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TUESDAY, July 2, 1782. On a report from the secretary at war,

Resolved, That lieutenant-colonel Louis Atayataghharonghta, retain the rank and pay of a lieutenant-colonel in the army of the United States, the resolves of the 31st of December last notwithstanding.

Resolved, That lieutenant-colonel Smith and major Clarkson have leave of absence until Congress shall direct their recal; and that they be permitted to go to the West Indies and serve in any corps of the combined armies of France and Spain to which they shall be invited.

The 'superintendent of finance, to whom were referred sundry letters from Samuel Parsons, and from Parsons, Alston & Co. reports,

"That he does not conceive it advisable to appoint a consul in any of the West-India islands, at least for the present; that any business which it may be necessary to have done at Martinique, can be well transacted by persons pot holding a public character; that there is very little reason to believe there will be many British prisoners carried into the said Islands by American cruizers, under present circumstances; that he conceives any arrangements, with respect to prisoners, should be of a general nature extending to that object through every part of the world; and that the business of exchange being now in the war department, any arrangements with relation thereto, can come with propriety from the secretary at war: he also submits that the superintendent of finance cause the accounts of Samuel Parsons, against the United States, including therein the accounts of Parsons, Alston & Co. to be settled, and that the expenses of the schooner Fame be allowed in the said accounts."

Resolved, That Congress agree to the said report.

On a report from the superintendent of finance, to whom was referred a letter of the 12th of April, 1781, from W. Lee, esq.

Ordered, That the secretary for foreign affairs inform Mr. William Lee, that he apply for payment of the monies due to him to Mr. Benjamin Franklin.

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 1782. Mr. Jonathan Jackson, a delegate for the commonwealth of Massachusetts, attended, and produced his commission under the seal of the commonwealth, and signed by his excellency J. Hancock, governor, whereby it appears, that at a general court of the said commonwealth, on the 2d day of May, 1782, the said Jonathan Jackson was elected a delegate, to hold bis office until the 5th day of November next.

A letter, of this day, from the secretary at war, was read, together with an extract of a letter from brigadier-general Hazen, informing that the commissaries of prisoners at Lancaster, York and Reading, appear assiduous in supporting an independent, uncontrollable power, at least not subject to his restraint; and that notwithstanding orders to the contrary, the practice of allowing prisoners of war to work in the boroughs, towns and country, on the commissary's pass, is still continued at Lancaster, York and Reading, which has been a means of a very considerable loss of them ; Whereupon,

Resolved, That the secretary at war be, and he is hereby authorized and empowered to cause courts-martial to be forth with holden, on the several commissaries and assistant commissaries of prisoners, at York, Reading and Lancaster, for disobedience of orders and neglect of duty, in sufferipg the escape of prisoners at those posts:

And that the secretary at war be, and he is hereby authorized to appoint proper persons to take charge of the prisoners of war at the said places, until the said commissaries shall be discharged from their arrests, or Congress shall otherwise direct.

Resolved, That the secretary at war, in the absence of the commander in chief, be, and he is hereby authorized to order all persons to be arrested and tried for disobedience of any orders which he is empowered to issue.

TUESDAY, July 9, 1782. On a report of the secretary at war, to whom was referred a petition of Matthew Potan :

Ordered, That the said petition be dismissed.

The committee, consisting of Mr. Wharton, Mr. Madison and Mr. Osgood, to whom was referred a letter of the 20th of June, from the superintendent of finance, as agent of marine, reported the draught of an ordinance for the better distribution of prizes in certain cases, which was read a first and second time.

Ordered, That to-morrow be assigned for a third reading.

Congress proceeded to the election of a judge-advocate for the army, and, the ballots being taken, James Innis, esq. was elected, having been previously Dominated by Mr. Bland.

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 1782. On motion of Mr. Duane, seconded by Mr. Cornell,

Ordered, That an official account of the election made yesterday of a judgeadvocate, be pot transmitted until the committee appointed to consider the most just and practicable means of reducing the expenditures of the United States in the several departments shall have reported.

Ordered, that the committee report, with all convenient speed, the pay and emoluments proper to be allowed to a judge-advocate.

An act for aiding and more effectually carrying into execution certain acts of Congress of the 20th and 27th of February, 1782, passed by the legislature of Delaware, was laid before Congress and read.

According to the order of the day, was read a third time and passed as follows:

An ordinance for the better distribution of prizes in certain cases. Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, that so much of the ordinance, entitled, * An ordinance ascertaining what captures on water shall be lawful,” as ordains that upon the capture of a vessel commissioned as a man of war or a privateer by any of the vessels of war of the United States of America, the whole of the property condemned shall be adjudged to the captors, be, and the same is hereby repealed ; and that in all such cases of capture the whole of the property condemned shall be adjudged to the use of the captors, if the vessel taken shall be of equal or superior force to the vessel making the capture : if othersise, one-half only shall be adjudged to the captors, and the other half to the use of the United States, and shall after condemnation be so appropriated, unless the United States in Congress assembled, in reward of distinguished valour and exertion, shall otherwise specially doect

And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, that the resolution of the 15th day of November, 1776, giving to the commanders, officers and men of ships or vessels of war, a bounty for every cannon and for every man belonging to British ships or vessels of war cap. tured by them, be, and the same is hereby repealed. Done by the United States in Congress assembled, &c.

THURSDAY, July 11, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Madison and Mr. Scott, to whom was referred a motion of Mr. Lee:

Resolved, That the commander in chief be directed to remand immediately lieutenant-general earl Cornwallis to the United States, unless the honorable Henry Laureos be forth with released from his captivity, and furnished with passports to any part of Europe or America at his option, or be admitted to a general parole.

On a report of the committee, consisting of Mr. Cornell, Mr. Osgood, Mr. Izard, Mr. Bland and Mr. Duane, appointed to consider and report to Congress the most just and practicable means of reducing the expenditures of the United States :

Resolved, That the pay of the judge-advocate for the army of the United States, be 75 dollars per month : that he be allowed two rations a day, and 12 2-3 dollars per month for subsistence; also a two horse wagon, with forage for two saddle horses : that he be also allowed for a servant 6 2-3 dollars per month, for which servant he shall be entitled to draw the rations and clothing of a private in the ariny.

Resolved, That the pay of a deputy judge-advocate for the southern army, who shall be taken from the lipe, be 60 dollars per month, including his pay in the line: that he be allowed two rations per dav, and 12 2-3 dollars per month for subsistence, including what he may be entitled to as an officer in the line ; also a two horse wagon, with forage for two saddle horses, including what he inay be entitled to as an officer in the line ; that he be also allowed for a servant 6 2-3 dollars per month, for which servant he shall be entitled to draw the rations and clothing of a private in the army, in this last case he shall not be allowed a servant from the line. . Resolved, That the deputy judge-advocate employed in the same army with the judge-advocate, be taken from the line of the army, who shall receive, in addition to his pay in the line, 15 dollars per inonth; that he be also allowed for a servant the same as the judge-advocate, and that he be allowed forage for one saddle horse.

Resolved, That all resolutions heretofore passed respecting the pay and allowance in the department of judge-advocate be, and the same are hereby repealed.

Resolved, That junior lieutenants, who were to retire agreeably to the act of Congress of the 23d of April last, may at their option be retained in their present pay and rank as far as there are vacant ensigncies in their respective corps.

Resolved, That the secretary at war issue no more commissions to officers promoted or appointed, until the further order of Congress.

On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Clark and Mr. Lee, to whom was referred a letter of the 10th, from the secretary at war:

Resolved, That the secretary at war take immediate order to have all the British prisoners of war closely confined, and to stop all issues of provision to the women and children who are with them, directing passports to be granted to such of the women with their children, who may not incline to remain in the country and support themselves, to go to New-York; and in case any of the said women remaining, shall neglect to support themselves and their children by their industry, or commit any offence against the laws of the state, that it be, and it is hereby recommended to the executive authority of the state in which they may be found, to take measures for immediately removing such idle and disorderly women into New-York.

The committee, consisting of Mr. Scott, Mr. Lee and Mr. Clark, reported the draught of an ordinance more effectually to prevent illicit trade with the enemy; which was read the first time, and to-morrow is assigned for the second reading.

FRIDAY, July 12, 1782. On a report from the secretary at war, to whom was referred a petition of Darius Stoddard :

Resolved, That the state of Connecticut be requested to make up the depreciation of Dr. Darius Stoddard, during his service as a surgeon's mate and gurgeon in the army of the United States.

On a motion of Mr. Howell, seconded by Mr. Dyer,

Resolved, That the commissioners appointed or to be appointed pursuant to the act of the 20th of February last, be empowered and directed to settle the accounts of the loan-officers of the respective states. . On notion of Mr. Clark, seconded by Mr. Lowell,

Ordered, That the superintendent of finance, as agent of marine, lay before Congress'a copy of the last instructions given to captain Harding by the late board of admiralty.

The ordinance more effectually to prevent illicit trade with the enemy, was read a second time, and Monday next assigned for the third reading.

MONDAY, July 15, 1782. Mr. Montgomery and Mr. Root, the two members sent to the states eastward of Pennsylvania, being returned, took their seats.

The committee, consisting of Mr. Lee, Mr. Ramsay and Mr. Lowell, appointed to examine captain Barry, touching the loss of the ship La Fayette, having reported the result of their examination :

Ordered, That the secretary transmit a copy of the report to captain Barry, to be compared with the log-book of the Alliance, corrected if there should be any mistakes, and signed and sworn to by him, and returned to Congress together with captain Robinson's letter referred to in his information.

An act passed by the legislature of aryland was laid before Congress and read, entitled, “An act to authorize the United States in Congress assembled, to impose and levy a duty of five per cent. on inported foreign goods, and on all prizes and prize goods, for the payment of the debt contracted by Congress during the war."

TUESDAY, July 16, 1782. James Wilson and Jonathan Dickinson Sargeant, esqrs. agents for the comDonwealth of Pennsylvania, with Henry Osborne, esq. solicitor and agent, appeared in behalf of that commonwealth; and Eliphalet Dyer and Jesse Root, esqrs, agents for Connecticut, appeared in behalf of that state, in the cause depending before the United States of America in Congress assembled, between the said corn nonwealth of Pennsylvania aud the state of Connecticut.

The agents for Pennsylvania produced new powers, which were read in the Words following:

In the name and by the authority of the freemen of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, his excellency William Moore, esq. president, and the supreme executive council of the saad commonwealth: To William Bradford, esq. attorney general of the said commonwealth, Joseph Reed, James Wilson,

Jonathan Dickinson Sargeant, and Henry Osborne, esqrs We reposing especial trust and confidence in your prudence, integrity and abilities, do by these presents constitute and appoint you the said William Bradford, Joseph Reed, James Wibon, and Jonathan Dickinson Sargeant, our counsellors and agents, and you the said Mary Osborne, our solicitor and agent, in the cause now depending before the United States of America in Congress assembled, between the said commonwealth and the state of Connecticut, hereby ratifying and confirming all and whatsoever you or any of you shall lawfolly do ar cause to be done, touching the said cause between the said states of Pennsylvania and Connecticut. * Givea, by order of the council, under the hand of his excellency William Moore, presi

dent, and the seal of the state, at Philadelphia, this 26th day of June, in the year of our · Lord 1782." The seal of the state affixed, and underneath signed

WILLIAM MOORE, President.

. Attest, T. MATLACK, Secretary. The agents of Connecticut having objected against the powers of the agents of Pennsylvania, and moved that it may be shewn that the supreme executive council of Pennsylvania, have a right to grant such powers and commission :

Ordered, That the agents withdraw.

Oo notion that the agents of Pennsylvania and Connecticut be called in and informed by the president, that the powers given to the agents of PennsylvaDia and Connecticut are in the judgment of Congress sufficient.

The veas and nays being required by Mr. Smith,
N-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay > * Connecticut, Mr. Root,
Viassachusetts, Mr. Osgood, no)

Dyer,

no no Lowell, ο )

Huntington,
Jackson,

New-York, Mr. Duane,
Rhode-I Hand, Mr. Cornell,

New Jersey, Mr. Clark,
Howell,

Condict, ay Say
Witherspoon, no)

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Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery, ay) S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, ay

Smith,
ay Say

Ramsay,
Clymer,
ау)

Izard,

no Delaware, Mr. M Kean,

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Middleton, ау)
Dickinson,
ay Say Georgia, Mr. Telfair,

ay )
Wharton, no

Jones,

ay ay Maryland, Mr. Hanson,

ay I * Virginia,

Mr. Madison,
Bland,

ay no

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So the question was lost.
A motion was then made by Mr. Lee, seconded by Mr. Madison,
That the agents be called in and desired to proceed.

And the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Smith,
N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay > * Delaware, Mr. M*Kean,
Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood, ay

Dickinson,

ay ay Lowell,

Wharton,
Jackson,

Maryland, Mr. Hanson,
Rhode Island, Mr. Cornell,

Virginia, Mr. Madison, ау)
Howell,

Bland,

no ay Connecticut, Mr. Huntington,

ау)
Dyer,

ay Say S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
Root,
ay)

Ramsay,

ay New York, Mr. Duane,

Izard,
New Jersey, Mr. Clark,

Middleton, ay)
Condict, ay Say Goorgia, Mr. Telfair, ay
Witherspoon, ay)

Jones,

ay Say Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery, ay)

Few,
Smith,

ay Say
Clymer, ay)
So it was resolved in the affirmative.

The agents being accordingly called in, and the parties having been fully heard:

On motion that the appointment presented to Congress by the agents for Pennsylvania is sufficient.

The yeas and nays being required by Mr. Smith,
N-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay /* Delaware, Mr. M'Kean,
Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood, ay)

Dickinson,
Lowell, ay Say

Wharton,
Jackson, ay) Maryland, Mr. Hanson,
Rhode Island, Mr. Cornell,

Virginia, Mr. Madison,
Howell, ayo?

Bland,
Connecticut, Mr. Root,

Lee,

ay)
Huntington, ay no S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
Dyer,

Ramsay,
New-York, Mr. Duane,

ay >

Izard,

ay New Jersey, Mr. Clark,

Middleton,

ay) Condict, ay ay Georgia, Mr. Telfair,

ay) Witherspoon,

Jones,

ay Say Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery,

Smith, ay Say
. Clymer, ay)
So it was resolved in the affirmative.
On motion of Mr. Duane, seconded by Mr. Clark,

Resolved, That the agents of Pennsylvania and Connecticut be, and they are hereby, directed to appoint, by joint consent, commissioners or judges to con. stitute a court for hearing and determining the matter in question, agreeably to the 9th article of the confederation.

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 1782. The ordinance more effectually to prevent illicit trade with the enemy, was read a third time and passed as follows:

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