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onths, (or oftener if applied for) to the commander in chief, of all land prisoners, and to the agent of marine, of all marine prisoners who shall be under his charge :

That the pay of the commissaries for the army shall be 75 dollars per month each, and they shall each be allowed two rations of provisions per day, and 12 2-3 dollars per month subsistence, and also 6 2-3 dollars per month each for a servant, for whom they shall draw from the public the clothing and ration allowed to a private soldier, together with forage for two horses each, which pay and allowances shall include what they may be entitled to from the public as officers in the army :

That the commissary to be appointed by the agent of marine, shall receive in full for his services, including any pay or allowances that he may be entitled to as an officer of the United States, the sum of 1200 dollars per annum:

That the allowance of pay and rations to the persons to be appointed by the secretary at war, to assist him in superintending and safe keeping prisoners of war, shall not exceed 40 dollars per month, and four rations per day, or subsistence equivalent, including what they may be entitled to as officers of the army. On another report of the above mentioned committee,

Resolved, That the act of Congress of the 11th day of February, 1778, and all subsequent resolutions, so far as they respect the department of the commis. sary-general of military stores, be and they are are hereby repealed.

Resolved, That the secretary at war be, and he is hereby, empowered to appoint, from time to time, a commissary of military stores, who shall be subject to his orders and instructions, and shall receive a salary of 1000 dollars per annum:

That the secretary at war be further empowered to appoint, from time to time, so many officers, to be taken from the officers of the army, if agreeable to them, as he may find necessary to superintend the business in that departments

THURSDAY, July 25, 1782. On motion of Mr. Lee, seconded by Mr. Clark,

Resolved, That the post-master general be, and he is hereby, directed to use his discretion in so varying the time of setting out of the post-riders and their routes, from time to time, as to elude the attempts of the enemy to take the mail.

On motion of Mr. Lee, seconded by Mr. Osgood,

Ordered, That the report of the superintendent of finance, stating the application of the moneys of the United States in France, be referred to a commit. tee to be examined and reported on:

Ordered, That the instructions given to capt. Harding, of the Confederacy, by the late board of admiralty, be referred to the same committee.

Ordered, That Tuesday next be assigned for electing a commissioner to liquidate and finally settle the accounts of all the servants of the United States, who have been entrusted with the expenditure of public moneys in Europe, and that Monday next be assigned for settling the salary to be allowed to the said commissioner.

A report of the secretary at war on a letter of the 15th of July, from cornet Middleton, of Lee's legionary corps, being read:

Resolved, That the superintendent of finance furnish 300 dollars to the paymaster general, to enable him to pay a warrant to be drawn on him for that sum by the secretary at war, in favor of cornet Middleton, of lieutenant-colopel Lee's legionary corps, to defray his expenses on the business in which he is employed by major-gen. Greene, and for which sum he is to be accountable.

FRIDAY, July 26, 1782.
A motion was made by Mr. Duane, seconded by Mr. Root,

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That baron Steuben receive, until the further order of Congress, in addition to his pas as major-general, 80 dollars per inonth for his travelling expenses in the execution of his office of inspector-general, to be computed from the 10th dag of Jaouary last.

On the question to agree to this, the yeas and nays being required by Mr.
Condict,
X-Bataire, Mr. Güman, ay > * Delaware, Mr. M'Kean,
Musacchenette, Vir. Osgood,

Wharton, ay S
Lowell,
no Gay Maryland,

Mr. Hanson,
Jackson,

ay)

Virginia, Mr. Madison, ay Rheda-kond, Mr. Cornell,

Bland, ni Yay Howell,

Lee,

ау)
Corredicad, Ir. Root, ay IN:-Carolina, Mr. Williamson, ay
Huntington,
ay ay

Blount,
Dyer,

ay

s. Carolina, Mr. Ramsay, ay ) Kao-Tek Mr. Duane,

Izard,

ay Say Scott,

Middleton, ay) Ber Jersey, Mr. Clark,

no Georgia, Mr. Telfair, Condict,

ay Say Witherspoon,

Few,

no Persytronic, W. Montgomery, an

Sruth,
Clymer,

Wynkoop, ay)
So it was resolved in the affirmative.

MONDAY, July 29, 1782. The order of the day being called for to fix the salary of the commissioner to be appointed pursuant to the resolution of the 28th of May:

On mation of Mr. Montgomery, seconded by Mr. Lee,

Resolved, l'hat the resolution of the 28th of May last, for the appointment of a commissioner to liquidate and finally settle the accounts of all the public servants of the United States, who have been entrusted with the expenditure of public money, be re-considered. On Lotion of Mr. Bland, seconded by Mr. Witherspoon, Ordered, That the said resolution be committed.

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 1782. A committee, consisting of Mr. Gilman, Mr. Jackson, Mr. Howell, Mr. Dyer, Mr. Duane, Mr. Witherspoon, Mr. Clymer, Mr. M.Kean, Mr. Hanson, Mr. Lee, Mr. Williamson, Mr. Rutledge, and Mr. Telfair, being a member from each state, appointed to take into consideration and report the most effectual means of supporting the credit of the United States, reported,

That it is their opinion, and therefore they recommend, that Congress decide upon the cessions from Connecticut, New York, and Virginia. · The report being read, a motion was made by Mr. Witherspoon, seconded by Mr. Duane,

That Wednesday next be assigned to take the report made by the grand conmittee into consideration.

And on the question to agree to this, the yeas and nays being required by
Mr. Witherspoon,
X-Haspetir, Mr. Gilman, ay > * | New-York, Mr. Duane,
Harracharsetts, Mr. Osgood, no?

Scott,
LOWein

no Ino New Jersey, Mr. Clark, ay )
Jackson,

Condict, ay ay Rhode I land, M. Cornell,

Witherspoon,
Howell, ay S

W. Pennsylvunia, Mr. Montgomery, ау)
Conaediad, Mr. Root,

ay

Smith,

ay Yay Huntington, ay ay

Clymer, ay )
Dyer,
Delaware, Mr. Whaton,

ay >*

no

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div. Georgia,

Maryland, Mr. Hanson, ay > * 18.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, ay
Virginia, Mr. Madison, ау)

Ramsay,
Bland,
ay Yay

Izard,

ay ay Lee,

Gervais,

ау | N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,

Middleton,

no Blount,

Mr. Telfair, no

N. W. Jones, no Sno
Few,

no So the question was lost.

THURSDAY, August 1, 1782. Pursuant to the resolution of the 27th of February last, the superintendent of finance reports, that he has appointed William Denning, esq. a commis. sioner for settling the accounts of the quarter-master's department.

On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Cornell, Mr. Izard, Mr. Osgood, Mr. Bland, and Mr. Duane, appointed to consider and report the most just and practicable means of reducing the expenditures of the United States in the several departments, and to whom was referred a plan for regulating the department of the adjutant-general:

neral officers, colonels, lieutenant-colonels commandants, or lieutenant-colonels in the army; his pay shall be 125 dollars per month; he shall receive four rations per day, and 25 1-3 dollars per month subsistence. The adjutant general shall also be allowed forage for four riding horses, and be furnished with two four-horse and one two-horse covered wagons for the transportation of his oficial papers, his own, his assistants and clerks' baggage. He shall have two assistants and one clerk, to be appointed by himself, and approved of by the commander in chief. The assistants shall be majors or captains in the army ; the pay of each shall be 50 dollars per month, one ration and a half per day, 8 dollars per month subsistence, and forage for two riding horses. The assistants shall be allowed each 6 2-3 dollars per month for servants' wages, and the clothing and rations allowed to a private soldier. The clerk shall be a subaltern or volunteer in the army; his pay shall be 40 dollars per month, he shall draw one ration per day, and receive 6 1-3 dollars per month subsistence :

That there be as many deputies adjutant-general of the rank of field officers as there may be separate armies in the United States, that consist of one or more divisions, to be appointed occasionally by the commanding officer of such army, whose name shall be returned to the commander in chief for his approbation :

That the deputy adjutants-general shall each receive 75 dollars per month pay, two rations per day, and 12 2-3 dollars per month subsistence, forage for three riding horses, one four-horse and one two-horse covered wagons, for the transportation of their official papers, their own and assistants' baggage. .

The deputy adjutants-general shall each appoint one assistant, of the rank of major or captain, who shall be approved of by the commanding officer under whom they serve. The assistants appointed and approved as aforesaid, shall each receive the same pay and allowances as are given above to an assistant of the adjutant-general :

That there be one major of brigade to each brigade in the armies of the United States, whether of cavalry, artillery or infantry, who shall be appointed by the commander in chief or com inanding officer of a separate army as occa. sion may require, upon the recommendation of the adjutant-general, or deputy adjutant-general as the case may be, and they shall each receive the same pay and allowances, as is given to the assistants of the adjutant-general by the foregoing resolutions :

That the provisions hereby made for the respective officers aforesaid, shall be in full compensation for their services, and of all pay and allowances to which they may be entitled from their rank in the army:

These regulations shall take effect on the first day of January next, and from thenceforth that all acts, resolutions, pay and appointments heretofore made in any wise respecting the department of adjutant-general and brigade-majors, shall cease and are hereby repealed.

FRIDAY, August 2, 1782. Ordered, That Mr. Lowell have leave of absence.

MONDAY, August 5, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Cornell, Mr. Clymer and Mr. Scott, to whom was referred a report of the secretary at war on a petition of Lewis I. de Beaulieu, a lieutenant of the late general count Pulaski, and now a prisoner of war on parole:

Resolved, That lieutenant Lewis I. de Beaulieu, of the legion of the late brigadier-general count Pulaski, be at liberty to go to France as a prisoner of war to the enemy on his parole, and to retire from the service of the United States as soon as he shall be exchanged: that until his exchange he continue to be entitled to the pay and emoluments belonging to his rank; and from the time of his retiring froin the service of these United States, he be entitled to an annual allowance of 100 dollars, as a recoinpence for his wounds and loss of health in the service of these United States.

WEDNESDAY, August 7, 1782. The committee, consisting of Mr. Cornell, Mr. Izard, Mr. Osgood, Mr. Bland and Mr. Duane, appointed to consider and report the most just and practicable. means of reducing the expenditures of the United States in the several departments, and to whom was referred a motion of Mr. Bland, having reported the following resolutions:

Resolved, That the secretary at war, on or before the first day of January next, cause the non-commissioned officers and privates belonging to the lines of the respective states, including soldiers prisoners with the enemy, to be arranged in such manner as to form complete regiments agreeably to the acts of Congress of 3d and 21st of October, 1780, or regiments of not less than 500 rank and file, as circumstances and the good of the service may in his judgment require. That for this purpose the junior regiments shall be draughted to fill the senior regiments, and the surplus, should any remain after such draughts, shall be formed into a complete company or companies, as near as may be, according to the said establishment, with a proper allowance of field officers to two or more companies; the said regiments and companies shall be commanded by officers belonging to the respective states, to which the noncommissioned officers and privates so arranged shall belong.

Resolved, That the commander in chief, and commanding officer of the southern army, direct the officers of the line of each state respectively to meet together, and agree and determine upon the officers, who shall remain in service to command the troops arranged as aforesaid ; provided that where it cannot be done by voluntary agreement, the junior officers of each grade shall retire, so as to leave complete corps of officers in proportion to the number of men, and to be adjusted upon the principles of the acts of the 3d and 21st of October, 1780, and the 5th resolution of the act passed the 23d day of April, 1782,

Resolved, That the coinmander in chief, and commanding officer of the southern army, as soon as the said arrangement shall have taken place, transmit to Congress a list of officers whom they respectively may deem proper to be employed in the several staff departments and other necessary duties in the army, to be taken from the list of retiring officers. And upon being approved

Vol. IV.

no

Lee,

of by Congress, and accepting such appointments, such officers shall retain th rank in the army with the pay and einoluments thereto annexed.

Resolved, That the officers retiring under the foregoing resolutions, and i employed in the staff departments as aforesaid, shall, until called into sery with their proper command, be entitled to all the emoluments to which officers are entitled, who retired under the resolutions of the 3d and 21st October, 1780: that the said officers shall retain their rank in the army, al be called into the service, from time to time, according to seniority, in case deficiencies of officers, upon the principles of the foregoing resolutions.

Resolved, That in arranging the non-commissioned officers and privates the army, each state shall be credited for all the men, except deserters al such as may have died, wbo shall have been duly mustered to serve during t war, or for three years, in coinpliance with the requisitions of Congress of ti 3d day of October, 1780, or the 10th day of December, 1781.

Resolved, That the preceding arrangement shall take effect on the 1st da of January, 1783, and that copies thereof be immediately transmitted by th secretary at war, to the executive authorities of the respective states.

This report being taken up pursuant to a previous order assigning this day for the consideration thereof, a motion was made by Mr. Clark, seconded by Mr. Root, to strike out the resolution, that the officers retiring,” &c.

And on the question, shall that resolution stand ? the yeas and Days bein required by Mr. Clark, N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay > * Delaware,

Mr. M'Kean,
Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,

Wharton,
Jackson,
aj Say Maryland, Mr. Hanson,

ay so Rhode Island, Mr. Cornell, ay div. (Virginia, Mr. Madison,

Howell,
nos

Bland,
Gonnecticut, Mr. Root,

Huntington, no no N.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
Dyer,
no)

Blount,
New-York, Mr. Duane,

S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
Scott,

Ramsay,
New Jersey, Mr. Clark,

Izard,
Condict,

Middleton,
Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery, ay Georgia, Mr. Telfair,

Smith,
ay Say

Jones,
Clymer, ay)

Few,
So it was resolved in the affirmative.

On the question to agree to the report, the yeas and nays being required b
Mr. Cornell,
N-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay > * Delaware, Mr. M'Kean,
Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,

ay ...

Wharton,
Jackson,

Maryland, Mr. Hanson,
Rhode-Island, Mr. Cornell, ay Zdis Virginia, Mr. Madison,

nos“

Bland,

ay Say Connecticut, Mr. Root,

ay)
Huntington, no no İN.-Carolina, Mr. Williamson,
7 Dyer,
no

Blount,

ay S New-York, Mr. Duane ay Toy

ay ay

S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
Scott,
ay sa

Ramsay,
New Jersey, Mr. Clark,

Izard,
Condict,

Middleton,
Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery,

Georgia,

Mr. Telfair
Smith,
ay Yay

ay Say Clymer, · So it was resolved in the affirmative.

THURSDAY, August 8, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Cornell, Mr. Clark and M Bland, appointed to hear the pretensions of Dominique L'Eclise and Josep Traversie:

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