Indo-European and Its Closest Relatives: The Eurasiatic Language Family, Volume 1, Grammar
The basic thesis of this book is that the well known and extensively studied Indo-European family of languages is but a branch of a much larger Eurasiatic family that extends from northern Asia to North America. Eurasiatic is seen to consist of Indo-European, Uralic-Yukaghir, Altaic (Turkic, Mongolian, and Tungus-Manchu), Japanese-Korean-Ainu (possibly a distinct subgroup of Eurasiatic), Gilyak, Chuckchi-Kamchatkan, and Eskimo-Aleut. The author asserts that the evidence for the validity of Eurasiatic as a single linguistic family, including the vocabulary evidence to be presented in Volume II on semantics, confirms his hypothesis since the numerous and interlocking resemblances he finds among the various subgroups can only reasonably be explained by descent from a common ancestor.
The evidence in this volume deals in great detail with the distribution of 72 grammatical elements and the forms they take in the various Eurasiatic languages. The book also contains a historical introduction and a discussion of certain phonological phenomena. Of these phenomena, the most important is the vocal-harmony system found in many of these languages that is the ancestor of the so-called Ablaut variations of vowels in Indo-European, still seen in English in such contrasts as "come”/”came.” The origin and earliest form of this system have long been a puzzle to Indo-Europeanists, but in this work they are shown to be the outcome of this original system.
An appendix deals with the vowel variation of Ainu, which resembles that of other languages in Eurasiatic. The origin of the Ainu has hitherto been considered a great mystery, and this volume shows a north Asian origin, not, as some have thought, one in Southeast Asia or the Pacific. The book also includes a Classification of Eurasiatic Languages and an Index of the Etymologies.
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LibraryThing ReviewNutzerbericht - vpfluke - LibraryThing
Joseph Greenberg has amassed quite a bit of evidence for super-language families. It is similar to the Nostratic hypotheses, but it does exclude Afro-Asiatic, which Nostratic includes. A web of ... Vollständige Rezension lesen
Some Aspects of the Comparative Phonology
ProtoIndoEuropean Vowel Alternations
The Chukchi Vowel Harmony System
The Gilyak Vowel Harmony System
Interdialectal Vowel Variation in Gilyak
Vowel Variation in South Mongolian Languages
The PreProtoIndoEuropean Vowel Harmony System
Grammatical Evidence for Eurasiatic
The Ainu Vowel System
Distribution of Korean Japanese Ainu and Gilyak 4
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Häufige Begriffe und Wortgruppen
accusative addition adverbs Ainu Aleut Altaic alternation appears basic become branches called causative Chapter Chukchi Chukotian Chuvash cited common compared connection consider consonant contains contrast corresponding demonstrative derives dialect difference discussed dual earlier elsewhere Eskimo Eurasiatic evidence example existence fact final first-person forms frequently front function genitive Gilyak gives grammatical Greek Hattori height Hittite Hokkaido imperative independent indicates Indo-European inflection initial instances interrogative intransitive Japanese Kamchadal Kolyma Korean Koryak Kuriles languages Latin latter locative marker meaning Mongolian negative nominative noted nouns object oblique occurs original parallel participle person plural pointed position possessive prefixed present probably pronoun Proto-Indo-European reconstructed regard relative root Sakhalin Sanskrit second-person singular seen shows similar singular Slavic stem suffix third-person transitive Tungus Turkic Turkish Uralic usually variant verb verbal vowel vowel harmony Yukaghir Yupik
Seite 5 - Mitchell (1991: 123), namely, that in recent years Russian comparativists have revised their classification so that it is now closer to the Eurasiatic stock in two important respects.