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And on the question to postpone, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Duane, N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman,

Delaware, Mr. Wharton, no >* Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,

Maryland, Mr. Hanson,
Jackson,

Carroll,
Rhode Island, Mr. Arnold,

Wright,
Howell,

Hemsley,
Connecticut, Mr. Huntington,

Virginia, Mr. Madison,
Dyer,

Bland,

nos Ne-York, Mr. Duane,

N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
L'Hommedieu, ay

Blount,
Nantasy, Mr. Boudinot, ay) S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, ay?
Condict, no no

Ramsay,
Witherspoon, no

Izard,

ay ay Pennsylvania, Mr. Smith,

Gervais, ay
Clymer, ayam

Middleton, ay)
So the question was lost.

A motion was then made by Mr. Dyer, seconded by Mr. Howell, “ that the consideration of the motion be postponed until Congress shall first determine whether considering the present state of the army, and the number of troops of which it consists, and the number of major-generals now in command, it is necessary at present to augment the number of major-generals."

And on the question for postponing, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Condict, N-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay /* Deltware, Mr. Wharton,

ay Y* Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,

Maryland, Mr. Hanson,
Jackson,

Carroll,
Rhode Island, Mr. Arnold,

Wright,
Howell,

Herrsley,
Connecticut, Mr. Huntington, ay ay Virginia, Mr. Madison,
Dyer,

Bland,
New-York, Mr: Duane,

N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
L'Hommedieu, ay

Blount,
New Jersey, Mr. Boudiuot,

S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
Condict, ay Sno

Ramsay,
Witherspoon, no)

Izard,

no no Pennsylvania, str. Smith,

Gervais,
Clymer, no

Middleton,

no So it passed in the negative.

On the question to agree to the motion as amended, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Middleton, N-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, no Delawure, Mr. Wharton, no} * Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood, ay Zav Maryland, Mr. Hanson, Jackson, ay je

Carroll, Rhede-Island, Mr. Arnold,

Wright,

Yay meno Howell,

Hemsley,
Connecticut, Mr. Huntington,

Virginie, Mr. Madison,
Dyer,

Bland,
Nero-York, Mr. Duane,

N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
L'Hommedieu,

Blount,
New Jersey, Mr. Boudinot, ay

S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
Condict, no Say

Ramsay,
Witherspoon, ay)

Izard,

ay Yay Pennsylvania, Mr. Smith,.

Gervais,
Clymer,

Middleton, ay) So it was resolved, that brigadier-general Moultrie be promoted to the rank of a major-general.

WEDNESDAY, October 16, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Bland, Mr. Carroll, and Mr. Osgood, to whom was referred a letter of the 14th, from the secretary at war: Vol. IV.

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Resolved, That commissions issue immediately to all officers of the army of the United States, who were actually appointed by their respective states and can produce certificates of such appointments prior to the passing of the resolution of the 11th day of July last.

Congress resumed the consideration of the report of the grand committee, consisting of a member from each state, which was agreed to as follows, ten states being represented and assenting to the same:

That the estimate for the service of the year 1783, be as follows: For the pay of the army, $ 2,609,370 Civil and military staff,

$ 304,447 Hospital department, 103,177 Marine,

300,000 Quarter-master general, do. 718,500 Civil list,

181,214 Clothier-general do. . 200,000 Contingencies,

252,277 For military stores,

49,891 Rations, 1,281,174

$ 6,000,000 Amounting in the whole to 6,000,000 of dollars.

Resolved, That a requisition be made from the several states of 2,000,000 of dollars, in such quotas as Congress may assign to them respectively, as a part of the sum necessary for the service of the next year; and that any further requisition be suspended until the result of the measures taken by Congress for obtaining loans shall be known.

On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Bondinot, Mr. Rutledge and Mr. Montgomery, to whom was referred a letter of the 10th, from the secretary at war, together with a letter from the commander in chief and the report of the commissioners appointed by him to negotiate a general cartel :

Resolved, That Congress do approve of the conduct of the commissioners appointed by the commander in chief to settle a general cartel, with the Bri. tish 'commissioners appointed by sir Guy Carleton nad rear admiral Digby, met at Tappan, on the 25th of September last.

Resolved, That the secretary at war do inimediately take order for reducing in the most effectual manner, the present very heavy expense attending the subsistence of British prisoners of war in possession of these United States, so as the same be compatible with the health of such prisoners.

Resolved, That Congress will not go into any partial exchanges of prisoners of war in future, but will take the most effectual measures in their power, for the safe keeping of all prisoners of war, until a general cartel on liberal and national principles be agreed to and established.

Resolved, That the commander in chief be instructed to accede to the propositions of general sir Guy Carleton, for the mutual liberation of all clergymen, physicians, surgeons and apothecaries, and to prevent their being hereafter considered as prisoners of war, in the first general cartel that shall be settled under his direction.

THURSDAY, October 17, 1782. According to order, the committee, consisting of Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Witherspoon, Mr. Duane and Mr. Wright, to whom were referred the letter of the 19th of August, from the commander in chief, and the proceedings of the British court-martial on the trial of Lippencut, for the murder of captain Huddy, delivered in their report, which was read, and Thursday next assigned for the further consideration of it.

FRIDAY, October 18, 1782. On the report of a committee of the week, consisting of Mr. Ramsay, Mr. Izard and Mr. Gilman, on a memorial of captain Schreiber :

Resolved, That captain Schreiber be informed in answer to his memorial, that Congress have taken every measure for procuring an exchange of prisoners, which is consistent with the honor of the Upited States; and that such part of

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his memorial as relates to his pay and subsistence, be referred to the secretary at war.

On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Boudinot, Mr. Ramsay and Mr. Carroll, to whoin was referred a letter of the 16th, from the secretary at war:

Resolved, That the post at Wyoming be retained or withdrawn by the commander in chief, as he shall think it most for the benefit of the United States, any former resolution of Congress notwithstanding.'

On the question to agree to this, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Smith, N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay > Maryland, Mr. Hanson, Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,

Carroll,

ay Say Jackson,

Hemsley, ay) Rhode Island, Mr. Arnold, ay ay

Virginia, Mr. Madison, ay ? *
Howell, ay say n.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
Connecticut, Mr. Huntington,

Blount,
Dyer,

S.-Carolina Mr. Rutledge, ay
New-York, Mr. Duane,

Ramsay,
L'Hommedieu,

Izard,
New Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,

Gervais,
Condict, ay say Georgia, Mr. Jones, ay
Pennsylvan'a, Mr. Smith,

no diy
Clymer, : aysu.
So it was resolved in the affirmative.
On the report of a grand committee, consisting of a member from each state:

Resolved," That the following quotas of the 2,000,000 of dollars required from the states by the resolution of the 16th, for the service of the year 1783, be assigned to the respective states, viz. To New Hampshire, . . 80,000 | Delaware,

28,000 Massachusetts, ,. . - 320,000

Maryland, ..

220,000 Rhode Island and Providence

Virginia, . . . 290,000
Plantations,
48,000 North-Carolina,

148,000
Connecticut,
222,000 South-Carolina, ...

120,000 New-York, • . . 90,000 i Georgia, • .

24,000 New Jersey, .

110,000 Pennsylvania, 300,000

2,000,000 Resolved, That the several states be called upon to furnish the treasury of the United States with their respective quotas in four equal proportions or quar. terly payments, the first payment to be made on the first day of April next :

That the said sums, when paid, shall be credited to the accounts of the seve. ral states on interest, to be hereafter adjusted agreeably to the resolution of the 6th of October, 1779.

A motion was then made by Mr. Howell, seconded by Mr. Arnold,

“ That it be recommended to the several states to lay taxes for raising their quotas of money for the United States, separate from those laid for their own particular use, to be subject only to the orders of Congress or the superintendent of finance, and to take the most effectual measures to ensure the seasonable collection of the game:”

A motion was made by Mr. Boudinot, seconded by Mr. Carroll, to postpone the consideration of thai motion, in order to introduce the following:

“ That it be impressed on the several states as absolutely necessary to lay taxes for raising their quotas of money for the United States, separate from those laid for their own particular use, and to pass acts directing the collectors to pay the same to such persons as have or shall be appointed by the superintendent of finance to receive the same within the state, and to authorize such receiver to recover the monies of the collectors for the use of the United States in the same manner, and under the same penalties, as state taxes are recovered by the treasurers of the respective states, or in such other manner as will most effectually secure the punctual collection and payment of the same, to be subject only to the orders of Congress or the superintendent of finance.”

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And on the question for postponing, the yeas and pays being required by Mr Howell, N.- Hompshire, Mr. Gilman,

{* Maryland, Mr. Hanson, Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,

Carroll, ay Say Jackson,

Hemsley,
Rhode Island, Mr. Amold,

Virginia, Mr. Jones,
Howell,

Madison,
Connecticut, Mr. Huntington,

N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
Dyer,

Blount,
New-York, Mr. Duane, ay av 1s.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, .

L'Hommedieu,
New Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,

Izard, ay Şay Condict, no av

Gervais, Pennsylvania, Mr. Smith,

ay

av
ay

Georgia,
eorgian

Mr. N. W.Jones, ay >
Clymer, ay ay |
So it was resolved in the affirmative.

A motion was then made by Mr. Clymer, seconded by Mr. Ramsay, to strike out the words, “or in such other manner as will most effectually secure the punctual collection and payment of the same.”

And the question, shall these words stand ? passed in the negative.

A motion was then made by Mr. Arnold, seconded by Mr. Howell, to amend the motion farther by striking out the words, “and to pass acts directing the collectors, &c. to respective states," inclusive.

And on the question, shall the words moved to be struck out stand ? the
yeas and nays being required by Mr. Howell,
N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay > * Marylund, Mr. Hanson,
Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,

Carroll,
Jackson,

Hemsley,
Rhode-Island, Mr. Arnold,

Virginia, Mr. Jones,
Howell,
nos" en

Madison,
Connecticut, Mr. Huntington,

N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
Dyer,

Blount,
New-York, Mr. Duane, ay ay S. Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
L'Hommedieu,

Ramsay,
New Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,

Izard,
Condict,

Gervais, ay
Pennsylvania, Mr. Smith,

Clymer,
So it was resolved in the affirmative.

And on the question to agree to the motion as amended, the yeas and navs
being required by Mr. Howell,
N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay > • Maryland, Mr. Hanson, ay
Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,

Carroll, ay yar Jackson,

Hemsley,
Rhode-Island, Mr. Arnold,

Virginia, Mr. Madison,
Howell,

Jones,
Connecticut, Mr. Huntington, no N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
Dyer,

Blount,
New York, Mr. Duane,

S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
L'Hommedieu,

Ramsay,
New Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,

Izard,
Condict, ay sa

Gervais,

ayj Pennsylvania, Mr. Smith,

Clymer, ay say So it was resolved, That it be impressed on the several states as absolutely necessary to lay taxes for raising their quotas of money for the l'nited States separate from those laid for their own particular use, and to pass acts directing the collectors to pay the same to such persons as have or shall be appointed by the superintendent of finance to receive the same within the state, and to agthorize suco receiver to recover the monies of the collectors for the use of the United States, in the same manner, and under the same penalties as state taxes are recovered by the treasurers of the respective states; to be subject only to the orders of Congress or the superintendent of finance.

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The ordinance for regulating the post-office was read a third time, and passed as follows :

An Ordinance for regulating the Post-Office of the United States of America. Whereas the communication of intelligence with regularity and despatch, from one part to another of these United States, is essentially requisite to the safety as well as the commercial interest thereof; and the United States in Congress assembled, being, by the articles of confederation, vested with the sole and exclusive right and power of establishing and regulating post offices throughout all these United States: and whereas it is become necessary to revise the several regulations heretofore made relating to the post-office, and reduce them to one act:

Be it therefore ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, and it is hereby or, dained by the authority of the same, that a continued communication of posts throughout these United States, shall be established and maintained by and under the direction of the post-master general of these United States, to extend to and from the state of New Hampshire and the state of Georgia inclusive, and to and from such other parts of these United States, as from time to time, he shall judge necessary, or Congress shall direct.

And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, that the post-master general for the time being, shall, from time to time, superintend and direct the post-office in all its various departments and services throughout the extent aforesaid, agreeably to the rules and regulations contained in this ordinance; and shall have full power and authority to appoint a clerk or assistant to himself, and such and so many deputy post-masters as he shall think proper, for whose fidelity he shall be accountable ; each of whom shall reside at such place as the post-master general shall judge best suited to maintain a due and regular transportation and exchange of mails. And the said post-master general shall be, and hereby is authorized to allow, from time to time, to his said deputies respectively, such commissions on the monies to arise from postage in their respective departments, as he shall think their respective ser. vices may merit, so as that the said commissions shall not in the whole exceed twenty per cent. And shall, by himself or his said deputies respectively thereunto regularly authorized by him, from time to time, appoint the necessary post-riders, messengers and expresses, with such salaries and allowances as he or his said deputies respectively shall think meet.

And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, that the post-master general, his clerk or assistant, his deputies, and post and express-riders, and messengers, or either of them, shall not knowingly or willingly open, detain, delay, secrete, embezzle or destroy, or cause, procure, permit or suffer to be opened, detained, delayed, secreted, embezzled or de. stroyed any letter or letters, packet or packets, or other despatch or despatches, which shall come into his power, hands or custody by reason of his employment in or relating to the postoffice, except by the consent of the person or persons by or to whom the same shall be delivered or directed, or by an express warrant under the hand of the president of the Congress of these United States, or in time of war, of the commander in chief of the armies of these United States, or of the commanding officer of a separate army in these United States, or of the chief executive officer of one of the said states, for that purpose, or except in such other cases wherein he shall be authorized so to do by this ordinance: (provided always, that no letter, franked by any person authorized by this ordinance to frank the same, shall be opened by order of any military officer, or chief executive officer of either of the states.) And that the post-master general, his assistant, deputies, post and express-riders, and messengers, and each and every of them, shall, without delay, take and subscribe the following oath, to wit : "1, A. B. do solemnly and sincerely swear, declare or affirm, (as the case may re. quire) that I will well and faithfully do, execute, perform and fulfil every duty required of me, and abstain from every act or thing forbidden by a certain ordinance passed by the United States of America in Congress assembled, on the 18th day of October, 1782, entitled “An or. dinance for regulating the post-office of the United States of America.”

And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, that if the post-master general shall be guilty of a breach of the said oath or affirmation or any part thereof, and be thereof convict, he shall forfeit and pay 1000 dollars, to be sued for and recovered in an action of debt, in the state wbere the offence shall be committed, by the treasurer of the United States for the time being: and if any post-master, post-rider, or other person employed in the post-office department, shall be guilty of a breach of the said oath or affirmation or any part thereof, and be thereof convict, each one so offending sball forfeit and pay 300 dollars, to be sued for and recovered in an action of debt, in the state where the offence shall be cominitted, by the postmaster general for the time being: all which forfeitures, when recovered and received, shall be accounted for by the persons recovering the same, and applied towards defraying the ne. cessary expenses of the post-office: and every person employed in the post-office depart. ment, who shall be guilty of a breach of the said oath or affirmation shall, besides paying the above-mentioned forfeitures, be rendered incapable ever hereafter of holding any office or place of trust or profit under these United States: provided always, that the foregoing oath shall not be required of any special express or messenger, to be appointed at the request of any particular person or persons, in the manner herein after directed, unless the same shall be thought uccessary by the post-master general or his deputy who shall have appointed him ;

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