Brain Repair

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Oxford University Press, 1997 - 156 Seiten
Sixty years ago, the Nobel laureate Santiago Ramon y Cajal stated that in the adult brain, nervous pathways are fixed and immutable; everything may die, nothing may be regenerated. Cajal's influence has been legendary--and conventional wisdom still holds that the human brain cannot repair
itself. Today, however, remarkable discoveries from laboratories around the world offer a much more optimistic prognosis. In Brain Repair, three internationally renowned neuroscientists team up to offer an intriguing and up-to-the-minute introduction to the explosive advances being made in the
research, technology, and treatment of brain damage.
The key to neuroscience's most exciting discoveries to date is a theory that is rapidly gaining adherents in the scientific community--the theory of neuroplasticity. Unlike the prevalent notion that mental processes--like seeing, remembering, and speaking--take place only within highly specialized
brain regions made up of irreplaceable and non-regenerating cells, neuroplasticity stresses that cells throughout the brain can not only regenerate, but can adapt their function to assume critical roles once performed by damaged tissue. In clear, accessible language, the authors show us that the
brain manufactures a host of complex chemicals that actually foster growth in damaged brain cells. We visit the laboratories where researchers are untangling the mystery of Parkinson's disease and trying to understand what goes wrong in stroke victims, and why some, thought permanently impaired,
show remarkable improvements. In addition, they discuss how even today misguided ideas can adversely affect how physicians treat patients--for example, they describe common drug treatments given to stroke and head trauma patients that can actually worsen the effects of brain damage. And, along the
way, they detail the fascinating history of how brain structure and functioning has been understood and studied, from prehistoric times to the present.
Over a half million people each year suffer brain-damaging injuries and diseases--but the outlook for their eventual recovery is far more hopeful than it was just a short while ago. A best-selling volume in France and Mexico, Brain Repair provides a vividly written, wide-ranging look at the leading
edge of one of science's most exciting frontiers.
 

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Inhalt

Introduction
3
A Brief History of Ideas
9
Looking into the Living Brain
26
Neurons at Work
34
The Injured Brain
41
Factors in the Brain That Enhance Growth and Repair
63
Is There a Difference Between Brain Damage
74
Brain Transplants as Therapy for Brain Injuries?
87
The Pharmacology of Brain Injury Repair
104
Environment Brain Function and Brain Repair
121
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Über den Autor (1997)


Donald G. Stein is Professor of Psychobiology and former Dean of the Graduate School at Rutgers University. Simon Brailowsky is Professor of Neuroscience at the National University of Mexico. Bruno Will is Professor of Behavioral neuroscience at Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg, France.

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