet per mile. The each, 700 00 grade from Covington 10 the termination of

clusive of the engine and tender, of 12 tons Contingencies ten per cent., 21,618 00 Jihe road, varies from 5 10 25 feet per mile,


It has been also shown, by recent experiand averages 9.86 feel per mile. Total cost of constructing

ment, that a locomotive engine of 8} tons

The road being on an average descent of road, $237,806 83 13.73 feet per mile from its commencement tons gross, at the rate of 114 miles per hour,

weight, will impel, on a level, a load of 211 Making an average per mile of $9,181 73 to its termination, will favor the expense of In addition to the above sum to be ex- transportation very much, and the gradesibs., besides the resistance of the engine

thereby exerting a tractile power of 2322 pended in the construction of the road, a out being so great as to interfere with a re

and tender. further outlay may be expecied in puliing turn load of say { part of that taken down the road in operation, after its completion, are to be desired rather than to be regreted, propnse to make of the above results, that

If we consider, in the application which which inay be nearly estimated as fol. considering the great object in view, being

a mean between them is the fair measure lows :

the transportation of coal. 2 locomotive engines with tenders

The following table exhibits the different used on this road, we shall arrive at the

of the power of the engine which will be at $3500 each,

8700000 grades adopted on this road, together with following useful effects which may be pro50 transportation cars at $140 the length of each :

duced : each, 7000 00Length of grade

It is known that the friction or resistance 5 passenger cars at $450 each, 2250 00

Cost per

in feet.



27.65 Depots, water stations, car houses

on a level straight road, is about it 4400 36.96 28.45 or per ton,

lbs. 9.50 &c., say

3500 001

The resistance from curvature on
92.85 this road is estimated at

3.20 $19,750 00


110.85 With this addition to the cost of con


133.47 Total resistance per ton on a level 12.70

Rate per



The force of gravity on an inclination of this road, it will be seen that no mention is ther source of much profit, especially it'this. 13.73 per mile, is 5.83 lbs. per ton.

made of the damages done to the proprie- road is connected with the Williamsport

tors of land, vither for land or fencing. I and Elmira Riul road, now about to be

Tons. is difficult to make even an approximate es- commenced. Your Charter provides for 40 Cars weighing 14 Tons is 50 timate of these damages, for they vary so|ihis connection, and it would certainly be a 21 Tons of coal in each Car 100 widely. In consideration of this circum very desirable one, which I am told ean be Engine and Tender


stance together with the fact that you will affected in the distance of 14 miles.

soon be in possession of the actual cost of 162.5

The proposed Rail road from Jersey these damages, I decline entering into any || shore on the West Branch of the SusqueThe effect of gravity in descending the average grade line is 5.83 lbs. per ton, which calculatione respecting them. It is not like hannah to Willardsburgh, would intersect taken from the totul resistance by friction that these damages will materially swell this 7 miles from the State Line, and whatever

ly from the disposition generally manifested, your Road at or near Willardsburg, about and curvature, there remains 6.37 lbs. per estimate, for full two thirds of the owners the amount of tonage might be on this road, ton, as the amount of traction necessary to have liberally relinquished all claims for you will be certain to receive a great probe exerted in propelling the train, at a speed

damages. of 12 iniles per hour. The total amount of

portion of it for transportation for at least traction necessary for a load of 162.5 tons here remains one which I did not propose road. One of the objects of the road from

Among the subjects for examination one fourth part of the entire length of your on the average inclination, is, therefore,

to investigate, as it has been carefully ex. Willardsburg to Jersey Shore is to reacb 1116 37 lbs., and the mean of that exerted as

amined and resulted in a full conviction |coal on Pine Creek, which has been disco herein stated is 1836 lbs. By this calcula.

that this road, when completed, will nelivered of good quality and very abundant.. tion there appears no difficulty in transporting 100 tons of coal at each load on an ineli- tion. We will not enter into a minute in-lley

miles, and its direction from Willardsan ample revenue lo wariant ils construc- The length of this road will be about sevennation of 19.73 ft per mile. Where the road is level, which occurs in a few places, || few of its leading points.

vestigation of this subject, but exainine a burg will be up the valley of Crooked Creek there will be more power necessary, equal

to Wellsborough, near the head waters of

Under the head of Sources of Revenue, Crooked and Pine Creeks, then it will deto 162.5 x 12.7=2063 lbs. to maintain the


be enumerated several items of ||scend Pine Creek to its termination at Jer. speed above named of 12 iniles per hour, which may be reduced at pleasure, as a subinuch importance, among these, and the


Shore. stitute for the necessary increase of power principle of which, is that which will re

I deem is unnecessary to refer to the exon light grades, or on level parts of the sult froin the toll and transportation of coal. It is easy to show that this article alone | York, with which you are acquainted, fur.

lension of your road into the State of New. road.

will warrant the expenditure herein esti-liner than to state, that the work has been The return load, at the same speed willmated, if the supply and demand shall be commenced on the 14 miles from the State be considerably reduced, if we are govern constant, of which we cannot entertain a line to Painted Pust, where there will be a ed, in the calculation, by the maxim incli- || doubt, when the quantity of coal is abund.

communication with the New York and nation of the grade line of 39.07 feet perant

, and the demand for it already veryErie Ruil road at or near the head of the mile. The force of gravity on this inclina. Igreat. For a complete and full iovestiga feeder of the Chemung Canal. As the extention is 16.53 lbs. per ton and the resistancetion of the amount of coal capable of being |sion is conimenced under the charge of ano from friction &c., is 12.70 making together raised in the Blossburg Cual region, I would ||ther company, to effect the same object, we 29.28 lbs. per ton, as the total resistance.- | refer to the very able report, on this sub-| have every reason to believe that they will Then on returning with emply cars thereject, made by R. C. Taylor, Esq., in 1833.

prosecute their work to completion, as soon would be a gruss load of 62.5 tons against Mr. Taylor says that the quantity of coalin

as you can finish the portion you are congravity, and friction equal to 29.28 lbs. ma- the neighborhood of Blossburg, is commen.

structing-a coincidence highly important king 1830 lbs. as the tractile power necessa. surate wish the extent of any demand that

to the prosperity and interest of both works. ry to return at a speed of 12 miles per hour. || can be contemplated. This being the case,

In concluding this report I acknowledge so it is seen that the Engine will descend and the demand for the article daily increas- with much pleasure the valuable aid I have with a load of 100 tons easier than it can re. ling, it would not be saying much, to say || received from Mr. Miller Fox, the Principal turn with the empty cars on an inclination that as soon as this road is completed, and Assistant ;-Mr. William McDougall has of 39.07 feet per mile, at the same velocity. he mines properly opened, 300 tons will also been a valuable member of the party, The speed being inversely as the increase be furnished daily for transportation, for

Respectfully Submitted, of resistance, it will be easy to lessen the 300 days per year. The charter allows 2

William MATTHEWS, former when occasion shall require and by | cents per ton per mile, as the maximum

Engineer of the Tioga Rail road. an application of this principle to the above toll, which on iwenty-six miles will make results, it will be found that the engine will | 52 cents as the daily roll for each ton ot || TO THE PRESIDENT AND MANAGERS OF THE ascend an inclination of 39.07 feet per mile, coal. So that the toll even on 100 tons of at the rate of nearly 7 miles per hour, with coal for 300 days per year, would nett a GENTLEMEN–I have examined the report a return load of 30 tons nearly one third ur | revenue of $15,000, a sufficient sum to pay of W. Matthews, Esq., Engineer, dated the that taken down. The attainments of high || six per cent on the investment.

15th of August, 1836, in whieh he has given velocities, we are aware is not desirable in It may be necessary to remark, that no a full account of the progress of the Engithe transportation of coal, but as this road | notice is taken of the transportation, which neer Departnient of the Rail road between will no doubt, become of general use, such is distinct from the toll. If the transporta. Blossburg and the New York State Line and velocities as we have nained are of much tion should be done by the company, they || an estimate of the cost of the Road amountimportance.

will of course so arrange their charges, asing to $237,806 83. As the above results are obtained from to gain expenses.

I have examined the several items form. every day experience and when applied to Among the sources of profit, we may es-ing this estimate and consulted with Mr. this road fully answer the purposes for cimate a considerable revenue from the lum-Matthews, and compared minds in relation either transportation or travel, I will not ber which will be transported on this Road, to the whole subject including the necessa. pursue this subject any farther.

the supply of which article is very abundant|ry engines, tenders, transportation cars, GENERAL REMARKS. and the variety extensive.

and passenger cars, water stations, &c &c, In the preceding estimate of the costs or The income from Passengers, will be ano- | And I think the estimate a fair one and such






under road.

as ought to complete the Road and put it in more on the east, than on

renceville" it appears to me a question may operation.

the west, equal to

1,334 (0|| arise, if the road does I o touch LawrenceI therefore approve of this Report and its

ville, as every law must be construed strictstatements as correct.

36,428 00||ly. I however throw out this as the imBerJ. WRIGHT,

Difference in favor of E. side, $10,951 pression of my mind, and you better judg-
Consulting Engineer,

Thus we have a difference of ten thous-ment will take it for what it is worth.
Tioga Navigation Co. and nine hundred and fifty one dollars in

I have reflected upon the subject of iron Lawrinceville, Auguri, 15th, 1836. favor of the East side.

rails, since, I have written Mr. Matthew's, This comparative view of cost, ought not and sent him the form of rails which I would however to be decisive upon this matter : preser. I find the price of iron has raised a view ought to be taken of the commoda- | so much and the delays in o taining any tion of the country ; and the general ad-new pattern are so great, that I have con

vantages to the stockholders, and the fu- sulted with Mr. Matthews and we have GENTLEMEN-Having visited the line ture prospects of trade a:id business on the agreed upon altering the rails, and would of your proposed Railroad now

now propose to the Board to adopt the comcharge of Mr. Matthews, froin Blossburg,

If we pass across the river above Berry's mon pla:e rail of two and one quarte: iron, to the New-York State Line near Law-| Bridge, we pass through Willardsburg and wide and five eights thick. This will make rencevillo; I now beg leave to present to through Lawrenceville, we accommodate a saving of about four or five tons per milo your board, my views upon the whole these two villages, and we give a favorable in the weight of the rail. plan. conuection to the proposed Railroad

I have now to touch upon a subject

up It is proposed by Mr. Matthews, and ap- Crooked Creek, to the West Branch of the which perhaps the Board may consider as proved by me to grade the Road for a sin. Susquehannah at Jersey Shore, if it should settled by their act, and therefore not progle track,—with five turnouts. The cutting be made and we facilita'e an easy connec- perly belonging to the engineer. I mean to be fitten feet at bottom, which allows tion for the Railrcad up the Cowanesque the location and termination of the road at for one track, and good ditches or side should the wants of the country hereafter Blossburg. drains. The embankments to be fifteen require it.

The experience of all railroad compafeet on the top, and the slopes to be one On the other hand we have a bridge over nies, has pretty well settled the importance and a half to one, except where there is the Tioga river, at or near Berry's, a bridge of one very large depot for the establishrock or earta, that will periit a steeper over the Crooked Creek, and as we ought ment of work shops to repair locomotive slope.

in a certain degree to consider that part of engines, and cars. The location and busiThe super-tructure to be of timber, laid the road to be constructed in the State of|ness of the road would seem to point out first as ground sills, then cross ties, then New-York, although never another charter that an establishment for this purpose should wooden rail; on which the iron bars are so intimately connected as to have a bear- be made at Blossburg, and another at the placed. The track I would propose to ing on the interest of this road. If we take point where il terminates on the Chemung conforın to the New-York and Erie Rail- | the west side of the Tioga from Willards- Canal Feder. If the Board should deterroad, which is intended to be four feet eight burg, there must be a bridge erected by the mine upon such a depot for work shops, car and a half inches, between the rails. directors under the New-York charter, over houses, &c. &c , they ought to have fifteen

The size of the several mbers having the Cowins quo and over the 'Tioga. The or twenty acres of land, and the privilege of been before given to the road, by Mr. Mat-|| expense of these latter bridges cannot of a small water power for the work shops.thews, and contracts made, therefore I shall course enter into auy calculation under the In looking over the ground about Blossnot enter into detail—the turn-out I would Pensylvania charter, but as far as risque of|burg, it is easy to select such place as plan as follows.

interruption of trade by the destruction of would furnish ground suitable, and water One near the northern termination at the bridges in the New-York part of the live power, which can now be obtained, as I New-York State Line, one near Wiliards- into the location on the Pennsylvania part, am informed, at fair prices. I would thereburg, one at Mansfield, one at Covington, it is fair to consider its bearing Thus fore beg leave to recommend to the Board and one at Blossburg. There can be ind have the expense and resque of two bridges the propriety of securing at an early day ded at any time hereafter such additional in Pennsylvania, and the risque of interrup-such location of ground as shall be required turn-outs, as the demands of the country|tion by the destruction of bridges on the there. require. Ne .v York part of the line.

In carrying on a great coal trade such as The line as located by Mr. Matthews. These are the offsets against the advan- | this work will no doubt have, as soon as from Blossburg to Berry's Bridge, appears tages of accommodation and trade of two this project is completed, there will be at tome as far as a permanent location has been important villages which are daily growing least three or four hundred cars kept on made, and from the experimental line be- in trade. I regret gentleman that a little hand, some out of repair and the remaindlow the permanent location to the point re

more time had not been uiven for the En- er in use. ferred to above, near Berry's Bridge to be gineer to have made a more perfect coin- If one locomotive can take down one hundone with good judgment and such as 1 parison of cost of the two sides of the river, dred tons of coal in 40 cars, and return with approve.

by obtaining a more correct estimate of the empty cars, there ought to be estinated From near Berry's Bridze, to the N. damages on both sides. And a better e:ti-at least three hundred tons per day, taken Y. State Line there have been examinationsmate of the expense of bridges over such | down. and surveys on both sides of the river-streams, as these which we must cross, on Then for one locemotive. distance nearly eqiial being about 8} miles. the route of the west side.

40 c.irs on the road, The comparative estimates which have It appears to me, gentlemen, that your 40 cars unloading, and been made by Mr. Matthews, present the local knowledge of the present and fiiture 40 cars kading, following results :

prospects of this country will enab e you to On the west side graduation of road will determine this question more correcily than 120 cars required for each locomotive. cost,

$40,279 004 any Engineer. The data given above Then three locomotives will require 360 Bridges over the Tioga and

presents the question fairly as far as I can cars, and making allowance for cir; in the Crooked Creek,

$6,600 00 understand its bearing. The question of work shop, and we shall find 400 cars raAlteration of road at Depuy's,

500 00| damages may however be misunderstood ||ther less than the absolute wants required

by me, and I make the estimate on that part to carry 300 tons daily to the canal. The $47,379 00 with diffidence. There is one point which|Board will see from this view of this mat

has suggested itself to my mind in relation ter the very great necessity of securing EAST SIDE. Graduation of road,

to the guaranty of the State under the sup- plenty of room for the work shops and for

$35,044 00plimental act of April 14th, 1835, which these cars to be collected at the southern The land and fencing wil cost

says, " the Road from Biosst'arg to Law- termination of the road, these together with


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the mass of materials of wood and iron ne- give up the ship.” Faint heart never won i Jeter of Annelia, Mr. Campbell of Nottoway, cessary to have in store require space, and fair lady, and in the presen aye of activity and Mr. Gaines of Charlotte. if 20 acres could be obtained in good form and enterprise, co:omercial advantages are Mr. Madison submitted the following: for this purpose it will be very important to

not to be secured withou. strenuous and en. That the Committtee be directed to in. have it secured. during effort.

quire into the expediency of surveying a CHARLOTTE CONVENTION

route for a railroad from Petersburg by Note Respectfully submitted, BENJ, W'R GHT.

At a meeting of delegates of the Cjunties Coway Courthouse, Burke's &c. to the town of Prince Edward, Charlotte, Notloway,

of Farmville. Consulting Engineer. Amelia, the town or Farmville, and the city co meet again ro-morrow morning at nine

On motion, the Conventi th adjourned Covington, May 5th, 1836.

Qi Riclanions, at Charlotte Courthouse on
the 5th day of September, 1836, for the pur-

pose of taking into consideration the pro.

TUESDAY, SEPTEMB:R 6th, 1836. From the Farinville Journal.

priety of constructing a railroad from Dan. Convention met agreeably to adjourne CHARLOTTE RAILROAD CONVENTION.

ville in the county of Pitsylvania, to Farm. inent. It will be seen from the sketch which we ville in the county of Prince Edward.

The President being absent, on motion, have publisised of the proceedings of The meeting being called io order, Colonel Wm. S. Morton was elected President pro tiis Convention, that they have recomien. Clement Carrington was appointed Chair- tempore, and took the chair. ded a railroad to be constructed fro:n Farm- man, and Branch J. Worshamn Secretary :- Mr. Watkins, from the Committee to ville to Dauville, from Farmville to Peters- I whereupon the following delegates apo whom was referred the several resolutions burg by the way of Noiloway Court House, peared, 10 wit; from the city of Richmond, || pre: e ited yesterday, made the following reand from Richmond to Farmville and thence J. B. Harvie and Win. Wren; from Farm-1 port thereon: to Lynchburg. There was much diversity ville, Tazewell S. Morion, Henry Thweatt, Your Comuni tee report the following ri. of opinion, as was to be expected in such a Naibamel Price, Win. L. Morton and solution to be adopted by the Convention, as body, respecting the routes' which the rail. James Madison; from Prince Edward a substitute for the 1st resolution refirred to ruads should pursue, but none as to the county, Richard N. Venable, James H. Will him: propriety and importance of a great railroad son, Branch J. Worsham, Henry E. Wat. Resolved, That this Convention recom. coinmunication from the tide water to the kins, Win. H. Venable, W11. $. Morton, mend that an application be made to the southwest.

Janies D. Wood, Julin J Flournoy, Jubn A. next general Asserubly for the passage of an The objec'ions to the recommendation of Scott, and John Clark; trom Amelin county, act incorporating a company for the con. the direct Richmond route seemed princi. Thomas E. Jeter; from Notioway couniy, siruction of a railroad from Farınville, by or pally, to be the probability, and, almost cer Archibald A. Campbell, Robert Fitzgerald, neur Charlotte Court-house, 10 some suitatainty, that it will not be chartered by the Jun., win. N. Fitzgerald, Jolin H Knight, ble point on Staunton River, with the priviLegislature and that the road night be Peter I Gr gs, L C. Bouldın, and W.J Du-illege of extending said road to Danville if it consiructed froin Farınville through Peters. puy ; from Charlotte county, Dr. A. D. should be found expedient. Your Cornmit. burg, to R chmond, with less expense, and Alexander, Robert Morton, J. D. Richard. tee recommend thai the 2d, 3d, and 5th re. Little increase of disiance, giving to the son, Wm. B. Green, Richard I Gaines, Johnsolutoins referred to them, be rejected by planter the choice of an additional market, Armstead, Henry A. Watkins, Edward W.1 the Convention. and conílicting so little with their favorite (lenry, George Hannah, Henry E. Scott, Your roininittee report the following reso. Jaines river monopuly, that it could hardly Thomas Edmunds, Isham Harvey, J.|lution to be adopted by the Convention, as be doubted that it would be able to secure a Buothe, John Harvey, Samuel D. Morton, a substitute for the 4th resolution reterred charter from the Legislature. We would Dr. John Armistead, Henry Madison, John to them-Resolved, that it be recommended not willingly, that there is no expec. D Spraggins, Clement Carrington, and by the Convention, that surveys be made, tation on the part of the Richmond people Williain B. Watkins.

for a railroad from Petersburg to Farmville, of obtaining a charter for the road through On motion, Dr. Piiman B. Spencer of Pe- the one by Notto way Courthouse, the other Farmville to Lynchburg, andthat their only cersburg, was invited to take a seat with through Amelia. object is ro prevent the construction of the this Convention, and accordingly appeared Your Coininitiee recoipmend that the 6th road through Nottoway to Petersburg, until and took his geat.

resolution referred to thein be adopted by 8 bine future period when tirey may be able The Convention then proceeded to elect the Convention. to procure a carter from the Legislature a President, and Col. Clement Carrington Mr. Watkins of Prince Edward inoved to for the ridge road from Lynchburg. We being nominated, was unanimously elected. | reject so much of the said report as propofear, that whatever inay have been intended, Mr. Waikins, of Prince Edward, submit ses a substitute for the Ist resolution rethis will be the result. We hope that the ted the following resolution :

ferr-:d to the committee. people of Petersburg and Nolloway will not 1. Resolved, That this Convention re- Mr. H. A. Watkins of Charlotte moved so lightly give up a schema, which is so commend the construction of a railroad from to amend the substitute reported by the iltinately connected with their interests.- the town of Lanville to the town of Farm-committee, by striking out the words " by For ourselves, we do not believe that the enville, to pass through the county of Char- or near Charlotte court house,” and insert. suing legislature will charter the ridge road lotte by or near the Court house.

ing the words " by the most eligible route." from Richmond to Lynchburg through Mr. Harvie submitted the following reso. Mr. Green offered to amend the amendFarmille. We hepe therefore that the lution :

meut offered by Mr. Watkins of Charlotte, route by Nolloway Court House, will be 2. Resolved, That it be recommended by || by striking oui the words“ by the most elifurth with surveyed, and its clauns be pre- this Convention, that a railroad be niade gible roule," and inserting the words "hy sented to the Legislature-ihat if the introm the city of Richmond to the town of Charlotte court house." The question was Auence of the James river Company should Lynchburg or New-London, with a branch then taken on the amendment offered by Mr. preve.ut the charter of a road froin Rich from the main stem to Farınville.

Green, and rejected. The question was mond to Lynchburg, direct, we might stili Mr. Campbell submitted the following also taken on the amendment offered by Mr. present thein clainos free froni all rivalry to proposition:

Watkins of Charlotte, and rejected. that Conspany, by interpusing the Appomat 3. A proposition of a railroad from the

The question was then taken on the tox between them. We do not feel at ali neighborhood of Petersburg 1o New London, || amendment of Mr. Watkins, of Prince Ed. certain, that both roads would not be well on the ridge dividing the waters of the Ap- ward, and decided in the affirmative ; so the sustained.

pomattox an! the Albemarle souud, with substitute reported by the committee of the A Convention is called to meet soon, at branches to Farmville and Danville. first resolution was rejected, and the resoSalisbury, in North Carolina, to lake step- Mr Watkins of Prince Edward, alsolution as originally submitted, agreed to. for opening some channel of con.mamca submitted tie ollowing resolution :

Mr. Harvie moved to reject so much of the tion to the country bordering upon the Yad. 6. Resolved, That this Convention re. report of the select committee as recom. kin, and there is a good deal of probability commend the construction of a railroad from mends that the 2d resolution be rejected by that they will recommend the construction Lynchburg to Farmville.

the Convention, and offered as an amendof a railroad to Danville. Should the roads On motion of Mr. Gaines the several re- ment to the 2d said resolution and report from Farmville to Danville and to Lyncholu ions and propositions were referred to the following: burg be constructed, there will be trave! Sele + Commitie', to be composed of one Resolved, That it be recommen led by this enough we think, to support both routes, and legate from each county, wwn and city, Convention, that a railroad be made along we see no reason why the Petersburg road-presented in this Convention.

the ridge between James and Appomattox might not expect to divide the travel with The Chair then announced the Seleci Rivers, from the city of Richmond io Lynchthe other route, and secure a reasonable Committee as follows: Mr. Edward Wat-burg or New.London, with a branch road proportion of it. We hope, therefore, the kins, of Prince Edward, Mr. Harvie of from the main stem, from the most conven. people of Nottnway and Petersburg will not | Richmond, Mr. Madisoa of Farmville, Mr.lient point to Farınville.

INTRATIONS SUCHEN Mr. Watkins of Prince Edward, moved along the ridge between the James and Ap://same, what is the difference of effect upon to lay the resolution and amendment on the pomattox rivers from the city of Richmond the engine ? table, which motion was rejected; and the io Farmville and thence to Lynchburg.

ANSWER. question being taken upon the adoption of 3. Resolved, That this Convention rethe amendment offered by Mr. Harvie, commend the construction of a railroad | be fully comprehended, it is necessary to

In order that the following answer may Mr. Campbell called for the yeas and from the town of Farmville to Petersburg, premise, that by the terms of the question, nays, which were ordered, and are as fol. through the county of Nottoway by or near dows : the court house.

it would appear that it is meant to deter: Yeas-Messrs. Harvie, Wren, Wilson,

mine the difference of effect of locomotive Worsham, W. S. Morton, Flournoy, Alex

power upon two series of planes, from a ander, Green, Gaines, H. A. Watkins, Scott The following article from the Staunton | point A to a point B. In the one the strain if Charlotte, Edmunds, Isham Harvey, and Spectetor, will exhibit the spirit wbich ac. is constant, and may be represented by : Morton of Charlotte-14

tuates the people of Augusta in reference whilst the other is varied by ascents and Nays-Messrs. T. S. Morton, Thweatt, to the Valley Railroad : Price, W. L. Morton, J. Madison, R. N. Ve

descents, but so that the total expenditure

Valley Railroad.-On Monday last, pur- l of mechanical power is the same; hence it nable, Watkins of Prince Edward, Wood Jeler, Campbell, R. Fitzgerald, Knight, Court House of this county, for subscrip-I must be more abrupt than on the former,

suant 10 potice, books were opened at the is evident that the ascenis upon the latter Grigg, Bouldin, Dupuy, Henry, Bootho, J.

tions to the stock of the Valley Railroad-
Harvey, M. Madison, Spraggins, Wm. B.
There was quite a respeciable atiendance

or else they would not compensate for the of citizens on the occasion. A. H. H. Siu

descents. So the amendment offered by Mr. Harvie arı, Esq., addressed the people at great

Assuming these data, there cannot be a was rejected.

Mr. Harvie then offered a second amend. length and with much ability, in favor of question that the lesser and more uniforio ment to the 2d resolution and report, which he enterprize. 2010g fully into the advan- strain is best adapted 10 locomotive power, is as follows:

tages of the improvement, its effects upon both as regards speed and load, for the fol Resolved, That it be recommended by the prosperity of the country, the objections lowing reasons : -this Convention, that a railroad be made urged against it, and the necessity for pres

1st. As regards speed. It is evident along the ridge between James and Appomattox rivers, from the city of Richmond to

are sure we speak but the general senti- lihat, to render this compari on perfecily Farmville, and thence to Lynchburg. ment of those who heard him, when we say,

fair, it is only necessary to assume two en The question on the adoption of the reso

it was one of the best efforts of our gified gines of equal power and load 10 siart silution was taken and decided in the affirm

Townsman. Mr. Siuart concluded his multaneously from A 10 B, and ihen assu. ative-yeas 19_noes 11.

speech about 5 o'clock, and from that lineming that on every part of each line the enSo much of the report of the Select Com- until sun.down there were $65,000 sub-gine to be capable of exerting its whole mittee as relates to the 3d and 5ih resolu- scribed. The books are still open, aud if power, that is, both on the ascents and decions referred to them, being read, and the lihe people of the county are ouly true to scents of the undulating line, while she question taken thereupon, was concurred their interest, we have no doubt the amoun proceeds uniformly on the other line. On in.

expected of us will be obtained in a few this assumption, as equal power will be so So much of the said report as relates to days. We cougratulate the friends of the 4th resolution being read, the question was improvement on the cheering prospect.-exerted in equal times by each engine, and taken thereupon, and the report of the select! For is it not cheering? If fifty-eight citi-i as the total expenditure between A and B committee as rejected; the question then zens give, a subscription of $65,000, who is the same, they would then both arrive at recurriing upon the adoption of the 4th res.

cap doubt that one hundred or one hundred B together. olution was originally offered, and the vote and fifty thousand more will be taken by But in the case of the undulating line, taken thereupon, was decided in the affirin the balance of the country! Are there not this hypothesis cannot hold, except within ative.

a thousand citizens at least, who could and certain limitations, for it is manifest that in On motion of Mr. Watkins of Prince Ed- ought to make an average subscription of practice a variety of circumstances limit ward, leave was given to withdraw the 6th wo shares each? We have beard of wo the speed at which an engine can be allow. resolution.

gentlemen who were not present on Mon-
day that will take between them seventy

ed to travel, both as regards safety, wear Ou motion of Mr. Gaines, Resolved, that shares, and there are no doubt many others and tear of machinery, and also the arrangea Committee be appointed in the counties of Charlotte and Prince Edward, consisting of who will subscribe from five to ten. Norh-ment, especially of the slides for the admisfive persons in eacli county, to raise a fund ing, we are persuaded, is now wanting buision of si eam to the cylinders. proposed roule for a railroad from Farm- I requisite subseription on our part. Then 35 or 40 miles per hour is as much as can to defray the expenses of a survey of the a moderate degree of exertion to obtain the

For these and other reasons, a speed of ville to Danville.

The Chair then announced as a Commit.rime in idle chat over what we have done.||he travelled safely, especially on descendtee for the county of Charlotte-Dr. A. D. -or shall we seize the crisis, and with a ing planes, in the present state of our exAlexander, Richard I. Gaines, Edward w. spirit worthy of the noble enterprize, pushperience; hence, in order to compensate Henry, Samuel D. Morton, and Henry Mad- lon with freshened zeal and untiring energy for the slowness of ascending speed, the acison; For the county of Prince Edward-to its accomplishment ! Remember, the celerated velocity may be far beyond that James H. Wilson, Wm. H. Venable, James prize is not won, though it be within our which can be permitted with prudence; D. Wood, John A. Scott, and John Clark.

grasp. Once more, then, unto the breach.hence the difference of time consumed on Mr. Wren offered the following resolu- dear friends, once more. If nothing else the descending planes by the regulated vetion, which was unanimously adopted :

Resolved, that the thanks of this conven- every house, and make tborough work of locity, and the extreme accelerated velocity tion be tendered to the President pro. tem., it.—(Speciator.]

is lost on the undulating principle.

For instance, between London and and Secretary, for the prompt, zealous and impartial manner in which they liave dis- From the London Mechanics' Magazine.

Brighton, by Sir John Rennie's and Mr. charged their duties.

Stephenson's proposed lines of railway, the On motion of Mr. Knight, Resolved, that

respective distances from London Bridge the proceedings of ihis convention be pub.

to Sir John Rennie's terminus at Brighton lished in the farmville, Danville, Rich

is 49 miles, 68 chains; and from Nine mond and Petersburg papers.

Question put to Mr. Robert Stephenson, C. Elms to the back of Brunswick-terrace, by The convention then adjourned sine die.

E., by the Committee on the London and Mr. Stephenson's line of railway, is 54 WM. S. MORTON, Pres. pro. tem. Brighton Railway; and Mr. Stephen- miles, 68 chains; and going and coming B. J. Worsham, Secretary.

son's Answer.

the respective distances, therefore, are 99

QUESTION 1. Resolved, That this convention recom

miles, 56 chains, and 109 miles, 56 chains. mend the construction of a railroad from the

Supposing that for a long distance there There are on Sir John Rennie's line, as town of Farmville to Danville, to pass

is a certain strain which may be represen described by Dr. Lardner, 32 miles of grathrough the county of Charlotte by or nearted by any figure or letter, and that that is | dients to be characterised by atu. the court bouse.

broken on another line by a series of ascents On Mr. Stephenson's, 28 miles by sto 2. Resolved, That it be recommended by and descents; supposing that the total Now assurning an engine to start on each this Convention that a railroad be made | amount of strain in both instances be thell line of an equal power and with the same





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